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/*
* Copyright (c) 1993, 1994, 1995, 1996, 1997
* The Regents of the University of California. All rights reserved.
*
* Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
* modification, are permitted provided that: (1) source code distributions
* retain the above copyright notice and this paragraph in its entirety, (2)
* distributions including binary code include the above copyright notice and
* this paragraph in its entirety in the documentation or other materials
* provided with the distribution, and (3) all advertising materials mentioning
* features or use of this software display the following acknowledgement:
* ``This product includes software developed by the University of California,
* Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory and its contributors.'' Neither the name of
* the University nor the names of its contributors may be used to endorse
* or promote products derived from this software without specific prior
* written permission.
* THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED ``AS IS'' AND WITHOUT ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED
* WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, WITHOUT LIMITATION, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF
* MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.
*
* pcap-common.c - common code for pcap and pcap-ng files
*/
#ifdef HAVE_CONFIG_H
#include "config.h"
#endif
#ifdef WIN32
#include <pcap-stdinc.h>
#else /* WIN32 */
#if HAVE_INTTYPES_H
#include <inttypes.h>
#elif HAVE_STDINT_H
#include <stdint.h>
#endif
#ifdef HAVE_SYS_BITYPES_H
#include <sys/bitypes.h>
#endif
#include <sys/types.h>
#endif /* WIN32 */
#include "pcap-int.h"
#include "pcap/usb.h"
#include "pcap/nflog.h"
#include "pcap-common.h"
/*
* We don't write DLT_* values to capture files, because they're not the
* same on all platforms.
*
* Unfortunately, the various flavors of BSD have not always used the same
* numerical values for the same data types, and various patches to
* libpcap for non-BSD OSes have added their own DLT_* codes for link
* layer encapsulation types seen on those OSes, and those codes have had,
* in some cases, values that were also used, on other platforms, for other
* link layer encapsulation types.
*
* This means that capture files of a type whose numerical DLT_* code
* means different things on different BSDs, or with different versions
* of libpcap, can't always be read on systems other than those like
* the one running on the machine on which the capture was made.
*
* Instead, we define here a set of LINKTYPE_* codes, and map DLT_* codes
* to LINKTYPE_* codes when writing a savefile header, and map LINKTYPE_*
* codes to DLT_* codes when reading a savefile header.
*
* For those DLT_* codes that have, as far as we know, the same values on
* all platforms (DLT_NULL through DLT_FDDI), we define LINKTYPE_xxx as
* DLT_xxx; that way, captures of those types can still be read by
* versions of libpcap that map LINKTYPE_* values to DLT_* values, and
* captures of those types written by versions of libpcap that map DLT_
* values to LINKTYPE_ values can still be read by older versions
* of libpcap.
*
* The other LINKTYPE_* codes are given values starting at 100, in the
* hopes that no DLT_* code will be given one of those values.
*
* In order to ensure that a given LINKTYPE_* code's value will refer to
* the same encapsulation type on all platforms, you should not allocate
* a new LINKTYPE_* value without consulting
* "tcpdump-workers@lists.tcpdump.org". The tcpdump developers will
* allocate a value for you, and will not subsequently allocate it to
* anybody else; that value will be added to the "pcap.h" in the
* tcpdump.org Git repository, so that a future libpcap release will
* include it.
*
* You should, if possible, also contribute patches to libpcap and tcpdump
* to handle the new encapsulation type, so that they can also be checked
* into the tcpdump.org Git repository and so that they will appear in
* future libpcap and tcpdump releases.
*
* Do *NOT* assume that any values after the largest value in this file
* are available; you might not have the most up-to-date version of this
* file, and new values after that one might have been assigned. Also,
* do *NOT* use any values below 100 - those might already have been
* taken by one (or more!) organizations.
*
* Any platform that defines additional DLT_* codes should:
*
* request a LINKTYPE_* code and value from tcpdump.org,
* as per the above;
*
* add, in their version of libpcap, an entry to map
* those DLT_* codes to the corresponding LINKTYPE_*
* code;
*
* redefine, in their "net/bpf.h", any DLT_* values
* that collide with the values used by their additional
* DLT_* codes, to remove those collisions (but without
* making them collide with any of the LINKTYPE_*
* values equal to 50 or above; they should also avoid
* defining DLT_* values that collide with those
* LINKTYPE_* values, either).
*/
#define LINKTYPE_NULL DLT_NULL
#define LINKTYPE_ETHERNET DLT_EN10MB /* also for 100Mb and up */
#define LINKTYPE_EXP_ETHERNET DLT_EN3MB /* 3Mb experimental Ethernet */
#define LINKTYPE_AX25 DLT_AX25
#define LINKTYPE_PRONET DLT_PRONET
#define LINKTYPE_CHAOS DLT_CHAOS
#define LINKTYPE_IEEE802_5 DLT_IEEE802 /* DLT_IEEE802 is used for 802.5 Token Ring */
#define LINKTYPE_ARCNET_BSD DLT_ARCNET /* BSD-style headers */
#define LINKTYPE_SLIP DLT_SLIP
#define LINKTYPE_PPP DLT_PPP
#define LINKTYPE_FDDI DLT_FDDI
/*
* LINKTYPE_PPP is for use when there might, or might not, be an RFC 1662
* PPP in HDLC-like framing header (with 0xff 0x03 before the PPP protocol
* field) at the beginning of the packet.
*
* This is for use when there is always such a header; the address field
* might be 0xff, for regular PPP, or it might be an address field for Cisco
* point-to-point with HDLC framing as per section 4.3.1 of RFC 1547 ("Cisco
* HDLC"). This is, for example, what you get with NetBSD's DLT_PPP_SERIAL.
*
* We give it the same value as NetBSD's DLT_PPP_SERIAL, in the hopes that
* nobody else will choose a DLT_ value of 50, and so that DLT_PPP_SERIAL
* captures will be written out with a link type that NetBSD's tcpdump
* can read.
