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// license:BSD-3-Clause
// copyright-holders:Zsolt Vasvari
// thanks-to:Derrick Renaud
/*****************************************************************************
Texas Instruments SN76477 emulator
authors: Derrick Renaud - info
Zsolt Vasvari - software
(see sn76477.h for details)
Notes:
* All formulas were derived by taking measurements of a real device,
then running the data sets through the numerical analysis
application at http://zunzun.com to come up with the functions.
Known issues/to-do's:
* Use RES_INF for unconnected resistor pins and treat 0 as a short
circuit
* VCO
* confirm value of VCO_MAX_EXT_VOLTAGE, VCO_TO_SLF_VOLTAGE_DIFF
VCO_CAP_VOLTAGE_MIN and VCO_CAP_VOLTAGE_MAX
* confirm value of VCO_MIN_DUTY_CYCLE
* get real formulas for VCO cap charging and discharging
* get real formula for VCO duty cycle
* what happens if no vco_res
* what happens if no vco_cap (needed for laserbat/lazarian)
* Attack/Decay
* get real formulas for a/d cap charging and discharging
* Output
* what happens if output is taken at pin 12 with no feedback_res
(needed for laserbat/lazarian)
*****************************************************************************/
#include "emu.h"
#include "sn76477.h"
#include "wavwrite.h"
/*****************************************************************************
*
* Debugging
*
*****************************************************************************/
#define VERBOSE 1
/* if 1, create a .wav file of the sound produced */
#define LOG_WAV 0
/* if 1 and LOG_WAV is 1, only logs to .wav file in chip is enabled */
#define LOG_WAV_ENABLED_ONLY 0
/* determines what value will be logged in the left channel of the .wav file */
#define LOG_WAV_VALUE_L 0 /* 0 = OUT voltage */
/* 1 = enable line */
/* 2 = one-shot cap voltage */
/* 3 = a/d cap voltage */
/* 4 = slf cap voltage */
/* 5 = vco cap voltage */
/* 6 = noise filter cap voltage */
/* determines what value will be logged in the right channel of the .wav file
same values as for the left channel above */
#define LOG_WAV_VALUE_R 3
#define LOG_WAV_GAIN_FACTOR 1000
#define LOG_WAV_FILE_NAME "sn76477_%s.wav"
#define LOG(n,...) do { if (VERBOSE >= (n)) logerror(__VA_ARGS__); } while (0)
#define CHECK_BOOLEAN assert((state & 0x01) == state)
#define CHECK_POSITIVE assert(data >= 0.0)
#define CHECK_VOLTAGE assert((data >= 0.0) && (data <= 5.0))
#define CHECK_CAP_VOLTAGE assert(((data >= 0.0) && (data <= 5.0)) || (data == EXTERNAL_VOLTAGE_DISCONNECT))
/*****************************************************************************
*
* Constants
*
*****************************************************************************/
#define ONE_SHOT_CAP_VOLTAGE_MIN (0) /* the voltage at which the one-shot starts from (measured) */
#define ONE_SHOT_CAP_VOLTAGE_MAX (2.5) /* the voltage at which the one-shot finishes (measured) */
#define ONE_SHOT_CAP_VOLTAGE_RANGE (ONE_SHOT_CAP_VOLTAGE_MAX - ONE_SHOT_CAP_VOLTAGE_MIN)
#define SLF_CAP_VOLTAGE_MIN (0.33) /* the voltage at the bottom peak of the SLF triangle wave (measured) */
#define SLF_CAP_VOLTAGE_MAX (2.37) /* the voltage at the top peak of the SLF triangle wave (measured) */
#define SLF_CAP_VOLTAGE_RANGE (SLF_CAP_VOLTAGE_MAX - SLF_CAP_VOLTAGE_MIN)
#define VCO_MAX_EXT_VOLTAGE (2.35) /* the external voltage at which the VCO saturates and produces no output,
also used as the voltage threshold for the SLF */
#define VCO_TO_SLF_VOLTAGE_DIFF (0.35)
#define VCO_CAP_VOLTAGE_MIN (SLF_CAP_VOLTAGE_MIN) /* the voltage at the bottom peak of the VCO triangle wave */
#define VCO_CAP_VOLTAGE_MAX (SLF_CAP_VOLTAGE_MAX + VCO_TO_SLF_VOLTAGE_DIFF) /* the voltage at the bottom peak of the VCO triangle wave */
#define VCO_CAP_VOLTAGE_RANGE (VCO_CAP_VOLTAGE_MAX - VCO_CAP_VOLTAGE_MIN)
#define VCO_DUTY_CYCLE_50 (5.0) /* the high voltage that produces a 50% duty cycle */
#define VCO_MIN_DUTY_CYCLE (18) /* the smallest possible duty cycle, in % */
#define NOISE_MIN_CLOCK_RES RES_K(10) /* the maximum resistor value that still produces a noise (measured) */
#define NOISE_MAX_CLOCK_RES RES_M(3.3) /* the minimum resistor value that still produces a noise (measured) */
#define NOISE_CAP_VOLTAGE_MIN (0) /* the minimum voltage that the noise filter cap can hold (measured) */
#define NOISE_CAP_VOLTAGE_MAX (5.0) /* the maximum voltage that the noise filter cap can hold (measured) */
#define NOISE_CAP_VOLTAGE_RANGE (NOISE_CAP_VOLTAGE_MAX - NOISE_CAP_VOLTAGE_MIN)
#define NOISE_CAP_HIGH_THRESHOLD (3.35) /* the voltage at which the filtered noise bit goes to 0 (measured) */
