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/*
* Copyright (c) 1993, 1994, 1995, 1996, 1997
* The Regents of the University of California. All rights reserved.
*
* Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
* modification, are permitted provided that: (1) source code distributions
* retain the above copyright notice and this paragraph in its entirety, (2)
* distributions including binary code include the above copyright notice and
* this paragraph in its entirety in the documentation or other materials
* provided with the distribution, and (3) all advertising materials mentioning
* features or use of this software display the following acknowledgement:
* ``This product includes software developed by the University of California,
* Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory and its contributors.'' Neither the name of
* the University nor the names of its contributors may be used to endorse
* or promote products derived from this software without specific prior
* written permission.
* THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED ``AS IS'' AND WITHOUT ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED
* WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, WITHOUT LIMITATION, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF
* MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.
*
* This code contributed by Sagun Shakya (sagun.shakya@sun.com)
*/
/*
* Packet capture routines for DLPI using libdlpi under SunOS 5.11.
*/
#ifdef HAVE_CONFIG_H
#include "config.h"
#endif
#include <sys/types.h>
#include <sys/time.h>
#include <sys/bufmod.h>
#include <sys/stream.h>
#include <libdlpi.h>
#include <errno.h>
#include <memory.h>
#include <stropts.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>
#include "pcap-int.h"
#include "dlpisubs.h"
/* Forwards. */
static int dlpromiscon(pcap_t *, bpf_u_int32);
static int pcap_read_libdlpi(pcap_t *, int, pcap_handler, u_char *);
static int pcap_inject_libdlpi(pcap_t *, const void *, size_t);
static void pcap_libdlpi_err(const char *, const char *, int, char *);
static void pcap_cleanup_libdlpi(pcap_t *);
/*
* list_interfaces() will list all the network links that are
* available on a system.
*/
static boolean_t list_interfaces(const char *, void *);
typedef struct linknamelist {
char linkname[DLPI_LINKNAME_MAX];
struct linknamelist *lnl_next;
} linknamelist_t;
typedef struct linkwalk {
linknamelist_t *lw_list;
int lw_err;
} linkwalk_t;
/*
* The caller of this function should free the memory allocated
* for each linknamelist_t "entry" allocated.
*/
static boolean_t
list_interfaces(const char *linkname, void *arg)
{
linkwalk_t *lwp = arg;
linknamelist_t *entry;
if ((entry = calloc(1, sizeof(linknamelist_t))) == NULL) {
lwp->lw_err = ENOMEM;
return (B_TRUE);
}
(void) strlcpy(entry->linkname, linkname, DLPI_LINKNAME_MAX);
if (lwp->lw_list == NULL) {
lwp->lw_list = entry;
} else {
entry->lnl_next = lwp->lw_list;
lwp->lw_list = entry;
}
return (B_FALSE);
}
static int
pcap_activate_libdlpi(pcap_t *p)
{
struct pcap_dlpi *pd = p->priv;
int status = 0;
int retv;
dlpi_handle_t dh;
dlpi_info_t dlinfo;
/*
* Enable Solaris raw and passive DLPI extensions;
* dlpi_open() will not fail if the underlying link does not support
* passive mode. See dlpi(7P) for details.
*/
retv = dlpi_open(p->opt.device, &dh, DLPI_RAW|DLPI_PASSIVE);
if (retv != DLPI_SUCCESS) {
if (retv == DLPI_ELINKNAMEINVAL || retv == DLPI_ENOLINK)
status = PCAP_ERROR_NO_SUCH_DEVICE;
else if (retv == DL_SYSERR &&
(errno == EPERM || errno == EACCES))
status = PCAP_ERROR_PERM_DENIED;
else
status = PCAP_ERROR;
pcap_libdlpi_err(p->opt.device, "dlpi_open", retv,
p->errbuf);
return (status);
}
pd->dlpi_hd = dh;
if (p->opt.rfmon) {
/*
* This device exists, but we don't support monitor mode
* any platforms that support DLPI.
