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HTTPie is a CLI, cURL-like tool for humans

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README.rst

HTTPie: cURL for humans

HTTPie is a CLI HTTP utility built out of frustration with existing tools. The goal is to make CLI interaction with HTTP-based services as human-friendly as possible.

HTTPie does so by providing an http command that allows for issuing arbitrary HTTP requests using a simple and natural syntax and displaying colorized responses:

HTTPie compared to cURL

Under the hood, HTTPie uses the excellent Requests and Pygments Python libraries. Python 2.6+ is supported (including 3.x).

Installation

The latest stable version of HTTPie can always be installed (or updated to) via pip:

pip install -U httpie

Or, you can install the development version directly from GitHub:

Build Status of the master branch
pip install -U https://github.com/jkbr/httpie/tarball/master

Usage

Hello world:

http GET httpie.org

Synopsis:

http [flags] METHOD URL [items]

There are four types of key-value pair items available:

Headers (Name:Value)
Arbitrary HTTP headers. The : character is used to separate a header's name from its value, e.g., X-API-Token:123.
Simple data fields (field=value)
Data items are included in the request body. Depending on the Content-Type, they are automatically serialized as a JSON Object (default) or application/x-www-form-urlencoded (the -f flag). Data items use = as the separator, e.g., hello=world.
Raw JSON fields (field:=value)
This item type is needed when Content-Type is JSON and a field's value is a Boolean, Number, nested Object or an Array, because simple data items are always serialized as String. E.g. pies:=[1,2,3].
File fields (field@/path/to/file)
Only available with -f / --form. Use @ as the separator, e.g., screenshot@/path/to/file.png. The presence of a file field results into a multipart/form-data request.

Examples

http PATCH api.example.com/person/1 X-API-Token:123 name=John email=john@example.org age:=29

The following request is issued:

PATCH /person/1 HTTP/1.1
User-Agent: HTTPie/0.1
X-API-Token: 123
Content-Type: application/json; charset=utf-8

{"name": "John", "email": "john@example.org", "age": 29}

It can easily be changed to a 'form' request using the -f (or --form) flag, which produces:

PATCH /person/1 HTTP/1.1
User-Agent: HTTPie/0.1
X-API-Token: 123
Content-Type: application/x-www-form-urlencoded; charset=utf-8

age=29&name=John&email=john%40example.org

It is also possible to send multipart/form-data requests, i.e., to simulate a file upload form submission. It is done using the --form / -f flag and passing one or more file fields:

http -f POST example.com/jobs name=John cv@~/Documents/cv.pdf

The above will send the same request as if the following HTML form were submitted:

<form enctype="multipart/form-data" method="post" action="http://example.com/jobs">
    <input type="text" name="name" />
    <input type="file" name="cv" />
</form>

A whole request body can be passed in via stdin instead:

echo '{"name": "John"}' | http PATCH example.com/person/1 X-API-Token:123
# Or:
http POST example.com/person/1 X-API-Token:123 < person.json

Flags

Most of the flags mirror the arguments understood by requests.request. See http -h for more details:

HTTPie - cURL for humans.

positional arguments:
  METHOD                HTTP method to be used for the request (GET, POST,
                        PUT, DELETE, PATCH, ...).
  URL                   Protocol defaults to http:// if the URL does not
                        include it.
  items                 HTTP header (header:value), data field (field=value),
                        raw JSON field (field:=value) or file field
                        (field@/path/to/file).

optional arguments:
  -h, --help            show this help message and exit
  --version             show program's version number and exit
  --json, -j            Serialize data items as a JSON object and set Content-
                        Type to application/json, if not specified.
  --form, -f            Serialize fields as form values. The Content-Type is
                        set to application/x-www-form-urlencoded. The presence
                        of any file fields results into a multipart/form-data
                        request. Note that Content-Type is not automatically
                        set if explicitely specified.
  --traceback           Print exception traceback should one occur.
  --pretty              If stdout is a terminal, the response is prettified by
                        default (colorized and indented if it is JSON). This
                        flag ensures prettifying even when stdout is
                        redirected.
  --ugly, -u            Do not prettify the response.
  --print OUTPUT_OPTIONS, -p OUTPUT_OPTIONS
                        String specifying what should the output contain. "H"
                        stands for request headers and "B" for request body.
                        "h" stands for response headers and "b" for response
                        body. Defaults to "hb" which means that the whole
                        response (headers and body) is printed.
  --verbose, -v         Print the whole request as well as response. Shortcut
                        for --print=HBhb.
  --headers, -t         Print only the response headers. Shortcut for
                        --print=h.
  --body, -b            Print only the response body. Shortcut for --print=b.
  --style STYLE, -s STYLE
                        Output coloring style, one of autumn, borland, bw,
                        colorful, default, emacs, friendly, fruity, manni,
                        monokai, murphy, native, pastie, perldoc, solarized,
                        tango, trac, vim, vs. Defaults to solarized.
  --auth AUTH, -a AUTH  username:password
  --verify VERIFY       Set to "yes" to check the host's SSL certificate. You
                        can also pass the path to a CA_BUNDLE file for private
                        certs. You can also set the REQUESTS_CA_BUNDLE
                        environment variable.
  --proxy PROXY         String mapping protocol to the URL of the proxy (e.g.
                        http:foo.bar:3128).
  --allow-redirects     Set this flag if full redirects are allowed (e.g. re-
                        POST-ing of data at new ``Location``)
  --timeout TIMEOUT     Float describes the timeout of the request (Use
                        socket.setdefaulttimeout() as fallback).

Contributors

View contributors on GitHub.

Changelog

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