DKMS modules for machinekit
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README.md

machinekit-dkms

DKMS modules for machinekit

machinekit uses the occasional kernel driver, but including those in a package build is painful. The best solution I could come up with is making those drivers DKMS debian packages. The resulting debs contain the source of the drivers and instructions on how to build on the target platform for every kernel installed. A kernel upgrade will cause an automatic rebuild of DKMS-packaged drivers for the new kernel. This requires the installation supports out-of-tree builds (kernel headers installed, module build working - see note at bottom).

Initial build of the debian packages:

sudo apt-get install dkms

git clone git://github.com/mhaberler/machinekit-dkms.git
cd machinekit-dkms/drivers
# tell dkms about the new modules:
dkms add hm2reg_uio/0.0.1
dkms add adcreg/0.0.1

ä these steps are only 'on target' (where you actually need the kmods built)
# install them (builds kernel modules):
dkms install hm2reg_uio/0.0.1
dkms install adcreg/0.0.1

# at this point, the modules are built for the installed kernels
# and can be modprobed:
root@mksocfpga:~# modprobe hm2reg_uio
root@mksocfpga:~# modprobe adcreg
root@mksocfpga:~# lsmod
root@mksocfpga:/usr/src# lsmod
Module                  Size  Used by
hm2reg_uio              3045  0
adcreg                  1167  0
autofs4                22992  1

# for packaging, build the source-only debian packages
# this will NOT incur a kernel module build:
dkms mkdeb -m adcreg -v 0.0.1  --source-only
dkms mkdeb -m hm2reg_uio -v 0.0.1 --source-only

# this will leave debs like so:

root@mksocfpga:~/machinekit-dkms# find /var/lib/dkms/|grep '\.deb$'
/var/lib/dkms/adcreg/0.0.1/deb/adcreg-dkms_0.0.1_all.deb
/var/lib/dkms/hm2reg_uio/0.0.1/deb/hm2reg-uio-dkms_0.0.1_all.deb

# inspect the result - source only:

machinekit-dkms/drivers# dpkg -c /var/lib/dkms/hm2reg_uio/0.0.1/deb/hm2reg-uio-dkms_0.0.1_all.deb
drwxr-xr-x root/root         0 2016-04-18 10:06 ./
drwxr-xr-x root/root         0 2016-04-18 10:06 ./usr/
drwxr-xr-x root/root         0 2016-04-18 10:06 ./usr/share/
drwxr-xr-x root/root         0 2016-04-18 10:06 ./usr/share/hm2reg_uio-dkms/
-rwxr-xr-x root/root      9090 2016-04-18 10:06 ./usr/share/hm2reg_uio-dkms/postinst
drwxr-xr-x root/root         0 2016-04-18 10:06 ./usr/src/
drw-r-xr-x root/root         0 2016-04-18 09:00 ./usr/src/hm2reg_uio-0.0.1/
-rw-r--r-- root/root      8953 2016-04-18 10:01 ./usr/src/hm2reg_uio-0.0.1/hm2reg_uio.c
-rw-r--r-- root/root       136 2016-04-18 10:01 ./usr/src/hm2reg_uio-0.0.1/dkms.conf
-rw-r--r-- root/root        22 2016-04-18 10:01 ./usr/src/hm2reg_uio-0.0.1/Makefile


# upload those to the apt repo.

# to verify everyhing worked fine, remove the drivers
# NB this removes the above debs, so save them elsewhere before
dkms remove adcreg/0.0.1 --all
dkms remove hm2reg_uio/0.0.1 --all

# At this point all traces of our manual install are gone,
# so the modules cannot be loaded anymore:

root@mksocfpga:~/machinekit-dkms# modprobe adcreg
modprobe: FATAL: Module adcreg not found.

# to verify everyhing's fine, we install the debs:
dpkg -i  adcreg-dkms_0.0.1_all.deb  hm2reg-uio-dkms_0.0.1_all.deb
...

# and the drivers are back:

root@mksocfpga:~# modprobe hm2reg_uio
root@mksocfpga:~# modprobe adcreg
root@mksocfpga:~# lsmod
Module                  Size  Used by
hm2reg_uio              3029  0
adcreg              	3029  0
autofs4                21861  1

I have added these debs to the jessie stream on deb.machinekit.io so you should be able to install those like so:

root@mksocfpga:~/machinekit-dkms# apt-cache search adcreg
...
adcreg-dkms - adcreg-uio driver in DKMS format.

root@mksocfpga:~/machinekit-dkms# apt-cache search hm2reg
hm2reg-uio-dkms - hm2reg-uio driver in DKMS format.

apt-get update
apt-get install adcreg-dkms hm2reg-uio-dkms 

Note on cross-built kernels

Out-of-tree module buils require the matching linux-headers package to be installed into /usr/src/linux-headers-<kernel version>. This tree contains not only headers but several binaries which are required for module building.

