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.\" @(#) $Header: /tcpdump/master/libpcap/pcap_findalldevs.3pcap,v 1.2 2008-04-05 20:26:56 guy Exp $
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.TH PCAP_FINDALLDEVS 3PCAP "4 April 2008"
.SH NAME
pcap_findalldevs \- get a list of capture devices
.SH SYNOPSIS
.nf
.ft B
#include <pcap/pcap.h>
.ft
.LP
.nf
.ft B
char errbuf[PCAP_ERRBUF_SIZE];
.ft
.LP
.ft B
int pcap_findalldevs(pcap_if_t **alldevsp, char *errbuf);
.ft
.fi
.SH DESCRIPTION
.B pcap_findalldevs()
constructs a list of network devices that can be opened with
.BR pcap_open_live() .
(Note that there may be network devices that cannot be opened with
.BR pcap_open_live()
by the
process calling
.BR pcap_findalldevs() ,
because, for example, that process might not have sufficient privileges
to open them for capturing; if so, those devices will not appear on the
list.)
.I alldevsp
is set to point to the first element of the list; each element of the
list is of type
.BR pcap_if_t ,
and has the following members:
.RS
.TP
.B next
if not
.BR NULL ,
a pointer to the next element in the list;
.B NULL
for the last element of the list
.TP
.B name
a pointer to a string giving a name for the device to pass to
.B pcap_open_live()
.TP
.B description
if not
.BR NULL ,
a pointer to a string giving a human-readable description of the device
.TP
.B addresses
a pointer to the first element of a list of addresses for the interface
.TP
.B flags
interface flags:
.RS
.TP
.B PCAP_IF_LOOPBACK
set if the interface is a loopback interface
.RE
.RE
.PP
Each element of the list of addresses is of type
.BR pcap_addr_t ,
and has the following members:
.RS
.TP
.B next
if not
.BR NULL ,
a pointer to the next element in the list;
.B NULL
for the last element of the list
.TP
.B addr
a pointer to a
.B "struct sockaddr"
containing an address
.TP
.B netmask
if not
.BR NULL ,
a pointer to a
.B "struct sockaddr"
that contains the netmask corresponding to the address pointed to by
.B addr
.TP
.B broadaddr
if not
.BR NULL ,
a pointer to a
.B "struct sockaddr"
that contains the broadcast address corresponding to the address pointed
to by
.BR addr ;
may be null if the interface doesn't support broadcasts
.TP
.B dstaddr
if not
.BR NULL ,
a pointer to a
.B "struct sockaddr"
that contains the destination address corresponding to the address pointed
to by
.BR addr ;
may be null if the interface isn't a point-to-point interface
.RE
.PP
Note that not all the addresses in the list of addresses are
necessarily IPv4 or IPv6 addresses - you must check the
.B sa_family
member of the
.B "struct sockaddr"
before interpreting the contents of the address.
.PP
The list of devices must be freed with
.BR pcap_freealldevs() .
.SH RETURN VALUE
.B pcap_findalldevs()
returns 0 on success and \-1 on failure.
If \-1 is returned,
.I errbuf
is filled in with an appropriate error message.
.I errbuf
is assumed to be able to hold at least
.B PCAP_ERRBUF_SIZE
chars.
.SH SEE ALSO
pcap_open_live(3PCAP), pcap_freealldevs(3PCAP)
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