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tt: tiny table

What is tt?

tiny table is a big table clone based around being a proxy for tokyo tyrant.

tiny table allows multiple tyrant servers to be accessed from a single address. The tiny table server acts as a tyrant server with only a subset of tyrant commands. The table you access is prepended to each key you read/write as: [tablename]key. So [users]bob accesses key bob on the users proxy and [accounts]6612 would access key 6612 on tyrant server associated with accounts.


I made tt in October 2009 to test the practicality of muxing tokyo tyrant servers in a big-table-esque data model. It worked well enough, but other faster, better documented, and better maintained backends have been created since then.

This code is unsupported and there are no plans to improve it in the future.

So what good is it?

Public code is better than code rotting in binary darkness. I present tiny table for your entertainment.

tt_fsm.erl is a gen_fsm for passing through a subset of tokyo tyrant commands to a backend server. See extract_tc_table/2 for the supported commands. The FSM is also a good example of parsing binary protocols with erlang (see pattern_{a,b,c,d} functions).

tt_pool.erl is a gen_server to pool TCP connections to tyrant backends.

tt_server.erl is a gen_server to listen for clients to access backend tyrant servers. tt_server is is built around the "Building a non-blocking TCP server" example floating around trapexit. The tt_server has no coupling to tyrant, ior the data model. All it does is start a new Module (in this case tt_fsm) for each connection (passing in the established ClientSocket).

tt_cli.erl is Ulf Wiger's tokyo tyrant client. I've modified it to fit my syntax sensibilities better.

tt_db.erl is simple and complicated with a purpose. It is where the "big table clone" data model happens. Big table summary: keys are tri-valued. A key is (Key, Column, 64-bit Timestamp). tt_db does the [bracket] table processing for you and it auto-appends a (binary!) 64-bit timestamp to every key you store. Each time you store something, your new data is appended to the previous values so every prior value is available as well (i.e. it gives you the 3D time aspect of tables). Because tt_db stores everything from the past, what you want most of the time is tt_db:get_latest/3 which returns the most recent value stored to the Key, Column combination you are requesting.

You can see how tt_db, tyrant, the proxy, and big table fit together below. This is some code from a site I built around tiny table in late 2009: set_user(Username, Field, Value) -> tt_db:set("user", Username, Field, Value). % timestamp auto-appended on set

get_user(Username, Field) ->
  tt_db:get_latest("user", Username, Field).  % value returned from most recent set

set_name(Username, Name) -> set_user(Username, name, Name).
set_age(Username, Age) -> set_user(Username, age, Age).
set_gender(Username, Gender) -> set_user(Username, gender, Gender).

get_name(Username) -> get_user(Username, name).
get_age(Username) -> get_user(Username, age).
get_gender(Username) -> get_user(Username, gender).

set_status(Username, Status) -> set_user(Username, status, Status).

% fwmkeys_vals_dated returns the last Count items *with* timestamps
get_status(Username, Count) ->
  Keys = tt_db:fwmkeys_vals_dated("user", Username ++ " status", Count),
  [{OldNow, binary_to_list(Val)} || {OldNow, Val} <- Keys].
% the 'Username ++ " status"' extracts the status column from the key Username.

% fwmkeys returns the last Count (in this case 256) items *without* timestamps
get_simple_quests() ->
  Simple = tt_db:fwmkeys(quests, "simple", 256),
  [tt_db:get(quests, X) || X <- Simple].


First, build with rebar: rebar compile

Start the proxy server and give it the name of a module to pass client sockets to: tt_server:start_link(4400, tt_fsm).

Start the backend connections to tokyo tyrant: tt_pool:start_link([{"foo", "", 2020}]).

Port 4400 is where the proxy listens for connections. is a tokyo tyrant database "foo"

You can test the proxy directly with the tokyo tyrant benchmark commands. If a key is not prefixed with a table name (such as when using non-tt aware benchmarking tools), the client is sent to the first tokyo tyrant backend listed in your tt_pool:start_link/1 list.

The list passed to tt_pool:start_link/1 is all the tables the proxy will activate on startup. [TableName, IP, TyrantPort]. e.g.: [{"foo", "", 2020}, {"bar", "", 2021}, {"baz", "", 2022}]

Use the table name in brackets before your key so the proxy knows where to route your requests: [bar]my_key. The table bracketing is taken care of automatically if you use tt_db.


I consider this project dead, but feel free to submit patches if you want to make the world a better place.


tiny table (big table clone using tokyo tyrant proxies)



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