Digital Exhibit for Mapping Violence project
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Mapping Violence recovers lost and obscured cases of racial violence in Texas from 1900 to 1930, a period of now largely forgotten bloodshed. Making these histories public is a crucial step towards reckoning with the long legacies of violence.

This timeline documents actions by survivors (left) and the state (right) following the Porvenir Massacre. This timeline includes photographs, maps, documents, and visualizations to help discuss the erasure and commemoration of the Porvenir Massacre over the last century, culminating in the 100th anniversary in 2018.

This timeline is adapted from chapter 3, "Denial of Justice", in Monica Muñoz Martinez's book, The Injustice Never Leaves You: Anti-Mexican Violence, published by Harvard University Press in September 2018.


This timeline makes use of several repositories.

@CodyHouse Vertical Timeline plugin This website was initially forked from this plugin. All the resources available on CodyHouse are released under the BSD-3-Clause license.

@BootstrapStart This website borrows extensively from a multipurpose one page Bootstrap theme created by Start Bootstrap. Bootstrap is an open source library of free Bootstrap templates and themes. All of the free templates and themes on Start Bootstrap are released under the MIT license, which means you can use them for any purpose, even for commercial projects.

Start Bootstrap was created by and is maintained by David Miller, Owner of Blackrock Digital.

Start Bootstrap is based on the Bootstrap framework created by Mark Otto and Jacob Thorton.

@vlandham Scroll Demo This website makes use of Vallaningham's scrollytelling demo to incorporate its data visualizations.

Copyright and License

Copyright 2013-2018 Blackrock Digital LLC. Code released under the MIT license.

Hello my name is

Emily Esten, MA in Public Humanities at Brown University (2018). I am also a Researcher and Collaborator on the Mapping Violence project. Visit my personal website and I tweet at @sheishistoric.

Monica Muñoz Martinez is Stanley J. Bernstein Assistant Professor of American Studies and Ethnic Studies at Brown University and an Andrew Carnegie Fellow. She is cofounder of the nonprofit organization Refusing to Forget, which calls for a public reckoning with racial violence in Texas. Martinez helped develop an award-winning exhibit on racial terror in the early twentieth century for the Bullock Texas State History Museum and worked to secure four state historical markers along the U.S.–Mexico border.

Mapping Violence is a multifaceted project that includes compiling a digital archive of histories of racial violence, researching documented cases, curating content (including digital tours and historical essays), and an interactive map. Read about all members of the team.