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// license:GPL-2.0+
// copyright-holders:Kevin Thacker
/***************************************************************************
NOTE: ****** Specbusy: press N, R, or E to boot *************
Spectrum/Inves/TK90X etc. memory map:
CPU:
0000-3fff ROM
4000-ffff RAM
Spectrum 128/+2/+2a/+3 memory map:
CPU:
0000-3fff Banked ROM/RAM (banked rom only on 128/+2)
4000-7fff Banked RAM
8000-bfff Banked RAM
c000-ffff Banked RAM
TS2068 memory map: (Can't have both EXROM and DOCK active)
The 8K EXROM can be loaded into multiple pages.
CPU:
0000-1fff ROM / EXROM / DOCK (Cartridge)
2000-3fff ROM / EXROM / DOCK
4000-5fff \
6000-7fff \
8000-9fff |- RAM / EXROM / DOCK
a000-bfff |
c000-dfff /
e000-ffff /
Interrupts:
Changes:
29/1/2000 KT - Implemented initial +3 emulation.
30/1/2000 KT - Improved input port decoding for reading and therefore
correct keyboard handling for Spectrum and +3.
31/1/2000 KT - Implemented buzzer sound for Spectrum and +3.
Implementation copied from Paul Daniel's Jupiter driver.
Fixed screen display problems with dirty chars.
Added support to load .Z80 snapshots. 48k support so far.
13/2/2000 KT - Added Interface II, Kempston, Fuller and Mikrogen
joystick support.
17/2/2000 DJR - Added full key descriptions and Spectrum+ keys.
Fixed Spectrum +3 keyboard problems.
17/2/2000 KT - Added tape loading from WAV/Changed from DAC to generic
speaker code.
18/2/2000 KT - Added tape saving to WAV.
27/2/2000 KT - Took DJR's changes and added my changes.
27/2/2000 KT - Added disk image support to Spectrum +3 driver.
27/2/2000 KT - Added joystick I/O code to the Spectrum +3 I/O handler.
14/3/2000 DJR - Tape handling dipswitch.
26/3/2000 DJR - Snapshot files are now classified as snapshots not
cartridges.
04/4/2000 DJR - Spectrum 128 / +2 Support.
13/4/2000 DJR - +4 Support (unofficial 48K hack).
13/4/2000 DJR - +2a Support (rom also used in +3 models).
13/4/2000 DJR - TK90X, TK95 and Inves support (48K clones).
21/4/2000 DJR - TS2068 and TC2048 support (TC2048 Supports extra video
modes but doesn't have bank switching or sound chip).
09/5/2000 DJR - Spectrum +2 (France, Spain), +3 (Spain).
17/5/2000 DJR - Dipswitch to enable/disable disk drives on +3 and clones.
27/6/2000 DJR - Changed 128K/+3 port decoding (sound now works in Zub 128K).
06/8/2000 DJR - Fixed +3 Floppy support
10/2/2001 KT - Re-arranged code and split into each model emulated.
Code is split into 48k, 128k, +3, tc2048 and ts2048
segments. 128k uses some of the functions in 48k, +3
uses some functions in 128, and tc2048/ts2048 use some
of the functions in 48k. The code has been arranged so
these functions come in some kind of "override" order,
read functions changed to use READ8_HANDLER and write
functions changed to use WRITE8_HANDLER.
Added Scorpion256 preliminary.
18/6/2001 DJR - Added support for Interface 2 cartridges.
xx/xx/2001 KS - TS-2068 sound fixed.
Added support for DOCK cartridges for TS-2068.
Added Spectrum 48k Psycho modified rom driver.
Added UK-2086 driver.
23/12/2001 KS - 48k machines are now able to run code in screen memory.
Programs which keep their code in screen memory
like monitors, tape copiers, decrunchers, etc.
works now.
Fixed problem with interrupt vector set to 0xffff (much
more 128k games works now).
A useful used trick on the Spectrum is to set
interrupt vector to 0xffff (using the table
which contain 0xff's) and put a byte 0x18 hex,
the opcode for JR, at this address. The first
byte of the ROM is a 0xf3 (DI), so the JR will
jump to 0xfff4, where a long JP to the actual
interrupt routine is put. Due to unideal
bankswitching in MAME this JP were to 0001 what
causes Spectrum to reset. Fixing this problem
made much more software running (i.e. Paperboy).
Corrected frames per second value for 48k and 128k
Sinclair machines.
There are 50.08 frames per second for Spectrum
48k what gives 69888 cycles for each frame and
50.021 for Spectrum 128/+2/+2A/+3 what gives
70908 cycles for each frame.
Remapped some Spectrum+ keys.
Pressing F3 to reset was setting 0xf7 on keyboard
input port. Problem occurred for snapshots of
some programs where it was read as pressing
key 4 (which is exit in Tapecopy by R. Dannhoefer
for example).
Added support to load .SP snapshots.
Added .BLK tape images support.
.BLK files are identical to .TAP ones, extension
is an only difference.
08/03/2002 KS - #FF port emulation added.
Arkanoid works now, but is not playable due to
completely messed timings.
25/10/2012 DH - simplified border emulation to be a (manual) partial
update with bitmap
Removed legacy fff4 interrupt hack, modern version of
MAME can handle this just fine
Initialisation values used when determining which model is being emulated:
48K Spectrum doesn't use either port.
128K/+2 Bank switches with port 7ffd only.
+3/+2a Bank switches with both ports.
TODO: (the best resource for ZX Spectrum HW informations is the http://www.zxdesign.info/
blog, a project devored to reverse-engineer the ZX Spectrum in h/w).
1. No contended memory. The different Spectrum models have different contention timings
Updated info can be found here: http://scratchpad.wikia.com/wiki/Contended_memory
Of course, neither "late timing" contention effects are emulated.
2. Russian models (at least Pentagon and Scorpion) reportedly don't have contended memory.
Information about screen timings are here: http://www.worldofspectrum.org/rusfaq/
3. Similarly, contended I/O is not emulated: http://scratchpad.wikia.com/wiki/Contended_IO
4. Finally, the Floating Bus implementation is incomplete: http://scratchpad.wikia.com/wiki/Floating_bus
The page hosts a couple of testing programs.
5. A NTSC model exists: it's not the Timex, but a plain ZX Spectrum made for the Chilean market:
http://scratchpad.wikia.com/wiki/NTSC_Spectrum
6. No hi-res colour effects (need contended memory first for accurate timing).
7. Keyboard autorepeat is broken.
8. Port decoding on all models needs to be checked and, in case, corrected.
9. The actual Issue 2/3 effect is a bit more complicated than implemented:
http://piters.tripod.com/cassport.htm for an explanation/test suite.
10. Tape formats not supported:
.001, .CSW, .LTP, .PZX, .SPC, .STA, .ITM/.PAN, .TAP(Warajevo), .VOC, .ZXS, .ZXT
11. Disk formats not supported:
.CPD, .DSK, .FDD, .FDI, .HDF, .IMG, .MDR, .MGT, .SCL, .TRD, .ZXD
12. 128K emulation is not perfect - the 128K machines crash and hang while
running quite a lot of games.
13. Disk errors occur on some +3 games.
14. EXROM and HOME cartridges are not emulated on Timex machines.
15. The TK90X and TK95 roms output 0 to port #df on start up. The purpose of this port is unknown
(probably display mode as TS2068) and thus is not emulated.
16. Very detailed infos about the ZX Spectrum +3e can be found at
http://www.worldofspectrum.org/zxplus3e/
17. The ZX Spectrum is known to support a huge number of peripherals, daisy-chained through its expansion bus.
In the earlier part of its life cycle, a common configuration consisted of a "docking station"-type
peripheral providing drive controllers (the disk drives were not part of the packages), a game
interface (joystick and/or sound chip) and the ZX Printer (which, if present, must terminate the chain).
Later, all-in-one peripherals became more common. The following list is just a little part of the huge
catalog of peripherals available to the ZX Spectrum; however these peripherals are both the most successful
and the better documented ones.