#define NOISE_CAP_LOW_THRESHOLD (0.74) /* the voltage at which the filtered noise bit goes to 1 (measured) */
#define AD_CAP_VOLTAGE_MIN (0) /* the minimum voltage the attack/decay cap can hold (measured) */
#define AD_CAP_VOLTAGE_MAX (4.44) /* the minimum voltage the attack/decay cap can hold (measured) */
#define AD_CAP_VOLTAGE_RANGE (AD_CAP_VOLTAGE_MAX - AD_CAP_VOLTAGE_MIN)
#define OUT_CENTER_LEVEL_VOLTAGE (2.57) /* the voltage that gets outputted when the volumne is 0 (measured) */
#define OUT_HIGH_CLIP_THRESHOLD (3.51) /* the maximum voltage that can be put out (measured) */
#define OUT_LOW_CLIP_THRESHOLD (0.715) /* the minimum voltage that can be put out (measured) */
/* gain factors for OUT voltage in 0.1V increments (measured) */
static constexpr double out_pos_gain[] =
{
0.00, 0.00, 0.00, 0.00, 0.00, 0.00, 0.00, 0.00, 0.00, 0.01, /* 0.0 - 0.9V */
0.03, 0.11, 0.15, 0.19, 0.21, 0.23, 0.26, 0.29, 0.31, 0.33, /* 1.0 - 1.9V */
0.36, 0.38, 0.41, 0.43, 0.46, 0.49, 0.52, 0.54, 0.57, 0.60, /* 2.0 - 2.9V */
0.62, 0.65, 0.68, 0.70, 0.73, 0.76, 0.80, 0.82, 0.84, 0.87, /* 3.0 - 3.9V */
0.90, 0.93, 0.96, 0.98, 1.00 /* 4.0 - 4.4V */
};
static constexpr double out_neg_gain[] =
{
0.00, 0.00, 0.00, 0.00, 0.00, 0.00, 0.00, 0.00, 0.00, -0.01, /* 0.0 - 0.9V */
-0.02, -0.09, -0.13, -0.15, -0.17, -0.19, -0.22, -0.24, -0.26, -0.28, /* 1.0 - 1.9V */
-0.30, -0.32, -0.34, -0.37, -0.39, -0.41, -0.44, -0.46, -0.48, -0.51, /* 2.0 - 2.9V */
-0.53, -0.56, -0.58, -0.60, -0.62, -0.65, -0.67, -0.69, -0.72, -0.74, /* 3.0 - 3.9V */
-0.76, -0.78, -0.81, -0.84, -0.85 /* 4.0 - 4.4V */
};
DEFINE_DEVICE_TYPE(SN76477, sn76477_device, "sn76477", "TI SN76477 CSG")
sn76477_device::sn76477_device(const machine_config &mconfig, const char *tag, device_t *owner, uint32_t clock)
: device_t(mconfig, SN76477, tag, owner, clock),
device_sound_interface(mconfig, *this),
m_enable(0),
m_envelope_mode(0),
m_vco_mode(0),
m_mixer_mode(0),
m_one_shot_res(RES_INF),
m_one_shot_cap(0),
m_one_shot_cap_voltage_ext(0),
m_slf_res(RES_INF),
m_slf_cap(0),
m_slf_cap_voltage_ext(0),
m_vco_voltage(0),
m_vco_res(RES_INF),
m_vco_cap(0),
m_vco_cap_voltage_ext(0),
m_noise_clock_res(RES_INF),
m_noise_clock_ext(0),
m_noise_clock(0),
m_noise_filter_res(RES_INF),
m_noise_filter_cap(0),
m_noise_filter_cap_voltage_ext(0),
m_attack_res(RES_INF),
m_decay_res(RES_INF),
m_attack_decay_cap(0),
m_attack_decay_cap_voltage_ext(0),
m_amplitude_res(RES_INF),
m_feedback_res(RES_INF),
m_pitch_voltage(0),
m_one_shot_cap_voltage(0),
m_one_shot_running_ff(0),
m_slf_cap_voltage(0),
m_slf_out_ff(0),
m_vco_cap_voltage(0),
m_vco_out_ff(0),
m_vco_alt_pos_edge_ff(0),
m_noise_filter_cap_voltage(0),
m_real_noise_bit_ff(0),
m_filtered_noise_bit_ff(0),
m_noise_gen_count(0),
m_attack_decay_cap_voltage(0),
m_rng(0),
m_mixer_a(0),
m_mixer_b(0),
m_mixer_c(0),
m_envelope_1(0),
m_envelope_2(0),
m_channel(nullptr),
m_our_sample_rate(0),
m_file(nullptr)
{
}
//-------------------------------------------------
// device_start - device-specific startup
//-------------------------------------------------
void sn76477_device::device_start()
{
m_channel = machine().sound().stream_alloc(*this, 0, 1, machine().sample_rate());
if (clock() > 0)
{
m_our_sample_rate = clock();
}
else
{
m_our_sample_rate = machine().sample_rate();
}
intialize_noise();
// set up mixer and envelope modes, based on interface values
mixer_a_w(m_mixer_a);
mixer_b_w(m_mixer_b);
mixer_c_w(m_mixer_c);
envelope_1_w(m_envelope_1);
envelope_2_w(m_envelope_2);
m_one_shot_cap_voltage = ONE_SHOT_CAP_VOLTAGE_MIN;
m_slf_cap_voltage = SLF_CAP_VOLTAGE_MIN;
m_vco_cap_voltage = VCO_CAP_VOLTAGE_MIN;
m_noise_filter_cap_voltage = NOISE_CAP_VOLTAGE_MIN;
m_attack_decay_cap_voltage = AD_CAP_VOLTAGE_MIN;
state_save_register();
log_complete_state();
if (LOG_WAV)
open_wav_file();
}
//-------------------------------------------------
// device_stop - device-specific stop
//-------------------------------------------------
void sn76477_device::device_stop()
{
if (LOG_WAV)
close_wav_file();
}
/*****************************************************************************
*
* Max/min
*
*****************************************************************************/
#undef max
#undef min
static inline double max(double a, double b)
{
return (a > b) ? a : b;
}
static inline double min(double a, double b)
{
return (a < b) ? a : b;
}
/*****************************************************************************
*
* Functions for computing frequencies, voltages and similar values based
* on the hardware itself. Do NOT put anything emulation specific here,
* such as calculations based on sample_rate.
