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# Nextcloud
source setup/ # load our functions
source /etc/mailinabox.conf # load global vars
# ### Installing Nextcloud
echo "Installing Nextcloud (contacts/calendar)..."
apt-get purge -qq -y owncloud* # we used to use the package manager
apt_install php php-fpm \
php-cli php-sqlite3 php-gd php-imap php-curl php-pear curl \
php-dev php-gd php-xml php-mbstring php-zip php-apcu php-json \
php-intl php-imagick
InstallNextcloud() {
echo "Upgrading to Nextcloud version $version"
# Download and verify
wget_verify$ $hash /tmp/
# Remove the current owncloud/Nextcloud
rm -rf /usr/local/lib/owncloud
# Extract ownCloud/Nextcloud
unzip -q /tmp/ -d /usr/local/lib
mv /usr/local/lib/nextcloud /usr/local/lib/owncloud
rm -f /tmp/
# The two apps we actually want are not in Nextcloud core. Download the releases from
# their github repositories.
mkdir -p /usr/local/lib/owncloud/apps
wget_verify d331dc6db2ecf7c8e6166926a055dfa3b59722c3 /tmp/contacts.tgz
tar xf /tmp/contacts.tgz -C /usr/local/lib/owncloud/apps/
rm /tmp/contacts.tgz
wget_verify bd7c846bad06da6d6ba04280f6fbf37ef846c2ad /tmp/calendar.tgz
tar xf /tmp/calendar.tgz -C /usr/local/lib/owncloud/apps/
rm /tmp/calendar.tgz
# Starting with Nextcloud 15, the app user_external is no longer included in Nextcloud core,
# we will install from their github repository.
if [[ $version =~ ^1[567] ]]; then
wget_verify 555a94811daaf5bdd336c5e48a78aa8567b86437 /tmp/user_external.tgz
tar -xf /tmp/user_external.tgz -C /usr/local/lib/owncloud/apps/
rm /tmp/user_external.tgz
# Fix weird permissions.
chmod 750 /usr/local/lib/owncloud/{apps,config}
# Create a symlink to the config.php in STORAGE_ROOT (for upgrades we're restoring the symlink we previously
# put in, and in new installs we're creating a symlink and will create the actual config later).
ln -sf $STORAGE_ROOT/owncloud/config.php /usr/local/lib/owncloud/config/config.php
# Make sure permissions are correct or the upgrade step won't run.
# $STORAGE_ROOT/owncloud may not yet exist, so use -f to suppress
# that error.
chown -f -R www-data.www-data $STORAGE_ROOT/owncloud /usr/local/lib/owncloud || /bin/true
# If this isn't a new installation, immediately run the upgrade script.
# Then check for success (0=ok and 3=no upgrade needed, both are success).
if [ -e $STORAGE_ROOT/owncloud/owncloud.db ]; then
# ownCloud 8.1.1 broke upgrades. It may fail on the first attempt, but
# that can be OK.
sudo -u www-data php /usr/local/lib/owncloud/occ upgrade
if [ \( $? -ne 0 \) -a \( $? -ne 3 \) ]; then
echo "Trying ownCloud upgrade again to work around ownCloud upgrade bug..."
sudo -u www-data php /usr/local/lib/owncloud/occ upgrade
if [ \( $? -ne 0 \) -a \( $? -ne 3 \) ]; then exit 1; fi
sudo -u www-data php /usr/local/lib/owncloud/occ maintenance:mode --off
echo "...which seemed to work."
# Add missing indices. NextCloud didn't include this in the normal upgrade because it might take some time.
sudo -u www-data php /usr/local/lib/owncloud/occ db:add-missing-indices
# Run conversion to BigInt identifiers, this process may take some time on large tables.
sudo -u www-data php /usr/local/lib/owncloud/occ db:convert-filecache-bigint --no-interaction
# Nextcloud Version to install. Checks are done down below to step through intermediate versions.
# Current Nextcloud Version, #1623
# Checking /usr/local/lib/owncloud/version.php shows version of the Nextcloud application, not the DB
# $STORAGE_ROOT/owncloud is kept together even during a backup. It is better to rely on config.php than
# version.php since the restore procedure can leave the system in a state where you have a newer Nextcloud
# application version than the database.
# If config.php exists, get version number, otherwise CURRENT_NEXTCLOUD_VER is empty.
if [ -f "$STORAGE_ROOT/owncloud/config.php" ]; then
CURRENT_NEXTCLOUD_VER=$(php -r "include(\"$STORAGE_ROOT/owncloud/config.php\"); echo(\$CONFIG['version']);")
# If the Nextcloud directory is missing (never been installed before, or the nextcloud version to be installed is different
# from the version currently installed, do the install/upgrade
if [ ! -d /usr/local/lib/owncloud/ ] || [[ ! ${CURRENT_NEXTCLOUD_VER} =~ ^$nextcloud_ver ]]; then
# Stop php-fpm if running. If theyre not running (which happens on a previously failed install), dont bail.
service php7.2-fpm stop &> /dev/null || /bin/true
# Backup the existing ownCloud/Nextcloud.
# Create a backup directory to store the current installation and database to
BACKUP_DIRECTORY=$STORAGE_ROOT/owncloud-backup/`date +"%Y-%m-%d-%T"`
if [ -d /usr/local/lib/owncloud/ ]; then
echo "Upgrading Nextcloud --- backing up existing installation, configuration, and database to directory to $BACKUP_DIRECTORY..."
