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# Simple calculator
function calc() {
local result="";
result="$(printf "scale=10;$*\n" | bc --mathlib | tr -d '\\\n')";
# └─ default (when `--mathlib` is used) is 20
#
if [[ "$result" == *.* ]]; then
# improve the output for decimal numbers
printf "$result" |
sed -e 's/^\./0./' `# add "0" for cases like ".5"` \
-e 's/^-\./-0./' `# add "0" for cases like "-.5"`\
-e 's/0*$//;s/\.$//'; # remove trailing zeros
else
printf "$result";
fi;
printf "\n";
}
# Create a new directory and enter it
function mkd() {
mkdir -p "$@" && cd "$_";
}
# Change working directory to the top-most Finder window location
function cdf() { # short for `cdfinder`
cd "$(osascript -e 'tell app "Finder" to POSIX path of (insertion location as alias)')";
}
# Create a .tar.gz archive, using `zopfli`, `pigz` or `gzip` for compression
function targz() {
local tmpFile="${@%/}.tar";
tar -cvf "${tmpFile}" --exclude=".DS_Store" "${@}" || return 1;
size=$(
stat -f"%z" "${tmpFile}" 2> /dev/null; # OS X `stat`
stat -c"%s" "${tmpFile}" 2> /dev/null # GNU `stat`
);
local cmd="";
if (( size < 52428800 )) && hash zopfli 2> /dev/null; then
# the .tar file is smaller than 50 MB and Zopfli is available; use it
cmd="zopfli";
else
if hash pigz 2> /dev/null; then
cmd="pigz";
else
cmd="gzip";
fi;
fi;
echo "Compressing .tar using \`${cmd}\`…";
"${cmd}" -v "${tmpFile}" || return 1;
[ -f "${tmpFile}" ] && rm "${tmpFile}";
echo "${tmpFile}.gz created successfully.";
}
# Determine size of a file or total size of a directory
function fs() {
if du -b /dev/null > /dev/null 2>&1; then
local arg=-sbh;
else
local arg=-sh;
fi
if [[ -n "$@" ]]; then
du $arg -- "$@";
else
du $arg .[^.]* ./*;
fi;
}
# Use Git’s colored diff when available
hash git &>/dev/null;
if [ $? -eq 0 ]; then
function diff() {
git diff --no-index --color-words "$@";
}
fi;
# Create a data URL from a file
function dataurl() {
local mimeType=$(file -b --mime-type "$1");
if [[ $mimeType == text/* ]]; then
mimeType="${mimeType};charset=utf-8";
fi
echo "data:${mimeType};base64,$(openssl base64 -in "$1" | tr -d '\n')";
}
# Create a git.io short URL
function gitio() {
if [ -z "${1}" -o -z "${2}" ]; then
echo "Usage: \`gitio slug url\`";
return 1;
fi;
curl -i https://git.io/ -F "url=${2}" -F "code=${1}";
}
# Start an HTTP server from a directory, optionally specifying the port
function server() {
local port="${1:-8000}";
sleep 1 && open "http://localhost:${port}/" &
# Set the default Content-Type to `text/plain` instead of `application/octet-stream`
# And serve everything as UTF-8 (although not technically correct, this doesn’t break anything for binary files)
python -c $'import SimpleHTTPServer;\nmap = SimpleHTTPServer.SimpleHTTPRequestHandler.extensions_map;\nmap[""] = "text/plain";\nfor key, value in map.items():\n\tmap[key] = value + ";charset=UTF-8";\nSimpleHTTPServer.test();' "$port";
