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Topologically sort directed acyclic graphs (such as dependency lists) in javascript
JavaScript
branch: master

README.md

Toposort

Sort directed acyclic graphs

Build Status

Installation

npm install toposort or component install marcelklehr/toposort

then in your code:

toposort = require('toposort')

Usage

We want to sort the following graph.

graph

// First, we define our edges.
var graph = [
  ['put on your shoes', 'tie your shoes']
, ['put on your shirt', 'put on your jacket']
, ['put on your shorts', 'put on your jacket']
, ['put on your shorts', 'put on your shoes']
]


// Now, sort the vertices topologically, to reveal a legal execution order.
toposort(graph)
// [ 'put on your shirt'
// , 'put on your shorts'
// , 'put on your jacket'
// , 'put on your shoes'
// , 'tie your shoes' ]

(Note that there is no defined order for graph parts that are not connected -- you could also put on your jacket after having tied your shoes...)

Sorting dependencies

It is usually more convenient to specify dependencies instead of "sequences".

// This time, edges represent dependencies.
var graph = [
  ['tie your shoes', 'put on your shoes']
, ['put on your jacket', 'put on your shirt']
, ['put on your shoes', 'put on your shorts']
, ['put on your jacket', 'put on your shorts']
]

toposort(graph) 
// [ 'tie your shoes'
// , 'put on your shoes'
// , 'put on your jacket'
// , 'put on your shirt'
// , 'put on your shorts' ]

// Now, reversing the list will reveal a legal execution order.
toposort(graph).reverse() 
// [ 'put on your shorts'
// , 'put on your shirt'
// , 'put on your jacket'
// , 'put on your shoes'
// , 'tie your shoes' ]

API

toposort(edges)

  • edges {Array} An array of directed edges describing a graph. An edge looks like this: [node1, node2] (vertices needn't be strings but can be of any type).

Returns: {Array} a list of vertices, sorted from "start" to "end"

toposort.array(nodes, edges)

  • nodes {Array} An array of nodes
  • edges {Array} An array of directed edges. You don't need to mention all nodes here.

This is a convenience method that allows you to define nodes that may or may not be connected to any other nodes. The ordering of unconnected nodes is not defined.

Returns: {Array} a list of vertices, sorted from "start" to "end"

Tests

Run the tests with node test.js.

Legal

MIT License

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