cp -r /usr/local/lib/owncloud "$BACKUP_DIRECTORY/owncloud-install"
if [ -e $STORAGE_ROOT/owncloud/owncloud.db ]; then
cp $STORAGE_ROOT/owncloud/owncloud.db $BACKUP_DIRECTORY
if [ -e $STORAGE_ROOT/owncloud/config.php ]; then
cp $STORAGE_ROOT/owncloud/config.php $BACKUP_DIRECTORY
# If ownCloud or Nextcloud was previously installed....
if [ ! -z ${CURRENT_NEXTCLOUD_VER} ]; then
# Database migrations from ownCloud are no longer possible because ownCloud cannot be run under
# PHP 7.
if [[ ${CURRENT_NEXTCLOUD_VER} =~ ^[89] ]]; then
echo "Upgrades from Mail-in-a-Box prior to v0.28 (dated July 30, 2018) with Nextcloud < 13.0.6 (you have ownCloud 8 or 9) are not supported. Upgrade to Mail-in-a-Box version v0.30 first. Setup aborting."
exit 1
elif [[ ${CURRENT_NEXTCLOUD_VER} =~ ^1[012] ]]; then
echo "Upgrades from Mail-in-a-Box prior to v0.28 (dated July 30, 2018) with Nextcloud < 13.0.6 (you have ownCloud 10, 11 or 12) are not supported. Upgrade to Mail-in-a-Box version v0.30 first. Setup aborting."
exit 1
elif [[ ${CURRENT_NEXTCLOUD_VER} =~ ^13 ]]; then
# If we are running Nextcloud 13, upgrade to Nextcloud 14
InstallNextcloud 14.0.6 4e43a57340f04c2da306c8eea98e30040399ae5a
if [[ ${CURRENT_NEXTCLOUD_VER} =~ ^14 ]]; then
# During the upgrade from Nextcloud 14 to 15, user_external may cause the upgrade to fail.
# We will disable it here before the upgrade and install it again after the upgrade.
hide_output sudo -u www-data php /usr/local/lib/owncloud/console.php app:disable user_external
InstallNextcloud 15.0.8 4129d8d4021c435f2e86876225fb7f15adf764a3
if [[ ${CURRENT_NEXTCLOUD_VER} =~ ^15 ]]; then
InstallNextcloud 16.0.6 0bb3098455ec89f5af77a652aad553ad40a88819
InstallNextcloud $nextcloud_ver $nextcloud_hash
# ### Configuring Nextcloud
# Setup Nextcloud if the Nextcloud database does not yet exist. Running setup when
# the database does exist wipes the database and user data.
if [ ! -f $STORAGE_ROOT/owncloud/owncloud.db ]; then
# Create user data directory
mkdir -p $STORAGE_ROOT/owncloud
# Create an initial configuration file.
instanceid=oc$(echo $PRIMARY_HOSTNAME | sha1sum | fold -w 10 | head -n 1)
cat > $STORAGE_ROOT/owncloud/config.php <<EOF;
\$CONFIG = array (
'datadirectory' => '$STORAGE_ROOT/owncloud',
'instanceid' => '$instanceid',
'forcessl' => true, # if unset/false, Nextcloud sends a HSTS=0 header, which conflicts with nginx config
'overwritewebroot' => '/cloud',
'overwrite.cli.url' => '/cloud',
'user_backends' => array(
'class' => 'OC_User_IMAP',
'arguments' => array(
'', 143, null
'memcache.local' => '\OC\Memcache\APCu',
'mail_smtpmode' => 'sendmail',
'mail_smtpsecure' => '',
'mail_smtpauthtype' => 'LOGIN',
'mail_smtpauth' => false,
'mail_smtphost' => '',
'mail_smtpport' => '',
'mail_smtpname' => '',
'mail_smtppassword' => '',
'mail_from_address' => 'owncloud',
# Create an auto-configuration file to fill in database settings
# when the install script is run. Make an administrator account
# here or else the install can't finish.
adminpassword=$(dd if=/dev/urandom bs=1 count=40 2>/dev/null | sha1sum | fold -w 30 | head -n 1)
cat > /usr/local/lib/owncloud/config/autoconfig.php <<EOF;
