Navigation Menu

Skip to content


Folders and files

Last commit message
Last commit date

Latest commit



31 Commits

Repository files navigation


This repository has been reworked to be an example of how to use tools from my other repositories.

I'm not realy clear the best way to package this stuff for micropython but also have a repo full of documentation, examples, and tests. This repo may be that. I'll stick the actual tools in other, small repos that just have the micropython focussed packages. Comments welcome.

Note about TLS

TLS support is currently blocked in micropython due to memory constraints. I have begun work on these tools to support it at least client side and made some attempts for server side support but until the memory issues are resolved in micropython, the support won't be complete.


You'll need the packages from and I install them at the root of the filesystem (i.e. as /http and /websockets) but as long as they are in your import path on the device, they ought to work.

note: I've added thses as submodules so cloning this repositroy and using git submodure init && git submodule update --recursive ought to work.


The /dev directory holds a working example. Nothing has to be done this way, I just chose these methods as examples. My goal is that this directory represents the root of the device for this example.

JSON config files

Just an example of how to manange configuraiton with json files. I have used btree key/value dbs for the same purpose with success, and NVS partitions are also candidates. I'll add examples for those down the road.

networking credentials and locations

These settings are used to identify the device, start an access point, and connect to a local access point as a wifi station. Angle brackets mean fill this information in. Feel free to change anything. This file is checked on boot in all cases.

Look in to see how these settings are consumed.


    "device": {
        "iam": "Device_1",
        "dev": "ESP32"
    "ap": {
        "essid": "<device AP ssid>",
        "authmode": 3,
        "password": "<device AP password>",
        "hidden": false
    "sta": {
        "ssid": "<AP ssid>",
        "pass": "<AP password>"
    "wsserver": {
        "ip": "",
        "host": 'server.tld'
        "port": 7777,
        "path": "TS001"

application configuration

The default application to load and application settings. The only settings that need customization are the "home" ip and port in the demo to point to the machine running the device_server.


    "app": "demo",
    "echoserver": {
        "listen_addr": "",
        "listen_port": 7777
    "demo": {
        "http": {
            "ip": "",
            "port": 80
        "websocket": {
            "ip": "",
            "port": 7777
        "home": {
            "ip": "",
            "port": 7770

The value associated with "app" will be loaded by the application loading in This value must exists as a key in the file, whose values represt configuration for that app.


Ignore this directory for now, will hold keys and things for tls implementation


web root for html requests to the http server. The demo page is in there and uses jquery as an example of how to self-contain some helpful js for a nice intro page.


There are some "important" object instances and initialization routines in here which are used elsewhere, like the network station and access point interfaces, and a "fake_interface" which is used in the demo page.

The fake_interface takes a string and upper cases it.

This is done via websocket connection between the loaded page and the device, and represents a way to interact between the device and the page. This could be an interface to additional hardare, for example.

The networking interface initialization "works" with micropython v1.19.1. Using soft-resets (ctrl-D) can cause some errors to be thrown but the initial connection should be robust. Monitoring the connection is not implemented.

The init() function is called on boot to connect the interfaces.

The recovery() function is called when booting fails or the application exits with an unhandled exception.

/ does a lot of things differently from how standard python is taught. This is because it's more systems programming than application programming.

A default app_main(args) is defined whose purpose is to run if the import of the desired application's app_main fails. All applications (in this scheme anyways) have the following structure:


where <application> is the application name in app.json. trys to load app.json and read the application name:

    app_cfg = load_app_cfg()                                                    
    if not app_cfg:                                                             
        raise ValueError("No app config")                                       
    app = app_cfg.get('app')                                                    
    if not app:                                                                 
        raise ValueError("No app defined in app config") 

Since we're trying to load an application by variable, the import line is constructured and run through "exec()":

modline = "from apps.{}.main import app_main".format(app)                   

Exceptions aren't handled, just printed. This is becuase there's a severe unexpected error: the app we want to load isn't loading.

This is why app_main was defined. If the app loaded, app_main would point to the application we want to run. Since it wasn't loaded, it defaults to run the recovery() function as defined:

def app_main(args):
    ''' a 'default' app_main function which is called if the import from apps
    fails '''

Now app_main is run:

except KeyboardInterrupt:                                                       
except Exception as e:                                                          
except BaseException as e:                                                      

In this case, a KayboardInterrupt will drop to the shell, while the other two main classes of exceptions will cause recovery() to run.

The application loader does not know or care about the application. The application ought to handle it's own exceptions. If an excepetion is raised to here, the best we can do is try to put the device into a recoverable state.


The applications we intent to run, synced with app.json.


Some helpers, like what to do for recovery and loading config files only once.


Reads the configuration and launches a websocket server which repeats back to what you send.

Useful for testing as it's simple. Use scripts/ to interact with it from a different machine on the same network. Make sure the server ip and port match in both.


The main dealy. The device will run a http serer and a websocket server, and will launch a websocket client attempting to contact the device_server. Run the device_server in the /scripts directory.

If you connect to the device access point, or are on the same network as the device, navigate your web browser to it's ip address:
or # or whatever it's ip address is on your network

If everything is working, you should be greeted with a page which shows you information about the device and has a card for Fake Interface Example.

Start the fake interface via the button. Verify it's running. Send it a message. Read the glorified, all capitalized message, fully processed on the device.


Oof, sorry you are here.

There's a lot of output on the device side, there might be helpful information there.

edit "app.json" so that "app" is now "echoserver" and upload that change to the device and reboot. Run the in scripts and verify the device and computer are talking to each other.

In when running the "demo" app, you can connect to the device as an AP, try that, might be easier than dealing with all the intermediate networking issues which can arise.


Example of a basic (not safe!) http server, websocket server, and websocket client running at the same time






No releases published


No packages published