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Ruby Gem to create a KML regular polygon (square, hexagon, circle, star etc.) for only a centre-point (longitude, latitude) and radius.

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Octocat-spinner-32 lib
Octocat-spinner-32 .gitignore
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Octocat-spinner-32 kml_polygon.gemspec


Google earth doesn't provide polygon primitives, leaving you to generate them as a series of points.

Given only a center-point (longitude/latitude) and radius, this Gem makes it easy to create (n) sided polygons (sufficient sides giving a circle) or stars, for inclusion in a KML file.

All credit to Nick Galbreath for the original code, and for providing it an a portable format. Thanks! (


Add this line to your application's Gemfile:

gem 'kml_polygon'

And then execute:

$ bundle

Or install it yourself as:

$ gem install kml_polygon


kml_regular_polygon(longitude, latitude, radius, [sides=20, rotate=0])
kml_star(longitude, latitude, radius, inner_radius, [sides=10, rotate=0])

Returns a string suitable for adding into a KML file.


kml_regular_polygon(longitude, latitude, radius, [sides=0, rotate=0])

Regular polygon

longitude, latitude - center point in decimal degrees
radius              - radius in meters
segments            - number of sides, > 20 looks like a circle (optional, default: 20)
rotate              - rotate polygon <rotate> degrees (optional, default: 0)


kml_star(longitude, latitude, radius, inner_radius, [sides=10, rotate=0])

Make a "star" or "burst" pattern

longitude, latitude - center point in decimal degrees
radius              - radius in meters
inner_radius        - radius in meters, typically < outer_radius
segments            - number of "points" on the star (optional, default: 10)
rotate              - rotate polygon by <rotate> degrees (optional, default: 0)

For Example:

# kml_polygon_example.rb
include kml_polygon
circle = kml_regular_polygon(-95, 50, 70000)
star = kml_star(-95,45, 70000, 50000)
puts "<kml><Document>
      <Style id='polygon1'><PolyStyle><color>7fff0000</color></PolyStyle></Style>
      <Style id='polygon2'><PolyStyle><color>7f0000ff</color></PolyStyle></Style>
      <Placemark><styleUrl>polygon1</styleUrl><Polygon>" << circle << "</Polygon></Placemark>
      <Placemark><styleUrl>polygon2</styleUrl><Polygon>" << star << "</Polygon></Placemark>

Outputs a minimal but funtional KML file with one circle and one star in semi-transparent colors.


  1. Fork it (git clone git://
  2. Create your feature branch (git checkout -b my-new-feature)
  3. Commit your changes (git commit -am 'Add some feature')
  4. Push to the branch (git push origin my-new-feature)
  5. Create new Pull Request
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