\$AUTOCONFIG = array (
# storage/database
'directory' => '$STORAGE_ROOT/owncloud',
'dbtype' => 'sqlite3',
# create an administrator account with a random password so that
# the user does not have to enter anything on first load of Nextcloud
'adminlogin' => 'root',
'adminpass' => '$adminpassword',
# Set permissions
chown -R www-data.www-data $STORAGE_ROOT/owncloud /usr/local/lib/owncloud
# Execute Nextcloud's setup step, which creates the Nextcloud sqlite database.
# It also wipes it if it exists. And it updates config.php with database
# settings and deletes the autoconfig.php file.
(cd /usr/local/lib/owncloud; sudo -u www-data php /usr/local/lib/owncloud/index.php;)
# Update config.php.
# * trusted_domains is reset to localhost by autoconfig starting with ownCloud 8.1.1,
# so set it here. It also can change if the box's PRIMARY_HOSTNAME changes, so
# this will make sure it has the right value.
# * Some settings weren't included in previous versions of Mail-in-a-Box.
# * We need to set the timezone to the system timezone to allow fail2ban to ban
# users within the proper timeframe
# * We need to set the logdateformat to something that will work correctly with fail2ban
# * mail_domain' needs to be set every time we run the setup. Making sure we are setting
# the correct domain name if the domain is being change from the previous setup.
# Use PHP to read the settings file, modify it, and write out the new settings array.
TIMEZONE=$(cat /etc/timezone)
php <<EOF > $CONFIG_TEMP && mv $CONFIG_TEMP $STORAGE_ROOT/owncloud/config.php;
\$CONFIG['trusted_domains'] = array('$PRIMARY_HOSTNAME');
\$CONFIG['memcache.local'] = '\OC\Memcache\APCu';
\$CONFIG['overwrite.cli.url'] = '/cloud';
\$CONFIG['mail_from_address'] = 'administrator'; # just the local part, matches our master administrator address
\$CONFIG['logtimezone'] = '$TIMEZONE';
\$CONFIG['logdateformat'] = 'Y-m-d H:i:s';
\$CONFIG['mail_domain'] = '$PRIMARY_HOSTNAME';
\$CONFIG['user_backends'] = array(array('class' => 'OC_User_IMAP','arguments' => array('', 143, null),),);
echo "<?php\n\\\$CONFIG = ";
echo ";";
chown www-data.www-data $STORAGE_ROOT/owncloud/config.php
# Enable/disable apps. Note that this must be done after the Nextcloud setup.
# The firstrunwizard gave Josh all sorts of problems, so disabling that.
# user_external is what allows Nextcloud to use IMAP for login. The contacts
# and calendar apps are the extensions we really care about here.
hide_output sudo -u www-data php /usr/local/lib/owncloud/console.php app:disable firstrunwizard
hide_output sudo -u www-data php /usr/local/lib/owncloud/console.php app:enable user_external
hide_output sudo -u www-data php /usr/local/lib/owncloud/console.php app:enable contacts
hide_output sudo -u www-data php /usr/local/lib/owncloud/console.php app:enable calendar
# When upgrading, run the upgrade script again now that apps are enabled. It seems like
# the first upgrade at the top won't work because apps may be disabled during upgrade?
# Check for success (0=ok, 3=no upgrade needed).
sudo -u www-data php /usr/local/lib/owncloud/occ upgrade
if [ \( $? -ne 0 \) -a \( $? -ne 3 \) ]; then exit 1; fi
# Set PHP FPM values to support large file uploads
# (semicolon is the comment character in this file, hashes produce deprecation warnings)
tools/ /etc/php/7.2/fpm/php.ini -c ';' \
upload_max_filesize=16G \
post_max_size=16G \
output_buffering=16384 \
memory_limit=512M \
max_execution_time=600 \
# Set Nextcloud recommended opcache settings
tools/ /etc/php/7.2/cli/conf.d/10-opcache.ini -c ';' \
opcache.enable=1 \
opcache.enable_cli=1 \
opcache.interned_strings_buffer=8 \
opcache.max_accelerated_files=10000 \
opcache.memory_consumption=128 \
opcache.save_comments=1 \
# If apc is explicitly disabled we need to enable it
if grep -q apc.enabled=0 /etc/php/7.2/mods-available/apcu.ini; then
tools/ /etc/php/7.2/mods-available/apcu.ini -c ';' \
# Set up a cron job for Nextcloud.
cat > /etc/cron.d/mailinabox-nextcloud << EOF;
# Mail-in-a-Box
*/5 * * * * root sudo -u www-data php -f /usr/local/lib/owncloud/cron.php
chmod +x /etc/cron.d/mailinabox-nextcloud
# Remove previous hourly cronjob
rm -f /etc/cron.hourly/mailinabox-owncloud
# There's nothing much of interest that a user could do as an admin for Nextcloud,
# and there's a lot they could mess up, so we don't make any users admins of Nextcloud.
# But if we wanted to, we would do this:
# ```
# for user in $(tools/ user admins); do
# sqlite3 $STORAGE_ROOT/owncloud/owncloud.db "INSERT OR IGNORE INTO oc_group_user VALUES ('admin', '$user')"
# done
# ```
# Enable PHP modules and restart PHP.
restart_service php7.2-fpm
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