A Sinatra named routes DSL inspired by Rails routing
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README.md

sinatra-trails

Is a very thin Rails inspired route naming DSL for using with Sinatra apps. It doesn't monkeypatch or overrides any Sinatra::Base methods It provides helpers for generating routes for resources and single resource, namespaces and named routes.

Instalation

$ [sudo] gem install sinatra-trails

Usage

Basic

Named routes are generated with map, not passing :to option sets the path to be the same as the name:

require 'sinatra/trails'

class MyApp < Sinatra::Base
  register Sinatra::Trails

  map :dashboard
  map :home, :to => '/'
  map :post, :to => '/posts/:id'
end

MyApp.print_routes
# prints
#    dashboard => /dashboard
#         home => /
#         post => /posts/:id   

Routes can be define beforehand:

map :dashboard

# GET '/dashboard'
get route_for(:dashboard) do
  ...  
end

Or when defining the action:

# GET '/dashboard'
get map(:dashboard) do
  ...
end 

All defined routes will be available in the views and action blocks:

get map(:posts, :to => '/posts/:id') do
  ...
end

get map(:dashboard) do
  path_for(:dashboard) # => '/dashboard'
  url_for(:dashboard)  # => 'http://www.example.com/dashboard'
  path_for(:dashboard, :option => 'hi') # => '/dashboard?option=hi'
  # all required params must be meet, an object can be passed to meet :id but it must respond to #to_param
  path_for(:posts, 1) # => '/posts/1'
end 

Namespaces

Passing a symbol namespaces both the path and the route name:

namespace :admin do
  map(:dashboard)
end

route_for(:admin_dashboard) # => '/admin/dashboard'

Passing a string only namespaces the path:

namespace 'admin' do
  map(:dashboard)
end

route_for(:dashboard) # => '/admin/dashboard'

Passing nil to namespace only sets a context:

namespace nil do
  map(:dashboard)
end

route_for(:dashboard) # => '/dashboard'

Resources

Restful routes for plural resources can be generated as follows, inside the resource definition block a route can be accessed by its name as a method call or using the path_for method:

resources :users do
  # GET /users
  get users do
    ...
  end

  # POST /users
  post users do
    ...
  end
  
  # GET /users/new
  get new_user do
    ...
  end
  
  # GET /users/:id
  get user do
    ...
  end
  
  # GET /users/:id/edit
  get edit_user do
    ...
  end

  # PUT /users/:id
  put user do
    ...
  end

  # DELETE /users/:id
  delete user do
    ...
  end
  
  # generates new route with name :aprove_user
  # GET /users/:id/aprove
  get member(:aprove) do
    ...
  end

  # generates new route with name :aproved_users
  # GET /users/aproved
  get collection(:aproved) do
    ...
  end
end

Route definition order for sinatra has precedence, in this case get(new_user) must be defined before get(user)

As with previous examples routes can be defined beforehand:

resources :users
# GET '/users'
get path_for(:users) do
  ...
end

Nested Resources

Resources can be nested in a similar way as with Rails:

resources :users do
  ...
  resources :comments do
    # GET /users/:user_id/comments
    get user_comments do
      ...
    end
    
    # GET /users/:user_id/comments/:id
    get user_comment do
      ...
    end
  end  
end

print_routes
#              users => /users
#           new_user => /users/new
#               user => /users/:id
#          edit_user => /users/:id/edit
#      user_comments => /users/:user_id/comments
#   new_user_comment => /users/:user_id/comments/new
#       user_comment => /users/:user_id/comments/:id
#  edit_user_comment => /users/:user_id/comments/:id/edit  

And for actions that don't need to load the parent resource the route generation can be shallow:

resources :users, :shallow => true do
  resources :comments
end

print_routes
#            users => /users
#         new_user => /users/new
#             user => /users/:id
#        edit_user => /users/:id/edit
#    user_comments => /users/:user_id/comments
# new_user_comment => /users/:user_id/comments/new
#          comment => /comments/:id
#     edit_comment => /comments/:id/edit 

Some keys to the params hash are added when routes are defined using sinatra-trails:

params[:resource]  # the name of the resource in REST actions
params[:action]    # the name of the action in REST actions
params[:namespace] # the name of the current namespace

Singleton Resource

Same principles apply for singleton resource:

resource :user
print_routes
#       user => /user
#   new_user => /user/new
#  edit_user => /user/edit

Before and After Filters

Defining a filter within a context (namespace, resources, resource) without passing any path will execute that filter for all actions defined in that context:

namespace :admin do
  before do
    @admin = true
  end
  
  get map(:dashboard) do
    @admin # => true
  end
end

get map(:home, :to => '/') do
  @admin # => nil
end

Within a context named routes, strings or regexps can be used as arguments for before and after filters:

resources :users do
  before new_user, edit_user do
  end
end

A symbol can be passed to the filter definition and it will be lazily evaluated against the routes within the context:

namespace :admin do
  before :dashboard do
    ...
  end
  
  get map(:dashboard) do
    ...
  end
end

Accessing Routes from Outside the App

On registering Sinatra::Trails a dynamic module for the Sinatra app is created and it is assigned to the constant Routes including that module in another class gives that class access to the app's paths, a single class can access paths for several Sinatra apps:

class MyApp < Sinatra::Base
  register Sinatra::Trails
  
  get map(:users) do
    ...
  end
  
  get map(:user, :to => '/users/:id') do
    ...
  end
end

class OtherApp < Sinatra::Base
  include MyApp::Routes
  
  get 'index' do
    redirect to path_for(:users)
  end
end

class User < Sequel::Model
  include MyApp::Routes

  def to_param() id end

  def route
    path_for(:user, self) # => '/users/1'
  end
end