If the kernel was cross-built typically these binaries are compiled for the build host architecture (say amd64), and distributed to a target of say arm architecture. This causes module builds to fail with weird error messages, see [this post] (http://lists.openembedded.org/pipermail/openembedded-core/2012-June/063380.html) for a description.

You can diagnose the issue by looking at the architecture of some binaries under /usr/src/linux-headers-<kernel version> like so:

# we're on an arm host
root@raspberrypi:/usr/src# arch
armv7l

# inspect important binaries
cd `/usr/src/linux-headers-<kernel version>`/scripts

# these look good - note ARM architecture:
root@raspberrypi:/usr/src/linux-headers-4.1.18-rt17-v7+/scripts# file basic/bin2c basic/fixdep kallsyms recordmcount
basic/bin2c:  ELF 32-bit LSB executable, ARM, EABI5 version 1 (SYSV), dynamically linked, interpreter /lib/ld-linux-armhf.so.3, for GNU/Linux 2.6.32, BuildID[sha1]=d3832724ec76f419b6ef4eaaa1be41f66de480b1, not stripped
basic/fixdep: ELF 32-bit LSB executable, ARM, EABI5 version 1 (SYSV), dynamically linked, interpreter /lib/ld-linux-armhf.so.3, for GNU/Linux 2.6.32, BuildID[sha1]=53c156943bdb20f3802bb91643b5d8668a490636, not stripped
kallsyms:     ELF 64-bit LSB executable, x86-64, version 1 (SYSV), dynamically linked, interpreter /lib64/ld-linux-x86-64.so.2, for GNU/Linux 2.6.32, BuildID[sha1]=517fea36cfe40942c2cff44433a2d3caef711657, not stripped
recordmcount: ELF 32-bit LSB executable, ARM, EABI5 version 1 (SYSV), dynamically linked, interpreter /lib/ld-linux-armhf.so.3, for GNU/Linux 2.6.32, BuildID[sha1]=a86949572904fc070ce9291a1ffb1f850c017aba, not stripped

# something like this hints the binaries are for the wrong architecture (note x86-64):
# file basic/fixdep kallsyms recordmcount
basic/fixdep: ELF 64-bit LSB executable, x86-64, version 1 (SYSV), dynamically linked, interpreter /lib64/ld-linux-x86-64.so.2, for GNU/Linux 2.6.32, BuildID[sha1]=1d3b83c509da6d6365d4990becfaa421b96fe56a, stripped
kallsyms:     ELF 64-bit LSB executable, x86-64, version 1 (SYSV), dynamically linked, interpreter /lib64/ld-linux-x86-64.so.2, for GNU/Linux 2.6.32, BuildID[sha1]=161872353bf7ec325a716b54499ce5b93e8abe6b, stripped
recordmcount: ELF 64-bit LSB executable, x86-64, version 1 (SYSV), dynamically linked, interpreter /lib64/ld-linux-x86-64.so.2, for GNU/Linux 2.6.32, BuildID[sha1]=e2fbf2e1360e0a06eb46a51f7cd2f70ebe403fe1, stripped

The issue can be fixed as follows (ugly but works):

cd `/usr/src/linux-headers-<kernel version`
# this should rebuild the binaries for the target architecture:
make scripts

If this fix fails with an error message like here, so something like:

  HOSTCC  scripts/sortextable
scripts/sortextable.c:31:32: fatal error: tools/be_byteshift.h: No such file or directory
 #include <tools/be_byteshift.h>
                                ^
compilation terminated.
scripts/Makefile.host:91: recipe for target 'scripts/sortextable' failed
make[1]: *** [scripts/sortextable] Error 1
Makefile:555: recipe for target 'scripts' failed
make: *** [scripts] Error 2

a patch over the kernel headers is needed:

wget https://raw.githubusercontent.com/igorpecovnik/lib/next/patch/headers-debian-byteshift.patch
patch -p1 < headers-debian-byteshift.patch
make scripts

After this building out-of-tree modules should work even with cross-built kernels.

I realize this fix is super-ugly - happy to take recommendations

Inspired-by: https://github.com/izaakschroeder/uio_pruss