The Psychic Poker Player
In 5-card draw poker, a player is dealt a hand of five cards (which may be looked at). The player may then discard between zero and five of his or her cards and have them replaced by the same number of cards from the top of the deck (which is face down). The object is to maximize the value of the final hand. The different values of hands in poker are given at the end of this problem.
Normally the player cannot see the cards in the deck and so must use probability to decide which cards to discard. In this problem, we imagine that the poker player is psychic and knows which cards are on top of the deck. Write a program which advises the player which cards to discard so as to maximize the value of the resulting hand.
Input and Output
Input will consist of a series of lines, each containing the initial five cards in the hand then the first five cards on top of the deck. Each card is represented as a two-character code. The first character is the face-value (A=Ace, 2-9, T=10, J=Jack, Q=Queen, K=King) and the second character is the suit (C=Clubs, D=Diamonds, H=Hearts, S=Spades). Cards will be separated by single spaces. Each input line will be from a single valid deck, that is there will be no duplicate cards in each hand and deck.
Each line of input should produce one line of output, consisting of the initial hand, the top five cards on the deck, and the best value of hand that is possible. Input is terminated by end of file.
Use the sample input and output as a guide. Note that the order of the cards in the player's hand is irrelevant, but the order of the cards in the deck is important because the discarded cards must be replaced from the top of the deck. Also note that examples of all types of hands appear in the sample output, with the hands shown in decreasing order of value.
TH JH QC QD QS QH KH AH 2S 6S 2H 2S 3H 3S 3C 2D 3D 6C 9C TH 2H 2S 3H 3S 3C 2D 9C 3D 6C TH 2H AD 5H AC 7H AH 6H 9H 4H 3C AC 2D 9C 3S KD 5S 4D KS AS 4C KS AH 2H 3C 4H KC 2C TC 2D AS AH 2C 9S AD 3C QH KS JS JD KD 6C 9C 8C 2D 7C 2H TC 4C 9S AH 3D 5S 2H QD TD 6S KH 9H AD QH
Hand: TH JH QC QD QS Deck: QH KH AH 2S 6S Best hand: straight-flush Hand: 2H 2S 3H 3S 3C Deck: 2D 3D 6C 9C TH Best hand: four-of-a-kind Hand: 2H 2S 3H 3S 3C Deck: 2D 9C 3D 6C TH Best hand: full-house Hand: 2H AD 5H AC 7H Deck: AH 6H 9H 4H 3C Best hand: flush Hand: AC 2D 9C 3S KD Deck: 5S 4D KS AS 4C Best hand: straight Hand: KS AH 2H 3C 4H Deck: KC 2C TC 2D AS Best hand: three-of-a-kind Hand: AH 2C 9S AD 3C Deck: QH KS JS JD KD Best hand: two-pairs Hand: 6C 9C 8C 2D 7C Deck: 2H TC 4C 9S AH Best hand: one-pair Hand: 3D 5S 2H QD TD Deck: 6S KH 9H AD QH Best hand: highest-card
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