Except when noted, technical and usage manuals are available at http://www.worldofspectrum.org/
------------------------
Mass storage controllers
------------------------
ZX Interface 1
up to 8 Microdrives
1 RS-232 port
2 ZX Network ports - http://scratchpad.wikia.com/wiki/ZX_Net
Opus Discovery
up to 2 Disk drives
1 Centronics port
1 Joystick port (Kempston)
DISCiPLE Interface
up to 2 Disk drives
1 Centronics port
2 Joystick ports (RH: Sinclair/Kempston, LH: Sinclair)
2 ZX Network ports
Plus D Interface
up to 2 Disk drives
1 Centronics port
Rotronics Wafadrive
2 "Stringy" drives
1 RS-232 port
1 Centronics port
Kempston Disc Interface
up to 4 Disk drives (KDOS)
Beta 128 Disk Interface
up to 4 Disk drives (TR-DOS)
Philips Disc ROM
???
----------------
Game controllers
----------------
ZX Interface 2
2 Joystick ports (Sinclair)
1 ROM slot
Kempston Interface
1 Joystick port (Kempston)
Protek/AGF/Cursor Interface
1 Joystick port (Protek)
Fuller Box
1 Joystick port (Fuller)
1 G1-AY-3-8912 sound chip - the chip is identical to the one present on the 128 model,
but the I/O ports are different: http://scratchpad.wikia.com/wiki/AY-3-8912(a) and
http://scratchpad.wikia.com/wiki/Timex_2000_series#Sound_Chip
Mikro-Plus Interface
1 Joystick port (Mikrogen)
1 ROM slot - http://www.worldofspectrum.org/showmag.cgi?mag=Crash/Issue19/Pages/Crash1900020.jpg
------------
Misc devices
------------
DK'Tronics Light Pen (identical to TK90X light pen)
AMX Mouse
Schematics and test software at http://velesoft.speccy.cz/othermouse-cz.htm
Kempston Mouse
Schematics and test software at http://8bit.yarek.pl/hardware/zx.mouse/
Currah uSpeech
Speech synthesis through allophones (SP0256-AL2)
MGT Messenger
Allows connection between ZX Spectrum and SAM Coup??
Soft-ROM
A development system board - http://www.wearmouth.demon.co.uk/softrom.htm
Multiface 1/128/+3
The classic snapshot interface for ZX Spectrum, 128 and +3 models, with 8K internal RAM.
SamRam
A more versatile "Multiface I"-type interface - http://8bit.yarek.pl/upgrade/zx.samram/samram.html
*******************************************************************************/
#include "emu.h"
#include "includes/spectrum.h"
#include "cpu/z80/z80.h"
#include "sound/wave.h"
#include "machine/spec_snqk.h"
#include "screen.h"
#include "softlist.h"
#include "speaker.h"
#include "formats/tzx_cas.h"
/****************************************************************************************************/
/* Spectrum 48k functions */
WRITE8_MEMBER(spectrum_state::spectrum_rom_w)
{
if (m_exp->romcs())
m_exp->mreq_w(space, offset, data);
}
READ8_MEMBER(spectrum_state::spectrum_rom_r)
{
uint8_t data;
data = m_exp->mreq_r(space, offset);
if (!m_exp->romcs())
data = memregion("maincpu")->base()[offset];
return data;
}
/*
bit 7-5: not used
bit 4: Ear output/Speaker
bit 3: MIC/Tape Output
bit 2-0: border colour
*/
WRITE8_MEMBER(spectrum_state::spectrum_port_fe_w)
{
unsigned char Changed;
Changed = m_port_fe_data^data;
/* border colour changed? */
if ((Changed & 0x07)!=0)
{
spectrum_UpdateBorderBitmap();
}
if ((Changed & (1<<4))!=0)
{
/* DAC output state */
m_speaker->level_w(BIT(data, 4));
}
if ((Changed & (1<<3))!=0)
{
/* write cassette data */
m_cassette->output((data & (1<<3)) ? -1.0 : +1.0);
}
m_port_fe_data = data;
}
/* KT: more accurate keyboard reading */
/* DJR: Spectrum+ keys added */
READ8_MEMBER(spectrum_state::spectrum_port_fe_r)
{
int lines = offset >> 8;
int data = 0xff;
int cs_extra1 = m_io_plus0.read_safe(0x1f) & 0x1f;
int cs_extra2 = m_io_plus1.read_safe(0x1f) & 0x1f;
int cs_extra3 = m_io_plus2.read_safe(0x1f) & 0x1f;
int ss_extra1 = m_io_plus3.read_safe(0x1f) & 0x1f;
int ss_extra2 = m_io_plus4.read_safe(0x1f) & 0x1f;
int joy1 = m_io_joy1.read_safe(0x1f) & 0x1f;
int joy2 = m_io_joy2.read_safe(0x1f) & 0x1f;
/* Caps - V */
if ((lines & 1) == 0)
{
data &= m_io_line0->read();
/* CAPS for extra keys */
if (cs_extra1 != 0x1f || cs_extra2 != 0x1f || cs_extra3 != 0x1f)
data &= ~0x01;
}
/* A - G */
if ((lines & 2) == 0)
data &= m_io_line1->read();
/* Q - T */
if ((lines & 4) == 0)
data &= m_io_line2->read();
/* 1 - 5 */
if ((lines & 8) == 0)
data &= m_io_line3->read() & cs_extra1 & joy2;
/* 6 - 0 */
if ((lines & 16) == 0)
data &= m_io_line4->read() & cs_extra2 & joy1;
/* Y - P */
if ((lines & 32) == 0)
data &= m_io_line5->read() & ss_extra1;
/* H - Enter */
if ((lines & 64) == 0)
data &= m_io_line6->read();
/* B - Space */
if ((lines & 128) == 0)
{
data &= m_io_line7->read() & cs_extra3 & ss_extra2;
/* SYMBOL SHIFT for extra keys */
if (ss_extra1 != 0x1f || ss_extra2 != 0x1f)
data &= ~0x02;
}
data |= (0xe0); /* Set bits 5-7 - as reset above */
/* cassette input from wav */
if (m_cassette->input() > 0.0038 )
{
data &= ~0x40;
}
/* expansion port */
if (m_exp)
data &= m_exp->port_fe_r(space, offset);
/* Issue 2 Spectrums default to having bits 5, 6 & 7 set.
Issue 3 Spectrums default to having bits 5 & 7 set and bit 6 reset. */
if (m_io_config->read() & 0x80)
data ^= (0x40);
return data;
}
READ8_MEMBER(spectrum_state::spectrum_port_ula_r)
{
int vpos = m_screen->vpos();
return vpos<193 ? m_video_ram[(vpos&0xf8)<<2]:0xff;
}
/* Memory Maps */
void spectrum_state::spectrum_mem(address_map &map)
{
map(0x0000, 0x3fff).rw(FUNC(spectrum_state::spectrum_rom_r), FUNC(spectrum_state::spectrum_rom_w));
map(0x4000, 0x5aff).ram().share("video_ram");
// AM_RANGE(0x5b00, 0x7fff) AM_RAM
// AM_RANGE(0x8000, 0xffff) AM_RAM
}
/* ports are not decoded full.