*/
#define LINKTYPE_PPP_HDLC 50 /* PPP in HDLC-like framing */
#define LINKTYPE_PPP_ETHER 51 /* NetBSD PPP-over-Ethernet */
#define LINKTYPE_SYMANTEC_FIREWALL 99 /* Symantec Enterprise Firewall */
/*
* These correspond to DLT_s that have different values on different
* platforms; we map between these values in capture files and
* the DLT_ values as returned by pcap_datalink() and passed to
* pcap_open_dead().
*/
#define LINKTYPE_ATM_RFC1483 100 /* LLC/SNAP-encapsulated ATM */
#define LINKTYPE_RAW 101 /* raw IP */
#define LINKTYPE_SLIP_BSDOS 102 /* BSD/OS SLIP BPF header */
#define LINKTYPE_PPP_BSDOS 103 /* BSD/OS PPP BPF header */
/*
* Values starting with 104 are used for newly-assigned link-layer
* header type values; for those link-layer header types, the DLT_
* value returned by pcap_datalink() and passed to pcap_open_dead(),
* and the LINKTYPE_ value that appears in capture files, are the
* same.
*
* LINKTYPE_MATCHING_MIN is the lowest such value; LINKTYPE_MATCHING_MAX
* is the highest such value.
*/
#define LINKTYPE_MATCHING_MIN 104 /* lowest value in the "matching" range */
#define LINKTYPE_C_HDLC 104 /* Cisco HDLC */
#define LINKTYPE_IEEE802_11 105 /* IEEE 802.11 (wireless) */
#define LINKTYPE_ATM_CLIP 106 /* Linux Classical IP over ATM */
#define LINKTYPE_FRELAY 107 /* Frame Relay */
#define LINKTYPE_LOOP 108 /* OpenBSD loopback */
#define LINKTYPE_ENC 109 /* OpenBSD IPSEC enc */
/*
* These three types are reserved for future use.
*/
#define LINKTYPE_LANE8023 110 /* ATM LANE + 802.3 */
#define LINKTYPE_HIPPI 111 /* NetBSD HIPPI */
#define LINKTYPE_HDLC 112 /* NetBSD HDLC framing */
#define LINKTYPE_LINUX_SLL 113 /* Linux cooked socket capture */
#define LINKTYPE_LTALK 114 /* Apple LocalTalk hardware */
#define LINKTYPE_ECONET 115 /* Acorn Econet */
/*
* Reserved for use with OpenBSD ipfilter.
*/
#define LINKTYPE_IPFILTER 116
#define LINKTYPE_PFLOG 117 /* OpenBSD DLT_PFLOG */
#define LINKTYPE_CISCO_IOS 118 /* For Cisco-internal use */
#define LINKTYPE_IEEE802_11_PRISM 119 /* 802.11 plus Prism II monitor mode radio metadata header */
#define LINKTYPE_IEEE802_11_AIRONET 120 /* 802.11 plus FreeBSD Aironet driver radio metadata header */
/*
* Reserved for Siemens HiPath HDLC.
*/
#define LINKTYPE_HHDLC 121
#define LINKTYPE_IP_OVER_FC 122 /* RFC 2625 IP-over-Fibre Channel */
#define LINKTYPE_SUNATM 123 /* Solaris+SunATM */
/*
* Reserved as per request from Kent Dahlgren <kent@praesum.com>
* for private use.
*/
#define LINKTYPE_RIO 124 /* RapidIO */
#define LINKTYPE_PCI_EXP 125 /* PCI Express */
#define LINKTYPE_AURORA 126 /* Xilinx Aurora link layer */
#define LINKTYPE_IEEE802_11_RADIOTAP 127 /* 802.11 plus radiotap radio metadata header */
/*
* Reserved for the TZSP encapsulation, as per request from
* Chris Waters <chris.waters@networkchemistry.com>
* TZSP is a generic encapsulation for any other link type,
* which includes a means to include meta-information
* with the packet, e.g. signal strength and channel
* for 802.11 packets.
*/
#define LINKTYPE_TZSP 128 /* Tazmen Sniffer Protocol */
#define LINKTYPE_ARCNET_LINUX 129 /* Linux-style headers */
/*
* Juniper-private data link types, as per request from
* Hannes Gredler <hannes@juniper.net>. The corresponding
* DLT_s are used for passing on chassis-internal
* metainformation such as QOS profiles, etc..
*/
#define LINKTYPE_JUNIPER_MLPPP 130
#define LINKTYPE_JUNIPER_MLFR 131
#define LINKTYPE_JUNIPER_ES 132
#define LINKTYPE_JUNIPER_GGSN 133
#define LINKTYPE_JUNIPER_MFR 134
#define LINKTYPE_JUNIPER_ATM2 135
#define LINKTYPE_JUNIPER_SERVICES 136
#define LINKTYPE_JUNIPER_ATM1 137
#define LINKTYPE_APPLE_IP_OVER_IEEE1394 138 /* Apple IP-over-IEEE 1394 cooked header */
#define LINKTYPE_MTP2_WITH_PHDR 139
#define LINKTYPE_MTP2 140
#define LINKTYPE_MTP3 141
#define LINKTYPE_SCCP 142
#define LINKTYPE_DOCSIS 143 /* DOCSIS MAC frames */
#define LINKTYPE_LINUX_IRDA 144 /* Linux-IrDA */
/*
* Reserved for IBM SP switch and IBM Next Federation switch.
*/
#define LINKTYPE_IBM_SP 145
#define LINKTYPE_IBM_SN 146
/*
* Reserved for private use. If you have some link-layer header type
* that you want to use within your organization, with the capture files
* using that link-layer header type not ever be sent outside your
* organization, you can use these values.
*
* No libpcap release will use these for any purpose, nor will any
* tcpdump release use them, either.
*
* Do *NOT* use these in capture files that you expect anybody not using
* your private versions of capture-file-reading tools to read; in
* particular, do *NOT* use them in products, otherwise you may find that
* people won't be able to use tcpdump, or snort, or Ethereal, or... to
* read capture files from your firewall/intrusion detection/traffic
* monitoring/etc. appliance, or whatever product uses that LINKTYPE_ value,
* and you may also find that the developers of those applications will
* not accept patches to let them read those files.
*
* Also, do not use them if somebody might send you a capture using them
* for *their* private type and tools using them for *your* private type
* would have to read them.
