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OpenID for node.js

OpenID for node.js is (yes, you guessed it) an OpenID implementation for node.js.

Highlights and features include:

  • Full OpenID 1.1/OpenID 2.0 compliant Relying Party (client) implementation
  • Very simple API
  • Simple extension points for association state


The library can be reviewed and retrieved from GitHub.


If you use npm, simply do npm install openid.

If you don't use npm, you should. Alternatively, you can download the library, and move the lib folder and openid.js to where you want them, and then require('openid'). (Remember to do require.paths.unshift on the directory you put the file in unless it's already in your require.paths.)


Instead of walking through step-by-step, here's a very simple server using OpenID for node.js for authentication:

var openid = require('openid');
var url = require('url');
var querystring = require('querystring');
var relyingParty = new openid.RelyingParty(
    '', // Verification URL (yours)
    null, // Realm (optional, specifies realm for OpenID authentication)
    false, // Use stateless verification
    false, // Strict mode
    []); // List of extensions to enable and include

var server = require('http').createServer(
    function(req, res)
        var parsedUrl = url.parse(req.url);
        if(parsedUrl.pathname == '/authenticate')
          // User supplied identifier
          var query = querystring.parse(parsedUrl.query);
          var identifier = query.openid_identifier;

          // Resolve identifier, associate, and build authentication URL
          relyingParty.authenticate(identifier, false, function(authUrl)
                if (!authUrl)
                  res.writeHead(302, { Location: authUrl });
        else if(parsedUrl.pathname == '/verify')
            // Verify identity assertion
            // NOTE: Passing just the URL is also possible
            relyingParty.verifyAssertion(req, function(result)
                  ? 'Success :)'
                  : 'Failure :(');
            // Deliver an OpenID form on all other URLs
            res.end('<!DOCTYPE html><html><body>'
                + '<form method="get" action="/authenticate">'
                + '<p>Login using OpenID</p>'
                + '<input name="openid_identifier" />'
                + '<input type="submit" value="Login" />'
                + '</form></body></html>');

A more elaborate example can be found in sample.js in the GitHub repository.

Storing association state

To provide a way to save/load association state, you need to mix-in two functions in the openid module:

  • saveAssociation(type, handle, secret, expiry_time) is called when a new association is established during authentication
  • loadAssociation(handle) is used to retrieve the association identified by handle when verification happens

The openid module includes default implementations for these functions using a simple object to store the associations in-memory.


OpenID for node.js is licensed under the MIT license. See LICENSE for further details. The libary includes bigint functionality released by Tom Wu under the BSD license, and Base64 functions released by Nick Galbreath under the MIT license. Please see lib/bigint.js and lib/base64.js for the details of the licenses for these functions.