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/*
Stockfish, a UCI chess playing engine derived from Glaurung 2.1
Copyright (C) 2004-2008 Tord Romstad (Glaurung author)
Copyright (C) 2008-2014 Marco Costalba, Joona Kiiski, Tord Romstad

Stockfish is free software: you can redistribute it and/or modify
it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
the Free Software Foundation, either version 3 of the License, or
(at your option) any later version.


Stockfish is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
GNU General Public License for more details.

You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
along with this program. If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
*/

#ifndef BITCOUNT_H_INCLUDED
#define BITCOUNT_H_INCLUDED

#include <cassert>
#include "types.h"

enum BitCountType {
  CNT_64,
  CNT_64_MAX15,
  CNT_32,
  CNT_32_MAX15,
  CNT_HW_POPCNT
};

/// Determine at compile time the best popcount<> specialization according to
/// whether the platform is 32 or 64 bit, the maximum number of non-zero
/// bits to count and if the hardware popcnt instruction is available.
const BitCountType Full = HasPopCnt ? CNT_HW_POPCNT : Is64Bit ? CNT_64 : CNT_32;
const BitCountType Max15 = HasPopCnt ? CNT_HW_POPCNT : Is64Bit ? CNT_64_MAX15 : CNT_32_MAX15;


/// popcount() counts the number of non-zero bits in a bitboard
template<BitCountType> inline int popcount(Bitboard);

template<>
inline int popcount<CNT_64>(Bitboard b) {
  b -= (b >> 1) & 0x5555555555555555ULL;
  b = ((b >> 2) & 0x3333333333333333ULL) + (b & 0x3333333333333333ULL);
  b = ((b >> 4) + b) & 0x0F0F0F0F0F0F0F0FULL;
  return (b * 0x0101010101010101ULL) >> 56;
}

template<>
inline int popcount<CNT_64_MAX15>(Bitboard b) {
  b -= (b >> 1) & 0x5555555555555555ULL;
  b = ((b >> 2) & 0x3333333333333333ULL) + (b & 0x3333333333333333ULL);
  return (b * 0x1111111111111111ULL) >> 60;
}

template<>
inline int popcount<CNT_32>(Bitboard b) {
  unsigned w = unsigned(b >> 32), v = unsigned(b);
  v -= (v >> 1) & 0x55555555; // 0-2 in 2 bits
  w -= (w >> 1) & 0x55555555;
  v = ((v >> 2) & 0x33333333) + (v & 0x33333333); // 0-4 in 4 bits
  w = ((w >> 2) & 0x33333333) + (w & 0x33333333);
  v = ((v >> 4) + v + (w >> 4) + w) & 0x0F0F0F0F;
  return (v * 0x01010101) >> 24;
}

template<>
inline int popcount<CNT_32_MAX15>(Bitboard b) {
  unsigned w = unsigned(b >> 32), v = unsigned(b);
  v -= (v >> 1) & 0x55555555; // 0-2 in 2 bits
  w -= (w >> 1) & 0x55555555;
  v = ((v >> 2) & 0x33333333) + (v & 0x33333333); // 0-4 in 4 bits
  w = ((w >> 2) & 0x33333333) + (w & 0x33333333);
  return ((v + w) * 0x11111111) >> 28;
}

template<>
inline int popcount<CNT_HW_POPCNT>(Bitboard b) {

#ifndef USE_POPCNT

  assert(false);
  return b != 0; // Avoid 'b not used' warning

#elif defined(_MSC_VER) && defined(__INTEL_COMPILER)

  return _mm_popcnt_u64(b);

#elif defined(_MSC_VER)

  return (int)__popcnt64(b);

#else

  __asm__("popcnt %1, %0" : "=r" (b) : "r" (b));
  return b;

#endif
}

#endif // #ifndef BITCOUNT_H_INCLUDED
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