*
*****************************************************************************/
double sn76477_device::compute_one_shot_cap_charging_rate() /* in V/sec */
{
/* this formula was derived using the data points below
Res (kohms) Cap (uF) Time (millisec)
47 0.33 11.84
47 1.0 36.2
47 1.5 52.1
47 2.0 76.4
100 0.33 24.4
100 1.0 75.2
100 1.5 108.5
100 2.0 158.4
*/
double ret = 0;
if ((m_one_shot_res > 0) && (m_one_shot_cap > 0))
{
ret = ONE_SHOT_CAP_VOLTAGE_RANGE / (0.8024 * m_one_shot_res * m_one_shot_cap + 0.002079);
}
else if (m_one_shot_cap > 0)
{
/* if no resistor, there is no current to charge the cap,
effectively making the one-shot time effectively infinite */
ret = +1e-30;
}
else if (m_one_shot_res > 0)
{
/* if no cap, the voltage changes extremely fast,
effectively making the one-shot time 0 */
ret = +1e+30;
}
return ret;
}
double sn76477_device::compute_one_shot_cap_discharging_rate() /* in V/sec */
{
/* this formula was derived using the data points below
Cap (uF) Time (microsec)
0.33 300
1.0 850
1.5 1300
2.0 1900
*/
double ret = 0;
if ((m_one_shot_res > 0) && (m_one_shot_cap > 0))
{
ret = ONE_SHOT_CAP_VOLTAGE_RANGE / (854.7 * m_one_shot_cap + 0.00001795);
}
else if (m_one_shot_res > 0)
{
/* if no cap, the voltage changes extremely fast,
effectively making the one-shot time 0 */
ret = +1e+30;
}
return ret;
}
double sn76477_device::compute_slf_cap_charging_rate() /* in V/sec */
{
/* this formula was derived using the data points below
Res (kohms) Cap (uF) Time (millisec)
47 0.47 14.3
120 0.47 35.6
200 0.47 59.2
47 1.00 28.6
120 1.00 71.6
200 1.00 119.0
*/
double ret = 0;
if ((m_slf_res > 0) && (m_slf_cap > 0))
{
ret = SLF_CAP_VOLTAGE_RANGE / (0.5885 * m_slf_res * m_slf_cap + 0.001300);
}
return ret;
}
double sn76477_device::compute_slf_cap_discharging_rate() /* in V/sec */
{
/* this formula was derived using the data points below
Res (kohms) Cap (uF) Time (millisec)
47 0.47 13.32
120 0.47 32.92
200 0.47 54.4
47 1.00 26.68
120 1.00 66.2
200 1.00 109.6
*/
double ret = 0;
if ((m_slf_res > 0) && (m_slf_cap > 0))
{
ret = SLF_CAP_VOLTAGE_RANGE / (0.5413 * m_slf_res * m_slf_cap + 0.001343);
}
return ret;
}
double sn76477_device::compute_vco_cap_charging_discharging_rate() /* in V/sec */
{
double ret = 0;
if ((m_vco_res > 0) && (m_vco_cap > 0))
{
ret = 0.64 * 2 * VCO_CAP_VOLTAGE_RANGE / (m_vco_res * m_vco_cap);
}
return ret;
}
double sn76477_device::compute_vco_duty_cycle() /* no measure, just a number */
{
double ret = 0.5; /* 50% */
if ((m_vco_voltage > 0) && (m_pitch_voltage != VCO_DUTY_CYCLE_50))
{
ret = max(0.5 * (m_pitch_voltage / m_vco_voltage), (VCO_MIN_DUTY_CYCLE / 100.0));
ret = min(ret, 1);
}
return ret;
}
uint32_t sn76477_device::compute_noise_gen_freq() /* in Hz */
{
/* this formula was derived using the data points below
Res (ohms) Freq (Hz)
10k 97493
12k 83333
15k 68493
22k 49164
27k 41166
33k 34449
36k 31969
47k 25126
56k 21322
68k 17721.5
82k 15089.2
100k 12712.0
150k 8746.4
220k 6122.4
270k 5101.5
330k 4217.2
390k 3614.5
470k 3081.7
680k 2132.7
820k 1801.8
1M 1459.9
2.2M 705.13
3.3M 487.59
*/
uint32_t ret = 0;
if ((m_noise_clock_res >= NOISE_MIN_CLOCK_RES) &&
(m_noise_clock_res <= NOISE_MAX_CLOCK_RES))
{
ret = 339100000 * pow(m_noise_clock_res, -0.8849);
}
return ret;
}
double sn76477_device::compute_noise_filter_cap_charging_rate() /* in V/sec */
{
/* this formula was derived using the data points below
R*C Time (sec)
.000068 .0000184
.0001496 .0000378
.0002244 .0000548
.0003196 .000077
.0015 .000248
.0033 .000540
.00495 .000792
.00705 .001096
*/
double ret = 0;
if ((m_noise_filter_res > 0) && (m_noise_filter_cap > 0))
{
ret = NOISE_CAP_VOLTAGE_RANGE / (0.1571 * m_noise_filter_res * m_noise_filter_cap + 0.00001430);
}
else if (m_noise_filter_cap > 0)
{
/* if no resistor, there is no current to charge the cap,
effectively making the filter's output constants */
ret = +1e-30;
}
else if (m_noise_filter_res > 0)
{
/* if no cap, the voltage changes extremely fast,
effectively disabling the filter */
ret = +1e+30;
}
return ret;
}
double sn76477_device::compute_noise_filter_cap_discharging_rate() /* in V/sec */
{
/* this formula was derived using the data points below
R*C Time (sec)
.000068 .000016
.0001496 .0000322
.0002244 .0000472
.0003196 .0000654
.0015 .000219
.0033 .000468
.00495 .000676
.00705 .000948
*/
double ret = 0;
if ((m_noise_filter_res > 0) && (m_noise_filter_cap > 0))
{
ret = NOISE_CAP_VOLTAGE_RANGE / (0.1331 * m_noise_filter_res * m_noise_filter_cap + 0.00001734);
}
else if (m_noise_filter_cap > 0)
{
/* if no resistor, there is no current to charge the cap,
effectively making the filter's output constants */
ret = +1e-30;
}
else if (m_noise_filter_res > 0)
{
/* if no cap, the voltage changes extremely fast,
effectively disabling the filter */
ret = +1e+30;
}
return ret;
}
double sn76477_device::compute_attack_decay_cap_charging_rate() /* in V/sec */
{
double ret = 0;
if ((m_attack_res > 0) && (m_attack_decay_cap > 0))
{
ret = AD_CAP_VOLTAGE_RANGE / (m_attack_res * m_attack_decay_cap);
}
else if (m_attack_decay_cap > 0)
{
/* if no resistor, there is no current to charge the cap,
effectively making the attack time infinite */
ret = +1e-30;
}
else if (m_attack_res > 0)
{
/* if no cap, the voltage changes extremely fast,
effectively making the attack time 0 */
ret = +1e+30;
}
return ret;
}
double sn76477_device::compute_attack_decay_cap_discharging_rate() /* in V/sec */
{
double ret = 0;
if ((m_decay_res > 0) && (m_attack_decay_cap > 0))
{
ret = AD_CAP_VOLTAGE_RANGE / (m_decay_res * m_attack_decay_cap);
}
else if (m_attack_decay_cap > 0)
{
/* if no resistor, there is no current to charge the cap,
effectively making the decay time infinite */
ret = +1e-30;
}
else if (m_attack_res > 0)
{
/* if no cap, the voltage changes extremely fast,
effectively making the decay time 0 */
ret = +1e+30;
}
return ret;
}
double sn76477_device::compute_center_to_peak_voltage_out()
{
/* this formula was derived using the data points below
