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Installing Mapnik on Ubuntu

For all versions of Ubuntu make sure you are up to date before starting to install:

    sudo apt-get update
    sudo apt-get upgrade

For previous versions see the archived notes at UbuntuInstallationOld

Ubuntu Maverick (10.10)

This release has Mapnik packages for 0.7.1 (to check run apt-cache show libmapnik*), so you can either install Mapnik from packages or source.

  • Packages are available in the 'universe' repositories so make sure your /etc/apt/sources.list has the below lines (or similar):
    deb maverick universe
    deb maverick-updates universe

Install from packages

For v 2.0.x version

Most distributions don't have Mapnik 2 packages bundled. You can use nightly build if you're not able to compile from source.

    sudo add-apt-repository ppa:mapnik/nightly-trunk
    sudo apt-get update
    sudo apt-get upgrade
    sudo apt-get install mapnik2-utils libmapnik2 python-mapnik2

For v 0.7.x version

    sudo apt-get install libmapnik0.7 mapnik-utils python-mapnik

Note: then you will likely also want to install Postgres + PostGIS (see below)

Install Mapnik from source

First, remove any apt installing packages:

    sudo apt-get remove libmapnik* mapnik-utils python-mapnik

Set up build environment

    # get a build environment going...
    sudo apt-get install -y g++ cpp \
    libicu-dev \
    libboost-filesystem1.42-dev \
    libboost-iostreams1.42-dev libboost-program-options1.42-dev \
    libboost-python1.42-dev libboost-regex1.42-dev \
    libboost-system1.42-dev libboost-thread1.42-dev \
    python-dev libxml2 libxml2-dev \
    libfreetype6 libfreetype6-dev \
    libjpeg62 libjpeg62-dev \
    libltdl7 libltdl-dev \
    libpng12-0 libpng12-dev \
    libgeotiff-dev libtiff4 libtiff4-dev libtiffxx0c2 \
    libcairo2 libcairo2-dev python-cairo python-cairo-dev \
    libcairomm-1.0-1 libcairomm-1.0-dev \
    ttf-unifont ttf-dejavu ttf-dejavu-core ttf-dejavu-extra \
    subversion build-essential python-nose

    # install plugin dependencies
    sudo apt-get install libgdal1-dev python-gdal \
    postgresql-8.4 postgresql-server-dev-8.4 postgresql-contrib-8.4 postgresql-8.4-postgis \

Then compile and install Mapnik

For instructions on compiling trunk (aka Mapnik2) see Mapnik2

    svn co mapnik-0.7.1
    cd mapnik-0.7.1
    python scons/ configure INPUT_PLUGINS=all OPTIMIZATION=3 SYSTEM_FONTS=/usr/share/fonts/
    python scons/
    sudo python scons/ install

Then run:

    $ sudo ldconfig

To test mapnik:

    $ Python
    >>> import mapnik
  • No output is good.

Then run the full test suite

    cd mapnik-0.7.1
    python tests/

If you are interested what libraries mapnik linked against do (for example):

    ldd /usr/lib/python2.6/site-packages/mapnik/ | grep boost
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