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The core of M8, a Dart tiny ORM framework with a simple set of annotations
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README.md

README.md

Dart Framework ORM M8

Gitter GitHub release pub package Build Status Codecov license

f_orm_m8 - \fɔːrm meɪt\ It defines the core of M8, a tiny ORM framework with a simple set of annotations.

Description

The package is for developers of code generators. The goal is to have a framework that, besides relational mapping, offers the possibility to generate scaffolds for basic usage cases: user account, user data, data tracking (create, update, delete), soft delete.
If you are looking for a ready to use implementation, check Concrete implementation examples!

Promoted implementations:

f_orm_m8_sqlite - a Sqlite fixture generator with mapping capability out of the box. It is stuffed with a Flutter example project as a showcase for the common use cases covered by M8. See sources on github

Promoted toolset:

Flutter ORM M8 Generator - VS Code extension to generate models and database adapter based on f_orm_m8_sqlite framework for Flutter application

Introduction

The package adds definitions for a set of types that could be combined to expand ORM capabilities in the annotated code. The current version defines two main annotation types and some helpers associated with each definition:

In order to ease the code emitting, four abstract classes are defined:

Annotation

The annotation conventions are splitted in two:

  • DataTable
  • DataColumn

DataTable

DataTable describes the required name for the table in conjuction with a bit mask for optional TableMetadata. Table metadata is specified with the parameter metadataLevel, and is a syntactic sugar to generate the proper fixture without explicitly adding the required fields.

@DataTable(
  "a01_tests",
  metadataLevel: TableMetadata.softDeletable | TableMetadata.trackCreate | TableMetadata.trackUpdate)
class A01Test implements DbAccountRelatedEntity {

TableMetadata

The TableMetadata describes the basic options for the table:

  • softDeletable
  • trackCreate
  • trackUpdate

The options may be combined in various ways using | operator

@DataTable(
    "health_issues",
    metadataLevel: 
      TableMetadata.softDeletable | 
      TableMetadata.trackCreate | 
      TableMetadata.trackUpdate)

DataColumn

The DataColumn describes how the fields will be transformed into entity attributes. The DataColumn constructor has three parameters:

  • name
    • purpose: to specify the entity name
    • type: String
    • positional
    • mandatory
  • metadataLevel
    • purpose: syntactic sugar to specify common use cases
    • type: int as combination of ColumnMetadata
    • named
    • optional
  • compositeConstraints
    • purpose: a fine grain mode to specify composite constraints
    • type: List<CompositeConstraint>
    • named
    • optional
 const DataColumn(this.name, {this.metadataLevel, this.compositeConstraints});

ColumnMetadata

Column metadata is specified with the parameter metadataLevel. Is a syntactic sugar to generate a quick fixture, offering basic options for the following use cases:

  • ignore
  • primaryKey
  • unique
  • notNull
  • autoIncrement
  • indexed

The options can be combined in various ways using | operator

@DataColumn(
  "id", 
  metadataLevel: ColumnMetadata.primaryKey | ColumnMetadata.unique | ColumnMetadata.autoIncrement)

The primaryKey, unique, indexed constraints can be generated in a targetted way using CompositeConstraint

CompositeConstraint

The composite constraint is able to specify the name and the type of the constraint. If the same name is used on multiple DataColumns, it will signal a composite constraint that will cover all the involved fields. The CompositeConstraint is instantiated with named, required parameters:

  • name - the name of the constraint
  • constraintType - the type of the constraint as enum with the following values:
    • unique,
    • primaryKey,
    • foreignKey,
    • indexed

A simple approach

DataColumn describes the required name for the column in conjunction with a bit mask for required column metadata.

  @DataColumn(
    "id", 
    metadataLevel: 
      ColumnMetadata.primaryKey | 
      ColumnMetadata.unique | 
      ColumnMetadata.autoIncrement)
  int id;

A fine tuned approach

DataColumn describes the required name for the column in conjunction with a list of composite constraints. For example, if we need a composite, unique constraint defined on the combination of two fields, we define the composite with the same name:

  @DataColumn("account_id", compositeConstraints: [
    CompositeConstraint(
        name: "uq_account_entry",
        constraintType: CompositeConstraintType.unique)
  ])
  int accountId;

  @DataColumn("description", compositeConstraints: [
    CompositeConstraint(
        name: "uq_account_entry",
        constraintType: CompositeConstraintType.unique)
  ])
  String description;

Interfaces

DbOpenEntity

DbOpenEntity is, as it's name suggests, a template for non restrictive models with composite primary keys. It can also be used for non integer primary key implementation.
It defines a single method getPrimaryKey

DbEntity

Can be used for a general purpose model template with integer primary key named id

DbAccountEntity

It implements DbEntity. Can be used for a model template in a generic user account with the following fields:

  • userName
  • email
  • abbreviation
  • isCurrent

DbAccountRelatedEntity implements DbEntity

It implements DbEntity. Can be used for a model template in a generic, account dependent, entity with the following fields:

  • accountId

Usage convention

The package can be a start for other projects that aim to develop an ORM scaffolding infrastructure. It is up to developers how they implement the gems of this package. We recommend the annotations to be placed as in the following example:

@DataTable("a01_tests", TableMetadata.softDeletable)
class A01Test implements DbAccountRelatedEntity {
  @DataColumn(
    "id", 
    metadataLevel: ColumnMetadata.primaryKey | ColumnMetadata.unique | ColumnMetadata.autoIncrement)
  int id;

  @DataColumn("account_id", compositeConstraints: [
    CompositeConstraint(
        name: "uq_account_entry",
        constraintType: CompositeConstraintType.unique)
  ])
  int accountId;

  @DataColumn("description", compositeConstraints: [
    CompositeConstraint(
        name: "uq_account_entry",
        constraintType: CompositeConstraintType.unique)
  ])
  String description;

  @DataColumn("record_date")
  int recordDate;
}

Concrete implementation examples

The following is a list of f-orm-m8 implementations by supported backend database.

package name version database source
f_orm_m8_sqlite pub package SQLite f-orm-m8-sqlite GitHub release
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