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Minimalist library to manage one-off operations.
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README.md

Once(简体中文)

Build Status release install platform license

Once allows you to manage the number of executions of a task using an intuitive API.

Highlight

  • Safe
  • Efficient
  • Persistent

Usage

Token

Token records the number of times the task is executed in memory, which allows the task to be executed only once during the entire lifetime of the app.

You can think of it as an alternative to dispatch_once in OC:

static dispatch_once_t token;
dispatch_once(&token, ^{
    // do something only once
});

The swift code using Token is as follows:

let token = Token.makeStatic()
token.do {
    // do something only once
}

Or, more simple:

Token.do {
    // do something only once
}

You can also don't use static:

class Manager {
    let loadToken = Token.make()

    func ensureLoad() {
        loadToken.do {
            // do something only once per manager.
        }
    }
}

PersistentToken

Unlike run, do will persist the execution history of the task (using UserDefault).

PersistentToken determines whether this task should be executed based on Scope and TimesPredicate.

Scope

Scope represents a time range, it is an enum:

  • .install: from app installation
  • .version: from app update
  • .session: from app launch
  • .since(let since): from since(Date)
  • .until(let until): to until(Date)

TimesPredicate

TimesPredicate represents a range of times.

let p0 = TimesPredicate.equalTo(1)
let p1 = TimesPredicate.lessThan(1)
let p2 = TimesPredicate.moreThan(1)
let p3 = TimesPredicate.lessThanOrEqualTo(1)
let p4 = TimesPredicate.moreThanOrEqualTo(1)

do

You can use Scope and TimesPredicate to make any plan you want, and, yes, it is thread-safe.

let token = PersistentToken.make("showTutorial")
token.do(in: .version, if: .equalTo(0)) {
    app.showTutorial()
}

// or
let later = 2.days.later
token.do(in: .until(later), if: .lessThan(5)) {
    app.showTutorial()
}

done

Sometimes your asynchronous task may fail. You don't want to mark the failed task as done. You can:

let token = PersistentToken.make("showAD")
token.do(in: .install, if: .equalTo(0)) { task in
    networkService.fetchAD { result in
        if result.isSuccess {
            showAD(result)
            task.done()
        }
    }
}

But at this time, the judgment is no longer absolutely safe - if there are multiple threads checking the token at the same time, but it should rarely happen, 😉.

reset

You can also clear the execution history of a task:

token.reset()

It is also permissible to clear the execution history of all tasks, but at your own risk:

PersistentToken.resetAll()

Installation

CocoaPods

pod 'Once', '~> 1.0.0'

Carthage

github "luoxiu/Once" ~> 1.0.0

Swift Package Manager

dependencies: [
    .package(url: "https://github.com/luoxiu/Once", .upToNextMinor(from: "1.0.0"))
]

Contributing

Encounter a bug? want more features? Feel free to open an issue or submit a pr directly!

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