Ra (kohms) Rf (kohms) Voltage
150 47 1.28
200 47 0.96
47 22 1.8
100 22 0.87
150 22 0.6
200 22 0.45
47 10 0.81
100 10 0.4
150 10 0.27
*/
double ret = 0;
if (m_amplitude_res > 0)
{
ret = 3.818 * (m_feedback_res / m_amplitude_res) + 0.03;
}
return ret;
}
/*****************************************************************************
*
* Logging functions
*
*****************************************************************************/
void sn76477_device::log_enable_line()
{
static const char *const desc[] =
{
"Enabled", "Inhibited"
};
LOG(1, "SN76477: Enable line (9): %d [%s]\n", m_enable, desc[m_enable]);
}
void sn76477_device::log_mixer_mode()
{
static const char *const desc[] =
{
"VCO", "SLF", "Noise", "VCO/Noise",
"SLF/Noise", "SLF/VCO/Noise", "SLF/VCO", "Inhibit"
};
LOG(1, "SN76477: Mixer mode (25-27): %d [%s]\n", m_mixer_mode, desc[m_mixer_mode]);
}
void sn76477_device::log_envelope_mode()
{
static const char *const desc[] =
{
"VCO", "One-Shot", "Mixer Only", "VCO with Alternating Polarity"
};
LOG(1, "SN76477: Envelope mode (1,28): %d [%s]\n", m_envelope_mode, desc[m_envelope_mode]);
}
void sn76477_device::log_vco_mode()
{
static const char *const desc[] =
{
"External (Pin 16)", "Internal (SLF)"
};
LOG(1, "SN76477: VCO mode (22): %d [%s]\n", m_vco_mode, desc[m_vco_mode]);
}
void sn76477_device::log_one_shot_time()
{
if (!m_one_shot_cap_voltage_ext)
{
if (compute_one_shot_cap_charging_rate() > 0)
{
LOG(1, "SN76477: One-shot time (23,24): %.4f sec\n", ONE_SHOT_CAP_VOLTAGE_RANGE * (1 / compute_one_shot_cap_charging_rate()));
}
else
{
LOG(1, "SN76477: One-shot time (23,24): N/A\n");
}
}
else
{
LOG(1, "SN76477: One-shot time (23,24): External (cap = %.2fV)\n", m_one_shot_cap_voltage);
}
}
void sn76477_device::log_slf_freq()
{
if (!m_slf_cap_voltage_ext)
{
if (compute_slf_cap_charging_rate() > 0)
{
double charging_time = (1 / compute_slf_cap_charging_rate()) * SLF_CAP_VOLTAGE_RANGE;
double discharging_time = (1 / compute_slf_cap_discharging_rate()) * SLF_CAP_VOLTAGE_RANGE;
LOG(1, "SN76477: SLF frequency (20,21): %.2f Hz\n", 1 / (charging_time + discharging_time));
}
else
{
LOG(1, "SN76477: SLF frequency (20,21): N/A\n");
}
}
else
{
LOG(1, "SN76477: SLF frequency (20,21): External (cap = %.2fV)\n", m_slf_cap_voltage);
}
}
void sn76477_device::log_vco_pitch_voltage()
{
LOG(1, "SN76477: VCO pitch voltage (19): %.2fV\n", m_pitch_voltage);
}
void sn76477_device::log_vco_duty_cycle()
{
LOG(1, "SN76477: VCO duty cycle (16,19): %.0f%%\n", compute_vco_duty_cycle() * 100.0);
}
void sn76477_device::log_vco_freq()
{
if (!m_vco_cap_voltage_ext)
{
if (compute_vco_cap_charging_discharging_rate() > 0)
{
double min_freq = compute_vco_cap_charging_discharging_rate() / (2 * VCO_CAP_VOLTAGE_RANGE);
double max_freq = compute_vco_cap_charging_discharging_rate() / (2 * VCO_TO_SLF_VOLTAGE_DIFF);
LOG(1, "SN76477: VCO frequency (17,18): %.2f Hz - %.1f Hz\n", min_freq, max_freq);
}
else
{
LOG(1, "SN76477: VCO frequency (17,18): N/A\n");
}
}
else
{
LOG(1, "SN76477: VCO frequency (17,18): External (cap = %.2fV)\n", m_vco_cap_voltage);
}
}
void sn76477_device::log_vco_ext_voltage()
{
if (m_vco_voltage <= VCO_MAX_EXT_VOLTAGE)
{
double min_freq = compute_vco_cap_charging_discharging_rate() / (2 * VCO_CAP_VOLTAGE_RANGE);
double max_freq = compute_vco_cap_charging_discharging_rate() / (2 * VCO_TO_SLF_VOLTAGE_DIFF);
LOG(1, "SN76477: VCO ext. voltage (16): %.2fV (%.2f Hz)\n",
m_vco_voltage,
min_freq + ((max_freq - min_freq) * m_vco_voltage / VCO_MAX_EXT_VOLTAGE));
}
else
{
LOG(1, "SN76477: VCO ext. voltage (16): %.2fV (saturated, no output)\n", m_vco_voltage);
}
}
void sn76477_device::log_noise_gen_freq()
{
if (m_noise_clock_ext)
{
LOG(1, "SN76477: Noise gen frequency (4): External\n");
}
else
{
if (compute_noise_gen_freq() > 0)
{
LOG(1, "SN76477: Noise gen frequency (4): %d Hz\n", compute_noise_gen_freq());
}
else
{
LOG(1, "SN76477: Noise gen frequency (4): N/A\n");
}
}
}
void sn76477_device::log_noise_filter_freq()
{
if (!m_noise_filter_cap_voltage_ext)
{
double charging_rate = compute_noise_filter_cap_charging_rate();
if (charging_rate > 0)
{
if (charging_rate < 1000000.0)
{
double charging_time = (1 / charging_rate) * NOISE_CAP_VOLTAGE_RANGE;
double discharging_time = (1 / charging_rate) * NOISE_CAP_VOLTAGE_RANGE;
LOG(1, "SN76477: Noise filter frequency (5,6): %.0f Hz\n", 1 / (charging_time + discharging_time));
}
else
{
LOG(1, "SN76477: Noise filter frequency (5,6): Very Large (Filtering Disabled)\n");
}
}
else
{
LOG(1, "SN76477: Noise filter frequency (5,6): N/A\n");
}
}
else
{
LOG(1, "SN76477: Noise filter frequency (5,6): External (cap = %.2fV)\n", m_noise_filter_cap);
}
}
void sn76477_device::log_attack_time()
{
if (!m_attack_decay_cap_voltage_ext)
{
if (compute_attack_decay_cap_charging_rate() > 0)
{
LOG(1, "SN76477: Attack time (8,10): %.4f sec\n", AD_CAP_VOLTAGE_RANGE * (1 / compute_attack_decay_cap_charging_rate()));
}
else
{
LOG(1, "SN76477: Attack time (8,10): N/A\n");
}
}
else
{
LOG(1, "SN76477: Attack time (8,10): External (cap = %.2fV)\n", m_attack_decay_cap_voltage);
}
}
void sn76477_device::log_decay_time()
{
if (!m_attack_decay_cap_voltage_ext)
{
if (compute_attack_decay_cap_discharging_rate() > 0)
{
LOG(1, "SN76477: Decay time (7,8): %.4f sec\n", AD_CAP_VOLTAGE_RANGE * (1 / compute_attack_decay_cap_discharging_rate()));
}
else
{
LOG(1, "SN76477: Decay time (8,10): N/A\n");
}
}
else
{
LOG(1, "SN76477: Decay time (7, 8): External (cap = %.2fV)\n", m_attack_decay_cap_voltage);
}
}
void sn76477_device::log_voltage_out()
{
LOG(1, "SN76477: Voltage OUT range (11,12): %.2fV - %.2fV (clips above %.2fV)\n",
OUT_CENTER_LEVEL_VOLTAGE + compute_center_to_peak_voltage_out() * out_neg_gain[(int)(AD_CAP_VOLTAGE_MAX * 10)],
OUT_CENTER_LEVEL_VOLTAGE + compute_center_to_peak_voltage_out() * out_pos_gain[(int)(AD_CAP_VOLTAGE_MAX * 10)],
OUT_HIGH_CLIP_THRESHOLD);
}
void sn76477_device::log_complete_state()
{
log_enable_line();
log_mixer_mode();
log_envelope_mode();
log_vco_mode();
log_one_shot_time();
