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Generate JavaScript-compatible regular expressions based on a given set of Unicode symbols or code points.
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README.md

Regenerate Build status Code coverage status Dependency status

Regenerate is a Unicode-aware regex generator for JavaScript. It allows you to easily generate JavaScript-compatible regular expressions based on a given set of Unicode symbols or code points. (This is trickier than you might think, because of how JavaScript deals with astral symbols.)

Feel free to fork if you see possible improvements!

Installation

Via npm:

npm install regenerate

Via Bower:

bower install regenerate

Via Component:

component install mathiasbynens/regenerate

In a browser:

<script src="regenerate.js"></script>

In Node.js, io.js, and RingoJS ≥ v0.8.0:

var regenerate = require('regenerate');

In Narwhal and RingoJS ≤ v0.7.0:

var regenerate = require('regenerate').regenerate;

In Rhino:

load('regenerate.js');

Using an AMD loader like RequireJS:

require(
  {
    'paths': {
      'regenerate': 'path/to/regenerate'
    }
  },
  ['regenerate'],
  function(regenerate) {
    console.log(regenerate);
  }
);

API

regenerate(value1, value2, value3, ...)

The main Regenerate function. Calling this function creates a new set that gets a chainable API.

var set = regenerate()
  .addRange(0x60, 0x69) // add U+0060 to U+0069
  .remove(0x62, 0x64) // remove U+0062 and U+0064
  .add(0x1D306); // add U+1D306
set.valueOf();
// → [0x60, 0x61, 0x63, 0x65, 0x66, 0x67, 0x68, 0x69, 0x1D306]
set.toString();
// → '[`ace-i]|\\uD834\\uDF06'
set.toRegExp();
// → /[`ace-i]|\uD834\uDF06/

Any arguments passed to regenerate() will be added to the set right away. Both code points (numbers) and symbols (strings consisting of a single Unicode symbol) are accepted, as well as arrays containing values of these types.

regenerate(0x1D306, 'A', '©', 0x2603).toString();
// → '[A\\xA9\\u2603]|\\uD834\\uDF06'

var items = [0x1D306, 'A', '©', 0x2603];
regenerate(items).toString();
// → '[A\\xA9\\u2603]|\\uD834\\uDF06'

regenerate.prototype.add(value1, value2, value3, ...)

Any arguments passed to add() are added to the set. Both code points (numbers) and symbols (strings consisting of a single Unicode symbol) are accepted, as well as arrays containing values of these types.

regenerate().add(0x1D306, 'A', '©', 0x2603).toString();
// → '[A\\xA9\\u2603]|\\uD834\\uDF06'

var items = [0x1D306, 'A', '©', 0x2603];
regenerate().add(items).toString();
// → '[A\\xA9\\u2603]|\\uD834\\uDF06'

It’s also possible to pass in a Regenerate instance. Doing so adds all code points in that instance to the current set.

var set = regenerate(0x1D306, 'A');
regenerate().add('©', 0x2603).add(set).toString();
// → '[A\\xA9\\u2603]|\\uD834\\uDF06'

Note that the initial call to regenerate() acts like add(). This allows you to create a new Regenerate instance and add some code points to it in one go:

regenerate(0x1D306, 'A', '©', 0x2603).toString();
// → '[A\\xA9\\u2603]|\\uD834\\uDF06'

regenerate.prototype.remove(value1, value2, value3, ...)

Any arguments passed to remove() are removed to the set. Both code points (numbers) and symbols (strings consisting of a single Unicode symbol) are accepted, as well as arrays containing values of these types.

regenerate(0x1D306, 'A', '©', 0x2603).remove('').toString();
// → '[A\\xA9]|\\uD834\\uDF06'

It’s also possible to pass in a Regenerate instance. Doing so removes all code points in that instance from the current set.

var set = regenerate('');
regenerate(0x1D306, 'A', '©', 0x2603).remove(set).toString();
// → '[A\\xA9]|\\uD834\\uDF06'

regenerate.prototype.addRange(start, end)

Adds a range of code points from start to end (inclusive) to the set. Both code points (numbers) and symbols (strings consisting of a single Unicode symbol) are accepted.

regenerate(0x1D306).addRange(0x00, 0xFF).toString(16);
// → '[\\0-\\xFF]|\\uD834\\uDF06'

regenerate().addRange('A', 'z').toString();
// → '[A-z]'

regenerate.prototype.removeRange(start, end)

Removes a range of code points from start to end (inclusive) from the set. Both code points (numbers) and symbols (strings consisting of a single Unicode symbol) are accepted.

regenerate()
  .addRange(0x000000, 0x10FFFF) // add all Unicode code points
  .removeRange('A', 'z') // remove all symbols from `A` to `z`
  .toString();
// → '[\\0-@\\{-\\uD7FF\\uE000-\\uFFFF]|[\\uD800-\\uDBFF][\\uDC00-\\uDFFF]|[\\uD800-\\uDBFF](?![\\uDC00-\\uDFFF])|(?:[^\\uD800-\\uDBFF]|^)[\\uDC00-\\uDFFF]'

regenerate()
  .addRange(0x000000, 0x10FFFF) // add all Unicode code points
  .removeRange(0x0041, 0x007A) // remove all code points from U+0041 to U+007A
  .toString();
// → '[\\0-@\\{-\\uD7FF\\uE000-\\uFFFF]|[\\uD800-\\uDBFF][\\uDC00-\\uDFFF]|[\\uD800-\\uDBFF](?![\\uDC00-\\uDFFF])|(?:[^\\uD800-\\uDBFF]|^)[\\uDC00-\\uDFFF]'

regenerate.prototype.intersection(codePoints)