}
# Start a PHP server from a directory, optionally specifying the port
# (Requires PHP 5.4.0+.)
function phpserver() {
local port="${1:-4000}";
local ip=$(ipconfig getifaddr en1);
sleep 1 && open "http://${ip}:${port}/" &
php -S "${ip}:${port}";
}
# Compare original and gzipped file size
function gz() {
local origsize=$(wc -c < "$1");
local gzipsize=$(gzip -c "$1" | wc -c);
local ratio=$(echo "$gzipsize * 100 / $origsize" | bc -l);
printf "orig: %d bytes\n" "$origsize";
printf "gzip: %d bytes (%2.2f%%)\n" "$gzipsize" "$ratio";
}
# Syntax-highlight JSON strings or files
# Usage: `json '{"foo":42}'` or `echo '{"foo":42}' | json`
function json() {
if [ -t 0 ]; then # argument
python -mjson.tool <<< "$*" | pygmentize -l javascript;
else # pipe
python -mjson.tool | pygmentize -l javascript;
fi;
}
# Run `dig` and display the most useful info
function digga() {
dig +nocmd "$1" any +multiline +noall +answer;
}
# UTF-8-encode a string of Unicode symbols
function escape() {
printf "\\\x%s" $(printf "$@" | xxd -p -c1 -u);
# print a newline unless we’re piping the output to another program
if [ -t 1 ]; then
echo ""; # newline
fi;
}
# Decode \x{ABCD}-style Unicode escape sequences
function unidecode() {
perl -e "binmode(STDOUT, ':utf8'); print \"$@\"";
# print a newline unless we’re piping the output to another program
if [ -t 1 ]; then
echo ""; # newline
fi;
}
# Get a character’s Unicode code point
function codepoint() {
perl -e "use utf8; print sprintf('U+%04X', ord(\"$@\"))";
# print a newline unless we’re piping the output to another program
if [ -t 1 ]; then
echo ""; # newline
fi;
}
# Show all the names (CNs and SANs) listed in the SSL certificate
# for a given domain
function getcertnames() {
if [ -z "${1}" ]; then
echo "ERROR: No domain specified.";
return 1;
fi;
local domain="${1}";
echo "Testing ${domain}…";
echo ""; # newline
local tmp=$(echo -e "GET / HTTP/1.0\nEOT" \
| openssl s_client -connect "${domain}:443" -servername "${domain}" 2>&1);
if [[ "${tmp}" = *"-----BEGIN CERTIFICATE-----"* ]]; then
local certText=$(echo "${tmp}" \
| openssl x509 -text -certopt "no_aux, no_header, no_issuer, no_pubkey, \
no_serial, no_sigdump, no_signame, no_validity, no_version");
echo "Common Name:";
echo ""; # newline
echo "${certText}" | grep "Subject:" | sed -e "s/^.*CN=//" | sed -e "s/\/emailAddress=.*//";
echo ""; # newline
echo "Subject Alternative Name(s):";
echo ""; # newline
echo "${certText}" | grep -A 1 "Subject Alternative Name:" \
| sed -e "2s/DNS://g" -e "s/ //g" | tr "," "\n" | tail -n +2;
return 0;
else
echo "ERROR: Certificate not found.";
return 1;
fi;
}
# `s` with no arguments opens the current directory in Sublime Text, otherwise
# opens the given location
function s() {
if [ $# -eq 0 ]; then
subl .;
else
subl "$@";
fi;
}
# `a` with no arguments opens the current directory in Atom Editor, otherwise
# opens the given location
function a() {
if [ $# -eq 0 ]; then
atom .;
else
atom "$@";
fi;
}
# `v` with no arguments opens the current directory in Vim, otherwise opens the
# given location
function v() {
if [ $# -eq 0 ]; then
vim .;
else
vim "$@";
fi;
}
# `o` with no arguments opens the current directory, otherwise opens the given
# location
function o() {
if [ $# -eq 0 ]; then
open .;
else
open "$@";
fi;
}
# `tre` is a shorthand for `tree` with hidden files and color enabled, ignoring
# the `.git` directory, listing directories first. The output gets piped into
# `less` with options to preserve color and line numbers, unless the output is
# small enough for one screen.
function tre() {
tree -aC -I '.git|node_modules|bower_components' --dirsfirst "$@" | less -FRNX;
}
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