Skip to content

HTTPS clone URL

Subversion checkout URL

You can clone with
or
.
Download ZIP
Fetching contributors…

Cannot retrieve contributors at this time

1364 lines (1174 sloc) 45.202 kB
"""
A module for finding, managing, and using fonts across platforms.
This module provides a single :class:`FontManager` instance that can
be shared across backends and platforms. The :func:`findfont`
function returns the best TrueType (TTF) font file in the local or
system font path that matches the specified :class:`FontProperties`
instance. The :class:`FontManager` also handles Adobe Font Metrics
(AFM) font files for use by the PostScript backend.
The design is based on the `W3C Cascading Style Sheet, Level 1 (CSS1)
font specification <http://www.w3.org/TR/1998/REC-CSS2-19980512/>`_.
Future versions may implement the Level 2 or 2.1 specifications.
Experimental support is included for using `fontconfig` on Unix
variant platforms (Linux, OS X, Solaris). To enable it, set the
constant ``USE_FONTCONFIG`` in this file to ``True``. Fontconfig has
the advantage that it is the standard way to look up fonts on X11
platforms, so if a font is installed, it is much more likely to be
found.
"""
from __future__ import print_function
"""
KNOWN ISSUES
- documentation
- font variant is untested
- font stretch is incomplete
- font size is incomplete
- font size_adjust is incomplete
- default font algorithm needs improvement and testing
- setWeights function needs improvement
- 'light' is an invalid weight value, remove it.
- update_fonts not implemented
Authors : John Hunter <jdhunter@ace.bsd.uchicago.edu>
Paul Barrett <Barrett@STScI.Edu>
Michael Droettboom <mdroe@STScI.edu>
Copyright : John Hunter (2004,2005), Paul Barrett (2004,2005)
License : matplotlib license (PSF compatible)
The font directory code is from ttfquery,
see license/LICENSE_TTFQUERY.
"""
import os, sys, warnings
try:
set
except NameError:
from sets import Set as set
import matplotlib
from matplotlib import afm
from matplotlib import ft2font
from matplotlib import rcParams, get_configdir
from matplotlib.cbook import is_string_like
import matplotlib.cbook as cbook
from matplotlib.compat import subprocess
from matplotlib.fontconfig_pattern import \
parse_fontconfig_pattern, generate_fontconfig_pattern
try:
import cPickle as pickle
except ImportError:
import pickle
USE_FONTCONFIG = False
verbose = matplotlib.verbose
font_scalings = {
'xx-small' : 0.579,
'x-small' : 0.694,
'small' : 0.833,
'medium' : 1.0,
'large' : 1.200,
'x-large' : 1.440,
'xx-large' : 1.728,
'larger' : 1.2,
'smaller' : 0.833,
None : 1.0}
stretch_dict = {
'ultra-condensed' : 100,
'extra-condensed' : 200,
'condensed' : 300,
'semi-condensed' : 400,
'normal' : 500,
'semi-expanded' : 600,
'expanded' : 700,
'extra-expanded' : 800,
'ultra-expanded' : 900}
weight_dict = {
'ultralight' : 100,
'light' : 200,
'normal' : 400,
'regular' : 400,
'book' : 400,
'medium' : 500,
'roman' : 500,
'semibold' : 600,
'demibold' : 600,
'demi' : 600,
'bold' : 700,
'heavy' : 800,
'extra bold' : 800,
'black' : 900}
font_family_aliases = set([
'serif',
'sans-serif',
'sans serif',
'cursive',
'fantasy',
'monospace',
'sans'])
# OS Font paths
MSFolders = \
r'Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer\Shell Folders'
MSFontDirectories = [
r'SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion\Fonts',
r'SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Fonts']
X11FontDirectories = [
# an old standard installation point
"/usr/X11R6/lib/X11/fonts/TTF/",
"/usr/X11/lib/X11/fonts",
# here is the new standard location for fonts
"/usr/share/fonts/",
# documented as a good place to install new fonts
"/usr/local/share/fonts/",
# common application, not really useful
"/usr/lib/openoffice/share/fonts/truetype/",
]
OSXFontDirectories = [
"/Library/Fonts/",
"/Network/Library/Fonts/",
"/System/Library/Fonts/",
# fonts installed via MacPorts
"/opt/local/share/fonts"
""
]
if not USE_FONTCONFIG:
home = os.environ.get('HOME')
if home is not None:
# user fonts on OSX
path = os.path.join(home, 'Library', 'Fonts')
OSXFontDirectories.append(path)
path = os.path.join(home, '.fonts')
X11FontDirectories.append(path)
def get_fontext_synonyms(fontext):
"""
Return a list of file extensions extensions that are synonyms for
the given file extension *fileext*.
