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I have recently upgraded my Mapnik version to 2.1.0_rc1 using the installer available at https://github.com/downloads/mapnik/mapnik/mapnik_2.1.0-rc1.dmg.
I have found some odd behaviour regarding the shieldSymbolizer. dx and dy values appear to shift the entire shield by the specified number of pixels, rather than only the text, as specified in the docs.
Below is an example of the rule I am using:
<ShieldSymbolizer size="10" fill="#000" dx="-1" dy="-1" placement="point" file="shield.png" minimum-distance="40" fontset-name="book-fonts" halo-radius="1">[ref]</ShieldSymbolizer>
What happens if you use shield-dx and/or shield-dy?
shield-dx and shield-dy behave as expected, i.e. they also shift the image and the text.
You may have to set unlock-image="true" (I believe it's incorrectly listed in the shieldsymbolizer as "unlock-imageplacements").
If "false", the symbol is placed relative to the text box center.
If "true", the symbol is placed relative to the point position
Should work correctly in current master. However for a better interface was defined for new versions. https://github.com/mapnik/mapnik/wiki/ShieldSymbolizer