*
* Instead, in those cases, ask "tcpdump-workers@lists.tcpdump.org" for a
* new DLT_ and LINKTYPE_ value, as per the comment in pcap/bpf.h, and use
* the type you're given.
*/
#define LINKTYPE_USER0 147
#define LINKTYPE_USER1 148
#define LINKTYPE_USER2 149
#define LINKTYPE_USER3 150
#define LINKTYPE_USER4 151
#define LINKTYPE_USER5 152
#define LINKTYPE_USER6 153
#define LINKTYPE_USER7 154
#define LINKTYPE_USER8 155
#define LINKTYPE_USER9 156
#define LINKTYPE_USER10 157
#define LINKTYPE_USER11 158
#define LINKTYPE_USER12 159
#define LINKTYPE_USER13 160
#define LINKTYPE_USER14 161
#define LINKTYPE_USER15 162
/*
* For future use with 802.11 captures - defined by AbsoluteValue
* Systems to store a number of bits of link-layer information
* including radio information:
*
* http://www.shaftnet.org/~pizza/software/capturefrm.txt
*/
#define LINKTYPE_IEEE802_11_AVS 163 /* 802.11 plus AVS radio metadata header */
/*
* Juniper-private data link type, as per request from
* Hannes Gredler <hannes@juniper.net>. The corresponding
* DLT_s are used for passing on chassis-internal
* metainformation such as QOS profiles, etc..
*/
#define LINKTYPE_JUNIPER_MONITOR 164
/*
* BACnet MS/TP frames.
*/
#define LINKTYPE_BACNET_MS_TP 165
/*
* Another PPP variant as per request from Karsten Keil <kkeil@suse.de>.
*
* This is used in some OSes to allow a kernel socket filter to distinguish
* between incoming and outgoing packets, on a socket intended to
* supply pppd with outgoing packets so it can do dial-on-demand and
* hangup-on-lack-of-demand; incoming packets are filtered out so they
* don't cause pppd to hold the connection up (you don't want random
* input packets such as port scans, packets from old lost connections,
* etc. to force the connection to stay up).
*
* The first byte of the PPP header (0xff03) is modified to accomodate
* the direction - 0x00 = IN, 0x01 = OUT.
*/
#define LINKTYPE_PPP_PPPD 166
/*
* Juniper-private data link type, as per request from
* Hannes Gredler <hannes@juniper.net>. The DLT_s are used
* for passing on chassis-internal metainformation such as
* QOS profiles, cookies, etc..
*/
#define LINKTYPE_JUNIPER_PPPOE 167
#define LINKTYPE_JUNIPER_PPPOE_ATM 168
#define LINKTYPE_GPRS_LLC 169 /* GPRS LLC */
#define LINKTYPE_GPF_T 170 /* GPF-T (ITU-T G.7041/Y.1303) */
#define LINKTYPE_GPF_F 171 /* GPF-T (ITU-T G.7041/Y.1303) */
/*
* Requested by Oolan Zimmer <oz@gcom.com> for use in Gcom's T1/E1 line
* monitoring equipment.
*/
#define LINKTYPE_GCOM_T1E1 172
#define LINKTYPE_GCOM_SERIAL 173
/*
* Juniper-private data link type, as per request from
* Hannes Gredler <hannes@juniper.net>. The DLT_ is used
* for internal communication to Physical Interface Cards (PIC)
*/
#define LINKTYPE_JUNIPER_PIC_PEER 174
/*
* Link types requested by Gregor Maier <gregor@endace.com> of Endace
* Measurement Systems. They add an ERF header (see
* http://www.endace.com/support/EndaceRecordFormat.pdf) in front of
* the link-layer header.
*/
#define LINKTYPE_ERF_ETH 175 /* Ethernet */
#define LINKTYPE_ERF_POS 176 /* Packet-over-SONET */
/*
* Requested by Daniele Orlandi <daniele@orlandi.com> for raw LAPD
* for vISDN (http://www.orlandi.com/visdn/). Its link-layer header
* includes additional information before the LAPD header, so it's
* not necessarily a generic LAPD header.
*/
#define LINKTYPE_LINUX_LAPD 177
/*
* Juniper-private data link type, as per request from
* Hannes Gredler <hannes@juniper.net>.
* The Link Types are used for prepending meta-information
* like interface index, interface name
* before standard Ethernet, PPP, Frelay & C-HDLC Frames
*/
#define LINKTYPE_JUNIPER_ETHER 178
#define LINKTYPE_JUNIPER_PPP 179
#define LINKTYPE_JUNIPER_FRELAY 180
#define LINKTYPE_JUNIPER_CHDLC 181
/*
* Multi Link Frame Relay (FRF.16)
*/
#define LINKTYPE_MFR 182
/*
* Juniper-private data link type, as per request from
* Hannes Gredler <hannes@juniper.net>.
* The DLT_ is used for internal communication with a
* voice Adapter Card (PIC)
*/
#define LINKTYPE_JUNIPER_VP 183
/*
* Arinc 429 frames.
* DLT_ requested by Gianluca Varenni <gianluca.varenni@cacetech.com>.
* Every frame contains a 32bit A429 label.
* More documentation on Arinc 429 can be found at
* http://www.condoreng.com/support/downloads/tutorials/ARINCTutorial.pdf
*/
#define LINKTYPE_A429 184
/*
* Arinc 653 Interpartition Communication messages.
* DLT_ requested by Gianluca Varenni <gianluca.varenni@cacetech.com>.
* Please refer to the A653-1 standard for more information.
*/
#define LINKTYPE_A653_ICM 185
/*
* USB packets, beginning with a USB setup header; requested by
* Paolo Abeni <paolo.abeni@email.it>.
*/
#define LINKTYPE_USB 186
/*
* Bluetooth HCI UART transport layer (part H:4); requested by
* Paolo Abeni.
*/
#define LINKTYPE_BLUETOOTH_HCI_H4 187
/*
* IEEE 802.16 MAC Common Part Sublayer; requested by Maria Cruz
* <cruz_petagay@bah.com>.
