Better exception reporting middleware for Ring.
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README.md

prone Build Status

Better exception reporting middleware for Ring. Heavily inspired by better_errors for Rails.

See it to believe it: a quick video demoing Prone.

Prone presents your stack traces in a consumable form. It optionally filters out stack frames that did not originate in your application, allowing you to focus on your code. It allows you to browse environment data, such as the request map and exception data (when using ex-info). Prone also provides a debug function that enables you to visually browse local bindings and any piece of data you pass to debug.

Install

Add [prone "1.6.0"] to :dependencies in your project.clj.

This project uses Semantic Versioning. There will be no breaking changes without a major version increase. There's also a change log.

Usage

  • with lein-ring

    Using lein-ring version 0.9.1 or above, add this to your project.clj:

    {:profiles {:dev {:ring {:stacktrace-middleware prone.middleware/wrap-exceptions}}}
  • without lein-ring

    Add it as a middleware to your Ring stack:

    (ns example
      (:require [prone.middleware :as prone]))
    
    (def app
      (-> my-app
          prone/wrap-exceptions))

    Please note, with this configuration you should make sure to only enable Prone in development.

  • with pedestal

    See prone-pedestal

  • with catacumba

    See catacumba-prone

Debugging

Whether you've tripped on an exception or not, you can use Prone to debug your application:

(ns example
  (:require [prone.debug :refer [debug]]))

(defn myhandler [req]
  ;; ...
  (let [person (lookup-person (:id (:params req)))]
    (debug)))

Calling debug without any arguments like this will cause Prone to render the exception page with information about your environment: the request map, and any local bindings (req and person in the above example).

You can call debug multiple times. To differentiate calls, you can pass a message as the first argument, but Prone will also indicate the source location that triggered debugging.

debug accepts any number of forms to present in a value browser on the error/debug page:

(debug) ;; Inspect locals
        ;; Halts the page if there are no exceptions

(debug "Here be trouble") ;; Same as above, with a message

(debug {:id 42}) ;; Inspect locals and the specific map
                 ;; Halts the page if there are no exceptions

(debug person project) ;; Same as above, with multiple values

(debug "What's this?" person project) ;; Same as above, with message

Q & A

Should I use Prone in production?

No. You would be exposing your innards to customers, and maybe even to someone with nefarious purposes.

Here's one way to avoid it:

(def prone-enabled? (= "true" (System.getProperty "prone.enable")))

(def app
  (cond-> my-app
          prone-enabled? prone/wrap-exceptions))

You can chain more optional middlewares in this cond-> too. Pretty nifty.

How does Prone determine what parts of a stack trace belongs to the application?

By default it reads your project.clj and looks for namespaces starting with the project name.

You can change this behavior by passing in some options to wrap-exceptions, like so:

(-> app
    (prone/wrap-exceptions 
      {:app-namespaces ["our" "app" "namespace" "prefixes"]}))

All frames from namespaces prefixed with the names in the list will be marked as application frames.

How do I skip prone for certain requests?

Pass a predicate function skip-prone? to wrap-exceptions. For example, to exclude Postman requests check for postman-token in the headers:

(-> app
    (prone/wrap-exceptions 
      {:skip-prone? (fn [req] (contains? (:headers req) "postman-token"))}))

What about AJAX requests?

Yeah, that's a bit trickier. There's no point in serving a beautiful exception page when you have to inspect it in devtools.

The prone response includes a Link header with a rel=help attribute. Like this:

Link:</prone/d97fa078-7638-4fd1-8e4a-9a22576a321f>; rel=help

Use this in your frontend code to display the page. Here's an example from one of our sites:

(def rel-help-regex #"<(.+)>; rel=help")

(defn check-err [result]
  (if-let [url (->> (get-in result [:headers "link"] "")
                    (re-find rel-help-regex)
                    second)]
    (set! js/location url)
    (do (js/alert "fail")
        (prn result))))

(defn GET [url params]
  (go
    (let [result (<! (http/get url {:query-params params}))]
      (if (:success result)
        (do-some-successful-stuff)
        (check-err result)))))

A little trick

The latest prone error page can also be found under /prone/latest, so if you haven't fixed your frontend code to use the rel=help header quite yet, you can always go there to check it out.

I'm getting double printing of error messages

Yeah, I guess you already have a logging framework to print errors for you? And then prone goes and prints them as well. Turn it off like so:

(-> app
    (prone/wrap-exceptions 
      {:print-stacktraces? false}))

Known problems

  • We have not yet found a way to differentiate some-name and some_name function names by inspecting the stack trace. Currently, we assume kebab case.
  • Using a middleware to always load the Austin browser-connected-repl for ClojureScript causes JavaScript errors that partly trips up Prone

Change log

From 1.5 to 1.6

  • Support SQLException getNextException (timothypratley)
  • Add column in addition to line number (timothypratley)
  • Display java.util.Date like #inst

From 1.4 to 1.5

  • Avoid expanding Datomic databases
  • Don't show too many extra exceptions
  • Always select the first source location when switching between exceptions

From 1.3 to 1.4

  • Exceptions thrown when realizing lazy sequences are now handled properly.

From 1.2 to 1.3

  • Add function to render self-contained page.

    This can be used to store prone-pages for later perusal even when the prone process is no longer running.

    (spit "my-error.html" (render-self-contained-page (create-exception-page e {})))
    

From 1.1 to 1.2

  • Serve contents as UTF-8 - fixes occasional regexp error warning
  • Upgrade Prism.JS - fixes graphical glitch with highlighted line
  • Upgrade ClojureScript version - now supports namespaced keys.
  • Show error page for assertion errors as well (alephyud)
  • Fix error when showing maps with complex keys
  • Fix compatibility Clojure 1.9 (lvh)
  • Don't crash on invalid or missing line-numbers

From 1.0 to 1.1

  • Added option :print-stacktraces? (Max Ovsiankin)
  • Added latest prone error to /prone/latest (Daniel Lebrero)

Contributors

Thanks!

Contribute

Yes, please do. And add tests for your feature or fix, or we'll certainly break it later.

Up and running

Prerequisites:

To start the server:

  • run lein cljsbuild auto in one terminal
  • run lein ring server-headless in another.

lein test will run all tests. (run lein cljsbuild once to generate required js files)

To run tests continuously: lein test-refresh

After making changes to static files in dev-resources, run ./build-js-sources.sh again to update the concatenated files.

License: BSD

Copyright © 2014-2015 Christian Johansen & Magnar Sveen. All rights reserved.

Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions are met:

  1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.

  2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution.

  3. Neither the name of the copyright holder nor the names of its contributors may be used to endorse or promote products derived from this software without specific prior written permission.

THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND CONTRIBUTORS "AS IS" AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE COPYRIGHT HOLDER OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.