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Signed-off-by: Tawanda Moyo <>

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Sygnal is a reference Push Gateway for Matrix.

See for a high level overview of how notifications work in Matrix. describes the protocol that Matrix Home Servers use to send notifications to Push Gateways such as Sygnal.


Looking to contribute to Sygnal? See


Sygnal is configured through a YAML configuration file. By default, this configuration file is assumed to be named sygnal.yaml and to be in the working directory. To change this, set the SYGNAL_CONF environment variable to the path to your configuration file. A sample configuration file is provided in this repository; see sygnal.yaml.sample.

Sygnal supports using either SQLite3 or PostgreSQL as a database backend. See the sygnal.yaml.sample for more information on how to configure.

The apps: section is where you set up different apps that are to be handled. Each app should be given its own subsection, with the key of that subsection being the app's app_id. Keys in this section take the form of the app_id, as specified when setting up a Matrix pusher (see

See the sample configuration for examples.

App Types

There are two supported App Types:


This sends push notifications to iOS apps via the Apple Push Notification Service (APNS).

Expected configuration depends on which kind of authentication you wish to use:

For certificate-based authentication:

It expects:

  • the certfile parameter to be a path relative to sygnal's working directory of a PEM file containing the APNS certificate and unencrypted private key.
For token-based authentication:

It expects:

  • the 'keyfile' parameter to be a path relative to Sygnal's working directory of a p8 file
  • the 'key_id' parameter
  • the 'team_id' parameter
  • the 'topic' parameter
For either type:

It can accept:

  • the 'platform' parameter which determines whether the production or sandbox APNS environment is used. Valid values are 'production' or 'sandbox'. If not provided, 'production' is used.
This sends messages via Google/Firebase Cloud Messaging (GCM/FCM) and hence can be used to deliver notifications to Android apps. It expects the 'api_key' parameter to contain the 'Server key', which can be acquired from Firebase Console at:<PROJECT NAME>/settings/cloudmessaging/

Using an HTTP Proxy for outbound traffic

Sygnal will, by default, automatically detect an HTTPS_PROXY environment variable on start-up.

If one is present, it will be used for outbound traffic to APNs and GCM/FCM.

Currently only HTTP proxies with the CONNECT method are supported. (Both APNs and FCM use HTTPS traffic which is tunnelled in a CONNECT tunnel.)

If you wish, you can instead configure a HTTP CONNECT proxy in sygnal.yaml.

Pusher data configuration

The following parameters can be specified in the data dictionary which is given when configuring the pusher via POST /_matrix/client/r0/pushers/set :

  • default_payload: a dictionary which defines the basic payload to be sent to the notification service. Sygnal will merge information specific to the push event into this dictionary. If unset, the empty dictionary is used.

    This can be useful for clients to specify default push payload content. For instance, iOS clients will have freedom to use silent/mutable notifications and be able to set some default alert/sound/badge fields.


With default configuration file name of sygnal.yaml:
python -m sygnal.sygnal
With custom configuration file name:
SYGNAL_CONF=/path/to/custom_sygnal.conf python -m sygnal.sygnal

Python 3.7 or higher is required.

Log Rotation

Sygnal's logging appends to files but does not use a rotating logger. The recommended configuration is therefore to use logrotate. The log file will be automatically reopened if the log file changes, for example due to logrotate.

More Documentation

More documentation for Sygnal is available in the docs directory: