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This is a collection of scripts and Cacti templates to graph the output from
the "iostat" command. At the moment, it supports Linux and Solaris iostat.

This release was put together by myself (Mark Round), and the script
was based heavily on the fantastic bind9 stats Cacti plugin, written by Cory 
Powers. The iostat command used on Linux is "iostat -xkd", which requires a 2.5 
or newer kernel. Solaris uses "iostat -dx" which should work on just about any
version of Solaris.

The Solaris modifications were made by Marwan Shaher and Eric Schoeller - many 
thanks to you two :)

The Linux templates have all been exported from Cacti 0.8.7b, and the Solaris
templates were exported from Cacti 0.8.7d. Importing into newer versions of
Cacti should work, but importing into previous versions of Cacti will probably 
not work - if you have problems with the templates, please try upgrading first 
before reporting a bug.

The OID used by this script (. is marked as being reserved for 
"experimental" usage. While it will work out of the box, this range may not be
unique across your organisation. If you decide to change this, you will need to 
adjust the instructions below to reflect this.

10/03/2011 - Version 1.7 - Uploaded to github
14/10/2010 - Version 1.6 - Added by "asq"
18/07/2009 - Version 1.5 - Added FreeBSD distribution from Boogie Shafer
22/06/2009 - Version 1.4 - Added FreeBSD license
19/03/2009 - Version 1.3 - Added patch from Marwan Shaher and Eric Schoeller
                           to support Solaris
16/03/2009 - Version 1.2 - Changed instructions for cron job, so that commas
                           get substituted with period (.) characters on
                           older iostat versions
10/03/2009 - Version 1.1 - Added patch from Viktor Sokolov to work with older
                           sysstat found on Debian Etch and other distros.
14/10/2008 - Version 1.0 - Initial release

Thanks to the awesome work of Boogie Shafer, there is now a FreeBSD port
of these scripts. I have included the modified tarball that was sent to me,
this is inside the archive as the following directory :
FreeBSD users should be able to use this modifications and follow the 
instructions inside.

I have not had time to go through and merge these changes into one unified
distribution yet, but as people were asking for the FreeBSD port, here it



On the server to be monitored, copy scripts/ to /usr/local/bin.
Then, define a cron job that creates the iostat.cache file. For example, on
most Linux systems, you should be able to create a file called 
/etc/cron.d/iostat with the following contents :

* * * * * root cd /tmp && iostat -xkd 30 2 | sed 's/,/\./g' > io.tmp && mv io.tmp iostat.cache

And on Solaris, you'll need to edit a suitable crontab (root or sys would be the
obvious choices) with the following :

* * * * * cd /tmp && iostat -dx 30 2 > io.tmp && mv io.tmp iostat.cache

This will create the cache file once every minute, and will sample for 30 
seconds. You can adjust this figure as necessary, but avoid the trap of setting
it to sample for 60 seconds - as the command will take slightly longer than 1
minute to run, you'll end up with multiple processes running.


Edit your NET-SNMPD snmpd.conf file to include the following (adjusting the OID 
if necessary, see above) :

pass . /usr/bin/perl /usr/local/bin/

There is also a much improved persistent script which involves a lot less forking,
and also a caching mechanism. If you would like to use this version (recommended),
add it to your snmpd.conf with the following instead :

pass_persist . /usr/bin/perl /usr/local/bin/

Only use one of these - don't enable both!

Then restart your snmpd process. After the cron job has run (check for the 
existence of the /tmp/iostat.cache file), you should be able to test the script
returns data, using a snmpwalk command similar to the following :

snmpwalk -v1 -c community_string your_host_ip .

You should get a list of devices on the server returned, which will look similar
to the following on Linux :

SNMPv2-SMI::experimental.1.2.1 = STRING: "sda"
SNMPv2-SMI::experimental.1.2.2 = STRING: "dm-1"
SNMPv2-SMI::experimental.1.2.3 = STRING: "sdb"
SNMPv2-SMI::experimental.1.2.4 = STRING: "dm-2"

Or on Solaris :

SNMPv2-SMI::experimental.1.2.1 = STRING: "cmdk0"
SNMPv2-SMI::experimental.1.2.2 = STRING: "cmdk1"
SNMPv2-SMI::experimental.1.2.3 = STRING: "md0"
SNMPv2-SMI::experimental.1.2.4 = STRING: "md1"

If you get no output, go back and double check the previous two steps.


For Linux, copy snmp_queries/linux/iostat.xml to your Cacti server, and place it
under <cacti_path>/resource/snmp_queries. Under Debian, this is 
/usr/share/cacti/resource/snmp_queries , but may be different for other systems.

For Solaris, the process is the same, but the file in this archive is

If you've decided to change the OID, you'll also need to modify these files.

Next, log into your Cacti web interface, and click on "Import Templates". Import
all of the templates under the templates directory for your OS.

You should then be able to go to the host device you want to monitor, and add 
the new data queries. Then, click on "Create Graphs for this Host", and 
select the devices you want to graph.

Any comments, criticism, bug reports, suggestions, fixes, etc. all appreciated!
Drop me a line at, and I'll do my best to reply :)

Alternatively, these templates are now hosted at github :

You can check the latest version out, fork and submit pull requests to
me through there.


A set of templates to monitor iostat statistics on Unix systems







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