The function decodes the ports appropriately */
void spectrum_state::spectrum_io(address_map &map)
{
map(0x00, 0x00).rw(FUNC(spectrum_state::spectrum_port_fe_r), FUNC(spectrum_state::spectrum_port_fe_w)).select(0xfffe);
map(0x01, 0x01).r(FUNC(spectrum_state::spectrum_port_ula_r)).mirror(0xfffe);
}
/* Input ports */
/****************************************************************************************************/
static INPUT_PORTS_START( spec_plus_joys )
PORT_START("JOY2") /* 0xF7FE */
PORT_BIT(0x01, IP_ACTIVE_LOW, IPT_JOYSTICK_LEFT) PORT_8WAY PORT_PLAYER(2) PORT_CODE(JOYCODE_X_LEFT_SWITCH)
PORT_BIT(0x02, IP_ACTIVE_LOW, IPT_JOYSTICK_RIGHT) PORT_8WAY PORT_PLAYER(2) PORT_CODE(JOYCODE_X_RIGHT_SWITCH)
PORT_BIT(0x04, IP_ACTIVE_LOW, IPT_JOYSTICK_DOWN) PORT_8WAY PORT_PLAYER(2) PORT_CODE(JOYCODE_Y_DOWN_SWITCH)
PORT_BIT(0x08, IP_ACTIVE_LOW, IPT_JOYSTICK_UP) PORT_8WAY PORT_PLAYER(2) PORT_CODE(JOYCODE_Y_UP_SWITCH)
PORT_BIT(0x10, IP_ACTIVE_LOW, IPT_BUTTON1) PORT_PLAYER(2) PORT_CODE(JOYCODE_BUTTON1)
PORT_START("JOY1") /* 0xEFFE */
PORT_BIT(0x01, IP_ACTIVE_LOW, IPT_BUTTON1) PORT_PLAYER(1) PORT_CODE(JOYCODE_BUTTON1)
PORT_BIT(0x02, IP_ACTIVE_LOW, IPT_JOYSTICK_UP) PORT_8WAY PORT_PLAYER(1) PORT_CODE(JOYCODE_Y_UP_SWITCH)
PORT_BIT(0x04, IP_ACTIVE_LOW, IPT_JOYSTICK_DOWN) PORT_8WAY PORT_PLAYER(1) PORT_CODE(JOYCODE_Y_DOWN_SWITCH)
PORT_BIT(0x08, IP_ACTIVE_LOW, IPT_JOYSTICK_RIGHT) PORT_8WAY PORT_PLAYER(1) PORT_CODE(JOYCODE_X_RIGHT_SWITCH)
PORT_BIT(0x10, IP_ACTIVE_LOW, IPT_JOYSTICK_LEFT) PORT_8WAY PORT_PLAYER(1) PORT_CODE(JOYCODE_X_LEFT_SWITCH)
INPUT_PORTS_END
/*
Spectrum keyboard is quite complicate to emulate. Each key can have 5 or 6 different functions, depending on which input mode we are in:
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Mode | Sequence on Spectrum | Sequence in MESS
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
KEY Mode | Simply press the key | Simply press the key
CAPS Mode | Press Key + CAPS SHIFT | Press Key + LShift (default mapping)
SYMBOL Mode | Press Key + SYMBOL SHIFT | Press Key + RShift (default mapping)
EXT Mode | Press CAPS + SYMBOL once, | Press LShift + RShift (to enter EXT Mode),
| then press Key | then press Key
EXT+Shift Mode | In EXT Mode, press Key + SHIFT | In EXT Mode, press Key + LShift or Key + RShift
| (no matter if CAPS and SYMBOL) |
BASIC Mode | At BASIC Prompt, press the key | At BASIC Prompt, press the key
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Number Keys are the only keys not having a function in BASIC Mode (hence, they only have 5 functions)
2009-04: Added natural keyboard support. The commented out PORT_CHARs are not reachable in natural keyboard mode (they are entered
in EXT+Shift Mode on a real Spectrum).
*/
/* TO DO: replace PORT_CHAR(0xD7) with an 'empty' PORT_CHAR. I used \xD7 (multiplication sign) just as a placeholder. There should be no
PORT_CHAR for those functions (which have no equivalent on modern keyboards), but something is needed (to correctly have natural support for
a few keys in SYMBOL Mode) and I found no EMPTY PORT_CHAR in MESS */
INPUT_PORTS_START( spectrum )
/* PORT_NAME = KEY Mode CAPS Mode SYMBOL Mode EXT Mode EXT+Shift Mode BASIC Mode */
PORT_START("LINE0") /* 0xFEFE */
PORT_BIT(0x01, IP_ACTIVE_LOW, IPT_KEYBOARD) PORT_NAME("CAPS SHIFT") PORT_CODE(KEYCODE_LSHIFT) PORT_CHAR(UCHAR_SHIFT_1)
PORT_BIT(0x02, IP_ACTIVE_LOW, IPT_KEYBOARD) PORT_NAME("z Z : LN BEEP COPY") PORT_CODE(KEYCODE_Z) PORT_CHAR('z') PORT_CHAR('Z') PORT_CHAR(':')
PORT_BIT(0x04, IP_ACTIVE_LOW, IPT_KEYBOARD) PORT_NAME("x X \xC2\xA3 EXP INK CLEAR") PORT_CODE(KEYCODE_X) PORT_CHAR('x') PORT_CHAR('X') PORT_CHAR(0xA3)
PORT_BIT(0x08, IP_ACTIVE_LOW, IPT_KEYBOARD) PORT_NAME("c C ? LPRINT PAPER CONT") PORT_CODE(KEYCODE_C) PORT_CHAR('c') PORT_CHAR('C') PORT_CHAR('?')
PORT_BIT(0x10, IP_ACTIVE_LOW, IPT_KEYBOARD) PORT_NAME("v V / LLIST FLASH CLS") PORT_CODE(KEYCODE_V) PORT_CHAR('v') PORT_CHAR('V') PORT_CHAR('/')
PORT_START("LINE1") /* 0xFDFE */
PORT_BIT(0x01, IP_ACTIVE_LOW, IPT_KEYBOARD) PORT_NAME("a A STOP READ ~ NEW") PORT_CODE(KEYCODE_A) PORT_CHAR('a') PORT_CHAR('A')// PORT_CHAR('~')
PORT_BIT(0x02, IP_ACTIVE_LOW, IPT_KEYBOARD) PORT_NAME("s S NOT RESTORE | SAVE") PORT_CODE(KEYCODE_S) PORT_CHAR('s') PORT_CHAR('S')// PORT_CHAR('|')
PORT_BIT(0x04, IP_ACTIVE_LOW, IPT_KEYBOARD) PORT_NAME("d D STEP DATA \\ DIM") PORT_CODE(KEYCODE_D) PORT_CHAR('d') PORT_CHAR('D')// PORT_CHAR('\\')
PORT_BIT(0x08, IP_ACTIVE_LOW, IPT_KEYBOARD) PORT_NAME("f F TO SGN { FOR") PORT_CODE(KEYCODE_F) PORT_CHAR('f') PORT_CHAR('F')// PORT_CHAR('{')
PORT_BIT(0x10, IP_ACTIVE_LOW, IPT_KEYBOARD) PORT_NAME("g G THEN ABS } GOTO") PORT_CODE(KEYCODE_G) PORT_CHAR('g') PORT_CHAR('G')// PORT_CHAR('}')
PORT_START("LINE2") /* 0xFBFE */
PORT_BIT(0x01, IP_ACTIVE_LOW, IPT_KEYBOARD) PORT_NAME("q Q <= SIN ASN PLOT") PORT_CODE(KEYCODE_Q) PORT_CHAR('q') PORT_CHAR('Q')
PORT_BIT(0x02, IP_ACTIVE_LOW, IPT_KEYBOARD) PORT_NAME("w W <> COS ACS DRAW") PORT_CODE(KEYCODE_W) PORT_CHAR('w') PORT_CHAR('W')
PORT_BIT(0x04, IP_ACTIVE_LOW, IPT_KEYBOARD) PORT_NAME("e E >= TAN ATN REM") PORT_CODE(KEYCODE_E) PORT_CHAR('e') PORT_CHAR('E')
PORT_BIT(0x08, IP_ACTIVE_LOW, IPT_KEYBOARD) PORT_NAME("r R < INT VERIFY RUN") PORT_CODE(KEYCODE_R) PORT_CHAR('r') PORT_CHAR('R') PORT_CHAR('<')
PORT_BIT(0x10, IP_ACTIVE_LOW, IPT_KEYBOARD) PORT_NAME("t T > RND MERGE RAND") PORT_CODE(KEYCODE_T) PORT_CHAR('t') PORT_CHAR('T') PORT_CHAR('>')
/* interface II uses this port for joystick */
PORT_START("LINE3") /* 0xF7FE */
PORT_BIT(0x01, IP_ACTIVE_LOW, IPT_KEYBOARD) PORT_NAME("1 EDIT ! BLUE DEF FN") PORT_CODE(KEYCODE_1) PORT_CHAR('1') PORT_CHAR(UCHAR_MAMEKEY(F1)) PORT_CHAR('!')
