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This is a procedural interface to the matplotlib object-oriented
plotting library.
The following plotting commands are provided; the majority have
MATLAB |reg| [*]_ analogs and similar arguments.
.. |reg| unicode:: 0xAE
_Plotting commands
acorr - plot the autocorrelation function
annotate - annotate something in the figure
arrow - add an arrow to the axes
axes - Create a new axes
axhline - draw a horizontal line across axes
axvline - draw a vertical line across axes
axhspan - draw a horizontal bar across axes
axvspan - draw a vertical bar across axes
axis - Set or return the current axis limits
autoscale - turn axis autoscaling on or off, and apply it
bar - make a bar chart
barh - a horizontal bar chart
broken_barh - a set of horizontal bars with gaps
box - set the axes frame on/off state
boxplot - make a box and whisker plot
violinplot - make a violin plot
cla - clear current axes
clabel - label a contour plot
clf - clear a figure window
clim - adjust the color limits of the current image
close - close a figure window
colorbar - add a colorbar to the current figure
cohere - make a plot of coherence
contour - make a contour plot
contourf - make a filled contour plot
csd - make a plot of cross spectral density
delaxes - delete an axes from the current figure
draw - Force a redraw of the current figure
errorbar - make an errorbar graph
figlegend - make legend on the figure rather than the axes
figimage - make a figure image
figtext - add text in figure coords
figure - create or change active figure
fill - make filled polygons
findobj - recursively find all objects matching some criteria
gca - return the current axes
gcf - return the current figure
gci - get the current image, or None
getp - get a graphics property
grid - set whether gridding is on
hist - make a histogram
ioff - turn interaction mode off
ion - turn interaction mode on
isinteractive - return True if interaction mode is on
imread - load image file into array
imsave - save array as an image file
imshow - plot image data
legend - make an axes legend
locator_params - adjust parameters used in locating axis ticks
loglog - a log log plot
matshow - display a matrix in a new figure preserving aspect
margins - set margins used in autoscaling
pause - pause for a specified interval
pcolor - make a pseudocolor plot
pcolormesh - make a pseudocolor plot using a quadrilateral mesh
pie - make a pie chart
plot - make a line plot
plot_date - plot dates
plotfile - plot column data from an ASCII tab/space/comma delimited file
pie - pie charts
polar - make a polar plot on a PolarAxes
psd - make a plot of power spectral density
quiver - make a direction field (arrows) plot
rc - control the default params
rgrids - customize the radial grids and labels for polar
savefig - save the current figure
scatter - make a scatter plot
setp - set a graphics property
semilogx - log x axis
semilogy - log y axis
show - show the figures
specgram - a spectrogram plot
spy - plot sparsity pattern using markers or image
stem - make a stem plot
subplot - make one subplot (numrows, numcols, axesnum)
subplots - make a figure with a set of (numrows, numcols) subplots
subplots_adjust - change the params controlling the subplot positions of current figure
subplot_tool - launch the subplot configuration tool
suptitle - add a figure title
table - add a table to the plot
text - add some text at location x,y to the current axes
thetagrids - customize the radial theta grids and labels for polar
tick_params - control the appearance of ticks and tick labels
ticklabel_format - control the format of tick labels
title - add a title to the current axes
tricontour - make a contour plot on a triangular grid
tricontourf - make a filled contour plot on a triangular grid
tripcolor - make a pseudocolor plot on a triangular grid
triplot - plot a triangular grid
xcorr - plot the autocorrelation function of x and y
xlim - set/get the xlimits
ylim - set/get the ylimits
xticks - set/get the xticks
yticks - set/get the yticks
xlabel - add an xlabel to the current axes
ylabel - add a ylabel to the current axes
autumn - set the default colormap to autumn
bone - set the default colormap to bone
cool - set the default colormap to cool
copper - set the default colormap to copper
flag - set the default colormap to flag
gray - set the default colormap to gray
hot - set the default colormap to hot
hsv - set the default colormap to hsv
jet - set the default colormap to jet
pink - set the default colormap to pink
prism - set the default colormap to prism
spring - set the default colormap to spring
summer - set the default colormap to summer
winter - set the default colormap to winter
_Event handling
connect - register an event handler
disconnect - remove a connected event handler
_Matrix commands
