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README.md

SuperDiff Gem Version Build Status Downloads IssueHunt

SuperDiff is a gem that hooks into RSpec to intelligently display the differences between two data structures of any type.

📢 See what's changed in recent versions.

Introduction

The primary motivation behind this gem is to vastly improve upon RSpec's built-in diffing capabilities.

Sometimes, whenever you use a matcher such as eq, match, include, or have_attributes, you will get a diff of the two data structures you are trying to match against. This is great if all you want to do is compare multi-line strings. But if you want to compare other, more "real world" kinds of values, such as what you might work with when developing API endpoints or testing methods that make database calls and return a set of model objects, then you are out of luck. Since RSpec merely runs your expected and actual values through Ruby's PrettyPrinter library and then performs a diff of these strings, the output it produces leaves much to be desired.

For instance, let's say you wanted to compare these two hashes:

actual = {
  customer: {
    person: SuperDiff::Test::Person.new(name: "Marty McFly, Jr.", age: 17),
    shipping_address: {
      line_1: "456 Ponderosa Ct.",
      city: "Hill Valley",
      state: "CA",
      zip: "90382"
    }
  },
  items: [
    {
      name: "Fender Stratocaster",
      cost: 100_000,
      options: ["red", "blue", "green"]
    },
    { name: "Mattel Hoverboard" }
  ]
}

expected = {
  customer: {
    person: SuperDiff::Test::Person.new(name: "Marty McFly", age: 17),
    shipping_address: {
      line_1: "123 Main St.",
      city: "Hill Valley",
      state: "CA",
      zip: "90382"
    }
  },
  items: [
    {
      name: "Fender Stratocaster",
      cost: 100_000,
      options: ["red", "blue", "green"]
    },
    { name: "Chevy 4x4" }
  ]
}

If, somewhere in a test, you were to say:

expect(actual).to eq(expected)

You would get output that looks like this:

Before super_diff

What this library does is to provide a diff engine that knows how to figure out the differences between any two data structures and display them in a sensible way. So, using the example above, you'd get this instead:

After super_diff

Installation

There are a few different ways to install super_diff depending on your type of project.

Rails apps

If you're developing a Rails app, add the following to your Gemfile:

group :test do
  gem "super_diff"
end

After running bundle install, add the following to your rails_helper:

require "super_diff/rspec-rails"

Projects using some part of Rails (e.g. ActiveModel)

If you're developing an app using Hanami or Sinatra, or merely using a part of Rails such as ActiveModel, add the following to your Gemfile where appropriate:

gem "super_diff"

After running bundle install, add the following to your spec_helper:

require "super_diff/rspec"
require "super_diff/active_support"

Gems

If you're developing a gem, add the following to your gemspec:

spec.add_development_dependency "super_diff"

Now add the following to your spec_helper:

require "super_diff/rspec"

Configuration

As capable as this library is, it doesn't know how to deal with every kind of object out there. If you have a custom class, and instances of your class aren't appearing in diffs like you like, you might find it necessary to instruct the gem on how to handle them. In that case you would add something like this to your test helper file (rails_helper or spec_helper):

SuperDiff.configure do |config|
  config.add_extra_differ_class(YourDiffer)
  config.add_extra_operation_tree_builder_class(YourOperationTreeBuilder)
  config.add_extra_operation_tree_class(YourOperationTree)
  config.add_extra_diff_formatter_class(YourDiffFormatter)
end

(More info here in the future on adding a custom differ, operation tree builder, operation tree, and diff formatter. Also explanations on what these are.)

Support

My goal for this library is to improve your development experience. If this is not the case, and you encounter a bug or have a suggestion, feel free to create an issue. I'll try to respond to it as soon as I can!

Contributing

Any code contributions to improve this library are welcome! Please see the contributing document for more on how to do that.

Sponsoring

If there's a change you want implemented, you can choose to sponsor that change! super_diff is set up on IssueHunt, so feel free to search for an existing issue (or make your own) and add a bounty. I'll get notified right away!

Compatibility

super_diff is tested to work with Ruby >= 2.5.x, RSpec 3.x, and Rails >= 5.x.

Inspiration/Thanks

In developing this gem I made use of or was heavily inspired by these libraries:

Thank you to the authors of these libraries!

Author/License

super_diff was created and is maintained by Elliot Winkler. It is released under the MIT license.

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A more helpful way to view differences between complex data structures in RSpec.

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