PORT_BIT(0x02, IP_ACTIVE_LOW, IPT_KEYBOARD) PORT_NAME("2 CAPS LOCK @ RED FN") PORT_CODE(KEYCODE_2) PORT_CHAR('2') PORT_CHAR(UCHAR_MAMEKEY(F2)) PORT_CHAR('@')
PORT_BIT(0x04, IP_ACTIVE_LOW, IPT_KEYBOARD) PORT_NAME("3 TRUE VID # MAGENTA LINE") PORT_CODE(KEYCODE_3) PORT_CHAR('3') PORT_CHAR(UCHAR_MAMEKEY(F3)) PORT_CHAR('#')
PORT_BIT(0x08, IP_ACTIVE_LOW, IPT_KEYBOARD) PORT_NAME("4 INV VID $ GREEN OPEN#") PORT_CODE(KEYCODE_4) PORT_CHAR('4') PORT_CHAR(UCHAR_MAMEKEY(F4)) PORT_CHAR('$')
PORT_BIT(0x10, IP_ACTIVE_LOW, IPT_KEYBOARD) PORT_NAME("5 Left % CYAN CLOSE#") PORT_CODE(KEYCODE_5) PORT_CHAR('5') PORT_CHAR(UCHAR_MAMEKEY(LEFT)) PORT_CHAR('%')
/* protek clashes with interface II! uses 5 = left, 6 = down, 7 = up, 8 = right, 0 = fire */
PORT_START("LINE4") /* 0xEFFE */
PORT_BIT(0x01, IP_ACTIVE_LOW, IPT_KEYBOARD) PORT_NAME("0 DEL _ BLACK FORMAT") PORT_CODE(KEYCODE_0) PORT_CHAR('0') PORT_CHAR(8) PORT_CHAR('_')
PORT_BIT(0x02, IP_ACTIVE_LOW, IPT_KEYBOARD) PORT_NAME("9 GRAPH ) POINT") PORT_CODE(KEYCODE_9) PORT_CHAR('9') PORT_CHAR(UCHAR_MAMEKEY(F9)) PORT_CHAR(')')
PORT_BIT(0x04, IP_ACTIVE_LOW, IPT_KEYBOARD) PORT_NAME("8 Right ( CAT") PORT_CODE(KEYCODE_8) PORT_CHAR('8') PORT_CHAR(UCHAR_MAMEKEY(RIGHT)) PORT_CHAR('(')
PORT_BIT(0x08, IP_ACTIVE_LOW, IPT_KEYBOARD) PORT_NAME("7 Up ' WHITE ERASE") PORT_CODE(KEYCODE_7) PORT_CHAR('7') PORT_CHAR(UCHAR_MAMEKEY(UP)) PORT_CHAR('\'')
PORT_BIT(0x10, IP_ACTIVE_LOW, IPT_KEYBOARD) PORT_NAME("6 Down & YELLOW MOVE") PORT_CODE(KEYCODE_6) PORT_CHAR('6') PORT_CHAR(UCHAR_MAMEKEY(DOWN)) PORT_CHAR('&')
PORT_START("LINE5") /* 0xDFFE */
PORT_BIT(0x01, IP_ACTIVE_LOW, IPT_KEYBOARD) PORT_NAME("p P \" TAB (c) PRINT") PORT_CODE(KEYCODE_P) PORT_CHAR('p') PORT_CHAR('P') PORT_CHAR('"')
PORT_BIT(0x02, IP_ACTIVE_LOW, IPT_KEYBOARD) PORT_NAME("o O ; PEEK OUT POKE") PORT_CODE(KEYCODE_O) PORT_CHAR('o') PORT_CHAR('O') PORT_CHAR(';')
PORT_BIT(0x04, IP_ACTIVE_LOW, IPT_KEYBOARD) PORT_NAME("i I AT CODE IN INPUT") PORT_CODE(KEYCODE_I) PORT_CHAR('i') PORT_CHAR('I')
PORT_BIT(0x08, IP_ACTIVE_LOW, IPT_KEYBOARD) PORT_NAME("u U OR CHR$ ] IF") PORT_CODE(KEYCODE_U) PORT_CHAR('u') PORT_CHAR('U')// PORT_CHAR(']')
PORT_BIT(0x10, IP_ACTIVE_LOW, IPT_KEYBOARD) PORT_NAME("y Y AND STR$ [ RETURN") PORT_CODE(KEYCODE_Y) PORT_CHAR('y') PORT_CHAR('Y')// PORT_CHAR('[')
PORT_START("LINE6") /* 0xBFFE */
PORT_BIT(0x01, IP_ACTIVE_LOW, IPT_KEYBOARD) PORT_NAME("ENTER") PORT_CODE(KEYCODE_ENTER) PORT_CHAR(13)
PORT_BIT(0x02, IP_ACTIVE_LOW, IPT_KEYBOARD) PORT_NAME("l L = USR ATTR LET") PORT_CODE(KEYCODE_L) PORT_CHAR('l') PORT_CHAR('L') PORT_CHAR('=')
PORT_BIT(0x04, IP_ACTIVE_LOW, IPT_KEYBOARD) PORT_NAME("k K + LEN SCREEN$ LIST") PORT_CODE(KEYCODE_K) PORT_CHAR('k') PORT_CHAR('K') PORT_CHAR('+')
PORT_BIT(0x08, IP_ACTIVE_LOW, IPT_KEYBOARD) PORT_NAME("j J - VAL VAL$ LOAD") PORT_CODE(KEYCODE_J) PORT_CHAR('j') PORT_CHAR('J') PORT_CHAR('-')
PORT_BIT(0x10, IP_ACTIVE_LOW, IPT_KEYBOARD) PORT_NAME("h H ^ SQR CIRCLE GOSUB") PORT_CODE(KEYCODE_H) PORT_CHAR('h') PORT_CHAR('H') PORT_CHAR('^')
PORT_START("LINE7") /* 0x7FFE */
PORT_BIT(0x01, IP_ACTIVE_LOW, IPT_KEYBOARD) PORT_NAME("SPACE") PORT_CODE(KEYCODE_SPACE) PORT_CHAR(' ')
PORT_BIT(0x02, IP_ACTIVE_LOW, IPT_KEYBOARD) PORT_NAME("SYMBOL SHIFT") PORT_CODE(KEYCODE_RSHIFT) PORT_CHAR(UCHAR_SHIFT_2)
PORT_BIT(0x04, IP_ACTIVE_LOW, IPT_KEYBOARD) PORT_NAME("m M . PI INVERSE PAUSE") PORT_CODE(KEYCODE_M) PORT_CHAR('m') PORT_CHAR('M') PORT_CHAR('.')
PORT_BIT(0x08, IP_ACTIVE_LOW, IPT_KEYBOARD) PORT_NAME("n N , INKEY$ OVER NEXT") PORT_CODE(KEYCODE_N) PORT_CHAR('n') PORT_CHAR('N') PORT_CHAR(',')
PORT_BIT(0x10, IP_ACTIVE_LOW, IPT_KEYBOARD) PORT_NAME("b B * BIN BRIGHT BORDER") PORT_CODE(KEYCODE_B) PORT_CHAR('b') PORT_CHAR('B') PORT_CHAR('*')
PORT_START("NMI")
PORT_BIT(0x01, IP_ACTIVE_HIGH, IPT_KEYBOARD) PORT_NAME("NMI") PORT_CODE(KEYCODE_F12)
PORT_START("CONFIG")
PORT_CONFNAME( 0x80, 0x00, "Hardware Version" )
PORT_CONFSETTING( 0x00, "Issue 2" )
PORT_CONFSETTING( 0x80, "Issue 3" )
PORT_BIT(0x7f, IP_ACTIVE_LOW, IPT_UNUSED)
INPUT_PORTS_END
/* These keys need not to be mapped in natural mode because Spectrum+ supports both these and the Spectrum sequences above.
