Skip to content


Repository files navigation


Release Build Status


pyang is a YANG validator, transformator and code generator, written in python. It can be used to validate YANG modules for correctness, to transform YANG modules into other formats, and to write plugins to generate code from the modules.

YANG (RFC 7950) is a data modeling language for NETCONF (RFC 6241), developed by the IETF NETMOD WG.


See Documentation.


  • 1 PyPI

Pyang can be installed from PyPI:

# pip install pyang
  • 2 Source

It is reccomended to use a Python virtual environment

  git clone
  cd pyang
  pip install -e .

To install in a different location, run:

  python install --prefix=/usr/local

If you do this, it is recommended to set the environment variable YANG_INSTALL to the prefix directory. This ensures that pyang will find standard YANG modules. In addition, make sure that PYTHONPATH is set to something as follows:

export PYTHONPATH=/usr/local/lib/python3.10/site-packages

or whatever version of python you are running.

Run locally without installing

export PATH=`pwd`/bin:$PATH
export MANPATH=`pwd`/man:$MANPATH
export YANG_MODPATH=`pwd`/modules:$YANG_MODPATH
export PYANG_XSLT_DIR=`pwd`/xslt
export PYANG_RNG_LIBDIR=`pwd`/schema


source ./


pyang is compatible with the following IETF RFCs:


  • Validate YANG modules.
  • Convert YANG modules to YIN, and YIN to YANG.
  • Translate YANG data models to DSDL schemas, which can be used for validating various XML instance documents. See InstanceValidation.
  • Generate UML diagrams from YANG models. See UMLOutput for an example.
  • Generate compact tree representation of YANG models for quick visualization. See TreeOutput for an example.
  • Generate a skeleton XML instance document from the data model.
  • Schema-aware translation of instance documents encoded in XML to JSON and vice-versa. See XmlJson.
  • Plugin framework for simple development of other outputs, such as code generation.


pyang -h


man pyang

Code structure

  • bin/ Executable scripts.

  • pyang/ Contains the pyang library code.

  • pyang/ Initialization code for the pyang library.

  • pyang/ Defines the Context class, which represents a parsing session

  • pyang/ Defines the Repository class, which is used to access modules.

  • pyang/ Generic syntax checking for YANG and YIN statements. Defines regular expressions for argument checking of core statements.

  • pyang/ Generic grammar for YANG and YIN. Defines chk_module_statements() which validates a parse tree according to the grammar.

  • pyang/ Defines the generic Statement class and all validation code.

  • pyang/ YANG tokenizer and parser.

  • pyang/ YIN parser. Uses the expat library for XML parsing.

  • pyang/ Contains code for checking built-in types.

  • pyang/ Plugin API. Defines the class PyangPlugin which all plugins inherits from. All output handlers are written as plugins.

  • pyang/plugins/ Directory where plugins can be installed. All plugins in this directory are automatically initialized when the library is initialized.

  • pyang/scripts/ Directory where the python cli scripts are located. Installed as entry point.

  • pyang/translators/ Contains output plugins for YANG, YIN, and DSDL translation.

  • xslt Contains XSLT style sheets for generating RELAX NG, Schematron and DSRL schemas and validating instance documents. Also included is the free implementation of ISO Schematron by Rick Jelliffe from (files iso_schematron_skeleton_for_xslt1.xsl, iso_abstract_expand.xsl and iso_svrl_for_xslt1.xsl).

  • schema Contains RELAX NG schemas and pattern libraries.