*/
#define LINKTYPE_IEEE802_16_MAC_CPS 188
/*
* USB packets, beginning with a Linux USB header; requested by
* Paolo Abeni <paolo.abeni@email.it>.
*/
#define LINKTYPE_USB_LINUX 189
/*
* Controller Area Network (CAN) v. 2.0B packets.
* DLT_ requested by Gianluca Varenni <gianluca.varenni@cacetech.com>.
* Used to dump CAN packets coming from a CAN Vector board.
* More documentation on the CAN v2.0B frames can be found at
* http://www.can-cia.org/downloads/?269
*/
#define LINKTYPE_CAN20B 190
/*
* IEEE 802.15.4, with address fields padded, as is done by Linux
* drivers; requested by Juergen Schimmer.
*/
#define LINKTYPE_IEEE802_15_4_LINUX 191
/*
* Per Packet Information encapsulated packets.
* LINKTYPE_ requested by Gianluca Varenni <gianluca.varenni@cacetech.com>.
*/
#define LINKTYPE_PPI 192
/*
* Header for 802.16 MAC Common Part Sublayer plus a radiotap radio header;
* requested by Charles Clancy.
*/
#define LINKTYPE_IEEE802_16_MAC_CPS_RADIO 193
/*
* Juniper-private data link type, as per request from
* Hannes Gredler <hannes@juniper.net>.
* The DLT_ is used for internal communication with a
* integrated service module (ISM).
*/
#define LINKTYPE_JUNIPER_ISM 194
/*
* IEEE 802.15.4, exactly as it appears in the spec (no padding, no
* nothing); requested by Mikko Saarnivala <mikko.saarnivala@sensinode.com>.
*/
#define LINKTYPE_IEEE802_15_4 195
/*
* Various link-layer types, with a pseudo-header, for SITA
* (http://www.sita.aero/); requested by Fulko Hew (fulko.hew@gmail.com).
*/
#define LINKTYPE_SITA 196
/*
* Various link-layer types, with a pseudo-header, for Endace DAG cards;
* encapsulates Endace ERF records. Requested by Stephen Donnelly
* <stephen@endace.com>.
*/
#define LINKTYPE_ERF 197
/*
* Special header prepended to Ethernet packets when capturing from a
* u10 Networks board. Requested by Phil Mulholland
* <phil@u10networks.com>.
*/
#define LINKTYPE_RAIF1 198
/*
* IPMB packet for IPMI, beginning with the I2C slave address, followed
* by the netFn and LUN, etc.. Requested by Chanthy Toeung
* <chanthy.toeung@ca.kontron.com>.
*/
#define LINKTYPE_IPMB 199
/*
* Juniper-private data link type, as per request from
* Hannes Gredler <hannes@juniper.net>.
* The DLT_ is used for capturing data on a secure tunnel interface.
*/
#define LINKTYPE_JUNIPER_ST 200
/*
* Bluetooth HCI UART transport layer (part H:4), with pseudo-header
* that includes direction information; requested by Paolo Abeni.
*/
#define LINKTYPE_BLUETOOTH_HCI_H4_WITH_PHDR 201
/*
* AX.25 packet with a 1-byte KISS header; see
*
* http://www.ax25.net/kiss.htm
*
* as per Richard Stearn <richard@rns-stearn.demon.co.uk>.
*/
#define LINKTYPE_AX25_KISS 202
/*
* LAPD packets from an ISDN channel, starting with the address field,
* with no pseudo-header.
* Requested by Varuna De Silva <varunax@gmail.com>.
*/
#define LINKTYPE_LAPD 203
/*
* Variants of various link-layer headers, with a one-byte direction
* pseudo-header prepended - zero means "received by this host",
* non-zero (any non-zero value) means "sent by this host" - as per
* Will Barker <w.barker@zen.co.uk>.
*/
#define LINKTYPE_PPP_WITH_DIR 204 /* PPP */
#define LINKTYPE_C_HDLC_WITH_DIR 205 /* Cisco HDLC */
#define LINKTYPE_FRELAY_WITH_DIR 206 /* Frame Relay */
#define LINKTYPE_LAPB_WITH_DIR 207 /* LAPB */
/*
* 208 is reserved for an as-yet-unspecified proprietary link-layer
* type, as requested by Will Barker.
*/
/*
* IPMB with a Linux-specific pseudo-header; as requested by Alexey Neyman
* <avn@pigeonpoint.com>.
*/
#define LINKTYPE_IPMB_LINUX 209
/*
* FlexRay automotive bus - http://www.flexray.com/ - as requested
* by Hannes Kaelber <hannes.kaelber@x2e.de>.
*/
#define LINKTYPE_FLEXRAY 210
/*
* Media Oriented Systems Transport (MOST) bus for multimedia
* transport - http://www.mostcooperation.com/ - as requested
* by Hannes Kaelber <hannes.kaelber@x2e.de>.
*/
#define LINKTYPE_MOST 211
/*
* Local Interconnect Network (LIN) bus for vehicle networks -
* http://www.lin-subbus.org/ - as requested by Hannes Kaelber
* <hannes.kaelber@x2e.de>.
*/
#define LINKTYPE_LIN 212
/*
* X2E-private data link type used for serial line capture,
* as requested by Hannes Kaelber <hannes.kaelber@x2e.de>.
*/
#define LINKTYPE_X2E_SERIAL 213
/*
* X2E-private data link type used for the Xoraya data logger
* family, as requested by Hannes Kaelber <hannes.kaelber@x2e.de>.
*/
#define LINKTYPE_X2E_XORAYA 214
/*
* IEEE 802.15.4, exactly as it appears in the spec (no padding, no
* nothing), but with the PHY-level data for non-ASK PHYs (4 octets
* of 0 as preamble, one octet of SFD, one octet of frame length+
* reserved bit, and then the MAC-layer data, starting with the
* frame control field).
*
* Requested by Max Filippov <jcmvbkbc@gmail.com>.
*/
#define LINKTYPE_IEEE802_15_4_NONASK_PHY 215
/*
* David Gibson <david@gibson.dropbear.id.au> requested this for
* captures from the Linux kernel /dev/input/eventN devices. This
* is used to communicate keystrokes and mouse movements from the
* Linux kernel to display systems, such as Xorg.
