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What is wldbg?

Wldbg is a tool that allows you to hijack wayland's connection and do whatever you want with it. It can be easily extended by passes or it can run in interactive gdb-like mode.

What is pass?

The calling pass is inspired by LLVM passes. Pass is a plugin that defines two functions - one for incoming messages from client and the other for messages from server. It can modify, print or take arbitrary action with the message and then pass the message to another pass and so on..

Using passes

Run wldbg with passes is very easy, just type on command-line:

  $ wldbg pass1 ARGUMENTS, pass2 ARGUMENTS -- wayland-client

pass1 and pass2 are names of the passes without .so extension (i. e. ~~> dump)

If you do not know what passes are available, use:

  $ wldbg list

To get better understanding how it works, there's exapmle pass in passes/example.c that is also compiled with other passes in that directory. Run it as follows:

  $ wldbg example -- wayland_client

Using interactive mode

To run wldbg in interactive mode, just do:

  $ wldbg -i wayland-client

If everything goes well, you'll see:

  Stopped on the first message
  C: wl_display@1.get_registry(new id wl_registry@2)

wldbg is now waiting for your input. By typing 'c' or 'continue', the program will continue in running. Other usefull commands are:

'help'                    -- show help message
'help COMMAND'            -- show help to COMMAND
'b' or 'break'            -- stop running on specified messages
    b id 10                   --> stop on messages with id 10
    b re REGEXP               --> stop on any message matching regexp)
'i' or 'info'             -- show information about running state
    i b(reakpoints)           --> info about breakpoints
    i objects                 --> info about objects
    i proc                    --> info about process
'autocmd'                 -- run command after messages of intereset
    autocmd add RE CMD        --> run CMD on every message matching RE
    autocmd add '' i o        --> display info about objects after every message
'h' or 'hide              -- hide specified messages matching REGEXP, e. g.:
    h wl_pointer.*            --> hide everything for/from wl_pointer
    h wl_display@.*done       --> hide done messages from wl_display
'so' or 'showonly'        -- show only messages matching REGEXP
    so wl_display.*done       --> show only wl_display.done event
's' or 'send'             -- send message to client/server (in wire format)
'e' or 'edit'             -- edit message that we stopped at
'q' or 'quit'             -- exit wldbg

When wldbg is run with -g (-objinfo) option, it gathers information about objects. User then can just type:

(wldbg) i o ID

where ID is the id of object of interest and wldbg will dump information it gathered about it. NOTE: this is new and uncomplete feature and at this moment wldbg gathers information about xdg_surface, wl_surface and wl_buffer objects.

Ctrl-C interrupts the program and prompts user for input.

Using server mode

Wldbg can run is server mode in which every new connection is redirected to wldbg and already then to compositor. Upon first connection the user is prompted for an action, every other connection is connected automatically without stopping. Server mode is also interactive, so everythin that works in interactive mode, works in the server mode too. To start wldbg in the server mode, use -s switch:

$ wldbg -s
Listening for incoming connections...

when client connects, you'll see something like:

Stopped on the first message
[weston-terminal: 7874] C: wl_display@1.get_registry(new id wl_registry@2)

After another client is connected, the messages from both are just interleaved:

[weston-terminal: 7874] S: wl_pointer@3.motion(2739198098, 197.000000, 142.000000)
[weston-terminal: 7874] S: wl_pointer@3.frame()
[weston-dnd     : 7930] S: wl_buffer@38.release()
[weston-dnd     : 7930] S: wl_pointer@3.leave(166, wl_surface@14)
[weston-dnd     : 7930] S: wl_pointer@3.frame()
[weston-terminal: 7874] C: wl_surface@10.attach(wl_buffer@17, 0, 0)
[weston-terminal: 7874] C: wl_surface@10.damage(0, 0, 9, 16)
[weston-terminal: 7874] C: wl_surface@10.commit()

Server mode is handy for example for debugging interaction of two clients, like two weston-dnd instances, dragging and dropping between them.

Wldbg is under hard (and slow :) developement and not all features are working yet (those described above should mostly work, though)

Author: Marek Chalupa


Tool for processing wayland connections




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