Skip to content

Small (8kb), batteries-included redux store to reduce boilerplate and promote good habits.

Notifications You must be signed in to change notification settings


Folders and files

Last commit message
Last commit date

Latest commit



61 Commits

Repository files navigation


Small (8kb), batteries-included redux store to reduce boilerplate and promote good habits.


var Store = require('socrates')

// create a store
var store = Store(reducer)

// subscribe to updates

// dispatch an action
store('', { name: 'an' })

// supports implicit set for the 90% usecase
store('set:user.age', 27)


npm install socrates


Redux pushed us forward in 2 key ways:

I. Promoting a single state architecture

II. Using an action dispatcher to update that state

The state management in Redux is verbose, but fantastic. Socrates aims to supplement Redux's state management to reduce keystokes and transparently combine a few confusing concepts together. Namely, combineReducer, FSA, redux-actions, and updeep.


I. State should be separate from the action log (redux middleware)

Socrates is only used to update state. Action dispatching is actually a much bigger part of application architecture than just state. Unfortunately, if you're new to Redux or just reading tutorials, you'll assume that actions are only used to update state.

You should be dispatching actions for all side effects. To make HTTP requests, setup Websockets, and set cookies. While you can do this in Redux's middleware, it's flow is mind-bending because Redux's middleware is synchronous, so you need to internally re-dispatch to achieve asynchronous behavior.

I have a version of middleware inspired by Koa's middleware done on the server that I'll be releasing soon to help you out with this.

II. Changes are always synchronous

Leave the the asynchrony to the action log (redux middleware). State changes that are rejected will throw errors.

III. Enforce a standard action object

Additionally, Socrates enforces that the returned result is a Flux Standard Action, so our actions all have the same format.

This greatly slight constraint goes a long ways towards better interoperability.

IV. All state is frozen (in development)

Wherever you can access state in Socrates it is frozen, or in other words, read-only. This eliminates any possibility of modified references causing unexpected changes to our state.

By freezing state only in development, it steers our code towards the immutable direction without handicapping performance in production.

V. Reducers do not replace state, they update state

In normal redux, reducers replace state. In socrates, they update state.

So instead of replacing your state like this:

function reducer (state, action) {
  return Object.assign({}, state, action.payload)

You can simply return a diff:

function reducer (state, action) {
  return { phone: 8675309 }

And Socrates will efficiently update the state using code inspired by updeep. To remove a field, you can pass null as the value.

VI. Use reducer trees for modular and efficient reducer functions

Socrates includes an opinionated way to setup reducers, called a reducer tree.

Reducer trees make it very easy to zero in on the reducers you want to operate on the dispatched action. For those of you familiar with redux and it's ecosystem, it's basically as if combineReducers and handleActions had a child, where the functions are the actions and the objects are the state's shape.

Here's an example:

var store = Socrates({
  // run with type: "boot"
  boot(state, action) {
    return action
  user: {
    // run with type: "update user"
    update(state, action) {
      return action
    settings: {
      // run with type: "change user.settings"
      change(state, action) {
        // state & action only contain the relevate data
        // you only need to return an action, because socrates
        // updates, doesn't replace.
        // 3. state = { theme: "red" }
        // 4. action = { theme: "blue" }
        return action

// 1. boot up socrates with our initial state
// 2. change the user settings
    type: 'boot',
    payload: {
      user: {
        name: 'matt',
        age: 26,
        settings: {
          theme: 'red'
    type: 'change:user:settings',
    payload: { theme: 'blue' }

If you don't like this approach, you can always just pass your custom reducer function into Socrates.


store = Socrates(reducer: object|function)

Create a store instance with an optional middleware array and a reducer. If the reducer is an object, it will create a reducer tree.

store(action: mixed, ...): state

Dispatches an action. Dispatching can take on many forms:

// simple object dispatch
socrates({ type: 'name:change', payload: { name: 'an' }})

// using an event emitter style
socrates('change:name', { name: 'an' })

// dispatch multiple object in series
  { type: 'change:name', payload: { name: 'an' }},
  { type: 'change:age', payload: { age: 26 }}

// dispatch multiple object in parallel
  { type: 'change:name', payload: { name: 'an' }},
  { type: 'change:age', payload: { age: 26 }}

// using a function to dispatch an action
socrates(function (state) {
  return { type: 'change:age', payload: { age: 26 }}

store(): Object

Getting our state. This will be frozen in development

store.subscribe(listener: function)

Subscribe to changes in our store

socrates.subscribe(function (new_state) {
  // ... do something with the new state


npm install
make test




Small (8kb), batteries-included redux store to reduce boilerplate and promote good habits.