*/
#define LINKTYPE_LINUX_EVDEV 216
/*
* GSM Um and Abis interfaces, preceded by a "gsmtap" header.
*
* Requested by Harald Welte <laforge@gnumonks.org>.
*/
#define LINKTYPE_GSMTAP_UM 217
#define LINKTYPE_GSMTAP_ABIS 218
/*
* MPLS, with an MPLS label as the link-layer header.
* Requested by Michele Marchetto <michele@openbsd.org> on behalf
* of OpenBSD.
*/
#define LINKTYPE_MPLS 219
/*
* USB packets, beginning with a Linux USB header, with the USB header
* padded to 64 bytes; required for memory-mapped access.
*/
#define LINKTYPE_USB_LINUX_MMAPPED 220
/*
* DECT packets, with a pseudo-header; requested by
* Matthias Wenzel <tcpdump@mazzoo.de>.
*/
#define LINKTYPE_DECT 221
/*
* From: "Lidwa, Eric (GSFC-582.0)[SGT INC]" <eric.lidwa-1@nasa.gov>
* Date: Mon, 11 May 2009 11:18:30 -0500
*
* DLT_AOS. We need it for AOS Space Data Link Protocol.
* I have already written dissectors for but need an OK from
* legal before I can submit a patch.
*
*/
#define LINKTYPE_AOS 222
/*
* Wireless HART (Highway Addressable Remote Transducer)
* From the HART Communication Foundation
* IES/PAS 62591
*
* Requested by Sam Roberts <vieuxtech@gmail.com>.
*/
#define LINKTYPE_WIHART 223
/*
* Fibre Channel FC-2 frames, beginning with a Frame_Header.
* Requested by Kahou Lei <kahou82@gmail.com>.
*/
#define LINKTYPE_FC_2 224
/*
* Fibre Channel FC-2 frames, beginning with an encoding of the
* SOF, and ending with an encoding of the EOF.
*
* The encodings represent the frame delimiters as 4-byte sequences
* representing the corresponding ordered sets, with K28.5
* represented as 0xBC, and the D symbols as the corresponding
* byte values; for example, SOFi2, which is K28.5 - D21.5 - D1.2 - D21.2,
* is represented as 0xBC 0xB5 0x55 0x55.
*
* Requested by Kahou Lei <kahou82@gmail.com>.
*/
#define LINKTYPE_FC_2_WITH_FRAME_DELIMS 225
/*
* Solaris ipnet pseudo-header; requested by Darren Reed <Darren.Reed@Sun.COM>.
*
* The pseudo-header starts with a one-byte version number; for version 2,
* the pseudo-header is:
*
* struct dl_ipnetinfo {
* u_int8_t dli_version;
* u_int8_t dli_family;
* u_int16_t dli_htype;
* u_int32_t dli_pktlen;
* u_int32_t dli_ifindex;
* u_int32_t dli_grifindex;
* u_int32_t dli_zsrc;
* u_int32_t dli_zdst;
* };
*
* dli_version is 2 for the current version of the pseudo-header.
*
* dli_family is a Solaris address family value, so it's 2 for IPv4
* and 26 for IPv6.
*
* dli_htype is a "hook type" - 0 for incoming packets, 1 for outgoing
* packets, and 2 for packets arriving from another zone on the same
* machine.
*
* dli_pktlen is the length of the packet data following the pseudo-header
* (so the captured length minus dli_pktlen is the length of the
* pseudo-header, assuming the entire pseudo-header was captured).
*
* dli_ifindex is the interface index of the interface on which the
* packet arrived.
*
* dli_grifindex is the group interface index number (for IPMP interfaces).
*
* dli_zsrc is the zone identifier for the source of the packet.
*
* dli_zdst is the zone identifier for the destination of the packet.
*
* A zone number of 0 is the global zone; a zone number of 0xffffffff
* means that the packet arrived from another host on the network, not
* from another zone on the same machine.
*
* An IPv4 or IPv6 datagram follows the pseudo-header; dli_family indicates
* which of those it is.
*/
#define LINKTYPE_IPNET 226
/*
* CAN (Controller Area Network) frames, with a pseudo-header as supplied
* by Linux SocketCAN. See Documentation/networking/can.txt in the Linux
* source.
*
* Requested by Felix Obenhuber <felix@obenhuber.de>.
*/
#define LINKTYPE_CAN_SOCKETCAN 227
/*
* Raw IPv4/IPv6; different from DLT_RAW in that the DLT_ value specifies
* whether it's v4 or v6. Requested by Darren Reed <Darren.Reed@Sun.COM>.
*/
#define LINKTYPE_IPV4 228
#define LINKTYPE_IPV6 229
/*
* IEEE 802.15.4, exactly as it appears in the spec (no padding, no
* nothing), and with no FCS at the end of the frame; requested by
* Jon Smirl <jonsmirl@gmail.com>.
*/
#define LINKTYPE_IEEE802_15_4_NOFCS 230
/*
* Raw D-Bus:
*
* http://www.freedesktop.org/wiki/Software/dbus
*
* messages:
*
* http://dbus.freedesktop.org/doc/dbus-specification.html#message-protocol-messages
*
* starting with the endianness flag, followed by the message type, etc.,
* but without the authentication handshake before the message sequence:
*
* http://dbus.freedesktop.org/doc/dbus-specification.html#auth-protocol
*
* Requested by Martin Vidner <martin@vidner.net>.
*/
#define LINKTYPE_DBUS 231
/*
* Juniper-private data link type, as per request from
* Hannes Gredler <hannes@juniper.net>.
*/
#define LINKTYPE_JUNIPER_VS 232
#define LINKTYPE_JUNIPER_SRX_E2E 233
#define LINKTYPE_JUNIPER_FIBRECHANNEL 234
/*
* DVB-CI (DVB Common Interface for communication between a PC Card
* module and a DVB receiver). See
*
* http://www.kaiser.cx/pcap-dvbci.html
*
* for the specification.
*
* Requested by Martin Kaiser <martin@kaiser.cx>.