"""
return {'ttf': ('ttf', 'otf'),
'otf': ('ttf', 'otf'),
'afm': ('afm',)}[fontext]
def list_fonts(directory, extensions):
"""
Return a list of all fonts matching any of the extensions,
possibly upper-cased, found recursively under the directory.
"""
pattern = ';'.join(['*.%s;*.%s' % (ext, ext.upper())
for ext in extensions])
return cbook.listFiles(directory, pattern)
def win32FontDirectory():
"""
Return the user-specified font directory for Win32. This is
looked up from the registry key::
\\HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer\Shell Folders\Fonts
If the key is not found, $WINDIR/Fonts will be returned.
"""
try:
import _winreg
except ImportError:
pass # Fall through to default
else:
try:
user = _winreg.OpenKey(_winreg.HKEY_CURRENT_USER, MSFolders)
try:
try:
return _winreg.QueryValueEx(user, 'Fonts')[0]
except OSError:
pass # Fall through to default
finally:
_winreg.CloseKey(user)
except OSError:
pass # Fall through to default
return os.path.join(os.environ['WINDIR'], 'Fonts')
def win32InstalledFonts(directory=None, fontext='ttf'):
"""
Search for fonts in the specified font directory, or use the
system directories if none given. A list of TrueType font
filenames are returned by default, or AFM fonts if *fontext* ==
'afm'.
"""
import _winreg
if directory is None:
directory = win32FontDirectory()
fontext = get_fontext_synonyms(fontext)
key, items = None, {}
for fontdir in MSFontDirectories:
try:
local = _winreg.OpenKey(_winreg.HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE, fontdir)
except OSError:
continue
if not local:
return list_fonts(directory, fontext)
try:
for j in range(_winreg.QueryInfoKey(local)[1]):
try:
key, direc, any = _winreg.EnumValue( local, j)
if not is_string_like(direc):
continue
if not os.path.dirname(direc):
direc = os.path.join(directory, direc)
direc = os.path.abspath(direc).lower()
if os.path.splitext(direc)[1][1:] in fontext:
items[direc] = 1
except EnvironmentError:
continue
except WindowsError:
continue
except MemoryError:
continue
return items.keys()
finally:
_winreg.CloseKey(local)
return None
def OSXInstalledFonts(directories=None, fontext='ttf'):
"""
Get list of font files on OS X - ignores font suffix by default.
"""
if directories is None:
directories = OSXFontDirectories
fontext = get_fontext_synonyms(fontext)
files = []
for path in directories:
if fontext is None:
files.extend(cbook.listFiles(path, '*'))
else:
files.extend(list_fonts(path, fontext))
return files
def get_fontconfig_fonts(fontext='ttf'):
"""
Grab a list of all the fonts that are being tracked by fontconfig
by making a system call to ``fc-list``. This is an easy way to
grab all of the fonts the user wants to be made available to
applications, without needing knowing where all of them reside.
"""
fontext = get_fontext_synonyms(fontext)
fontfiles = {}
try:
pipe = subprocess.Popen(['fc-list', '', 'file'], stdout=subprocess.PIPE)
output = pipe.communicate()[0]
except OSError:
# Calling fc-list did not work, so we'll just return nothing
return fontfiles
if pipe.returncode == 0:
output = str(output)
for line in output.split('\n'):
fname = line.split(':')[0]
if (os.path.splitext(fname)[1][1:] in fontext and
os.path.exists(fname)):
fontfiles[fname] = 1
return fontfiles
def findSystemFonts(fontpaths=None, fontext='ttf'):
"""
Search for fonts in the specified font paths. If no paths are
given, will use a standard set of system paths, as well as the
list of fonts tracked by fontconfig if fontconfig is installed and
available. A list of TrueType fonts are returned by default with
AFM fonts as an option.
