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dash.el Build Status

A modern list api for Emacs. No 'cl required.


It's available on marmalade and Melpa:

M-x package-install dash

Or you can just dump dash.el in your load path somewhere.

If you want the function combinators, then also:

M-x package-install dash-functional

Using in a package

Add this to the big comment block at the top:

;; Package-Requires: ((dash "2.12.1"))

To get function combinators:

;; Package-Requires: ((dash "2.12.1") (dash-functional "1.2.0") (emacs "24"))

Upcoming breaking change!

  • For backward compatibility reasons -zip return a cons-cell instead of a list with two elements when called on two lists. This is a clunky API, and in an upcoming 3.0 release of Dash it will always return a list. If you rely on the cons-cell return value, use -zip-pair instead.

Syntax highlighting of dash functions

Font lock of dash functions in emacs lisp buffers is now optional. Include this in your emacs settings to get syntax highlighting:

(eval-after-load "dash" '(dash-enable-font-lock))


All functions and constructs in the library are prefixed with a dash (-).

There are also anaphoric versions of functions where that makes sense, prefixed with two dashes instead of one.

While -map takes a function to map over the list, you can also use the anaphoric form with double dashes - which will then be executed with it exposed as the list item. Here's an example:

(-map (lambda (n) (* n n)) '(1 2 3 4)) ;; normal version

(--map (* it it) '(1 2 3 4)) ;; anaphoric version

of course the original can also be written like

(defun square (n) (* n n))

(-map 'square '(1 2 3 4))

which demonstrates the usefulness of both versions.

[[ function-list ]]

[[ function-docs ]]


Yes, please do. Pure functions in the list manipulation realm only, please. There's a suite of tests in dev/examples.el, so remember to add tests for your function, or I might break it later.

You'll find the repo at:

Run the tests with


Create the docs with


I highly recommend that you install these as a pre-commit hook, so that the tests are always running and the docs are always in sync:

cp .git/hooks/pre-commit

Oh, and don't edit directly, it is auto-generated. Change or examples-to-docs.el instead.


  • Added lexical binding pragma to dash.el

From 2.11 to 2.12

  • Add GNU ELPA support. (Phillip Lord)
  • Add -some->, -some->>, and -some--> macros. (Cam Saul)
  • -is-suffix? no longer destroys input list.
  • Faster hashtable implementation for -union.
  • Improvements to docstrings and examples

From 2.10 to 2.11

  • Lots of clean up wrt byte compilation, debug macros and tests

From 2.9 to 2.10

  • Add -let destructuring to -if-let and -when-let (Fredrik Bergroth)

From 2.8 to 2.9

  • Add -let, -let* and -lambda with destructuring
  • Add -tree-seq and -tree-map-nodes
  • Add -non-nil
  • Add -fix
  • Add -fixfn (dash-functional 1.2)
  • Add -copy (Wilfred Hughes)

From 2.7 to 2.8

  • Add -butlast

From 2.6 to 2.7

  • -zip now supports more than two lists (Steve Lamb)
  • Add -cycle , -pad , -annotate , -zip-fill (Steve Lamb)
  • Add -table, -table-flat (finite cartesian product)
  • Add -flatten-n
  • -slice now supports "step" argument
  • Add functional combinators -iteratefn, -prodfn
  • Add -replace, -splice, -splice-list which generalize -replace-at and -insert-at
  • Add -compose, -iteratefn and -prodfn (dash-functional 1.1)

From 2.5 to 2.6

  • Add -is-prefix-p, -is-suffix-p, -is-infix-p (Matus Goljer)
  • Add -iterate, -unfold (Matus Goljer)
  • Add -split-on, -split-when (Matus Goljer)
  • Add -find-last-index (Matus Goljer)
  • Add -list (Johan Andersson)

From 2.4 to 2.5

  • Add -same-items? (Johan Andersson)
  • A few bugfixes

From 2.3 to 2.4

  • Add -snoc (Matus Goljer)
  • Add -replace-at, -update-at, -remove-at, and -remove-at-indices (Matus Goljer)

From 2.2 to 2.3

  • Add tree operations (Matus Goljer)
  • Make font-lock optional

From 2.1 to 2.2

  • Add -compose (Christina Whyte)

From 2.0 to 2.1

  • Add indexing operations (Matus Goljer)

From 1.8 to 2.0

  • Split out dash-functional.el (Matus Goljer)
  • Add -andfn, -orfn, -not, -cut, -const, -flip and -on. (Matus Goljer)
  • Fix -min, -max, -min-by and -max-by (Matus Goljer)

From 1.7 to 1.8

  • Add -first-item and -last-item (Wilfred Hughes)

From 1.6 to 1.7

  • Add -rotate (Matus Goljer)

From 1.5 to 1.6

  • Add -min, -max, -min-by and -max-by (Johan Andersson)

From 1.4 to 1.5

  • Add -sum and -product (Johan Andersson)

From 1.3 to 1.4

  • Add -sort
  • Add -reduce-r (Matus Goljer)
  • Add -reduce-r-from (Matus Goljer)

From 1.2 to 1.3

  • Add -partition-in-steps
  • Add -partition-all-in-steps

From 1.1 to 1.2

  • Add -last (Matus Goljer)
  • Add -insert-at (Emanuel Evans)
  • Add -when-let and -if-let (Emanuel Evans)
  • Add -when-let* and -if-let* (Emanuel Evans)
  • Some bugfixes




Copyright (C) 2012-2014 Magnar Sveen

Authors: Magnar Sveen Keywords: lists

This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the Free Software Foundation, either version 3 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.

This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU General Public License for more details.

You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along with this program. If not, see

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