*/
#define LINKTYPE_DVB_CI 235
/*
* Variant of 3GPP TS 27.010 multiplexing protocol. Requested
* by Hans-Christoph Schemmel <hans-christoph.schemmel@cinterion.com>.
*/
#define LINKTYPE_MUX27010 236
/*
* STANAG 5066 D_PDUs. Requested by M. Baris Demiray
* <barisdemiray@gmail.com>.
*/
#define LINKTYPE_STANAG_5066_D_PDU 237
/*
* Juniper-private data link type, as per request from
* Hannes Gredler <hannes@juniper.net>.
*/
#define LINKTYPE_JUNIPER_ATM_CEMIC 238
/*
* NetFilter LOG messages
* (payload of netlink NFNL_SUBSYS_ULOG/NFULNL_MSG_PACKET packets)
*
* Requested by Jakub Zawadzki <darkjames-ws@darkjames.pl>
*/
#define LINKTYPE_NFLOG 239
/*
* Hilscher Gesellschaft fuer Systemautomation mbH link-layer type
* for Ethernet packets with a 4-byte pseudo-header and always
* with the payload including the FCS, as supplied by their
* netANALYZER hardware and software.
*
* Requested by Holger P. Frommer <HPfrommer@hilscher.com>
*/
#define LINKTYPE_NETANALYZER 240
/*
* Hilscher Gesellschaft fuer Systemautomation mbH link-layer type
* for Ethernet packets with a 4-byte pseudo-header and FCS and
* 1 byte of SFD, as supplied by their netANALYZER hardware and
* software.
*
* Requested by Holger P. Frommer <HPfrommer@hilscher.com>
*/
#define LINKTYPE_NETANALYZER_TRANSPARENT 241
/*
* IP-over-InfiniBand, as specified by RFC 4391.
*
* Requested by Petr Sumbera <petr.sumbera@oracle.com>.
*/
#define LINKTYPE_IPOIB 242
/*
* MPEG-2 transport stream (ISO 13818-1/ITU-T H.222.0).
*
* Requested by Guy Martin <gmsoft@tuxicoman.be>.
*/
#define LINKTYPE_MPEG_2_TS 243
/*
* ng4T GmbH's UMTS Iub/Iur-over-ATM and Iub/Iur-over-IP format as
* used by their ng40 protocol tester.
*
* Requested by Jens Grimmer <jens.grimmer@ng4t.com>.
*/
#define LINKTYPE_NG40 244
/*
* Pseudo-header giving adapter number and flags, followed by an NFC
* (Near-Field Communications) Logical Link Control Protocol (LLCP) PDU,
* as specified by NFC Forum Logical Link Control Protocol Technical
* Specification LLCP 1.1.
*
* Requested by Mike Wakerly <mikey@google.com>.
*/
#define LINKTYPE_NFC_LLCP 245
/*
* pfsync output; DLT_PFSYNC is 18, which collides with DLT_CIP in
* SuSE 6.3, on OpenBSD, NetBSD, DragonFly BSD, and Mac OS X, and
* is 121, which collides with DLT_HHDLC, in FreeBSD. We pick a
* shiny new link-layer header type value that doesn't collide with
* anything, in the hopes that future pfsync savefiles, if any,
* won't require special hacks to distinguish from other savefiles.
*
*/
#define LINKTYPE_PFSYNC 246
/*
* Raw InfiniBand packets, starting with the Local Routing Header.
*
* Requested by Oren Kladnitsky <orenk@mellanox.com>.
*/
#define LINKTYPE_INFINIBAND 247
/*
* SCTP, with no lower-level protocols (i.e., no IPv4 or IPv6).
*
* Requested by Michael Tuexen <Michael.Tuexen@lurchi.franken.de>.
*/
#define LINKTYPE_SCTP 248
/*
* USB packets, beginning with a USBPcap header.
*
* Requested by Tomasz Mon <desowin@gmail.com>
*/
#define LINKTYPE_USBPCAP 249
/*
* Schweitzer Engineering Laboratories "RTAC" product serial-line
* packets.
*
* Requested by Chris Bontje <chris_bontje@selinc.com>.
*/
#define DLT_RTAC_SERIAL 250
/*
* Bluetooth Low Energy air interface link-layer packets.
*
* Requested by Mike Kershaw <dragorn@kismetwireless.net>.
*/
#define LINKTYPE_BLUETOOTH_LE_LL 251
/*
* Link-layer header type for upper-protocol layer PDU saves from wireshark.
*
* the actual contents are determined by two TAGs stored with each
* packet:
* EXP_PDU_TAG_LINKTYPE the link type (LINKTYPE_ value) of the
* original packet.
*
* EXP_PDU_TAG_PROTO_NAME the name of the wireshark dissector
* that can make sense of the data stored.
*/
#define LINKTYPE_WIRESHARK_UPPER_PDU 252
/*
* Link-layer header type for the netlink protocol (nlmon devices).
*/
#define LINKTYPE_NETLINK 253
/*
* Bluetooth Linux Monitor headers for the BlueZ stack.
*/
#define LINKTYPE_BLUETOOTH_LINUX_MONITOR 254
/*
* Bluetooth Basic Rate/Enhanced Data Rate baseband packets, as
* captured by Ubertooth.
*/
#define LINKTYPE_BLUETOOTH_BREDR_BB 255
/*
* Bluetooth Low Energy link layer packets, as captured by Ubertooth.
*/
#define LINKTYPE_BLUETOOTH_LE_LL_WITH_PHDR 256
/*
* PROFIBUS data link layer.
*/
#define LINKTYPE_PROFIBUS_DL 257
/*
* Apple's DLT_PKTAP headers.
*
* Sadly, the folks at Apple either had no clue that the DLT_USERn values
* are for internal use within an organization and partners only, and
* didn't know that the right way to get a link-layer header type is to
* ask tcpdump.org for one, or knew and didn't care, so they just
* used DLT_USER2, which causes problems for everything except for
* their version of tcpdump.
*
* So I'll just give them one; hopefully this will show up in a
* libpcap release in time for them to get this into 10.10 Big Sur
* or whatever Mavericks' successor is called. LINKTYPE_PKTAP
* will be 258 *even on OS X*; that is *intentional*, so that
* PKTAP files look the same on *all* OSes (different OSes can have
* different numerical values for a given DLT_, but *MUST NOT* have
* different values for what goes in a file, as files can be moved
* between OSes!).
