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Spring MVC integration for Swagger

Merge pull request #589 from ammmze/feature/request-part-annotation

Add support for @RequestPart annotation 

closes #588
latest commit 5f228e6182
Dilip Krishnan dilipkrish authored



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This project integrates swagger with the Spring Web MVC framework. The complete swagger specification is available at and it's worth being familiar with the main concepts of the specification and the documentation on the Swagger Annotations Typically a Spring Web MVC project will use this project in combination with the swagger-ui project ( to provide the user interface which visualises an applications JSON api's. The most common know use of this project has been Spring Web MVC applications using springs MappingJackson2HttpMessageConverter to produce JSON API endpoints.

The demo project ( contains a number of examples using both spring web mvc and spring-boot.

Development and contribution guidelines are available here


Release version





repositories {

compile "com.mangofactory:swagger-springmvc:0.9.5"

Snapshot version





repositories {
   maven { url '' }

compile "com.mangofactory:swagger-springmvc:1.0.0-SNAPSHOT"

Notable Dependencies

  • As of v0.9.5 all dependencies on scala have been removed.
  • Spring 3.2.x or above
  • jackson 2.4.4
  • guava 15.0

Usage (Quick guide)

This quick guide outlines how to get swagger-springmvc up and running with a default configuration. The recommended way to integrate swagger-springmvc with your application is to use the SwaggerSpringMvcPlugin as explained below.

Spring Java Configuration

  • By far, the easiest way to enable swagger
  • Assuming you have configured Spring MVC without an xml based servlet application context.
  • A typical minimal configuration looks as follows:
public class WebAppConfig {

The @EnableSwagger annotation, in this example, enables swagger-springmvc out of the box. The generated swagger json Resource Listing is available at /api-docs

Spring xml Configuration

  • To get the default implementation simply define a bean of type: com.mangofactory.swagger.configuration.SpringSwaggerConfig
<mvc:annotation-driven/> <!-- Required so swagger-springmvc can access spring's RequestMappingHandlerMapping  -->
<bean class="com.mangofactory.swagger.configuration.SpringSwaggerConfig" />
  • The generated swagger json Resource Listing is available at /api-docs

Usage (SwaggerSpringMvcPlugin)

The recommended way to integrate swagger-springmvc with your application is to use the SwaggerSpringMvcPlugin. If you are ever going to need to configure or customize how swagger-springmvc generates your application's swagger api documentation you are going to need to use the SwaggerSpringMvcPlugin.

SwaggerSpringMvcPlugin XML Configuration

To use the plugin you must create a spring java configuration class which uses spring's @Configuration. This config class must then be defined in your xml application context.

<!-- Required so swagger-springmvc can access spring's RequestMappingHandlerMapping  -->

<bean class="com.yourapp.configuration.MySwaggerConfig"/>
@EnableSwagger //Loads the spring beans required by the framework
public class MySwaggerConfig {

   private SpringSwaggerConfig springSwaggerConfig;

    * Required to autowire SpringSwaggerConfig
   public void setSpringSwaggerConfig(SpringSwaggerConfig springSwaggerConfig) {
      this.springSwaggerConfig = springSwaggerConfig;

    * Every SwaggerSpringMvcPlugin bean is picked up by the swagger-mvc framework - allowing for multiple
    * swagger groups i.e. same code base multiple swagger resource listings.
   public SwaggerSpringMvcPlugin customImplementation(){
      return new SwaggerSpringMvcPlugin(this.springSwaggerConfig)


SwaggerSpringMvcPlugin Spring Java Configuration

  • Use the @EnableSwagger annotation.
  • Autowire SpringSwaggerConfig.
  • Define one or more SwaggerSpringMvcPlugin instances using springs @Bean annotation.
public class CustomJavaPluginConfig {

   private SpringSwaggerConfig springSwaggerConfig;

   public void setSpringSwaggerConfig(SpringSwaggerConfig springSwaggerConfig) {
      this.springSwaggerConfig = springSwaggerConfig;

   @Bean //Don't forget the @Bean annotation
   public SwaggerSpringMvcPlugin customImplementation(){
      return new SwaggerSpringMvcPlugin(this.springSwaggerConfig)

    private ApiInfo apiInfo() {
      ApiInfo apiInfo = new ApiInfo(
              "My Apps API Title",
              "My Apps API Description",
              "My Apps API terms of service",
              "My Apps API Contact Email",
              "My Apps API Licence Type",
              "My Apps API License URL"
      return apiInfo;


Option 1

  • Note: Only use this option if you don't need to customize any of the swagger-ui static content, otherwise use option 2.
  • Use the web-jar which packages all of the swagger-ui static content.
  • Requires that your app is using the servlet 3 specification.
  • For non-spring boot applications some extra spring configuration (ResourceHandler's) is required. See:
dependencies {
  compile "org.ajar:swagger-spring-mvc-ui:0.4"

Option 2

  • Manually copy all of the static content swagger-ui's dist directory (
  • Provide the necessary view resolvers and resource handlers to serve the static content.
  • Consult the spring documentation on serving static resources.

