Skip to content

matt-dray/coloratio

Repository files navigation

{coloratio}

Project Status: Concept – Minimal or no implementation has been done yet, or the repository is only intended to be a limited example, demo, or proof-of-concept. R-CMD-check Codecov test coverage CodeFactor rostrum.blog post

This work-in-progress R package helps calculate color-contrast values so you can make decisions to improve the visual accessibility of your R outputs. You can read a blog post about it.

It was originally developed with the need for selecting high-contrast text colors for use on block-colored backgrounds. The ultimate aim is to create a tool for compliance with WCAG 3.0.

Feel free to add an issue or a make a pull request. Please follow the code of conduct.

Similar tools

The {savonliquide} package by Ihaddaden M. El Fodil achieves the main aim of this package using the WebAIM contrast checker API. It’s available on CRAN.

Installation

You can install the development version of {coloratio} from GitHub with:

remotes::install_github("matt-dray/coloratio")

Examples

Get contrast ratio

The cr_get_ratio() function returns the color-contrast ratio of two user-provided colors. You can provide hex values, named colors, or both.

library(coloratio)
cr_get_ratio("#000000", "white")
# [1] 21

You should aim for a value of 4.5 or greater. You’ll get a warning if the contrast between the colors is insufficient.

cr_get_ratio("black", "grey10")
# Warning in cr_get_ratio("black", "grey10"): Aim for a value of 4.5 or higher.
# [1] 1.206596

Read more about the calculation in the WCAG 2.1 guidance.

Color contrast demo

cr_get_ratio() also lets you view a plot of text on a block background using the supplied colors by setting view = TRUE.

cr_get_ratio("#000000", "olivedrab", view = TRUE)

# [1] 5.51863

You can access this visual functionality in isolation with cr_view_contrast().

cr_view_contrast("blue4", "sienna1")

Choose black or white

You may want to alter programmatically the color of overlaying elements when the underlying color varies. For example, when putting text over the bars of a grouped bar chart.

The function cr_choose_bw() returns "white" or "black" depending on which has the better contrast ratio with the user-supplied color.

# Supply a character vector, receive a character vector
cr_choose_bw(c("gray10", "gray90", "lightyellow"))
# [1] "white" "black" "black"

Black is chosen in the event of a tie.

Choose a high-contrast color

You can use cr_choose_color() to check a user-supplied color against all named R colors and return those with greatest contrast.

cr_choose_color("midnightblue")
# [1] "white"

cr_choose_color(
  col = "olivedrab",  # user-supplied color
  n = 3,              # number of colors to return
  ex_bw = TRUE        # exclude black, whites, grays?
)
# [1] "navy"     "navyblue" "blue4"

You have the option to exclude black, whites and grays from being returned (via the ex_bw argument) because they’re boring.

Code of Conduct

Please note that the {coloratio} project is released with a Contributor Code of Conduct. By contributing to this project, you agree to abide by its terms.

About

🔳🔲 R package: check accessibility of color contrasts

Topics

Resources

License

Unknown, MIT licenses found

Licenses found

Unknown
LICENSE
MIT
LICENSE.md

Code of conduct

Stars

Watchers

Forks

Releases

No releases published

Languages