"""
fontfiles = {}
fontexts = get_fontext_synonyms(fontext)
if fontpaths is None:
if sys.platform == 'win32':
fontdir = win32FontDirectory()
fontpaths = [fontdir]
# now get all installed fonts directly...
for f in win32InstalledFonts(fontdir):
base, ext = os.path.splitext(f)
if len(ext)>1 and ext[1:].lower() in fontexts:
fontfiles[f] = 1
else:
fontpaths = X11FontDirectories
# check for OS X & load its fonts if present
if sys.platform == 'darwin':
for f in OSXInstalledFonts(fontext=fontext):
fontfiles[f] = 1
for f in get_fontconfig_fonts(fontext):
fontfiles[f] = 1
elif isinstance(fontpaths, (str, unicode)):
fontpaths = [fontpaths]
for path in fontpaths:
files = list_fonts(path, fontexts)
for fname in files:
fontfiles[os.path.abspath(fname)] = 1
return [fname for fname in fontfiles.iterkeys() if os.path.exists(fname)]
def weight_as_number(weight):
"""
Return the weight property as a numeric value. String values
are converted to their corresponding numeric value.
"""
if isinstance(weight, str):
try:
weight = weight_dict[weight.lower()]
except KeyError:
weight = 400
elif weight in range(100, 1000, 100):
pass
else:
raise ValueError('weight not a valid integer')
return weight
class FontEntry(object):
"""
A class for storing Font properties. It is used when populating
the font lookup dictionary.
"""
def __init__(self,
fname ='',
name ='',
style ='normal',
variant='normal',
weight ='normal',
stretch='normal',
size ='medium',
):
self.fname = fname
self.name = name
self.style = style
self.variant = variant
self.weight = weight
self.stretch = stretch
try:
self.size = str(float(size))
except ValueError:
self.size = size
def __repr__(self):
return "<Font '%s' (%s) %s %s %s %s>" % (
self.name, os.path.basename(self.fname), self.style, self.variant,
self.weight, self.stretch)
def ttfFontProperty(font):
"""
A function for populating the :class:`FontKey` by extracting
information from the TrueType font file.
*font* is a :class:`FT2Font` instance.
"""
name = font.family_name
# Styles are: italic, oblique, and normal (default)
sfnt = font.get_sfnt()
sfnt2 = sfnt.get((1,0,0,2))
sfnt4 = sfnt.get((1,0,0,4))
if sfnt2:
sfnt2 = sfnt2.lower()
else:
sfnt2 = ''
if sfnt4:
sfnt4 = sfnt4.lower()
else:
sfnt4 = ''
if sfnt4.find('oblique') >= 0:
style = 'oblique'
elif sfnt4.find('italic') >= 0:
style = 'italic'
elif sfnt2.find('regular') >= 0:
style = 'normal'
elif font.style_flags & ft2font.ITALIC:
style = 'italic'
else:
style = 'normal'
# Variants are: small-caps and normal (default)
# !!!! Untested
if name.lower() in ['capitals', 'small-caps']:
variant = 'small-caps'
else:
variant = 'normal'
# Weights are: 100, 200, 300, 400 (normal: default), 500 (medium),
# 600 (semibold, demibold), 700 (bold), 800 (heavy), 900 (black)
# lighter and bolder are also allowed.
weight = None
for w in weight_dict.iterkeys():
if sfnt4.find(w) >= 0:
weight = w
break
if not weight:
if font.style_flags & ft2font.BOLD:
weight = 700
else:
weight = 400
weight = weight_as_number(weight)
# Stretch can be absolute and relative
# Absolute stretches are: ultra-condensed, extra-condensed, condensed,
# semi-condensed, normal, semi-expanded, expanded, extra-expanded,
# and ultra-expanded.
# Relative stretches are: wider, narrower
# Child value is: inherit
if sfnt4.find('narrow') >= 0 or sfnt4.find('condensed') >= 0 or \
sfnt4.find('cond') >= 0:
stretch = 'condensed'
elif sfnt4.find('demi cond') >= 0:
stretch = 'semi-condensed'
elif sfnt4.find('wide') >= 0 or sfnt4.find('expanded') >= 0:
stretch = 'expanded'
else:
stretch = 'normal'
# Sizes can be absolute and relative.
# Absolute sizes are: xx-small, x-small, small, medium, large, x-large,
# and xx-large.
# Relative sizes are: larger, smaller
# Length value is an absolute font size, e.g., 12pt
# Percentage values are in 'em's. Most robust specification.
# !!!! Incomplete
if font.scalable:
size = 'scalable'
else:
size = str(float(font.get_fontsize()))
# !!!! Incomplete
size_adjust = None
return FontEntry(font.fname, name, style, variant, weight, stretch, size)
def afmFontProperty(fontpath, font):
"""
A function for populating a :class:`FontKey` instance by
extracting information from the AFM font file.