Removes any code points from the set that are not present in both the set and the given codePoints array. codePoints must be an array of numeric code point values, i.e. numbers.

regenerate()
  .addRange(0x00, 0xFF) // add extended ASCII code points
  .intersection([0x61, 0x69]) // remove all code points from the set except for these
  .toString();
// → '[ai]'

Instead of the codePoints array, it’s also possible to pass in a Regenerate instance.

var whitelist = regenerate(0x61, 0x69);

regenerate()
  .addRange(0x00, 0xFF) // add extended ASCII code points
  .intersection(whitelist) // remove all code points from the set except for those in the `whitelist` set
  .toString();
// → '[ai]'

regenerate.prototype.contains(value)

Returns true if the given value is part of the set, and false otherwise. Both code points (numbers) and symbols (strings consisting of a single Unicode symbol) are accepted.

var set = regenerate().addRange(0x00, 0xFF);
set.contains('A');
// → true
set.contains(0x1D306);
// → false

regenerate.prototype.clone()

Returns a clone of the current code point set. Any actions performed on the clone won’t mutate the original set.

var setA = regenerate(0x1D306);
var setB = setA.clone().add(0x1F4A9);
setA.toArray();
// → [0x1D306]
setB.toArray();
// → [0x1D306, 0x1F4A9]

regenerate.prototype.toString(options)

Returns a string representing (part of) a regular expression that matches all the symbols mapped to the code points within the set.

regenerate(0x1D306, 0x1F4A9).toString();
// → '\\uD834\\uDF06|\\uD83D\\uDCA9'

If the bmpOnly property of the optional options object is set to true, the output matches surrogates individually, regardless of whether they’re lone surrogates or just part of a surrogate pair. This simplifies the output, but it can only be used in case you’re certain the strings it will be used on don’t contain any astral symbols.

var highSurrogates = regenerate().addRange(0xD800, 0xDBFF);
highSurrogates.toString();
// → '[\\uD800-\\uDBFF](?![\\uDC00-\\uDFFF])'
highSurrogates.toString({ 'bmpOnly': true });
// → '[\\uD800-\\uDBFF]'

var lowSurrogates = regenerate().addRange(0xDC00, 0xDFFF);
lowSurrogates.toString();
// → '(?:[^\\uD800-\\uDBFF]|^)[\\uDC00-\\uDFFF]'
lowSurrogates.toString({ 'bmpOnly': true });
// → '[\\uDC00-\\uDFFF]'

Note that lone low surrogates cannot be matched accurately using regular expressions in JavaScript. Regenerate’s output makes a best-effort approach but there can be false negatives in this regard.

regenerate.prototype.toRegExp(flags = '')

Returns a regular expression that matches all the symbols mapped to the code points within the set. Optionally, you can pass flags to be added to the regular expression.

var regex = regenerate(0x1D306, 0x1F4A9).toRegExp();
// → /\uD834\uDF06|\uD83D\uDCA9/
regex.test('𝌆');
// → true
regex.test('A');
// → false

// With flags:
var regex = regenerate(0x1D306, 0x1F4A9).toRegExp('g');
// → /\uD834\uDF06|\uD83D\uDCA9/g

Note: This probably shouldn’t be used. Regenerate is intended as a tool that is used as part of a build process, not at runtime.

regenerate.prototype.valueOf() or regenerate.prototype.toArray()

Returns a sorted array of unique code points in the set.

regenerate(0x1D306)
  .addRange(0x60, 0x65)
  .add(0x59, 0x60) // note: 0x59 is added after 0x65, and 0x60 is a duplicate
  .valueOf();
// → [0x59, 0x60, 0x61, 0x62, 0x63, 0x64, 0x65, 0x1D306]

regenerate.version

A string representing the semantic version number.

Combine Regenerate with other libraries

Regenerate gets even better when combined with other libraries such as Punycode.js. Here’s an example where Punycode.js is used to convert a string into an array of code points, that is then passed on to Regenerate:

var regenerate = require('regenerate');
var punycode = require('punycode');

var string = 'Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet.';
// Get an array of all code points used in the string:
var codePoints = punycode.ucs2.decode(string);

// Generate a regular expression that matches any of the symbols used in the string:
regenerate(codePoints).toString();
// → '[ \\.Ladeilmopr-u]'

In ES6 you can do something similar with Array.from which uses the string’s iterator to split the given string into an array of strings that each contain a single symbol. regenerate() accepts both strings and code points, remember?

var regenerate = require('regenerate');

var string = 'Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet.';
// Get an array of all symbols used in the string:
var codePoints = Array.from(string);

// Generate a regular expression that matches any of the symbols used in the string:
regenerate(codePoints).toString();
// → '[ \\.Ladeilmopr-u]'

Support

Regenerate supports at least Chrome 27+, Firefox 3+, Safari 4+, Opera 10+, IE 6+, Node.js v0.10.0+, io.js v1.0.0+, Narwhal 0.3.2+, RingoJS 0.8+, PhantomJS 1.9.0+, and Rhino 1.7RC4+.

Unit tests & code coverage

After cloning this repository, run npm install to install the dependencies needed for Regenerate development and testing. You may want to install Istanbul globally using npm install istanbul -g.

Once that’s done, you can run the unit tests in Node using npm test or node tests/tests.js. To run the tests in Rhino, Ringo, Narwhal, and web browsers as well, use grunt test.

To generate the code coverage report, use grunt cover.

Author

twitter/mathias
Mathias Bynens

License

Regenerate is available under the MIT license.

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