*/
#define LINKTYPE_PKTAP 258
/*
* Ethernet packets preceded by a header giving the last 6 octets
* of the preamble specified by 802.3-2012 Clause 65, section
* 65.1.3.2 "Transmit".
*/
#define LINKTYPE_EPON 259
/*
* IPMI trace packets, as specified by Table 3-20 "Trace Data Block Format"
* in the PICMG HPM.2 specification.
*/
#define LINKTYPE_IPMI_HPM_2 260
#define LINKTYPE_MATCHING_MAX 260 /* highest value in the "matching" range */
static struct linktype_map {
int dlt;
int linktype;
} map[] = {
/*
* These DLT_* codes have LINKTYPE_* codes with values identical
* to the values of the corresponding DLT_* code.
*/
{ DLT_NULL, LINKTYPE_NULL },
{ DLT_EN10MB, LINKTYPE_ETHERNET },
{ DLT_EN3MB, LINKTYPE_EXP_ETHERNET },
{ DLT_AX25, LINKTYPE_AX25 },
{ DLT_PRONET, LINKTYPE_PRONET },
{ DLT_CHAOS, LINKTYPE_CHAOS },
{ DLT_IEEE802, LINKTYPE_IEEE802_5 },
{ DLT_ARCNET, LINKTYPE_ARCNET_BSD },
{ DLT_SLIP, LINKTYPE_SLIP },
{ DLT_PPP, LINKTYPE_PPP },
{ DLT_FDDI, LINKTYPE_FDDI },
{ DLT_SYMANTEC_FIREWALL, LINKTYPE_SYMANTEC_FIREWALL },
/*
* These DLT_* codes have different values on different
* platforms; we map them to LINKTYPE_* codes that
* have values that should never be equal to any DLT_*
* code.
*/
#ifdef DLT_FR
/* BSD/OS Frame Relay */
{ DLT_FR, LINKTYPE_FRELAY },
#endif
{ DLT_ATM_RFC1483, LINKTYPE_ATM_RFC1483 },
{ DLT_RAW, LINKTYPE_RAW },
{ DLT_SLIP_BSDOS, LINKTYPE_SLIP_BSDOS },
{ DLT_PPP_BSDOS, LINKTYPE_PPP_BSDOS },
/* BSD/OS Cisco HDLC */
{ DLT_C_HDLC, LINKTYPE_C_HDLC },
/*
* These DLT_* codes are not on all platforms, but, so far,
* there don't appear to be any platforms that define
* other codes with those values; we map them to
* different LINKTYPE_* values anyway, just in case.
*/
/* Linux ATM Classical IP */
{ DLT_ATM_CLIP, LINKTYPE_ATM_CLIP },
/* NetBSD sync/async serial PPP (or Cisco HDLC) */
{ DLT_PPP_SERIAL, LINKTYPE_PPP_HDLC },
/* NetBSD PPP over Ethernet */
{ DLT_PPP_ETHER, LINKTYPE_PPP_ETHER },
/*
* All LINKTYPE_ values between LINKTYPE_MATCHING_MIN
* and LINKTYPE_MATCHING_MAX are mapped to identical
* DLT_ values.
*/
{ -1, -1 }
};
int
dlt_to_linktype(int dlt)
{
int i;
/*
* DLTs that, on some platforms, have values in the matching range
* but that *don't* have the same value as the corresponding
* LINKTYPE because, for some reason, not all OSes have the
* same value for that DLT (note that the DLT's value might be
* outside the matching range on some of those OSes).
*/
if (dlt == DLT_PFSYNC)
return (LINKTYPE_PFSYNC);
if (dlt == DLT_PKTAP)
return (LINKTYPE_PKTAP);
/*
* For all other values in the matching range, the DLT
* value is the same as the LINKTYPE value.
*/
if (dlt >= DLT_MATCHING_MIN && dlt <= DLT_MATCHING_MAX)
return (dlt);
/*
* Map the values outside that range.
*/
for (i = 0; map[i].dlt != -1; i++) {
if (map[i].dlt == dlt)
return (map[i].linktype);
}
/*
* If we don't have a mapping for this DLT, return an
* error; that means that this is a value with no corresponding
* LINKTYPE, and we need to assign one.
*/
return (-1);
}
int
linktype_to_dlt(int linktype)
{
int i;
/*
* LINKTYPEs in the matching range that *don't*
* have the same value as the corresponding DLTs
* because, for some reason, not all OSes have the
* same value for that DLT.
*/
if (linktype == LINKTYPE_PFSYNC)
return (DLT_PFSYNC);
if (linktype == LINKTYPE_PKTAP)
return (DLT_PKTAP);
/*
* For all other values in the matching range, the LINKTYPE
* value is the same as the DLT value.
*/
if (linktype >= LINKTYPE_MATCHING_MIN &&
linktype <= LINKTYPE_MATCHING_MAX)
return (linktype);
/*
* Map the values outside that range.
*/
for (i = 0; map[i].linktype != -1; i++) {
if (map[i].linktype == linktype)
return (map[i].dlt);
}
/*
* If we don't have an entry for this LINKTYPE, return
* the link type value; it may be a DLT from an older
* version of libpcap.
*/
return linktype;
}
/*
* The DLT_USB_LINUX and DLT_USB_LINUX_MMAPPED headers are in host
* byte order when capturing (it's supplied directly from a
* memory-mapped buffer shared by the kernel).
*
* When reading a DLT_USB_LINUX or DLT_USB_LINUX_MMAPPED capture file,
* we need to convert it from the byte order of the host that wrote
* the file to this host's byte order.
*/
static void
swap_linux_usb_header(const struct pcap_pkthdr *hdr, u_char *buf,
int header_len_64_bytes)
{
pcap_usb_header_mmapped *uhdr = (pcap_usb_header_mmapped *)buf;
bpf_u_int32 offset = 0;
usb_isodesc *pisodesc;
int32_t numdesc, i;
/*
* "offset" is the offset *past* the field we're swapping;
* we skip the field *before* checking to make sure
* the captured data length includes the entire field.
