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GitHub Action

SCP Command to Transfer Files

v0.1.3 Latest version
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SCP Command to Transfer Files

How to Use SCP Command to Transfer Files/Folders in Linux

Installation

Copy and paste the following snippet into your .yml file.

- name: SCP Command to Transfer Files
  uses: appleboy/scp-action@v0.1.3
Learn more about this action in appleboy/scp-action
Choose a version

🚀 SCP for GitHub Actions

GitHub Action for copying files and artifacts via SSH.

Actions Status

Important: Only support Linux docker container.

Usage

Copy files and artifacts via SSH:

name: scp files
on: [push]
jobs:

  build:
    name: Build
    runs-on: ubuntu-latest
    steps:
    - uses: actions/checkout@master
    - name: copy file via ssh password
      uses: appleboy/scp-action@master
      with:
        host: ${{ secrets.HOST }}
        username: ${{ secrets.USERNAME }}
        password: ${{ secrets.PASSWORD }}
        port: ${{ secrets.PORT }}
        source: "tests/a.txt,tests/b.txt"
        target: "test"

Input variables

See the action.yml file for more detail information.

  • host - scp remote host
  • port - scp remote port, default is 22
  • username - scp username
  • password - scp password
  • passphrase - the passphrase is usually to encrypt the private key
  • fingerprint - fingerprint SHA256 of the host public key, default is to skip verification
  • timeout - timeout for ssh to remote host, default is 30s
  • command_timeout - timeout for scp command, default is 10m
  • key - content of ssh private key. ex raw content of ~/.ssh/id_rsa
  • key_path - path of ssh private key
  • target - target path on the server
  • source - scp file list
  • rm - remove target folder before upload data, default is false
  • strip_components - remove the specified number of leading path elements.
  • overwrite - use --overwrite flag with tar
  • tar_tmp_path - temporary path for tar file on the dest host
  • use_insecure_cipher - include more ciphers with use_insecure_cipher (see #15)

SSH Proxy Setting:

  • proxy_host - proxy host
  • proxy_port - proxy port, default is 22
  • proxy_username - proxy username
  • proxy_password - proxy password
  • proxy_passphrase - the passphrase is usually to encrypt the private key
  • proxy_timeout - timeout for ssh to proxy host, default is 30s
  • proxy_key - content of ssh proxy private key.
  • proxy_key_path - path of ssh proxy private key
  • proxy_fingerprint - fingerprint SHA256 of the host public key, default is to skip verification
  • proxy_use_insecure_cipher - include more ciphers with use_insecure_cipher (see #15)

Example

Copy file via a SSH password:

- name: copy file via ssh password
  uses: appleboy/scp-action@master
  with:
    host: example.com
    username: foo
    password: bar
    port: 22
    source: "tests/a.txt,tests/b.txt"
    target: "test"

Copy file via a SSH key:

- name: copy file via ssh key
  uses: appleboy/scp-action@master
  with:
    host: ${{ secrets.HOST }}
    username: ${{ secrets.USERNAME }}
    port: ${{ secrets.PORT }}
    key: ${{ secrets.KEY }}
    source: "tests/a.txt,tests/b.txt"
    target: "test"

Example configuration for ignore list:

- name: copy file via ssh key
  uses: appleboy/scp-action@master
  with:
    host: ${{ secrets.HOST }}
    username: ${{ secrets.USERNAME }}
    port: ${{ secrets.PORT }}
    key: ${{ secrets.KEY }}
    source: "tests/*.txt,!tests/a.txt"
    target: "test"

Example configuration for multiple servers:

  uses: appleboy/scp-action@master
  with:
-   host: "example.com"
+   host: "foo.com,bar.com"
    username: foo
    password: bar
    port: 22
    source: "tests/a.txt,tests/b.txt"
    target: "test"

Remove the specified number of leading path elements:

- name: remove the specified number of leading path elements
  uses: appleboy/scp-action@master
  with:
    host: ${{ secrets.HOST }}
    username: ${{ secrets.USERNAME }}
    key: ${{ secrets.KEY }}
    port: ${{ secrets.PORT }}
    source: "tests/a.txt,tests/b.txt"
    target: "foobar"
    strip_components: 1

Old target structure:

foobar
  └── tests
    ├── a.txt
    └── b.txt

New target structure:

foobar
  ├── a.txt
  └── b.txt

Protecting a Private Key. The purpose of the passphrase is usually to encrypt the private key. This makes the key file by itself useless to an attacker. It is not uncommon for files to leak from backups or decommissioned hardware, and hackers commonly exfiltrate files from compromised systems.

  - name: ssh key with passphrase
    uses: appleboy/scp-action@master
    with:
      host: ${{ secrets.HOST }}
      username: ${{ secrets.USERNAME }}
      key: ${{ secrets.SSH2 }}
+     passphrase: ${{ secrets.PASSPHRASE }}
      port: ${{ secrets.PORT }}
      source: "tests/a.txt,tests/b.txt"
      target: "test"