*/
status = PCAP_ERROR_RFMON_NOTSUP;
goto bad;
}
/* Bind with DLPI_ANY_SAP. */
if ((retv = dlpi_bind(pd->dlpi_hd, DLPI_ANY_SAP, 0)) != DLPI_SUCCESS) {
status = PCAP_ERROR;
pcap_libdlpi_err(p->opt.device, "dlpi_bind", retv, p->errbuf);
goto bad;
}
/* Enable promiscuous mode. */
if (p->opt.promisc) {
retv = dlpromiscon(p, DL_PROMISC_PHYS);
if (retv < 0) {
/*
* "You don't have permission to capture on
* this device" and "you don't have permission
* to capture in promiscuous mode on this
* device" are different; let the user know,
* so if they can't get permission to
* capture in promiscuous mode, they can at
* least try to capture in non-promiscuous
* mode.
*
* XXX - you might have to capture in
* promiscuous mode to see outgoing packets.
*/
if (retv == PCAP_ERROR_PERM_DENIED)
status = PCAP_ERROR_PROMISC_PERM_DENIED;
else
status = retv;
goto bad;
}
} else {
/* Try to enable multicast. */
retv = dlpromiscon(p, DL_PROMISC_MULTI);
if (retv < 0) {
status = retv;
goto bad;
}
}
/* Try to enable SAP promiscuity. */
retv = dlpromiscon(p, DL_PROMISC_SAP);
if (retv < 0) {
/*
* Not fatal, since the DL_PROMISC_PHYS mode worked.
* Report it as a warning, however.
*/
if (p->opt.promisc)
status = PCAP_WARNING;
else {
status = retv;
goto bad;
}
}
/* Determine link type. */
if ((retv = dlpi_info(pd->dlpi_hd, &dlinfo, 0)) != DLPI_SUCCESS) {
status = PCAP_ERROR;
pcap_libdlpi_err(p->opt.device, "dlpi_info", retv, p->errbuf);
goto bad;
}
if (pcap_process_mactype(p, dlinfo.di_mactype) != 0) {
status = PCAP_ERROR;
goto bad;
}
p->fd = dlpi_fd(pd->dlpi_hd);
/* Push and configure bufmod. */
if (pcap_conf_bufmod(p, p->snapshot) != 0) {
status = PCAP_ERROR;
goto bad;
}
/*
* Flush the read side.
*/
if (ioctl(p->fd, I_FLUSH, FLUSHR) != 0) {
status = PCAP_ERROR;
pcap_snprintf(p->errbuf, PCAP_ERRBUF_SIZE, "FLUSHR: %s",
pcap_strerror(errno));
goto bad;
}
/* Allocate data buffer. */
if (pcap_alloc_databuf(p) != 0) {
status = PCAP_ERROR;
goto bad;
}
/*
* "p->fd" is a FD for a STREAMS device, so "select()" and
* "poll()" should work on it.
*/
p->selectable_fd = p->fd;
p->read_op = pcap_read_libdlpi;
p->inject_op = pcap_inject_libdlpi;
p->setfilter_op = install_bpf_program; /* No kernel filtering */
p->setdirection_op = NULL; /* Not implemented */
p->set_datalink_op = NULL; /* Can't change data link type */
p->getnonblock_op = pcap_getnonblock_fd;
p->setnonblock_op = pcap_setnonblock_fd;
p->stats_op = pcap_stats_dlpi;
p->cleanup_op = pcap_cleanup_libdlpi;
return (status);
bad:
pcap_cleanup_libdlpi(p);
return (status);
}
#define STRINGIFY(n) #n
static int
dlpromiscon(pcap_t *p, bpf_u_int32 level)
{
struct pcap_dlpi *pd = p->priv;
int retv;
int err;
retv = dlpi_promiscon(pd->dlpi_hd, level);
if (retv != DLPI_SUCCESS) {
if (retv == DL_SYSERR &&
(errno == EPERM || errno == EACCES))
err = PCAP_ERROR_PERM_DENIED;
else
err = PCAP_ERROR;
pcap_libdlpi_err(p->opt.device, "dlpi_promiscon" STRINGIFY(level),
retv, p->errbuf);
return (err);
}
return (0);
}
/*
* Presumably everything returned by dlpi_walk() is a DLPI device,
* so there's no work to be done here to check whether name refers
* to a DLPI device.
*/
static int
is_dlpi_interface(const char *name _U_)
{
return (1);
}
/*
* In Solaris, the "standard" mechanism" i.e SIOCGLIFCONF will only find
* network links that are plumbed and are up. dlpi_walk(3DLPI) will find
* additional network links present in the system.