*/
/*
* The URB id is a totally opaque value; do we really need to
* convert it to the reading host's byte order???
*/
offset += 8; /* skip past id */
if (hdr->caplen < offset)
return;
uhdr->id = SWAPLL(uhdr->id);
offset += 4; /* skip past various 1-byte fields */
offset += 2; /* skip past bus_id */
if (hdr->caplen < offset)
return;
uhdr->bus_id = SWAPSHORT(uhdr->bus_id);
offset += 2; /* skip past various 1-byte fields */
offset += 8; /* skip past ts_sec */
if (hdr->caplen < offset)
return;
uhdr->ts_sec = SWAPLL(uhdr->ts_sec);
offset += 4; /* skip past ts_usec */
if (hdr->caplen < offset)
return;
uhdr->ts_usec = SWAPLONG(uhdr->ts_usec);
offset += 4; /* skip past status */
if (hdr->caplen < offset)
return;
uhdr->status = SWAPLONG(uhdr->status);
offset += 4; /* skip past urb_len */
if (hdr->caplen < offset)
return;
uhdr->urb_len = SWAPLONG(uhdr->urb_len);
offset += 4; /* skip past data_len */
if (hdr->caplen < offset)
return;
uhdr->data_len = SWAPLONG(uhdr->data_len);
if (uhdr->transfer_type == URB_ISOCHRONOUS) {
offset += 4; /* skip past s.iso.error_count */
if (hdr->caplen < offset)
return;
uhdr->s.iso.error_count = SWAPLONG(uhdr->s.iso.error_count);
offset += 4; /* skip past s.iso.numdesc */
if (hdr->caplen < offset)
return;
uhdr->s.iso.numdesc = SWAPLONG(uhdr->s.iso.numdesc);
} else
offset += 8; /* skip USB setup header */
if (header_len_64_bytes) {
/*
* This is either the "version 1" header, with
* 16 bytes of additional fields at the end, or
* a "version 0" header from a memory-mapped
* capture, with 16 bytes of zeroed-out padding
* at the end. Byte swap them as if this were
* a "version 1" header.
*/
offset += 4; /* skip past interval */
if (hdr->caplen < offset)
return;
uhdr->interval = SWAPLONG(uhdr->interval);
offset += 4; /* skip past start_frame */
if (hdr->caplen < offset)
return;
uhdr->start_frame = SWAPLONG(uhdr->start_frame);
offset += 4; /* skip past xfer_flags */
if (hdr->caplen < offset)
return;
uhdr->xfer_flags = SWAPLONG(uhdr->xfer_flags);
offset += 4; /* skip past ndesc */
if (hdr->caplen < offset)
return;
uhdr->ndesc = SWAPLONG(uhdr->ndesc);
}
if (uhdr->transfer_type == URB_ISOCHRONOUS) {
/* swap the values in struct linux_usb_isodesc */
pisodesc = (usb_isodesc *)(void *)(buf+offset);
numdesc = uhdr->s.iso.numdesc;
for (i = 0; i < numdesc; i++) {
offset += 4; /* skip past status */
if (hdr->caplen < offset)
return;
pisodesc->status = SWAPLONG(pisodesc->status);
offset += 4; /* skip past offset */
if (hdr->caplen < offset)
return;
pisodesc->offset = SWAPLONG(pisodesc->offset);
offset += 4; /* skip past len */
if (hdr->caplen < offset)
return;
pisodesc->len = SWAPLONG(pisodesc->len);
offset += 4; /* skip past padding */
pisodesc++;
}
}
}
/*
* The DLT_NFLOG "packets" have a mixture of big-endian and host-byte-order
* data. They begin with a fixed-length header with big-endian fields,
* followed by a set of TLVs, where the type and length are in host
* byte order but the values are either big-endian or are a raw byte
* sequence that's the same regardless of the host's byte order.
*
* When reading a DLT_NFLOG capture file, we need to convert the type
* and length values from the byte order of the host that wrote the
* file to the byte order of this host.
*/
static void
swap_nflog_header(const struct pcap_pkthdr *hdr, u_char *buf)
{
u_char *p = buf;
nflog_hdr_t *nfhdr = (nflog_hdr_t *)buf;
nflog_tlv_t *tlv;
u_int caplen = hdr->caplen;
u_int length = hdr->len;
u_int16_t size;
if (caplen < (int) sizeof(nflog_hdr_t) || length < (int) sizeof(nflog_hdr_t)) {
/* Not enough data to have any TLVs. */
return;
}
if (!(nfhdr->nflog_version) == 0) {
/* Unknown NFLOG version */
return;
}
length -= sizeof(nflog_hdr_t);
caplen -= sizeof(nflog_hdr_t);
p += sizeof(nflog_hdr_t);
while (caplen >= sizeof(nflog_tlv_t)) {
tlv = (nflog_tlv_t *) p;
/* Swap the type and length. */
tlv->tlv_type = SWAPSHORT(tlv->tlv_type);
tlv->tlv_length = SWAPSHORT(tlv->tlv_length);
/* Get the length of the TLV. */
size = tlv->tlv_length;
if (size % 4 != 0)
size += 4 - size % 4;
/* Is the TLV's length less than the minimum? */
if (size < sizeof(nflog_tlv_t)) {
/* Yes. Give up now. */
return;
}
/* Do we have enough data for the full TLV? */
if (caplen < size || length < size) {
/* No. */
return;
}
/* Skip over the TLV. */
length -= size;
caplen -= size;
p += size;
}
}
void
swap_pseudo_headers(int linktype, struct pcap_pkthdr *hdr, u_char *data)
{
/*
* Convert pseudo-headers from the byte order of
* the host on which the file was saved to our
* byte order, as necessary.
*/
switch (linktype) {
case DLT_USB_LINUX:
swap_linux_usb_header(hdr, data, 0);
break;
case DLT_USB_LINUX_MMAPPED:
swap_linux_usb_header(hdr, data, 1);
break;
case DLT_NFLOG:
swap_nflog_header(hdr, data);
break;
}
}
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