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README.md

TypoScript Lint: CGL validation for TypoScript

Build Status

Author

Martin Helmich (typo3 at martin-helmich dot de)

Contents

Synopsis

This package contains a tool that can parse TYPO3's configuration language, "TypoScript", into an syntax tree and perform static code analysis on the parsed code. typoscript-lint can generate Checkstyle-compatible output and can be used in Continuous Integration environments.

Why?!

This project started of as a private programming excercise. I was writing an article for the T3N magazine on Continuous Integration for TYPO3 projects, introducing tools like JSHint or CSSLint, and I noticed that no comparable tools exist for TypoScript. So I thought, "What the heck, let's go" and at some point realized that my little programming excercise might actually be useful to someone. So, that's that. Enjoy.

Getting started

Setup

Install typo3-typoscript-lint with Composer:

composer require --dev helmich/typo3-typoscript-lint

Of course, this works best if your TYPO3 project is also Composer-based. If it isn't, you can also install the Linter globally using the composer global command:

composer global require helmich/typo3-typoscript-lint

Usage

Call typo3-typoscript-lint as follows:

vendor/bin/typoscript-lint path/to/your.ts

By default, it will print a report on the console. To generate a checkstyle-format XML file, call as follows:

vendor/bin/typoscript-lint -f xml -o checkstyle.xml path/to/your.ts

Example

asciicast

Code validation

Features

Certain aspects of code validation are organized into so-called "sniffs" (I borrowed the term from PHP's CodeSniffer project). Currently, there are sniffs for checking the following common mistakes or code-smells in TypoScript:

Indentation

The indentation level should be increased with each nested statement. In the configuration file, you can define whether you prefer tabs or spaces for indentation.

foo {
    bar = 2
  baz = 5
# ^----------- This will raise a warning!
}

By default, the indentation sniff expects code inside TypoScript conditions to be not indented. You can change this behaviour by setting the indentConditions flag for the indentation sniff to true in your tslint.yml configuration file (see below).

Dead code

Code that was commented out just clutters your source code and obstructs readability. Remove it, that's what you have version control for (you do use version control, do you?).

foo {
    bar.baz = 5
    #baz.foo = Hello World
#   ^----------- This will raise a warning!
}

Whitespaces

Check that no superflous whitespace float around your operators.

#   v----------- This will raise a warning (one space too much)
foo  {
    bar= 3
#      ^-------- This will also raise a warning (one space too few)
}

Repeating values

If the same value is assigned to different objects, it might be useful to extract this into a TypoScript constant.

foo {
    bar = Hello World
    baz = Hello World
#         ^----- Time to extract "Hello World" into a constant!

Duplicate assignments

Assigning a value to the same object multiple times. Works across nested statements, too.

foo {
    bar = baz
#   ^----------- This statement is useless, because foo.bar is unconditionally overwritten!
}
foo.bar = test

The sniff is however smart enough to detect conditional overwrites. So the following code will not raise a warning:

foo {
    bar = baz
}

[globalString = ENV:foo = bar]
foo.bar = test
[global]

Nesting consistency

This sniff checks if nesting assignments are used in a consistent manner. Consider the following example:

foo {
    bar = test1
}

foo {
    baz = test2
}

In this case, the two nested statements might very well be merged into one statement.

Consider another example:

foo {
    bar = test1
}

foo.baz {
    bar = test2
}

In this case, both statements could be nested in each other.

Empty blocks

Raises warnings about empty assignment blocks:

foo {
}

Configuration

typoscript-lint looks for a file typoscript-lint.yml in the current working directory. If such a file is found, it will be merged with the typoscript-lint.dist.yml from the installation root directory. Have a look at said file for an idea of what you can configure (granted, not much yet):

Note: Previous versions of this tool used the filename tslint.yml for their configuration files. This conflicted with the same-named tool for linting TypeScript, and is thus considered deprecated (although the old file names are still supported).

  • The paths to lint can be set under the paths key:

    paths:
      - directory/with/typoscript
      - ...
  • Configure individual sniffs under the sniff key in the configuration file. This key consists of a list of objects, each with a class key and an optional parameters key.

    Since a local configuration file will be merged with the distributed configuration file, you cannot disable sniffs by simply removing them from the local configuration file (see this bug report for more information). To disable a sniff, use the disabled configuration property. For example, to disable the DeadCode sniff:

    sniffs:
      - class: DeadCode
        disabled: true
  • Configure file extensions that should be treated as TypoScript files in the filePatterns key. This key may contain a list of glob patterns that inspected files need to match. This is especially relevant when you're running typoscript-lint on entire directory trees:

    filePatterns:
      - "*.ts"
      - "setup.txt"
      - # ...

Articles

Future features

  • Sniffs for more code smells (ideas are welcome)
  • Full test coverage (no, I did not do TDD. Shame on me.)
  • Automated fixing of found errors