*/
int
pcap_platform_finddevs(pcap_if_t **alldevsp, char *errbuf)
{
int retv = 0;
linknamelist_t *entry, *next;
linkwalk_t lw = {NULL, 0};
int save_errno;
/*
* Get the list of regular interfaces first.
*/
if (pcap_findalldevs_interfaces(alldevsp, errbuf, is_dlpi_interface) == -1)
return (-1); /* failure */
/* dlpi_walk() for loopback will be added here. */
dlpi_walk(list_interfaces, &lw, 0);
if (lw.lw_err != 0) {
pcap_snprintf(errbuf, PCAP_ERRBUF_SIZE,
"dlpi_walk: %s", pcap_strerror(lw.lw_err));
retv = -1;
goto done;
}
/* Add linkname if it does not exist on the list. */
for (entry = lw.lw_list; entry != NULL; entry = entry->lnl_next) {
if (pcap_add_if(alldevsp, entry->linkname, 0, NULL, errbuf) < 0)
retv = -1;
}
done:
save_errno = errno;
for (entry = lw.lw_list; entry != NULL; entry = next) {
next = entry->lnl_next;
free(entry);
}
errno = save_errno;
return (retv);
}
/*
* Read data received on DLPI handle. Returns -2 if told to terminate, else
* returns the number of packets read.
*/
static int
pcap_read_libdlpi(pcap_t *p, int count, pcap_handler callback, u_char *user)
{
struct pcap_dlpi *pd = p->priv;
int len;
u_char *bufp;
size_t msglen;
int retv;
len = p->cc;
if (len != 0) {
bufp = p->bp;
goto process_pkts;
}
do {
/* Has "pcap_breakloop()" been called? */
if (p->break_loop) {
/*
* Yes - clear the flag that indicates that it has,
* and return -2 to indicate that we were told to
* break out of the loop.
*/
p->break_loop = 0;
return (-2);
}
msglen = p->bufsize;
bufp = (u_char *)p->buffer + p->offset;
retv = dlpi_recv(pd->dlpi_hd, NULL, NULL, bufp,
&msglen, -1, NULL);
if (retv != DLPI_SUCCESS) {
/*
* This is most likely a call to terminate out of the
* loop. So, do not return an error message, instead
* check if "pcap_breakloop()" has been called above.
*/
if (retv == DL_SYSERR && errno == EINTR) {
len = 0;
continue;
}
pcap_libdlpi_err(dlpi_linkname(pd->dlpi_hd),
"dlpi_recv", retv, p->errbuf);
return (-1);
}
len = msglen;
} while (len == 0);
process_pkts:
return (pcap_process_pkts(p, callback, user, count, bufp, len));
}
static int
pcap_inject_libdlpi(pcap_t *p, const void *buf, size_t size)
{
struct pcap_dlpi *pd = p->priv;
int retv;
retv = dlpi_send(pd->dlpi_hd, NULL, 0, buf, size, NULL);
if (retv != DLPI_SUCCESS) {
pcap_libdlpi_err(dlpi_linkname(pd->dlpi_hd), "dlpi_send", retv,
p->errbuf);
return (-1);
}
/*
* dlpi_send(3DLPI) does not provide a way to return the number of
* bytes sent on the wire. Based on the fact that DLPI_SUCCESS was
* returned we are assuming 'size' bytes were sent.
*/
return (size);
}
/*
* Close dlpi handle.
*/
static void
pcap_cleanup_libdlpi(pcap_t *p)
{
struct pcap_dlpi *pd = p->priv;
if (pd->dlpi_hd != NULL) {
dlpi_close(pd->dlpi_hd);
pd->dlpi_hd = NULL;
p->fd = -1;
}
pcap_cleanup_live_common(p);
}
/*
* Write error message to buffer.
*/
static void
pcap_libdlpi_err(const char *linkname, const char *func, int err, char *errbuf)
{
pcap_snprintf(errbuf, PCAP_ERRBUF_SIZE, "libpcap: %s failed on %s: %s",
func, linkname, dlpi_strerror(err));
}
pcap_t *
pcap_create_interface(const char *device _U_, char *ebuf)
{
pcap_t *p;
p = pcap_create_common(ebuf, sizeof (struct pcap_dlpi));
if (p == NULL)
return (NULL);
p->activate_op = pcap_activate_libdlpi;
return (p);
}