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generators/foreign_key_migration
lib
CHANGELOG
MIT-LICENSE
README
about.yml
init.rb
install.rb

README

= Foreign Key Migrations

Foreign Key Migrations is a plugin that automatically generates foreign-key
constraints when creating tables. It uses SQL-92 syntax and as such should be
compatible with most databases that support foreign-key constraints.

In the simplest case, the plugin assumes that if you have a column named
+customer_id+ that you want a foreign-key constraint generated that references
the +id+ column in the +customers+ table:

  create_table :orders do |t|
    t.column :customer_id, :integer, :null => false
    ...
  end

If you have multiple columns referencing a table or for whatever reason, your
column name isn't the same as the referenced table name, you can use the
<code>:references</code> option:

  create_table :orders do |t|
    t.column :ordered_by_id, :integer, :null => false, :references => :customers
    ...
  end

If you have a column with a name ending in +_id+ for which you do not wish a
foreign-key to be generated, you can use <code>:references => nil</code>:

  create_table :orders do |t|
    t.column :external_id, :integer, :null => false, :references => nil
    ...
  end

Sometimes you may (for legacy reasons) need to reference a primary key column that is
named something other than +id+. In this case you can specify the name of the column:

  create_table :orders do |t|
    t.column :ordered_by_pk, :integer, :null => false, :references => [:customers, :pk]
    ...
  end

You also have the option of specifying what to do on delete/update using
<code>:on_delete</code>/<code>:on_update</code>, respectively to one of:
<code>:cascade</code>; <code>:restrict</code>; and <code>:set_null</code>:

  create_table :orders do |t|
    t.column :customer_id, :integer, :on_delete => :set_null, :on_update => :cascade
    ...
  end

If your database supports it (for example PostgreSQL) you can also mark the constraint as deferrable:

  create_table :orders do |t|
    t.column :customer_id, :integer, :deferrable => true
    ...
  end

By convention, if a column is named +parent_id+ it will be treated as a circular reference to
the table in which it is defined.

Sometimes you may (for legacy reasons) need to name your primary key column such that it
would be misinterpreted as a foreign-key (say for example if you named the primary key
+order_id+). In this case you can manually create the primary key as follows:

  create_table :orders, :id => false do |t|
    ...
    t.primary_key :order_id, :references => nil
  end

There is also a generator for creating foreign keys on a database that currently has none:

  ruby script/generate foreign_key_migration

The plugin fully supports and understands the following active-record
configuration properties:

* <code>config.active_record.pluralize_table_names</code>
* <code>config.active_record.table_name_prefix</code>
* <code>config.active_record.table_name_suffix</code>

=== Dependencies

* RedHill on Rails Core (redhillonrails_core).

=== See Also

* Foreign Key Associations (foreign_key_associations).

=== License

This plugin is copyright 2006 by RedHill Consulting, Pty. Ltd. and is released
under the MIT license.
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