Hence, we can simply keep using such sequences in natural keyboard emulation */
INPUT_PORTS_START( spec128 )
PORT_INCLUDE( spectrum )
PORT_START("PLUS0") /* Spectrum+ Keys (Same as CAPS + 1-5) */
PORT_BIT(0x01, IP_ACTIVE_LOW, IPT_KEYBOARD) PORT_NAME("EDIT") PORT_CODE(KEYCODE_INSERT)
PORT_BIT(0x02, IP_ACTIVE_LOW, IPT_KEYBOARD) PORT_NAME("CAPS LOCK") PORT_CODE(KEYCODE_CAPSLOCK)
PORT_BIT(0x04, IP_ACTIVE_LOW, IPT_KEYBOARD) PORT_NAME("TRUE VID") PORT_CODE(KEYCODE_HOME)
PORT_BIT(0x08, IP_ACTIVE_LOW, IPT_KEYBOARD) PORT_NAME("INV VID") PORT_CODE(KEYCODE_END)
PORT_BIT(0x10, IP_ACTIVE_LOW, IPT_KEYBOARD) PORT_NAME("Cursor Left") PORT_CODE(KEYCODE_LEFT)
PORT_BIT(0xe0, IP_ACTIVE_LOW, IPT_UNUSED)
PORT_START("PLUS1") /* Spectrum+ Keys (Same as CAPS + 6-0) */
PORT_BIT(0x01, IP_ACTIVE_LOW, IPT_KEYBOARD) PORT_NAME("DEL") PORT_CODE(KEYCODE_BACKSPACE) PORT_CHAR(8)
PORT_BIT(0x02, IP_ACTIVE_LOW, IPT_KEYBOARD) PORT_NAME("GRAPH") PORT_CODE(KEYCODE_LALT)
PORT_BIT(0x04, IP_ACTIVE_LOW, IPT_KEYBOARD) PORT_NAME("Cursor Right") PORT_CODE(KEYCODE_RIGHT)
PORT_BIT(0x08, IP_ACTIVE_LOW, IPT_KEYBOARD) PORT_NAME("Cursor Up") PORT_CODE(KEYCODE_UP)
PORT_BIT(0x10, IP_ACTIVE_LOW, IPT_KEYBOARD) PORT_NAME("Cursor Down") PORT_CODE(KEYCODE_DOWN)
PORT_BIT(0xe0, IP_ACTIVE_LOW, IPT_UNUSED)
PORT_START("PLUS2") /* Spectrum+ Keys (Same as CAPS + SPACE and CAPS + SYMBOL) */
PORT_BIT(0x01, IP_ACTIVE_LOW, IPT_KEYBOARD) PORT_NAME("BREAK") PORT_CODE(KEYCODE_PAUSE)
PORT_BIT(0x02, IP_ACTIVE_LOW, IPT_KEYBOARD) PORT_NAME("EXT MODE") PORT_CODE(KEYCODE_LCONTROL)
PORT_BIT(0xfc, IP_ACTIVE_LOW, IPT_UNUSED)
PORT_START("PLUS3") /* Spectrum+ Keys (Same as SYMBOL SHIFT + O/P) */
PORT_BIT(0x01, IP_ACTIVE_LOW, IPT_KEYBOARD) PORT_NAME("\"") PORT_CODE(KEYCODE_F4)
PORT_BIT(0x02, IP_ACTIVE_LOW, IPT_KEYBOARD) PORT_NAME(";") PORT_CODE(KEYCODE_COLON)
PORT_BIT(0xfc, IP_ACTIVE_LOW, IPT_UNUSED)
PORT_START("PLUS4") /* Spectrum+ Keys (Same as SYMBOL SHIFT + N/M) */
PORT_BIT(0x04, IP_ACTIVE_LOW, IPT_KEYBOARD) PORT_NAME(".") PORT_CODE(KEYCODE_STOP)
PORT_BIT(0x08, IP_ACTIVE_LOW, IPT_KEYBOARD) PORT_NAME(",") PORT_CODE(KEYCODE_COMMA)
PORT_BIT(0xf3, IP_ACTIVE_LOW, IPT_UNUSED)
INPUT_PORTS_END
INPUT_PORTS_START( spec_plus )
PORT_INCLUDE( spec128 )
PORT_INCLUDE( spec_plus_joys )
INPUT_PORTS_END
/* Machine initialization */
void spectrum_state::init_spectrum()
{
address_space &space = m_maincpu->space(AS_PROGRAM);
switch (m_ram->size())
{
case 48*1024:
space.install_ram(0x8000, 0xffff, nullptr); // Fall through
case 16*1024:
space.install_ram(0x5b00, 0x7fff, nullptr);
}
// setup expansion slot
m_exp->set_io_space(&m_maincpu->space(AS_IO));
}
MACHINE_RESET_MEMBER(spectrum_state,spectrum)
{
m_port_7ffd_data = -1;
m_port_1ffd_data = -1;
}
/* F4 Character Displayer */
static const gfx_layout spectrum_charlayout =
{
8, 8, /* 8 x 8 characters */
96, /* 96 characters */
1, /* 1 bits per pixel */
{ 0 }, /* no bitplanes */
/* x offsets */
{ 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 },
/* y offsets */
{ 0*8, 1*8, 2*8, 3*8, 4*8, 5*8, 6*8, 7*8 },
8*8 /* every char takes 8 bytes */
};
static GFXDECODE_START( gfx_spectrum )
GFXDECODE_ENTRY( "maincpu", 0x3d00, spectrum_charlayout, 0, 8 )
GFXDECODE_END
void spectrum_state::device_timer(emu_timer &timer, device_timer_id id, int param, void *ptr)
{
switch (id)
{
case TIMER_IRQ_OFF:
m_maincpu->set_input_line(0, CLEAR_LINE);
break;
case TIMER_SCANLINE:
m_scanline_timer->adjust(m_maincpu->cycles_to_attotime(m_CyclesPerLine));
spectrum_UpdateScreenBitmap();
break;
default:
assert_always(false, "Unknown id in spectrum_state::device_timer");
}
}
INTERRUPT_GEN_MEMBER(spectrum_state::spec_interrupt)
{
m_maincpu->set_input_line(0, ASSERT_LINE);
m_irq_off_timer->adjust(m_maincpu->clocks_to_attotime(32));
}
MACHINE_CONFIG_START(spectrum_state::spectrum_common)
/* basic machine hardware */
Z80(config, m_maincpu, X1 / 4); /* This is verified only for the ZX Spectrum. Other clones are reported to have different clocks */
m_maincpu->set_addrmap(AS_PROGRAM, &spectrum_state::spectrum_mem);
m_maincpu->set_addrmap(AS_IO, &spectrum_state::spectrum_io);
m_maincpu->set_vblank_int("screen", FUNC(spectrum_state::spec_interrupt));
config.m_minimum_quantum = attotime::from_hz(60);
MCFG_MACHINE_RESET_OVERRIDE(spectrum_state, spectrum )
/* video hardware */
SCREEN(config, m_screen, SCREEN_TYPE_RASTER);
m_screen->set_raw(X1 / 2, 448, 0, 352, 312, 0, 296);
m_screen->set_screen_update(FUNC(spectrum_state::screen_update_spectrum));
m_screen->screen_vblank().set(FUNC(spectrum_state::screen_vblank_spectrum));
m_screen->set_palette("palette");
palette_device &palette(PALETTE(config, "palette", 16));
palette.set_init(palette_init_delegate(FUNC(spectrum_state::palette_init_spectrum), this));
GFXDECODE(config, "gfxdecode", "palette", gfx_spectrum);
MCFG_VIDEO_START_OVERRIDE(spectrum_state, spectrum )
/* sound hardware */
SPEAKER(config, "mono").front_center();
WAVE(config, "wave", "cassette").add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "mono", 0.25);
SPEAKER_SOUND(config, "speaker").add_route(ALL_OUTPUTS, "mono", 0.50);
/* expansion port */
SPECTRUM_EXPANSION_SLOT(config, m_exp, spectrum_expansion_devices, "kempjoy");
m_exp->irq_handler().set_inputline(m_maincpu, INPUT_LINE_IRQ0);
m_exp->nmi_handler().set_inputline(m_maincpu, INPUT_LINE_NMI);
/* devices */
snapshot_image_device &snapshot(SNAPSHOT(config, "snapshot", 0));
snapshot.set_handler(snapquick_load_delegate(&SNAPSHOT_LOAD_NAME(spectrum_state, spectrum), this), "ach,frz,plusd,prg,sem,sit,sna,snp,snx,sp,z80,zx", 0);
quickload_image_device &quickload(QUICKLOAD(config, "quickload", 0));
quickload.set_handler(snapquick_load_delegate(&QUICKLOAD_LOAD_NAME(spectrum_state, spectrum), this), "raw,scr", 2); // The delay prevents the screen from being cleared by the RAM test at boot
CASSETTE(config, m_cassette);
m_cassette->set_formats(tzx_cassette_formats);
m_cassette->set_default_state(CASSETTE_STOPPED | CASSETTE_SPEAKER_ENABLED | CASSETTE_MOTOR_ENABLED);
m_cassette->set_interface("spectrum_cass");
SOFTWARE_LIST(config, "cass_list").set_original("spectrum_cass");
MACHINE_CONFIG_END
void spectrum_state::spectrum(machine_config &config)
{
spectrum_common(config);
/* internal ram */
RAM(config, m_ram).set_default_size("48K").set_extra_options("16K").set_default_value(0xff);
// This configuration is verified only for the original ZX Spectrum.