*font* is a class:`AFM` instance.
"""
name = font.get_familyname()
fontname = font.get_fontname().lower()
# Styles are: italic, oblique, and normal (default)
if font.get_angle() != 0 or name.lower().find('italic') >= 0:
style = 'italic'
elif name.lower().find('oblique') >= 0:
style = 'oblique'
else:
style = 'normal'
# Variants are: small-caps and normal (default)
# !!!! Untested
if name.lower() in ['capitals', 'small-caps']:
variant = 'small-caps'
else:
variant = 'normal'
# Weights are: 100, 200, 300, 400 (normal: default), 500 (medium),
# 600 (semibold, demibold), 700 (bold), 800 (heavy), 900 (black)
# lighter and bolder are also allowed.
weight = weight_as_number(font.get_weight().lower())
# Stretch can be absolute and relative
# Absolute stretches are: ultra-condensed, extra-condensed, condensed,
# semi-condensed, normal, semi-expanded, expanded, extra-expanded,
# and ultra-expanded.
# Relative stretches are: wider, narrower
# Child value is: inherit
if fontname.find('narrow') >= 0 or fontname.find('condensed') >= 0 or \
fontname.find('cond') >= 0:
stretch = 'condensed'
elif fontname.find('demi cond') >= 0:
stretch = 'semi-condensed'
elif fontname.find('wide') >= 0 or fontname.find('expanded') >= 0:
stretch = 'expanded'
else:
stretch = 'normal'
# Sizes can be absolute and relative.
# Absolute sizes are: xx-small, x-small, small, medium, large, x-large,
# and xx-large.
# Relative sizes are: larger, smaller
# Length value is an absolute font size, e.g., 12pt
# Percentage values are in 'em's. Most robust specification.
# All AFM fonts are apparently scalable.
size = 'scalable'
# !!!! Incomplete
size_adjust = None
return FontEntry(fontpath, name, style, variant, weight, stretch, size)
def createFontList(fontfiles, fontext='ttf'):
"""
A function to create a font lookup list. The default is to create
a list of TrueType fonts. An AFM font list can optionally be
created.
"""
fontlist = []
# Add fonts from list of known font files.
seen = {}
for fpath in fontfiles:
verbose.report('createFontDict: %s' % (fpath), 'debug')
fname = os.path.split(fpath)[1]
if fname in seen: continue
else: seen[fname] = 1
if fontext == 'afm':
try:
fh = open(fpath, 'rb')
except:
verbose.report("Could not open font file %s" % fpath)
continue
try:
try:
font = afm.AFM(fh)
finally:
fh.close()
except RuntimeError:
verbose.report("Could not parse font file %s"%fpath)
continue
try:
prop = afmFontProperty(fpath, font)
except KeyError:
continue
else:
try:
font = ft2font.FT2Font(str(fpath))
except RuntimeError:
verbose.report("Could not open font file %s"%fpath)
continue
except UnicodeError:
verbose.report("Cannot handle unicode filenames")
#print >> sys.stderr, 'Bad file is', fpath
continue
try:
prop = ttfFontProperty(font)
except KeyError:
continue
fontlist.append(prop)
return fontlist
class FontProperties(object):
"""
A class for storing and manipulating font properties.
The font properties are those described in the `W3C Cascading
Style Sheet, Level 1
<http://www.w3.org/TR/1998/REC-CSS2-19980512/>`_ font
specification. The six properties are:
- family: A list of font names in decreasing order of priority.
The items may include a generic font family name, either
'serif', 'sans-serif', 'cursive', 'fantasy', or 'monospace'.
In that case, the actual font to be used will be looked up
from the associated rcParam in :file:`matplotlibrc`.
- style: Either 'normal', 'italic' or 'oblique'.
- variant: Either 'normal' or 'small-caps'.
