Multiclass Naive Bayesian Classification
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Multiclass naive Bayesian document classification.

Often in document classification, a document may have more than one relevant classification -- a question on stackoverflow might have tags "go", "map", and "interface".

While multinomial Bayesian classification offers a one-of-many classification, multibayes offers tools for many-of-many classification. The multibayes library strives to offer efficient storage and calculation of multiple Bayesian posterior classification probabilities.


A new classifier is created with the NewClassifier function, and can be trained by adding documents and classes by calling the Add method:

classifier.Add("A new document", []string{"class1", "class2"})

Posterior probabilities for a new document are calculated by calling the Posterior method:

classifier.Posterior("Another new document")

A posterior class probability is returned for each class observed in the training set, which the user can use to determine class assignment. A user can then assign classifications according to his or her own heuristics -- for example, by using all classes that yield a posterior probability greater than 0.8


documents := []struct {
	Text    string
	Classes []string
		Text:    "My dog has fleas.",
		Classes: []string{"vet"},
		Text:    "My cat has ebola.",
		Classes: []string{"vet", "cdc"},
		Text:    "Aaron has ebola.",
		Classes: []string{"cdc"},

classifier := NewClassifier()
classifier.MinClassSize = 0

// train the classifier
for _, document := range documents {
	classifier.Add(document.Text, document.Classes)

// predict new classes
probs := classifier.Posterior("Aaron's dog has fleas.")
fmt.Printf("Posterior Probabilities: %+v\n", probs)

// Posterior Probabilities: map[vet:0.8571 cdc:0.2727]