log_slf_freq();
log_vco_freq();
log_vco_ext_voltage();
log_vco_pitch_voltage();
log_vco_duty_cycle();
log_noise_filter_freq();
log_noise_gen_freq();
log_attack_time();
log_decay_time();
log_voltage_out();
}
/*****************************************************************************
*
* .WAV file functions
*
*****************************************************************************/
void sn76477_device::open_wav_file()
{
char wav_file_name[30];
sprintf(wav_file_name, LOG_WAV_FILE_NAME, tag());
m_file = wav_open(wav_file_name, m_our_sample_rate, 2);
LOG(1, "SN76477: Logging output: %s\n", wav_file_name);
}
void sn76477_device::close_wav_file()
{
wav_close(m_file);
}
void sn76477_device::add_wav_data(int16_t data_l, int16_t data_r)
{
wav_add_data_16lr(m_file, &data_l, &data_r, 1);
}
/*****************************************************************************
*
* Noise generator
*
*****************************************************************************/
void sn76477_device::intialize_noise()
{
m_rng = 0;
}
inline uint32_t sn76477_device::generate_next_real_noise_bit()
{
uint32_t out = ((m_rng >> 28) & 1) ^ ((m_rng >> 0) & 1);
/* if bits 0-4 and 28 are all zero then force the output to 1 */
if ((m_rng & 0x1000001f) == 0)
{
out = 1;
}
m_rng = (m_rng >> 1) | (out << 30);
return out;
}
/*****************************************************************************
*
* Set enable input
*
*****************************************************************************/
WRITE_LINE_MEMBER(sn76477_device::enable_w)
{
CHECK_BOOLEAN;
if (state != m_enable)
{
m_channel->update();
m_enable = state;
/* if falling edge */
if (!m_enable)
{
/* start the attack phase */
m_attack_decay_cap_voltage = AD_CAP_VOLTAGE_MIN;
/* one-shot runs regardless of envelope mode */
m_one_shot_running_ff = 1;
}
log_enable_line();
}
}
/*****************************************************************************
*
* Set mixer select inputs
*
*****************************************************************************/
WRITE_LINE_MEMBER( sn76477_device::mixer_a_w )
{
CHECK_BOOLEAN;
if (state != ((m_mixer_mode >> 0) & 0x01))
{
m_channel->update();
m_mixer_mode = (m_mixer_mode & ~0x01) | state;
log_mixer_mode();
}
}
WRITE_LINE_MEMBER( sn76477_device::mixer_b_w )
{
CHECK_BOOLEAN;
if (state != ((m_mixer_mode >> 1) & 0x01))
{
m_channel->update();
m_mixer_mode = (m_mixer_mode & ~0x02) | (state << 1);
log_mixer_mode();
}
}
WRITE_LINE_MEMBER( sn76477_device::mixer_c_w )
{
CHECK_BOOLEAN;
if (state != ((m_mixer_mode >> 2) & 0x01))
{
m_channel->update();
m_mixer_mode = (m_mixer_mode & ~0x04) | (state << 2);
log_mixer_mode();
}
}
/*****************************************************************************
*
* Set envelope select inputs
*
*****************************************************************************/
WRITE_LINE_MEMBER( sn76477_device::envelope_1_w )
{
CHECK_BOOLEAN;
if (state != ((m_envelope_mode >> 0) & 0x01))
{
m_channel->update();
m_envelope_mode = (m_envelope_mode & ~0x01) | state;
log_envelope_mode();
}
}
WRITE_LINE_MEMBER( sn76477_device::envelope_2_w )
{
CHECK_BOOLEAN;
if (state != ((m_envelope_mode >> 1) & 0x01))
{
m_channel->update();
m_envelope_mode = (m_envelope_mode & ~0x02) | (state << 1);
log_envelope_mode();
}
}
/*****************************************************************************
*
* Set VCO select input
*
*****************************************************************************/
WRITE_LINE_MEMBER( sn76477_device::vco_w )
{
CHECK_BOOLEAN;
if (state != m_vco_mode)
{
m_channel->update();
m_vco_mode = state;
log_vco_mode();
}
}
/*****************************************************************************
*
* Set one-shot resistor
*
*****************************************************************************/
void sn76477_device::one_shot_res_w(double data)
{
if (data != RES_INF)
CHECK_POSITIVE;
if (data != m_one_shot_res)
{
m_channel->update();
m_one_shot_res = data;
log_one_shot_time();
}
}
/*****************************************************************************
*
* Set one-shot capacitor
*
*****************************************************************************/
void sn76477_device::one_shot_cap_w(double data)
{
CHECK_POSITIVE;
if (data != m_one_shot_cap)
{
m_channel->update();
m_one_shot_cap = data;
log_one_shot_time();
}
}
/*****************************************************************************
*
* Set the voltage on the one-shot capacitor
*
*****************************************************************************/
void sn76477_device::one_shot_cap_voltage_w(double data)
{
CHECK_CAP_VOLTAGE;
if (data == EXTERNAL_VOLTAGE_DISCONNECT)
{
/* switch to internal, if not already */
if (m_one_shot_cap_voltage_ext)
{
m_channel->update();
m_one_shot_cap_voltage_ext = 0;
log_one_shot_time();
}
}
else
{
/* set the voltage on the cap */
if (!m_one_shot_cap_voltage_ext || (data != m_one_shot_cap_voltage))
{
m_channel->update();
m_one_shot_cap_voltage_ext = 1;
m_one_shot_cap_voltage = data;
log_one_shot_time();
}
}
}
/*****************************************************************************
*
* Set SLF resistor
*
*****************************************************************************/
void sn76477_device::slf_res_w(double data)
{
if (data != RES_INF)
CHECK_POSITIVE;
if (data != m_slf_res)
{
m_channel->update();
m_slf_res = data;
log_slf_freq();
}
}
/*****************************************************************************
*
* Set SLF capacitor
*
*****************************************************************************/
void sn76477_device::slf_cap_w(double data)
{
CHECK_POSITIVE;
if (data != m_slf_cap)
{
m_channel->update();
m_slf_cap = data;
log_slf_freq();
}
}
/*****************************************************************************
*
* Set the voltage on the SLF capacitor
*
* This is an alternate way of controlling the VCO as described in the book
*