- stretch: A numeric value in the range 0-1000 or one of
'ultra-condensed', 'extra-condensed', 'condensed',
'semi-condensed', 'normal', 'semi-expanded', 'expanded',
'extra-expanded' or 'ultra-expanded'
- weight: A numeric value in the range 0-1000 or one of
'ultralight', 'light', 'normal', 'regular', 'book', 'medium',
'roman', 'semibold', 'demibold', 'demi', 'bold', 'heavy',
'extra bold', 'black'
- size: Either an relative value of 'xx-small', 'x-small',
'small', 'medium', 'large', 'x-large', 'xx-large' or an
absolute font size, e.g., 12
The default font property for TrueType fonts (as specified in the
default :file:`matplotlibrc` file) is::
sans-serif, normal, normal, normal, normal, scalable.
Alternatively, a font may be specified using an absolute path to a
.ttf file, by using the *fname* kwarg.
The preferred usage of font sizes is to use the relative values,
e.g., 'large', instead of absolute font sizes, e.g., 12. This
approach allows all text sizes to be made larger or smaller based
on the font manager's default font size.
This class will also accept a `fontconfig
<http://www.fontconfig.org/>`_ pattern, if it is the only argument
provided. See the documentation on `fontconfig patterns
<http://www.fontconfig.org/fontconfig-user.html>`_. This support
does not require fontconfig to be installed. We are merely
borrowing its pattern syntax for use here.
Note that matplotlib's internal font manager and fontconfig use a
different algorithm to lookup fonts, so the results of the same pattern
may be different in matplotlib than in other applications that use
fontconfig.
"""
def __init__(self,
family = None,
style = None,
variant= None,
weight = None,
stretch= None,
size = None,
fname = None, # if this is set, it's a hardcoded filename to use
_init = None # used only by copy()
):
self._family = None
self._slant = None
self._variant = None
self._weight = None
self._stretch = None
self._size = None
self._file = None
# This is used only by copy()
if _init is not None:
self.__dict__.update(_init.__dict__)
return
if is_string_like(family):
# Treat family as a fontconfig pattern if it is the only
# parameter provided.
if (style is None and
variant is None and
weight is None and
stretch is None and
size is None and
fname is None):
self.set_fontconfig_pattern(family)
return
self.set_family(family)
self.set_style(style)
self.set_variant(variant)
self.set_weight(weight)
self.set_stretch(stretch)
self.set_file(fname)
self.set_size(size)
def _parse_fontconfig_pattern(self, pattern):
return parse_fontconfig_pattern(pattern)
def __hash__(self):
l = (tuple(self.get_family()),
self.get_slant(),
self.get_variant(),
self.get_weight(),
self.get_stretch(),
self.get_size_in_points(),
self.get_file())
return hash(l)
def __str__(self):
return self.get_fontconfig_pattern()
def get_family(self):
"""
Return a list of font names that comprise the font family.
"""
if self._family is None:
family = rcParams['font.family']
if is_string_like(family):
return [family]
return family
return self._family
def get_name(self):
"""
Return the name of the font that best matches the font
properties.
"""
return ft2font.FT2Font(str(findfont(self))).family_name
def get_style(self):
"""
Return the font style. Values are: 'normal', 'italic' or
'oblique'.
"""
if self._slant is None:
return rcParams['font.style']
return self._slant
get_slant = get_style
def get_variant(self):
"""
Return the font variant. Values are: 'normal' or
'small-caps'.
"""
if self._variant is None:
return rcParams['font.variant']
return self._variant
def get_weight(self):
"""
Set the font weight. Options are: A numeric value in the
range 0-1000 or one of 'light', 'normal', 'regular', 'book',
'medium', 'roman', 'semibold', 'demibold', 'demi', 'bold',
'heavy', 'extra bold', 'black'
"""
if self._weight is None:
return rcParams['font.weight']
return self._weight
def get_stretch(self):
"""
Return the font stretch or width. Options are: 'ultra-condensed',
'extra-condensed', 'condensed', 'semi-condensed', 'normal',
'semi-expanded', 'expanded', 'extra-expanded', 'ultra-expanded'.
"""
if self._stretch is None:
return rcParams['font.stretch']
return self._stretch
def get_size(self):
"""
Return the font size.
"""
if self._size is None:
return rcParams['font.size']
return self._size
def get_size_in_points(self):
if self._size is not None:
try:
return float(self._size)
except ValueError:
pass
default_size = FontManager.get_default_size()
return default_size * font_scalings.get(self._size)
def get_file(self):
"""
Return the filename of the associated font.