cumprod - the cumulative product along a dimension
cumsum - the cumulative sum along a dimension
detrend - remove the mean or besdt fit line from an array
diag - the k-th diagonal of matrix
diff - the n-th differnce of an array
eig - the eigenvalues and eigen vectors of v
eye - a matrix where the k-th diagonal is ones, else zero
find - return the indices where a condition is nonzero
fliplr - flip the rows of a matrix up/down
flipud - flip the columns of a matrix left/right
linspace - a linear spaced vector of N values from min to max inclusive
logspace - a log spaced vector of N values from min to max inclusive
meshgrid - repeat x and y to make regular matrices
ones - an array of ones
rand - an array from the uniform distribution [0,1]
randn - an array from the normal distribution
rot90 - rotate matrix k*90 degress counterclockwise
squeeze - squeeze an array removing any dimensions of length 1
tri - a triangular matrix
tril - a lower triangular matrix
triu - an upper triangular matrix
vander - the Vandermonde matrix of vector x
svd - singular value decomposition
zeros - a matrix of zeros
normpdf - The Gaussian probability density function
rand - random numbers from the uniform distribution
randn - random numbers from the normal distribution
amax - the maximum along dimension m
amin - the minimum along dimension m
corrcoef - correlation coefficient
cov - covariance matrix
mean - the mean along dimension m
median - the median along dimension m
norm - the norm of vector x
prod - the product along dimension m
ptp - the max-min along dimension m
std - the standard deviation along dimension m
asum - the sum along dimension m
ksdensity - the kernel density estimate
_Time series analysis
bartlett - M-point Bartlett window
blackman - M-point Blackman window
cohere - the coherence using average periodiogram
csd - the cross spectral density using average periodiogram
fft - the fast Fourier transform of vector x
hamming - M-point Hamming window
hanning - M-point Hanning window
hist - compute the histogram of x
kaiser - M length Kaiser window
psd - the power spectral density using average periodiogram
sinc - the sinc function of array x
date2num - convert python datetimes to numeric representation
drange - create an array of numbers for date plots
num2date - convert numeric type (float days since 0001) to datetime
angle - the angle of a complex array
griddata - interpolate irregularly distributed data to a regular grid
load - Deprecated--please use loadtxt.
loadtxt - load ASCII data into array.
polyfit - fit x, y to an n-th order polynomial
polyval - evaluate an n-th order polynomial
roots - the roots of the polynomial coefficients in p
save - Deprecated--please use savetxt.
savetxt - save an array to an ASCII file.
trapz - trapezoidal integration
.. [*] MATLAB is a registered trademark of The MathWorks, Inc.
from __future__ import (absolute_import, division, print_function,
import six
import sys, warnings
from matplotlib.cbook import (
flatten, exception_to_str, silent_list, iterable, dedent)
import matplotlib as mpl
# make module available for backwards compatability, in case folks
# using pylab interface depended on not having to import it
with warnings.catch_warnings():
warnings.simplefilter("ignore") # deprecation: moved to a toolkit
from matplotlib.dates import (
date2num, num2date, datestr2num, strpdate2num, drange, epoch2num,
num2epoch, mx2num, DateFormatter, IndexDateFormatter, DateLocator,
RRuleLocator, YearLocator, MonthLocator, WeekdayLocator, DayLocator,
HourLocator, MinuteLocator, SecondLocator, rrule, MO, TU, WE, TH, FR,
# bring all the symbols in so folks can import them from
# pylab in one fell swoop
## We are still importing too many things from mlab; more cleanup is needed.
from matplotlib.mlab import (
amap, base_repr, binary_repr, bivariate_normal, center_matrix, csv2rec,
demean, detrend, detrend_linear, detrend_mean, detrend_none, dist,
dist_point_to_segment, distances_along_curve, entropy, exp_safe,
fftsurr, find, frange, get_sparse_matrix, get_xyz_where, griddata,
identity, inside_poly, is_closed_polygon, ispower2, isvector, l1norm,
l2norm, log2, longest_contiguous_ones, longest_ones, movavg, norm_flat,
normpdf, path_length, poly_below, poly_between, prctile, prctile_rank,
rec2csv, rec_append_fields, rec_drop_fields, rec_join, rk4, rms_flat,
segments_intersect, slopes, stineman_interp, vector_lengths,
window_hanning, window_none)
from matplotlib import cbook, mlab, pyplot as plt
from matplotlib.pyplot import *
from numpy import *
from numpy.fft import *
from numpy.random import *
from numpy.linalg import *
import numpy as np
import as ma
# don't let numpy's datetime hide stdlib
import datetime
# This is needed, or bytes will be numpy.random.bytes from
# "from numpy.random import *" above
bytes = six.moves.builtins.bytes