The following is one way to serve static content from /src/main/webapp

<!-- Direct static mappings -->
<mvc:resources mapping="*.html" location="/"/>

<!-- Serve static content-->

Change log available here

Migration From 0.8.0 -> 0.8.4+

Prior to 0.8.4 the configuration of Swagger-springmvc was far too verbose as indicated by a number of users. SwaggerSpringMvcPlugin was introduced to make configuration simpler and less verbose. It is recommended to follow the usage guides above and migrate your swagger-springmvc configuration to use the SwaggerSpringMvcPlugin

How It works

Swagger-springmvc bootstraps your spring application and scans the RequestMappingHandlerMapping's created by spring to generate the swagger documentation for your applications API's. Swagger-springmvc stores the generated swagger documentation, in memory, and serves it as JSON using a spring controller.

Core Concepts

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Swagger group

A swagger group is a concept introduced by this library which is simply a unique identifier for a Swagger Resource Listing within your application. The reason this concept was introduced was to support applications which require more than one Resource Listing. Why would you need more than one Resource Listing?

  • A single Spring Web MVC application serves more than one API e.g. publicly facing and internally facing.
  • A single Spring Web MVC application serves multiple versions of the same API. e.g. v1 and v2

    In most cases an application will not need more than one Resource Listing and the concept of swagger groups can be ignored.

Resource Listing

Please see the Swagger Specification for a detailed explanation.

API Documentation Endpoints

All swagger documentation (JSON responses) are served from DefaultSwaggerController. The controller maintains a cache of ResourcesListing's which are uniquely identified by the swaggerGroup. There is a 1:1 relationship between ResourceListings and swagger groups (SwaggerSpringMvcPlugin instances). A typical application will have a single SwaggerSpringMvcPlugin which is given the unique identifier 'default'.

Note: The below paths are relative to your applications context path and/or DispatcherServlet url-pattern

Path Description
/api-docs Returns the first Resource Listing found in the cache
/api-docs?group=default Returns the Resource Listing for the default swagger group
/api-docs?group=group1 Returns the Resource Listing for the swagger group 'group1'
/api-docs/group1/albums Returns the album's Api Declaration for the swagger group 'group1'

Urls (SwaggerPathProvider)

The swagger specification recommends the use of absolute URL's where possible - specifically the the path attribute of api's within the ResourceListing's and the basePath attribute of Api Declarations. Most users of swagger-springmvc have expressed a preference for relative urls hence RelativeSwaggerPathProvider is the default SwaggerPathProvider. AbsoluteSwaggerPathProvider can be used to provide absolute urls. AbsoluteSwaggerPathProvider has a hardcoded appRoot but demonstrates the concept. If you wish to use absolute urls use AbsoluteSwaggerPathProvider as a guide and configure your SwaggerSpringMvcPlugin with:



Excluding api endpoints

Annotate a controller class or controller methods with the @ApiIgnore annotation.

For more powerful control, specify regular expressions:


Exclude all controllers or controller handler methods with specific annotations .


HTTP Response codes and messages

Configuring global response messages for RequestMappings

swaggerSpringMvcPlugin.globalResponseMessage(new ResponseMessage(OK.value(), "200 means all good \o/", toOption(null)))

Configuring per-RequestMappings method response messages

@ApiResponses(value = {@ApiResponse(code = 405, message = "Invalid input")})
public .... createSomething(..)

Ordering the api's within a ResourceListing

  • Defaults to ResourceListingLexicographicalOrdering
swaggerSpringMvcPlugin.apiListingReferenceOrdering(new ResourceListingPositionalOrdering())
  • Use the position attribute of the @Api annotation
@Api(value="", description="Operations on Businesses", position = 2)
public class BusinessService {

Ordering operations in Api Declarations

Use the swagger ApiOperation annotation.

   @ApiOperation(value = "", position = 5)
   public Model methodWithPosition() {

Ordering ApiDescriptions (withing ApiListing's)

  • Defaults to ApiDescriptionLexicographicalOrdering
swaggerSpringMvcPlugin.apiDescriptionOrdering(new MyCustomApiDescriptionOrdering());

Changing how Generic Types are Named

By default, types with generics will be labeled with '\u00ab'(<<), '\u00bb'(>>), and commas. This can be problematic with things like swagger-codegen. You can override this behavior by implementing your own GenericTypeNamingStrategy. For example, if you wanted List<String> to be encoded as 'ListOfString' and Map<String, Object> to be encoded as 'MapOfStringAndObject' you could implement the following:

public class SimpleGenericNamingStrategy implements GenericTypeNamingStrategy {
    private final static String OPEN = "Of";
    private final static String CLOSE = "";
    private final static String DELIM = "And";

    public String getOpenGeneric() {
        return OPEN;

    public String getCloseGeneric() {
        return CLOSE;

    public String getTypeListDelimiter() {
        return DELIM;


then during plugin customization:

swaggerSpringMvcPlugin.setGenericTypeNamingStrategy(new SimpleGenericTypeNamingStrategy());

Model Customization

Excluding spring handler method arguments or custom types

To exclude controller method arguments form the generated swagger model JSON.


By default, a number of Spring's handler method arguments are ignored. See: com.mangofactory.swagger.configuration.SpringSwaggerConfig#defaultIgnorableParameterTypes



If you find issues or bugs please use the github issue tracker


Copyright 2012 Marty Pitt - @martypitt, Dilip Krishnan - @dilipkrish, Adrian Kelly - @adrianbk,

Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance with the License. You may obtain a copy of the License at

Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS, WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied. See the License for the specific language governing permissions and limitations under the License.

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