"""
return self._file
def get_fontconfig_pattern(self):
"""
Get a fontconfig pattern suitable for looking up the font as
specified with fontconfig's ``fc-match`` utility.
See the documentation on `fontconfig patterns
<http://www.fontconfig.org/fontconfig-user.html>`_.
This support does not require fontconfig to be installed or
support for it to be enabled. We are merely borrowing its
pattern syntax for use here.
"""
return generate_fontconfig_pattern(self)
def set_family(self, family):
"""
Change the font family. May be either an alias (generic name
is CSS parlance), such as: 'serif', 'sans-serif', 'cursive',
'fantasy', or 'monospace', a real font name or a list of real
font names. Real font names are not supported when
`text.usetex` is `True`.
"""
if family is None:
family = rcParams['font.family']
if is_string_like(family):
family = [family]
self._family = family
set_name = set_family
def set_style(self, style):
"""
Set the font style. Values are: 'normal', 'italic' or
'oblique'.
"""
if style is None:
style = rcParams['font.style']
if style not in ('normal', 'italic', 'oblique', None):
raise ValueError("style must be normal, italic or oblique")
self._slant = style
set_slant = set_style
def set_variant(self, variant):
"""
Set the font variant. Values are: 'normal' or 'small-caps'.
"""
if variant is None:
variant = rcParams['font.variant']
if variant not in ('normal', 'small-caps', None):
raise ValueError("variant must be normal or small-caps")
self._variant = variant
def set_weight(self, weight):
"""
Set the font weight. May be either a numeric value in the
range 0-1000 or one of 'ultralight', 'light', 'normal',
'regular', 'book', 'medium', 'roman', 'semibold', 'demibold',
'demi', 'bold', 'heavy', 'extra bold', 'black'
"""
if weight is None:
weight = rcParams['font.weight']
try:
weight = int(weight)
if weight < 0 or weight > 1000:
raise ValueError()
except ValueError:
if weight not in weight_dict:
raise ValueError("weight is invalid")
self._weight = weight
def set_stretch(self, stretch):
"""
Set the font stretch or width. Options are: 'ultra-condensed',
'extra-condensed', 'condensed', 'semi-condensed', 'normal',
'semi-expanded', 'expanded', 'extra-expanded' or
'ultra-expanded', or a numeric value in the range 0-1000.
"""
if stretch is None:
stretch = rcParams['font.weight']
try:
stretch = int(stretch)
if stretch < 0 or stretch > 1000:
raise ValueError()
except ValueError:
if stretch not in stretch_dict:
raise ValueError("stretch is invalid")
self._stretch = stretch
def set_size(self, size):
"""
Set the font size. Either an relative value of 'xx-small',
'x-small', 'small', 'medium', 'large', 'x-large', 'xx-large'
or an absolute font size, e.g., 12.
"""
if size is None:
size = rcParams['font.size']
try:
size = float(size)
except ValueError:
if size is not None and size not in font_scalings:
raise ValueError("size is invalid")
self._size = size
def set_file(self, file):
"""
Set the filename of the fontfile to use. In this case, all
other properties will be ignored.
"""
self._file = file
def set_fontconfig_pattern(self, pattern):
"""
Set the properties by parsing a fontconfig *pattern*.
See the documentation on `fontconfig patterns
<http://www.fontconfig.org/fontconfig-user.html>`_.
This support does not require fontconfig to be installed or
support for it to be enabled. We are merely borrowing its
pattern syntax for use here.
"""
for key, val in self._parse_fontconfig_pattern(pattern).iteritems():
if type(val) == list:
getattr(self, "set_" + key)(val[0])
else:
getattr(self, "set_" + key)(val)
def copy(self):
"""Return a deep copy of self"""
return FontProperties(_init = self)
def ttfdict_to_fnames(d):
"""
flatten a ttfdict to all the filenames it contains
"""
fnames = []
for named in d.itervalues():
for styled in named.itervalues():
for variantd in styled.itervalues():
for weightd in variantd.itervalues():
for stretchd in weightd.itervalues():
for fname in stretchd.itervalues():
fnames.append(fname)
return fnames
def pickle_dump(data, filename):
"""
Equivalent to pickle.dump(data, open(filename, 'w'))
but closes the file to prevent filehandle leakage.
