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README.md

cakephp-3-acl-example

A very simple CakePHP 3 ACL plugin usage example. This example is based on Simple Acl controlled Application for CakePHP 2. The differences are described in this document. The files in this repository contain the changes and implementations of functions discuessed below.

Getting started

  • Assuming you are using composer, get a copy of the latest cakephp release by running composer create-project --prefer-dist cakephp/app acl-example. This will create an empty CakePHP project in the acl-example directory. Answer YES when asked if folder permissions should be set.
  • Navigate to the CakePHP project directory (acl-example in this case) cd acl-example
  • Install the CakePHP ACL plugin by running composer require cakephp/acl
  • Include the ACL plugin in app/config/bootstrap.php
Plugin::load('Acl', ['bootstrap' => true]);

###Example schema An example schema taken from the CakePHP 2 ACL tutorial:

CREATE TABLE users (
    id INT(11) NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT PRIMARY KEY,
    username VARCHAR(255) NOT NULL UNIQUE,
    password CHAR(60) NOT NULL,
    group_id INT(11) NOT NULL,
    created DATETIME,
    modified DATETIME
);

CREATE TABLE groups (
    id INT(11) NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT PRIMARY KEY,
    name VARCHAR(100) NOT NULL,
    created DATETIME,
    modified DATETIME
);

CREATE TABLE posts (
    id INT(11) NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT PRIMARY KEY,
    user_id INT(11) NOT NULL,
    title VARCHAR(255) NOT NULL,
    body TEXT,
    created DATETIME,
    modified DATETIME
);

CREATE TABLE widgets (
    id INT(11) NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT PRIMARY KEY,
    name VARCHAR(100) NOT NULL,
    part_no VARCHAR(12),
    quantity INT(11)
);

After the schema is created, proceed to "bake" the application.

bin/cake bake all groups
bin/cake bake all users
bin/cake bake all posts
bin/cake bake all widgets

Preparing to Add Auth

Add UsersController::login function

public function login() {
	if ($this->request->is('post')) {
		$user = $this->Auth->identify();
		if ($user) {
			$this->Auth->setUser($user);
			return $this->redirect($this->Auth->redirectUrl());
		}
		$this->Flash->error(__('Your username or password was incorrect.'));
	}
}

Add UsersController::logout function

public function logout() {
	$this->Flash->success(__('Good-Bye'));
	$this->redirect($this->Auth->logout());
}

Add src/Templates/Users/login.ctp

<?= $this->Form->create() ?>
<fieldset>
	<legend><?= __('Login') ?></legend>
	<?= $this->Form->input('username') ?>
	<?= $this->Form->input('password') ?>
	<?= $this->Form->submit(__('Login')) ?>
</fieldset>
<?= $this->Form->end() ?>

Modify UsersTable::beforeSave to hash the password before saving

use Cake\Auth\DefaultPasswordHasher;
...
public function beforeSave(\Cake\Event\Event $event, \Cake\ORM\Entity $entity, 
	\ArrayObject $options)
{
	$hasher = new DefaultPasswordHasher;
	$entity->password = $hasher->hash($entity->password);
	return true;
}

Include and configure the AuthComponent and the AclComponent in the AppController

public $components = [
	'Acl' => [
		'className' => 'Acl.Acl'
	]
];
...
$this->loadComponent('Auth', [
	'authorize' => [
		'Acl.Actions' => ['actionPath' => 'controllers/']
	],
	'loginAction' => [
		'plugin' => false,
		'controller' => 'Users',
		'action' => 'login'
	],
	'loginRedirect' => [
		'plugin' => false,
		'controller' => 'Posts',
		'action' => 'index'
	],
	'logoutRedirect' => [
		'plugin' => false,
		'controller' => 'Users',
		'action' => 'login'
	],
	'unauthorizedRedirect' => [
		'controller' => 'Users',
		'action' => 'login',
		'prefix' => false
	],
	'authError' => 'You are not authorized to access that location.',
	'flash' => [
		'element' => 'error'
	]
]);

Add Temporary Auth Overrides

Temporarily allow access to UsersController and GroupsController so groups and users can be added. Add the following implementation of beforeFilter to src/Controllers/UsersController.php and src/Controllers/GroupsController.php:

public function initialize()
{
	parent::initialize();
	
	$this->Auth->allow();
}

Initialize the Db Acl tables

  • Create the ACL related tables by running bin/cake Migrations.migrations migrate -p Acl

Model Setup

Acting as a requester

  • Add the requester behavior to GroupsTable and UsersTable
  • Add $this->addBehavior('Acl.Acl', ['type' => 'requester']); to the initialize function in the files src/Model/Table/UsersTable.php and src/Model/Table/GroupsTable.php

Implement parentNode function in Group entity

Add the following implementation of parentNode to the file src/Model/Entity/Group.php:

public function parentNode()
{
	return null;
}

Implement parentNode function in User entity

Add the following implementation of parentNode to the file src/Model/Entity/User.php:

public function parentNode()
{
	if (!$this->id) {
		return null;
	}
	if (isset($this->group_id)) {
		$groupId = $this->group_id;
	} else {
		$Users = TableRegistry::get('Users');
		$user = $Users->find('all', ['fields' => ['group_id']])->where(['id' => $this->id])->first();
		$groupId = $user->group_id;
	}
	if (!$groupId) {
		return null;
	}
	return ['Groups' => ['id' => $groupId]];
}

Creating ACOs

The ACL Extras plugin referred to in the CakePHP 2 ACL tutorial is now integrated into the CakePHP ACL plugin for CakePHP 3.

  • Run bin/cake acl_extras aco_sync to automatically create ACOs.
  • ACOs and AROs can be managed manually using the ACL shell. Run bin/cake acl for more information.

Creating Users and Groups

Create Groups

  • Navigate to /groups/add and add the groups
    • For this example, we will create Administrator, Manager, and User

Create Users

  • Navigate to /users/add and add the users
    • For this example, we will create one user in each group
      • test-administrator is an Administrator
      • test-manager is a Manager
      • test-user is a User

Remove Temporary Auth Overrides

Remove the temporary auth overrides by removing the beforeFilter function or the call to $this->Auth->allow(); in src/Controllers/UsersController.php and src/Controllers/GroupsController.php.

Configuring Permissions

Configuring permissions using the ACL shell

First, find the IDs of each group you want to grant permissions on. There are several ways of doing this. Since we will be at the console anyway, the quickest way is probably to run bin/cake acl view aro to view the ARO tree. In this example, we will assume the Administrator, Manager, and User groups have IDs 1, 2, and 3 respectively.

  • Grant members of the Administrator group permission to everything
    • Run bin/cake acl grant Groups.1 controllers
  • Grant members of the Manager group permission to all actions in Posts and Widgets
    • Run bin/cake acl deny Groups.2 controllers
    • Run bin/cake acl grant Groups.2 controllers/Posts
    • Run bin/cake acl grant Groups.2 controllers/Widgets
  • Grant members of the User group permission to view Posts and Widgets
    • Run bin/cake acl deny Groups.3 controllers
    • Run bin/cake acl grant Groups.3 controllers/Posts/index
    • Run bin/cake acl grant Groups.3 controllers/Posts/view
    • Run bin/cake acl grant Groups.3 controllers/Widgets/index
    • Run bin/cake acl grant Groups.3 controllers/Widgets/view
  • Allow all groups to logout
    • Run bin/cake acl grant Groups.2 controllers/Users/logout
    • Run bin/cake acl grant Groups.3 controllers/Users/logout