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"""View frustum modeling as series of clipping planes
The Frustum object itself is only responsible for
extracting the clipping planes from an OpenGL model-view
matrix. The bulk of the frustum-culling algorithm is
implemented in the bounding volume objects found in the
OpenGLContext.scenegraph.boundingvolume module.
Based on code from:
http://www.markmorley.com/opengl/frustumculling.html
"""
import logging
import numpy
from OpenGL import GL
context_log = logging.getLogger()
def viewingMatrix(projection=None, model=None):
"""Calculate the total viewing matrix from given data
projection -- the projection matrix, if not provided
than the result of glGetDoublev( GL_PROJECTION_MATRIX)
will be used.
model -- the model-view matrix, if not provided
than the result of glGetDoublev( GL_MODELVIEW_MATRIX )
will be used.
Note:
Unless there is a valid projection and model-view
matrix, the function will raise a RuntimeError
"""
if projection is None:
projection = GL.glGetDoublev(GL.GL_PROJECTION_MATRIX)
if model is None:
model = GL.glGetDoublev(GL.GL_MODELVIEW_MATRIX)
# hmm, this will likely fail on 64-bit platforms :(
if projection is None or model is None:
context_log.warn(
"""A NULL matrix was returned from glGetDoublev: proj=%s modelView=%s""",
projection, model,
)
if projection:
return projection
if model:
return model
else:
return numpy.identity(4, 'd')
if numpy.allclose(projection, -1.79769313e+308):
context_log.warn(
"""Attempt to retrieve projection matrix when uninitialised %s, model=%s""",
projection, model,
)
return model
if numpy.allclose(model, -1.79769313e+308):
context_log.warn(
"""Attempt to retrieve model-view matrix when uninitialised %s, projection=%s""",
model, projection,
)
return projection
return numpy.dot(model, projection)
class Frustum (object):
"""Holder for frustum specification for intersection tests
Note:
the Frustum can include an arbitrary number of
clipping planes, though the most common usage
is to define 6 clipping planes from the OpenGL
model-view matrices.
"""
def visible(self, points, radius):
"""Determine whether this sphere is visible in frustum
frustum -- Frustum object holding the clipping planes
for the view
matrix -- a matrix which transforms the local
coordinates to the (world-space) coordinate
system in which the frustum is defined.
This version of the method uses a pure-python loop
to do the actual culling once the points are
multiplied by the matrix. (i.e. it does not use the
frustcullaccel C extension module)
"""
distances = sum(self.planes[numpy.newaxis, :, :] * points[:, numpy.newaxis, :], -1)
return ~any(distances < -radius, -1)
def visible1(self, point, radius):
#return self.visible(array(point[numpy.newaxis, :]), radius)
distance = sum(self.planes * point, -1)
vis = ~any(distance < -radius)
#assert vis == self.visible(array(point)[numpy.newaxis, :], radius)
return vis
@classmethod
def fromViewingMatrix(cls, matrix=None, normalize=1):
"""Extract and calculate frustum clipping planes from OpenGL
The default initializer allows you to create
Frustum objects with arbitrary clipping planes,
while this alternate initializer provides
automatic clipping-plane extraction from the
model-view matrix.
matrix -- the combined model-view matrix
normalize -- whether to normalize the plane equations
to allow for sphere bounding-volumes and use of
distance equations for LOD-style operations.
"""
if matrix is None:
matrix = viewingMatrix()
clip = numpy.ravel(matrix)
frustum = numpy.zeros((6, 4), 'd')
# right
frustum[0][0] = clip[3] - clip[0]
frustum[0][1] = clip[7] - clip[4]
frustum[0][2] = clip[11] - clip[8]
frustum[0][3] = clip[15] - clip[12]
# left
frustum[1][0] = clip[3] + clip[0]
frustum[1][1] = clip[7] + clip[4]
frustum[1][2] = clip[11] + clip[8]
frustum[1][3] = clip[15] + clip[12]
# bottoming
frustum[2][0] = clip[3] + clip[1]
frustum[2][1] = clip[7] + clip[5]
frustum[2][2] = clip[11] + clip[9]
frustum[2][3] = clip[15] + clip[13]
# top
frustum[3][0] = clip[3] - clip[1]
frustum[3][1] = clip[7] - clip[5]
frustum[3][2] = clip[11] - clip[9]
frustum[3][3] = clip[15] - clip[13]
# far
frustum[4][0] = clip[3] - clip[2]
frustum[4][1] = clip[7] - clip[6]
frustum[4][2] = clip[11] - clip[10]
frustum[4][3] = clip[15] - clip[14]
# near
frustum[5][0] = clip[3] + clip[2]
frustum[5][1] = clip[7] + clip[6]
frustum[5][2] = clip[11] + clip[10]
frustum[5][3] = (clip[15] + clip[14])
if normalize:
frustum = cls.normalize(frustum)
obj = cls()
obj.planes = frustum
obj.matrix = matrix
return obj
@classmethod
def normalize(cls, frustum):
"""Normalize clipping plane equations"""
magnitude = numpy.sqrt(frustum[:, 0] * frustum[:, 0] + frustum[:, 1] * frustum[:, 1] + frustum[:, 2] * frustum[:, 2])
# eliminate any planes which have 0-length vectors,
# those planes can't be used for excluding anything anyway...
frustum = numpy.compress(magnitude, frustum, 0)
magnitude = numpy.compress(magnitude, magnitude, 0)
magnitude = numpy.reshape(magnitude.astype('d'), (len(frustum), 1))
return frustum / magnitude
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