*****************************************************************************/
void sn76477_device::slf_cap_voltage_w(double data)
{
CHECK_CAP_VOLTAGE;
if (data == EXTERNAL_VOLTAGE_DISCONNECT)
{
/* switch to internal, if not already */
if (m_slf_cap_voltage_ext)
{
m_channel->update();
m_slf_cap_voltage_ext = 0;
log_slf_freq();
}
}
else
{
/* set the voltage on the cap */
if (!m_slf_cap_voltage_ext || (data != m_slf_cap_voltage))
{
m_channel->update();
m_slf_cap_voltage_ext = 1;
m_slf_cap_voltage = data;
log_slf_freq();
}
}
}
/*****************************************************************************
*
* Set VCO resistor
*
*****************************************************************************/
void sn76477_device::vco_res_w(double data)
{
if (data != RES_INF)
CHECK_POSITIVE;
if (data != m_vco_res)
{
m_channel->update();
m_vco_res = data;
log_vco_freq();
}
}
/*****************************************************************************
*
* Set VCO capacitor
*
*****************************************************************************/
void sn76477_device::vco_cap_w(double data)
{
CHECK_POSITIVE;
if (data != m_vco_cap)
{
m_channel->update();
m_vco_cap = data;
log_vco_freq();
}
}
/*****************************************************************************
*
* Set the voltage on the VCO capacitor
*
*****************************************************************************/
void sn76477_device::vco_cap_voltage_w(double data)
{
CHECK_CAP_VOLTAGE;
if (data == EXTERNAL_VOLTAGE_DISCONNECT)
{
/* switch to internal, if not already */
if (m_vco_cap_voltage_ext)
{
m_channel->update();
m_vco_cap_voltage_ext = 0;
log_vco_freq();
}
}
else
{
/* set the voltage on the cap */
if (!m_vco_cap_voltage_ext || (data != m_vco_cap_voltage))
{
m_channel->update();
m_vco_cap_voltage_ext = 1;
m_vco_cap_voltage = data;
log_vco_freq();
}
}
}
/*****************************************************************************
*
* Set VCO voltage
*
*****************************************************************************/
void sn76477_device::vco_voltage_w(double data)
{
CHECK_VOLTAGE;
if (data != m_vco_voltage)
{
m_channel->update();
m_vco_voltage = data;
log_vco_ext_voltage();
log_vco_duty_cycle();
}
}
/*****************************************************************************
*
* Set pitch voltage
*
*****************************************************************************/
void sn76477_device::pitch_voltage_w(double data)
{
CHECK_VOLTAGE;
if (data != m_pitch_voltage)
{
m_channel->update();
m_pitch_voltage = data;
log_vco_pitch_voltage();
log_vco_duty_cycle();
}
}
/*****************************************************************************
*
* Set noise external clock
*
*****************************************************************************/
WRITE_LINE_MEMBER( sn76477_device::noise_clock_w )
{
CHECK_BOOLEAN;
if (state != m_noise_clock)
{
m_noise_clock = state;
/* on the rising edge shift generate next value,
if external control is enabled */
if (m_noise_clock && m_noise_clock_ext)
{
m_channel->update();
m_real_noise_bit_ff = generate_next_real_noise_bit();
}
}
}
/*****************************************************************************
*
* Set noise clock resistor
*
*****************************************************************************/
void sn76477_device::noise_clock_res_w(double data)
{
if (data != RES_INF)
CHECK_POSITIVE;
if (((data == 0) && !m_noise_clock_ext) ||
((data != 0) && (data != m_noise_clock_res)))
{
m_channel->update();
if (data == 0)
{
m_noise_clock_ext = 1;
}
else
{
m_noise_clock_ext = 0;
m_noise_clock_res = data;
}
log_noise_gen_freq();
}
}
/*****************************************************************************
*
* Set noise filter resistor
*
*****************************************************************************/
void sn76477_device::noise_filter_res_w(double data)
{
if (data != RES_INF)
CHECK_POSITIVE;
if (data != m_noise_filter_res)
{
m_channel->update();
m_noise_filter_res = data;
log_noise_filter_freq();
}
}
/*****************************************************************************
*
* Set noise filter capacitor
*
*****************************************************************************/
void sn76477_device::noise_filter_cap_w(double data)
{
CHECK_POSITIVE;
if (data != m_noise_filter_cap)
{
m_channel->update();
m_noise_filter_cap = data;
log_noise_filter_freq();
}
}
/*****************************************************************************
*
* Set the voltage on the noise filter capacitor
*
*****************************************************************************/
void sn76477_device::noise_filter_cap_voltage_w(double data)
{
CHECK_CAP_VOLTAGE;
if (data == EXTERNAL_VOLTAGE_DISCONNECT)
{
/* switch to internal, if not already */
if (m_noise_filter_cap_voltage_ext)
{
m_channel->update();
m_noise_filter_cap_voltage_ext = 0;
log_noise_filter_freq();
}
}
else
{
/* set the voltage on the cap */
if (!m_noise_filter_cap_voltage_ext || (data != m_noise_filter_cap_voltage))
{
m_channel->update();
m_noise_filter_cap_voltage_ext = 1;
m_noise_filter_cap_voltage = data;
log_noise_filter_freq();
}
}
}
/*****************************************************************************
*
* Set attack resistor
*
*****************************************************************************/
void sn76477_device::attack_res_w(double data)
{
if (data != RES_INF)
CHECK_POSITIVE;
if (data != m_attack_res)
{
m_channel->update();
m_attack_res = data;
log_attack_time();
}
}
/*****************************************************************************
*
* Set decay resistor
*
*****************************************************************************/
void sn76477_device::decay_res_w(double data)
{
if (data != RES_INF)
CHECK_POSITIVE;
if (data != m_decay_res)
{
m_channel->update();
m_decay_res = data;
log_decay_time();
}
}
/*****************************************************************************
*
* Set attack/decay capacitor
*