// It's likely, but still to be checked, that many clones were produced only
// in the 48k configuration, while others have extra memory (80k, 128K, 1024K)
// available via bankswitching.
}
/***************************************************************************
Game driver(s)
***************************************************************************/
ROM_START(spectrum)
ROM_REGION(0x10000,"maincpu",0)
ROM_SYSTEM_BIOS(0, "en", "English")
ROMX_LOAD("spectrum.rom", 0x0000, 0x4000, CRC(ddee531f) SHA1(5ea7c2b824672e914525d1d5c419d71b84a426a2), ROM_BIOS(0))
ROM_SYSTEM_BIOS(1, "sp", "Spanish")
ROMX_LOAD("48e.rom", 0x0000, 0x4000, CRC(f051746e) SHA1(9e535e2e24231ccb65e33d107f6d0ceb23e99477), ROM_BIOS(1))
ROM_SYSTEM_BIOS(2, "bsrom118", "BusySoft Upgrade v1.18")
ROMX_LOAD("bsrom118.rom", 0x0000, 0x4000, CRC(1511cddb) SHA1(ab3c36daad4325c1d3b907b6dc9a14af483d14ec), ROM_BIOS(2))
ROM_SYSTEM_BIOS(3, "bsrom140", "BusySoft Upgrade v1.40")
ROMX_LOAD("bsrom140.rom", 0x0000, 0x4000, CRC(07017c6d) SHA1(2ee2dbe6ab96b60d7af1d6cb763b299374c21776), ROM_BIOS(3))
ROM_SYSTEM_BIOS(4, "groot", "De Groot's Upgrade")
ROMX_LOAD("groot.rom", 0x0000, 0x4000, CRC(abf18c45) SHA1(51165cde68e218512d3145467074bc7e786bf307), ROM_BIOS(4))
ROM_SYSTEM_BIOS(5, "48turbo", "48 Turbo")
ROMX_LOAD("48turbo.rom", 0x0000, 0x4000, CRC(56189781) SHA1(e62a431b0938af414b7ab8b1349a18b3c4407f70), ROM_BIOS(5))
ROM_SYSTEM_BIOS(6, "psycho", "Maly's Psycho Upgrade")
ROMX_LOAD("psycho.rom", 0x0000, 0x4000, CRC(cd60b589) SHA1(0853e25857d51dd41b20a6dbc8e80f028c5befaa), ROM_BIOS(6))
ROM_SYSTEM_BIOS(7, "turbo23", "Turbo 2.3")
ROMX_LOAD("turbo2_3.rom", 0x0000, 0x4000, CRC(fd3b0413) SHA1(84ea64af06adaf05e68abe1d69454b4fc6888505), ROM_BIOS(7))
ROM_SYSTEM_BIOS(8, "turbo44", "Turbo 4.4")
ROMX_LOAD("turbo4_4.rom", 0x0000, 0x4000, CRC(338b6e87) SHA1(21ad93ffe41a4458704c866cca2754f066f6a560), ROM_BIOS(8))
ROM_SYSTEM_BIOS(9, "imc", "Ian Collier's Upgrade")
ROMX_LOAD("imc.rom", 0x0000, 0x4000, CRC(d1be99ee) SHA1(dee814271c4d51de257d88128acdb324fb1d1d0d), ROM_BIOS(9))
ROM_SYSTEM_BIOS(10, "plus4", "ZX Spectrum +4")
ROMX_LOAD("plus4.rom",0x0000,0x4000, CRC(7e0f47cb) SHA1(c103e89ef58e6ade0c01cea0247b332623bd9a30), ROM_BIOS(10))
ROM_SYSTEM_BIOS(11, "deutsch", "German unofficial (Andrew Owen)")
ROMX_LOAD("deutsch.rom",0x0000,0x4000, CRC(1a9190f4) SHA1(795c20324311dd5a56300e6e4ec49b0a694ac0b3), ROM_BIOS(11))
ROM_SYSTEM_BIOS(12, "hdt", "HDT-ISO HEX-DEC-TEXT")
ROMX_LOAD("hdt-iso.rom",0x0000,0x4000, CRC(b81c570c) SHA1(2a9745ba3b369a84c4913c98ede66ec87cb8aec1), ROM_BIOS(12))
ROM_SYSTEM_BIOS(13, "sc", "The Sea Change Minimal ROM V1.78")
ROMX_LOAD("sc01.rom",0x0000,0x4000, CRC(73b4057a) SHA1(c58ff44a28db47400f09ed362ca0527591218136), ROM_BIOS(13))
ROM_SYSTEM_BIOS(14, "gosh", "GOSH Wonderful ZX Spectrum ROM V1.32")
ROMX_LOAD("gw03.rom",0x0000,0x4000, CRC(5585d7c2) SHA1(a701c3d4b698f7d2be537dc6f79e06e4dbc95929), ROM_BIOS(14))
ROM_SYSTEM_BIOS(15, "1986es", "1986ES Snapshot")
ROMX_LOAD("1986es.rom",0x0000,0x4000, CRC(9e0fdaaa) SHA1(f9d23f25640c51bcaa63e21ed5dd66bb2d5f63d4), ROM_BIOS(15))
ROM_SYSTEM_BIOS(16, "jgh", "JGH ROM V0.74 (C) J.G.Harston")
ROMX_LOAD("jgh.rom",0x0000,0x4000, CRC(7224138e) SHA1(d7f02ed66455f1c08ac0c864c7038a92a88ba94a), ROM_BIOS(16))
ROM_SYSTEM_BIOS(17, "iso22", "ISO ROM V2.2")
ROMX_LOAD("isomoje.rom",0x0000,0x4000, CRC(62ab3640) SHA1(04adbdb1380d6ccd4ab26ddd61b9ccbba462a60f), ROM_BIOS(17))
ROM_SYSTEM_BIOS(18, "iso8", "ISO ROM 8")
ROMX_LOAD("iso8bm.rom",0x0000,0x4000, CRC(43e9c2fd) SHA1(5752e6f789769475711b91e0a75911fa5232c767), ROM_BIOS(18))
ROM_END
ROM_START(specide)
ROM_REGION(0x10000,"maincpu",0)
ROM_LOAD("zxide.rom", 0x0000, 0x4000, CRC(bd48db54) SHA1(54c2aa958902b5395c260770a0b25c7ba5685de9))
ROM_END
ROM_START(spec80k)
ROM_REGION(0x10000,"maincpu",0)
ROM_LOAD("80-lec.rom", 0x0000, 0x4000, CRC(5b5c92b1) SHA1(bb7a77d66e95d2e28ebb610e543c065e0d428619))
ROM_END
ROM_START(tk90x)
ROM_REGION(0x10000,"maincpu",0)
ROM_LOAD("tk90x.rom",0x0000,0x4000, CRC(3e785f6f) SHA1(9a943a008be13194fb006bddffa7d22d2277813f))
ROM_END
ROM_START(tk95)
ROM_REGION(0x10000,"maincpu",0)
ROM_LOAD("tk95.rom",0x0000,0x4000, CRC(17368e07) SHA1(94edc401d43b0e9a9cdc1d35de4b6462dc414ab3))
ROM_END
ROM_START(inves)
ROM_REGION(0x10000,"maincpu",0)
ROM_LOAD("inves.rom",0x0000,0x4000, CRC(8ff7a4d1) SHA1(d020440638aff4d39467128413ef795677be9c23))
ROM_END
/* Romanian clones */
ROM_START(hc85)
ROM_REGION(0x10000,"maincpu",0)
ROM_LOAD("hc85.rom",0x0000,0x4000, CRC(3ab60fb5) SHA1(a4189db0bcdf8b39ed782b398828efb408fc4817))
ROM_END
ROM_START( hc88 )
ROM_REGION( 0x10000, "maincpu", ROMREGION_ERASEFF )
ROM_LOAD( "hc88.bin", 0x0000, 0x0800, CRC(33be5134) SHA1(b15a6e7085710de8b818e42d329707cb737627e3))
ROM_END
ROM_START(hc90)
ROM_REGION(0x10000,"maincpu",0)
ROM_LOAD("hc90.rom",0x0000,0x4000, CRC(78c14d9a) SHA1(25ef81905bed90497a749770170c24632efb2039))
ROM_END
ROM_START(hc91)
ROM_REGION(0x10000,"maincpu",0)
ROM_LOAD("hc91.rom",0x0000,0x4000, CRC(8bf53761) SHA1(967d5179ba2823e9c8dd9ddfb0430465aaddb554))
