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Autodidact: a pedagogical implementation of Autograd

This is a tutorial implementation based on the full version of Autograd.

Example use:

>>> import autograd.numpy as np  # Thinly-wrapped numpy
>>> from autograd import grad    # The only autograd function you may ever need
>>>
>>> def tanh(x):                 # Define a function
...     y = np.exp(-2.0 * x)
...     return (1.0 - y) / (1.0 + y)
...
>>> grad_tanh = grad(tanh)       # Obtain its gradient function
>>> grad_tanh(1.0)               # Evaluate the gradient at x = 1.0
0.41997434161402603
>>> (tanh(1.0001) - tanh(0.9999)) / 0.0002  # Compare to finite differences
0.41997434264973155

We can continue to differentiate as many times as we like, and use numpy's vectorization of scalar-valued functions across many different input values:

>>> import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
>>> x = np.linspace(-7, 7, 200)
>>> plt.plot(x, tanh(x),
...          x, grad(tanh)(x),                                # first  derivative
...          x, grad(grad(tanh))(x),                          # second derivative
...          x, grad(grad(grad(tanh)))(x),                    # third  derivative
...          x, grad(grad(grad(grad(tanh))))(x),              # fourth derivative
...          x, grad(grad(grad(grad(grad(tanh)))))(x),        # fifth  derivative
...          x, grad(grad(grad(grad(grad(grad(tanh))))))(x))  # sixth  derivative
>>> plt.show()

Autograd was written by Dougal Maclaurin, David Duvenaud and Matt Johnson. See the main page for more information.

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