*****************************************************************************/
void sn76477_device::attack_decay_cap_w(double data)
{
CHECK_POSITIVE;
if (data != m_attack_decay_cap)
{
m_channel->update();
m_attack_decay_cap = data;
log_attack_time();
log_decay_time();
}
}
/*****************************************************************************
*
* Set the voltage on the attack/decay capacitor
*
*****************************************************************************/
void sn76477_device::attack_decay_cap_voltage_w(double data)
{
CHECK_CAP_VOLTAGE;
if (data == EXTERNAL_VOLTAGE_DISCONNECT)
{
/* switch to internal, if not already */
if (m_attack_decay_cap_voltage_ext)
{
m_channel->update();
m_attack_decay_cap_voltage_ext = 0;
log_attack_time();
log_decay_time();
}
}
else
{
/* set the voltage on the cap */
if (!m_attack_decay_cap_voltage_ext || (data != m_attack_decay_cap_voltage))
{
m_channel->update();
m_attack_decay_cap_voltage_ext = 1;
m_attack_decay_cap_voltage = data;
log_attack_time();
log_decay_time();
}
}
}
/*****************************************************************************
*
* Set amplitude resistor
*
*****************************************************************************/
void sn76477_device::amplitude_res_w(double data)
{
if (data != RES_INF)
CHECK_POSITIVE;
if (data != m_amplitude_res)
{
m_channel->update();
m_amplitude_res = data;
log_voltage_out();
}
}
/*****************************************************************************
*
* Set feedback resistor
*
*****************************************************************************/
void sn76477_device::feedback_res_w(double data)
{
if (data != RES_INF)
CHECK_POSITIVE;
if (data != m_feedback_res)
{
m_channel->update();
m_feedback_res = data;
log_voltage_out();
}
}
/*****************************************************************************
*
* State saving
*
*****************************************************************************/
void sn76477_device::state_save_register()
{
save_item(NAME(m_enable));
save_item(NAME(m_envelope_mode));
save_item(NAME(m_vco_mode));
save_item(NAME(m_mixer_mode));
save_item(NAME(m_one_shot_res));
save_item(NAME(m_one_shot_cap));
save_item(NAME(m_one_shot_cap_voltage_ext));
save_item(NAME(m_slf_res));
save_item(NAME(m_slf_cap));
save_item(NAME(m_slf_cap_voltage_ext));
save_item(NAME(m_vco_voltage));
save_item(NAME(m_vco_res));
save_item(NAME(m_vco_cap));
save_item(NAME(m_vco_cap_voltage_ext));
save_item(NAME(m_noise_clock_res));
save_item(NAME(m_noise_clock_ext));
save_item(NAME(m_noise_clock));
save_item(NAME(m_noise_filter_res));
save_item(NAME(m_noise_filter_cap));
save_item(NAME(m_noise_filter_cap_voltage_ext));
save_item(NAME(m_attack_res));
save_item(NAME(m_decay_res));
save_item(NAME(m_attack_decay_cap));
save_item(NAME(m_attack_decay_cap_voltage_ext));
save_item(NAME(m_amplitude_res));
save_item(NAME(m_feedback_res));
save_item(NAME(m_pitch_voltage));
save_item(NAME(m_one_shot_cap_voltage));
save_item(NAME(m_one_shot_running_ff));
save_item(NAME(m_slf_cap_voltage));
save_item(NAME(m_slf_out_ff));
save_item(NAME(m_vco_cap_voltage));
save_item(NAME(m_vco_out_ff));
save_item(NAME(m_vco_alt_pos_edge_ff));
save_item(NAME(m_noise_filter_cap_voltage));
save_item(NAME(m_real_noise_bit_ff));
save_item(NAME(m_filtered_noise_bit_ff));
save_item(NAME(m_noise_gen_count));
save_item(NAME(m_attack_decay_cap_voltage));
save_item(NAME(m_rng));
}
//-------------------------------------------------
// sound_stream_update - handle a stream update
//-------------------------------------------------
void sn76477_device::sound_stream_update(sound_stream &stream, stream_sample_t **inputs, stream_sample_t **outputs, int samples)
{
double one_shot_cap_charging_step;
double one_shot_cap_discharging_step;
double slf_cap_charging_step;
double slf_cap_discharging_step;
double vco_duty_cycle_multiplier;
double vco_cap_charging_step;
double vco_cap_discharging_step;
double vco_cap_voltage_max;
uint32_t noise_gen_freq;
double noise_filter_cap_charging_step;
double noise_filter_cap_discharging_step;
double attack_decay_cap_charging_step;
double attack_decay_cap_discharging_step;
int attack_decay_cap_charging;
double voltage_out;
double center_to_peak_voltage_out;
stream_sample_t *buffer = outputs[0];
/* compute charging values, doing it here ensures that we always use the latest values */
one_shot_cap_charging_step = compute_one_shot_cap_charging_rate() / m_our_sample_rate;
one_shot_cap_discharging_step = compute_one_shot_cap_discharging_rate() / m_our_sample_rate;
slf_cap_charging_step = compute_slf_cap_charging_rate() / m_our_sample_rate;
slf_cap_discharging_step = compute_slf_cap_discharging_rate() / m_our_sample_rate;
vco_duty_cycle_multiplier = (1 - compute_vco_duty_cycle()) * 2;
vco_cap_charging_step = compute_vco_cap_charging_discharging_rate() / vco_duty_cycle_multiplier / m_our_sample_rate;
vco_cap_discharging_step = compute_vco_cap_charging_discharging_rate() * vco_duty_cycle_multiplier / m_our_sample_rate;
noise_filter_cap_charging_step = compute_noise_filter_cap_charging_rate() / m_our_sample_rate;
noise_filter_cap_discharging_step = compute_noise_filter_cap_discharging_rate() / m_our_sample_rate;
noise_gen_freq = compute_noise_gen_freq();
attack_decay_cap_charging_step = compute_attack_decay_cap_charging_rate() / m_our_sample_rate;
attack_decay_cap_discharging_step = compute_attack_decay_cap_discharging_rate() / m_our_sample_rate;
center_to_peak_voltage_out = compute_center_to_peak_voltage_out();
/* process 'samples' number of samples */
while (samples--)
{
/* update the one-shot cap voltage */
if (!m_one_shot_cap_voltage_ext)
{
if (m_one_shot_running_ff)
{
/* charging */
m_one_shot_cap_voltage = min(m_one_shot_cap_voltage + one_shot_cap_charging_step, ONE_SHOT_CAP_VOLTAGE_MAX);
}
else
{
/* discharging */
m_one_shot_cap_voltage = max(m_one_shot_cap_voltage - one_shot_cap_discharging_step, ONE_SHOT_CAP_VOLTAGE_MIN);
}
}
if (m_one_shot_cap_voltage >= ONE_SHOT_CAP_VOLTAGE_MAX)