ROM_END
ROM_START(cip03)
ROM_REGION(0x10000,"maincpu",0)
ROM_LOAD("cip03.rom",0x0000,0x4000, CRC(c7d0cd3c) SHA1(811055b44fc74076137e2bf8db206b2a70287cc2))
ROM_END
ROM_START(cip01)
ROM_REGION(0x10000,"maincpu",0)
ROM_LOAD("cip01.rom",0x0000,0x4000, CRC(0516a329) SHA1(4e3e0c5719a64d3b4fb224db499b4bef7d146917))
ROM_END
ROM_START(jet)
ROM_REGION(0x10000,"maincpu",0)
ROM_LOAD("jet.rom",0x0000,0x4000, CRC(e56a7d11) SHA1(e76be9ee71bae6aa1c2ff969276fb599ed68cb50))
ROM_END
ROM_START( cobrasp )
ROM_REGION( 0x10000, "maincpu", ROMREGION_ERASEFF )
ROM_SYSTEM_BIOS(0, "v1", "V1")
ROMX_LOAD( "boot64k_v1.bin", 0x0000, 0x0800, CRC(a54aae6d) SHA1(8f5134ce24aea59065ed166ad79e864e17ce812f), ROM_BIOS(0))
ROM_SYSTEM_BIOS(1, "v2", "V2")
ROMX_LOAD( "boot64k_v2.bin", 0x0000, 0x0800, CRC(ee91cc89) SHA1(37dea7fe0734068adf99b91fdcbf3119095c350d), ROM_BIOS(1))
ROM_END
ROM_START( cobra80 )
ROM_REGION( 0x10000, "maincpu", ROMREGION_ERASEFF )
ROM_SYSTEM_BIOS(0, "v1", "V1")
ROMX_LOAD( "boot80k_v1.bin", 0x0000, 0x0800, CRC(f42d2342) SHA1(8aa1b3b056e311674a051ffc6a49af60cae409f3), ROM_BIOS(0))
ROM_SYSTEM_BIOS(1, "v2", "V2")
ROMX_LOAD( "boot80k_v2.bin", 0x0000, 0x0800, CRC(df6bd954) SHA1(5b858b59e697d0368ea631ead14f5b2aa7954ccd), ROM_BIOS(1))
ROM_SYSTEM_BIOS(2, "v3", "V3")
ROMX_LOAD( "boot80k_v3.bin", 0x0000, 0x0800, CRC(8580494c) SHA1(91af3f3fa50f2071f8ff081536bdf7e21e9823d9), ROM_BIOS(2))
ROM_END
/* Czechoslovakian clones*/
/* TODO: need to add memory handling for 80K RAM */
ROM_START(dgama87)
ROM_REGION(0x10000,"maincpu",0)
ROM_LOAD("dgama87.rom",0x0000,0x4000, CRC(43104909) SHA1(f62d1f3f35fda467cae468e890995614f6ec2357))
ROM_END
ROM_START(dgama88)
ROM_REGION(0x10000,"maincpu",0)
ROM_LOAD("dgama88.rom",0x0000,0x4000, CRC(4ec7e078) SHA1(09a91f85e82efa7f974d1b88c69636a02063d563))
ROM_END
ROM_START(dgama89)
ROM_REGION(0x10000,"maincpu",0)
ROM_SYSTEM_BIOS(0, "default", "Original")
ROMX_LOAD("dgama89.rom",0x0000,0x4000, CRC(45c29401) SHA1(8466a9da0169666210ccff5d43376d70bae0ae9b), ROM_BIOS(0))
ROM_SYSTEM_BIOS(1, "g81", "Gama 81")
ROMX_LOAD("g81.rom",0x0000,0x4000, CRC(c169a63b) SHA1(71652005c2e7a4301caa7e95ae989b69cb5a6a0d), ROM_BIOS(1))
ROM_SYSTEM_BIOS(2, "iso", "ISO")
ROMX_LOAD("iso.rom",0x0000,0x4000, CRC(2ee3a992) SHA1(2e39995dd032036d33a6dd88a38b750057bca19d), ROM_BIOS(2))
ROM_SYSTEM_BIOS(3, "isopolak", "ISO Polak")
ROMX_LOAD("isopolak.rom",0x0000,0x4000, CRC(5e3f1f66) SHA1(61713117c944fc6afcb96c647bdba5ad36fd6a4b), ROM_BIOS(3))
ROM_END
ROM_START(didakt90)
ROM_REGION(0x10000,"maincpu",0)
ROM_LOAD("didakt90.rom",0x0000,0x4000, CRC(76f2db1e) SHA1(daee355a8ee58bc406873c1dd81eecb6161dd4bd))
ROM_END
ROM_START(didakm91)
ROM_REGION(0x10000,"maincpu",0)
ROM_LOAD("didakm91.rom",0x0000,0x4000, CRC(beab69b8) SHA1(71d4d1a05fb936f616bcb05c3a276f79343ecd4d))
ROM_END
ROM_START(didakm92)
ROM_REGION(0x10000,"maincpu",0)
ROM_LOAD("didakm92.bin",0x0000,0x4000, CRC(57264d4f) SHA1(23644fe949cbf527747959d07b72db01de378c4c))
ROM_END
ROM_START(didaktk)
ROM_REGION(0x10000,"maincpu",0)
ROM_LOAD("didaktk.rom",0x0000,0x4000, CRC(8ec8a625) SHA1(cba35517d33a5c97e3d9110f12a417c6c5cdeca8))
ROM_END
ROM_START(didakm93)
ROM_REGION(0x10000,"maincpu",0)
ROM_LOAD("didakm93.rom",0x0000,0x4000, CRC(ec274b1b) SHA1(a3470d8d1a996ee2a1ffff8bd8044da6e907e07e))
ROM_END
ROM_START(mistrum)
ROM_REGION(0x10000,"maincpu",0)
ROM_LOAD("mistrum.rom",0x0000,0x4000, CRC(d496103e) SHA1(cca1c5b059dc3a29ca4282e8621e34a65efaa1a3))
ROM_END
/* Russian clones */
ROM_START( bk08 )
ROM_REGION(0x10000,"maincpu",0)
ROM_LOAD( "right.bin", 0x0000, 0x2000, CRC(fb253544) SHA1(6b79487e3013d0acdea8d224b21c937e88105a2f) )
ROM_LOAD( "left.bin", 0x2000, 0x2000, CRC(a092b5f3) SHA1(06b8d98a398f61daf6604c68bcee4596c283c2cd) )
ROM_END
ROM_START(blitzs)
ROM_REGION(0x10000,"maincpu",0)
ROM_LOAD("blitz.rom",0x0000,0x4000, CRC(91e535a8) SHA1(14f09d45dc3803cbdb05c33adb28eb12dbad9dd0))
ROM_END
ROM_START(byte)
ROM_REGION(0x10000,"maincpu",0)
ROM_LOAD("byte.rom",0x0000,0x4000, CRC(c13ba473) SHA1(99f40727185abbb2413f218d69df021ae2e99e45))
ROM_END
ROM_START(orizon)
ROM_REGION(0x10000,"maincpu",0)
ROM_LOAD("orizon.rom",0x0000,0x4000, CRC(ed4d9787) SHA1(3e8b29862e06be03344393c320a64a109fd9aff5))
ROM_END
ROM_START(quorum48)
ROM_REGION(0x10000,"maincpu",0)
ROM_LOAD("quorum48.rom",0x0000,0x4000, CRC(48085b0e) SHA1(8e01581643f7bdfa773f68207a6437911b631e53))
ROM_END
ROM_START(magic6)
ROM_REGION(0x10000,"maincpu",0)
ROM_LOAD("magic6.rom",0x0000,0x4000, CRC(cb63ae06) SHA1(533ad1f50534e6bdeec50eb5a9a4976c3d010dc7))
ROM_END
ROM_START(compani1)
ROM_REGION(0x10000,"maincpu",0)
ROM_LOAD("compani1.rom",0x0000,0x4000, CRC(bcfa6068) SHA1(40074b55c91a947698598e9d6ac5b8495e8cc840))
ROM_END
ROM_START(spektrbk)
ROM_REGION(0x10000,"maincpu",0)
ROM_LOAD("spektr-bk001.rom", 0x0000, 0x4000, CRC(c011eecc) SHA1(35fdc8cd083e50452655997a997873627b131520))
ROM_END
ROM_START(sintez2)
ROM_REGION(0x10000,"maincpu",0)
ROM_LOAD( "sntez2.bin", 0x000000, 0x004000, CRC(490ded3a) SHA1(a1c6c18e1d93761c0891291ec75191f54929ed7b) )