{
m_one_shot_running_ff = 0;
}
/* update the SLF (super low frequency oscillator) */
if (!m_slf_cap_voltage_ext)
{
/* internal */
if (!m_slf_out_ff)
{
/* charging */
m_slf_cap_voltage = min(m_slf_cap_voltage + slf_cap_charging_step, SLF_CAP_VOLTAGE_MAX);
}
else
{
/* discharging */
m_slf_cap_voltage = max(m_slf_cap_voltage - slf_cap_discharging_step, SLF_CAP_VOLTAGE_MIN);
}
}
if (m_slf_cap_voltage >= SLF_CAP_VOLTAGE_MAX)
{
m_slf_out_ff = 1;
}
else if (m_slf_cap_voltage <= SLF_CAP_VOLTAGE_MIN)
{
m_slf_out_ff = 0;
}
/* update the VCO (voltage controlled oscillator) */
if (m_vco_mode)
{
/* VCO is controlled by SLF */
vco_cap_voltage_max = m_slf_cap_voltage + VCO_TO_SLF_VOLTAGE_DIFF;
}
else
{
/* VCO is controlled by external voltage */
vco_cap_voltage_max = m_vco_voltage + VCO_TO_SLF_VOLTAGE_DIFF;
}
if (!m_vco_cap_voltage_ext)
{
if (!m_vco_out_ff)
{
/* charging */
m_vco_cap_voltage = min(m_vco_cap_voltage + vco_cap_charging_step, vco_cap_voltage_max);
}
else
{
/* discharging */
m_vco_cap_voltage = max(m_vco_cap_voltage - vco_cap_discharging_step, VCO_CAP_VOLTAGE_MIN);
}
}
if (m_vco_cap_voltage >= vco_cap_voltage_max)
{
if (!m_vco_out_ff)
{
/* positive edge */
m_vco_alt_pos_edge_ff = !m_vco_alt_pos_edge_ff;
}
m_vco_out_ff = 1;
}
else if (m_vco_cap_voltage <= VCO_CAP_VOLTAGE_MIN)
{
m_vco_out_ff = 0;
}
/* update the noise generator */
while (!m_noise_clock_ext && (m_noise_gen_count <= noise_gen_freq))
{
m_noise_gen_count = m_noise_gen_count + m_our_sample_rate;
m_real_noise_bit_ff = generate_next_real_noise_bit();
}
m_noise_gen_count = m_noise_gen_count - noise_gen_freq;
/* update the noise filter */
if (!m_noise_filter_cap_voltage_ext)
{
/* internal */
if (m_real_noise_bit_ff)
{
/* charging */
m_noise_filter_cap_voltage = min(m_noise_filter_cap_voltage + noise_filter_cap_charging_step, NOISE_CAP_VOLTAGE_MAX);
}
else
{
/* discharging */
m_noise_filter_cap_voltage = max(m_noise_filter_cap_voltage - noise_filter_cap_discharging_step, NOISE_CAP_VOLTAGE_MIN);
}
}
/* check the thresholds */
if (m_noise_filter_cap_voltage >= NOISE_CAP_HIGH_THRESHOLD)
{
m_filtered_noise_bit_ff = 0;
}
else if (m_noise_filter_cap_voltage <= NOISE_CAP_LOW_THRESHOLD)
{
m_filtered_noise_bit_ff = 1;
}
/* based on the envelope mode figure out the attack/decay phase we are in */
switch (m_envelope_mode)
{
case 0: /* VCO */
attack_decay_cap_charging = m_vco_out_ff;
break;
case 1: /* one-shot */
attack_decay_cap_charging = m_one_shot_running_ff;
break;
case 2:
default: /* mixer only */
attack_decay_cap_charging = 1; /* never a decay phase */
break;
case 3: /* VCO with alternating polarity */
attack_decay_cap_charging = m_vco_out_ff && m_vco_alt_pos_edge_ff;
break;
}
/* update a/d cap voltage */
if (!m_attack_decay_cap_voltage_ext)
{
if (attack_decay_cap_charging)
{
if (attack_decay_cap_charging_step > 0)
{
m_attack_decay_cap_voltage = min(m_attack_decay_cap_voltage + attack_decay_cap_charging_step, AD_CAP_VOLTAGE_MAX);
}
else
{
/* no attack, voltage to max instantly */
m_attack_decay_cap_voltage = AD_CAP_VOLTAGE_MAX;
}
}
else
{
/* discharging */
if (attack_decay_cap_discharging_step > 0)
{
m_attack_decay_cap_voltage = max(m_attack_decay_cap_voltage - attack_decay_cap_discharging_step, AD_CAP_VOLTAGE_MIN);
}
else
{
/* no decay, voltage to min instantly */
m_attack_decay_cap_voltage = AD_CAP_VOLTAGE_MIN;
}
}
}
/* mix the output, if enabled, or not saturated by the VCO */
if (!m_enable && (m_vco_cap_voltage <= VCO_CAP_VOLTAGE_MAX))
{
uint32_t out;
/* enabled */
switch (m_mixer_mode)
{
case 0: /* VCO */
out = m_vco_out_ff;
break;
case 1: /* SLF */
out = m_slf_out_ff;
break;
case 2: /* noise */
out = m_filtered_noise_bit_ff;
break;
case 3: /* VCO and noise */
out = m_vco_out_ff & m_filtered_noise_bit_ff;
break;
case 4: /* SLF and noise */
out = m_slf_out_ff & m_filtered_noise_bit_ff;
break;
case 5: /* VCO, SLF and noise */
out = m_vco_out_ff & m_slf_out_ff & m_filtered_noise_bit_ff;
break;
case 6: /* VCO and SLF */
out = m_vco_out_ff & m_slf_out_ff;
break;
case 7: /* inhibit */
default:
out = 0;
break;
}
/* determine the OUT voltage from the attack/delay cap voltage and clip it */
if (out)
{
voltage_out = OUT_CENTER_LEVEL_VOLTAGE + center_to_peak_voltage_out * out_pos_gain[(int)(m_attack_decay_cap_voltage * 10)],
voltage_out = min(voltage_out, OUT_HIGH_CLIP_THRESHOLD);
}
else
{
voltage_out = OUT_CENTER_LEVEL_VOLTAGE + center_to_peak_voltage_out * out_neg_gain[(int)(m_attack_decay_cap_voltage * 10)],
voltage_out = max(voltage_out, OUT_LOW_CLIP_THRESHOLD);
}
}
else
{
/* disabled */
voltage_out = OUT_CENTER_LEVEL_VOLTAGE;
}
/* convert it to a signed 16-bit sample,
-32767 = OUT_LOW_CLIP_THRESHOLD
0 = OUT_CENTER_LEVEL_VOLTAGE
32767 = 2 * OUT_CENTER_LEVEL_VOLTAGE + OUT_LOW_CLIP_THRESHOLD
/ Vout - Vmin \
sample = | ----------- - 1 | * 32767
\ Vcen - Vmin /
*/
*buffer++ = (((voltage_out - OUT_LOW_CLIP_THRESHOLD) / (OUT_CENTER_LEVEL_VOLTAGE - OUT_LOW_CLIP_THRESHOLD)) - 1) * 32767;
if (LOG_WAV && LOG_WAV_ENABLED_ONLY && !m_enable)
{
int16_t log_data_l;
int16_t log_data_r;
switch (LOG_WAV_VALUE_L)
{
case 0:
log_data_l = LOG_WAV_GAIN_FACTOR * voltage_out;
log_data_r = LOG_WAV_GAIN_FACTOR * voltage_out;
break;
case 1:
log_data_l = LOG_WAV_GAIN_FACTOR * m_enable;
log_data_r = LOG_WAV_GAIN_FACTOR * m_enable;
break;
case 2:
log_data_l = LOG_WAV_GAIN_FACTOR * m_one_shot_cap_voltage;
log_data_r = LOG_WAV_GAIN_FACTOR * m_one_shot_cap_voltage;
break;
case 3:
log_data_l = LOG_WAV_GAIN_FACTOR * m_attack_decay_cap_voltage;
log_data_r = LOG_WAV_GAIN_FACTOR * m_attack_decay_cap_voltage;
break;
case 4:
log_data_l = LOG_WAV_GAIN_FACTOR * m_slf_cap_voltage;
log_data_r = LOG_WAV_GAIN_FACTOR * m_slf_cap_voltage;
break;
case 5:
log_data_l = LOG_WAV_GAIN_FACTOR * m_vco_cap_voltage;
log_data_r = LOG_WAV_GAIN_FACTOR * m_vco_cap_voltage;
break;
case 6:
log_data_l = LOG_WAV_GAIN_FACTOR * m_noise_filter_cap_voltage;
log_data_r = LOG_WAV_GAIN_FACTOR * m_noise_filter_cap_voltage;
break;
}
add_wav_data(log_data_l, log_data_r);
}
}
}