ROM_END
ROM_START(zvezda)
ROM_REGION(0x10000,"maincpu",0)
ROM_LOAD( "2764-near-cpu_red.bin", 0x0000, 0x2000, CRC(a4ae4938) SHA1(ea1763b9dee29381ddcf882fbc4e404ba5366942))
ROM_LOAD( "2764-far-cpu_blue.bin", 0x2000, 0x2000, CRC(ebab64bc) SHA1(8c98a8b6e927b02cf602c20a1b50838e60f7785b))
ROM_END
// YEAR NAME PARENT COMPAT MACHINE INPUT CLASS INIT COMPANY FULLNAME FLAGS
COMP( 1982, spectrum, 0, 0, spectrum, spectrum, spectrum_state, init_spectrum, "Sinclair Research Ltd", "ZX Spectrum" , 0 )
COMP( 1987, spec80k, spectrum, 0, spectrum, spectrum, spectrum_state, init_spectrum, "<unknown>", "ZX Spectrum 80K", MACHINE_UNOFFICIAL )
COMP( 1995, specide, spectrum, 0, spectrum, spectrum, spectrum_state, init_spectrum, "<unknown>", "ZX Spectrum IDE", MACHINE_UNOFFICIAL )
COMP( 1986, inves, spectrum, 0, spectrum, spec_plus, spectrum_state, init_spectrum, "Investronica", "Inves Spectrum 48K+", 0 )
COMP( 1985, tk90x, spectrum, 0, spectrum, spectrum, spectrum_state, init_spectrum, "Micro Digital", "TK 90X Color Computer", 0 )
COMP( 1986, tk95, spectrum, 0, spectrum, spec_plus, spectrum_state, init_spectrum, "Micro Digital", "TK 95 Color Computer", 0 )
COMP( 1985, hc85, spectrum, 0, spectrum, spectrum, spectrum_state, init_spectrum, "ICE-Felix", "HC-85", 0 )
COMP( 1988, hc88, spectrum, 0, spectrum, spectrum, spectrum_state, init_spectrum, "ICE-Felix", "HC-88", MACHINE_NOT_WORKING )
COMP( 1990, hc90, spectrum, 0, spectrum, spectrum, spectrum_state, init_spectrum, "ICE-Felix", "HC-90", 0 )
COMP( 1991, hc91, spectrum, 0, spectrum, spec_plus, spectrum_state, init_spectrum, "ICE-Felix", "HC-91", 0 )
COMP( 1988, cobrasp, spectrum, 0, spectrum, spectrum, spectrum_state, init_spectrum, "ITCI", "Cobra (ITCI)", MACHINE_NOT_WORKING )
COMP( 1988, cobra80, spectrum, 0, spectrum, spectrum, spectrum_state, init_spectrum, "ITCI", "Cobra 80K (ITCI)", MACHINE_NOT_WORKING )
COMP( 1987, cip01, spectrum, 0, spectrum, spectrum, spectrum_state, init_spectrum, "Electronica", "CIP-01", 0 ) // keyboard should be spectrum, but image was not clear
COMP( 1988, cip03, spectrum, 0, spectrum, spectrum, spectrum_state, init_spectrum, "Electronica", "CIP-03", 0 ) // keyboard should be spectrum, but image was not clear
COMP( 1990, jet, spectrum, 0, spectrum, spectrum, spectrum_state, init_spectrum, "Electromagnetica", "JET", 0 ) // keyboard should be spectrum, but image was not clear
COMP( 1987, dgama87, spectrum, 0, spectrum, spectrum, spectrum_state, init_spectrum, "Didaktik Skalica", "Didaktik Gama 87", 0 )
COMP( 1988, dgama88, spectrum, 0, spectrum, spectrum, spectrum_state, init_spectrum, "Didaktik Skalica", "Didaktik Gama 88", 0 )
COMP( 1989, dgama89, spectrum, 0, spectrum, spectrum, spectrum_state, init_spectrum, "Didaktik Skalica", "Didaktik Gama 89", 0 )
COMP( 1990, didakt90, spectrum, 0, spectrum, spectrum, spectrum_state, init_spectrum, "Didaktik Skalica", "Didaktik 90", 0 )
COMP( 1991, didakm91, spectrum, 0, spectrum, spec_plus, spectrum_state, init_spectrum, "Didaktik Skalica", "Didaktik M 91", 0 )
COMP( 1992, didakm92, spectrum, 0, spectrum, spec_plus, spectrum_state, init_spectrum, "Didaktik Skalica", "Didaktik M 92", 0 )
COMP( 1992, didaktk, spectrum, 0, spectrum, spec_plus, spectrum_state, init_spectrum, "Didaktik Skalica", "Didaktik Kompakt", 0 )
COMP( 1993, didakm93, spectrum, 0, spectrum, spec_plus, spectrum_state, init_spectrum, "Didaktik Skalica", "Didaktik M 93", 0 )
COMP( 1988, mistrum, spectrum, 0, spectrum, spectrum, spectrum_state, init_spectrum, "Amaterske RADIO", "Mistrum", 0 ) // keyboard could be spectrum in some models (since it was a build-yourself design)
COMP( 198?, bk08, spectrum, 0, spectrum, spectrum, spectrum_state, init_spectrum, "Orel", "BK-08", 0 )
COMP( 1990, blitzs, spectrum, 0, spectrum, spectrum, spectrum_state, init_spectrum, "<unknown>", "Blic", 0 ) // no keyboard images found
COMP( 1990, byte, spectrum, 0, spectrum, spectrum, spectrum_state, init_spectrum, "<unknown>", "Byte", 0 ) // no keyboard images found
COMP( 199?, orizon, spectrum, 0, spectrum, spectrum, spectrum_state, init_spectrum, "<unknown>", "Orizon-Micro", 0 ) // no keyboard images found
COMP( 1993, quorum48, spectrum, 0, spectrum, spectrum, spectrum_state, init_spectrum, "<unknown>", "Kvorum 48K", MACHINE_NOT_WORKING )
COMP( 1993, magic6, spectrum, 0, spectrum, spectrum, spectrum_state, init_spectrum, "<unknown>", "Magic 6", MACHINE_NOT_WORKING ) // keyboard should be spectrum, but image was not clear
COMP( 1990, compani1, spectrum, 0, spectrum, spectrum, spectrum_state, init_spectrum, "<unknown>", "Kompanion 1", 0 ) // no keyboard images found
COMP( 1990, spektrbk, spectrum, 0, spectrum, spectrum, spectrum_state, init_spectrum, "<unknown>", "Spektr BK-001", 0 )
COMP( 1989, sintez2, spectrum, 0, spectrum, spectrum, spectrum_state, init_spectrum, "Signal", "Sintez 2", 0 )
COMP( 1990, zvezda, spectrum, 0, spectrum, spectrum, spectrum_state, init_spectrum, "<unknown>", "Zvezda", 0 )