"""
with open(filename, 'wb') as fh:
pickle.dump(data, fh)
def pickle_load(filename):
"""
Equivalent to pickle.load(open(filename, 'r'))
but closes the file to prevent filehandle leakage.
"""
with open(filename, 'rb') as fh:
data = pickle.load(fh)
return data
class FontManager:
"""
On import, the :class:`FontManager` singleton instance creates a
list of TrueType fonts based on the font properties: name, style,
variant, weight, stretch, and size. The :meth:`findfont` method
does a nearest neighbor search to find the font that most closely
matches the specification. If no good enough match is found, a
default font is returned.
"""
# Increment this version number whenever the font cache data
# format or behavior has changed and requires a existing font
# cache files to be rebuilt.
__version__ = 101
def __init__(self, size=None, weight='normal'):
self._version = self.__version__
self.__default_weight = weight
self.default_size = size
paths = [os.path.join(rcParams['datapath'], 'fonts', 'ttf'),
os.path.join(rcParams['datapath'], 'fonts', 'afm'),
os.path.join(rcParams['datapath'], 'fonts', 'pdfcorefonts')]
# Create list of font paths
for pathname in ['TTFPATH', 'AFMPATH']:
if pathname in os.environ:
ttfpath = os.environ[pathname]
if ttfpath.find(';') >= 0: #win32 style
paths.extend(ttfpath.split(';'))
elif ttfpath.find(':') >= 0: # unix style
paths.extend(ttfpath.split(':'))
else:
paths.append(ttfpath)
verbose.report('font search path %s'%(str(paths)))
# Load TrueType fonts and create font dictionary.
self.ttffiles = findSystemFonts(paths) + findSystemFonts()
self.defaultFamily = {
'ttf': 'Bitstream Vera Sans',
'afm': 'Helvetica'}
self.defaultFont = {}
for fname in self.ttffiles:
verbose.report('trying fontname %s' % fname, 'debug')
if fname.lower().find('vera.ttf')>=0:
self.defaultFont['ttf'] = fname
break
else:
# use anything
self.defaultFont['ttf'] = self.ttffiles[0]
self.ttflist = createFontList(self.ttffiles)
self.afmfiles = findSystemFonts(paths, fontext='afm') + \
findSystemFonts(fontext='afm')
self.afmlist = createFontList(self.afmfiles, fontext='afm')
if len(self.afmfiles):
self.defaultFont['afm'] = self.afmfiles[0]
else:
self.defaultFont['afm'] = None
self.ttf_lookup_cache = {}
self.afm_lookup_cache = {}
def get_default_weight(self):
"""
Return the default font weight.
"""
return self.__default_weight
@staticmethod
def get_default_size():
"""
Return the default font size.
"""
return rcParams['font.size']
def set_default_weight(self, weight):
"""
Set the default font weight. The initial value is 'normal'.
"""
self.__default_weight = weight
def update_fonts(self, filenames):
"""
Update the font dictionary with new font files.
Currently not implemented.
"""
# !!!! Needs implementing
raise NotImplementedError
# Each of the scoring functions below should return a value between
# 0.0 (perfect match) and 1.0 (terrible match)
def score_family(self, families, family2):
"""
Returns a match score between the list of font families in
*families* and the font family name *family2*.
An exact match anywhere in the list returns 0.0.
A match by generic font name will return 0.1.
No match will return 1.0.
"""
if not isinstance(families, (list, tuple)):
families = [families]
family2 = family2.lower()
for i, family1 in enumerate(families):
family1 = family1.lower()
if family1 in font_family_aliases:
if family1 in ('sans', 'sans serif'):
family1 = 'sans-serif'
options = rcParams['font.' + family1]
options = [x.lower() for x in options]
if family2 in options:
idx = options.index(family2)
return ((0.1 * (float(idx) / len(options))) *
(float(i) / float(len(families))))
elif family1 == family2:
# The score should be weighted by where in the
# list the font was found.
return float(i) / float(len(families))
return 1.0
def score_style(self, style1, style2):
"""
Returns a match score between *style1* and *style2*.
An exact match returns 0.0.
A match between 'italic' and 'oblique' returns 0.1.
No match returns 1.0.
"""
if style1 == style2:
return 0.0
elif style1 in ('italic', 'oblique') and \
style2 in ('italic', 'oblique'):
return 0.1
return 1.0
def score_variant(self, variant1, variant2):
"""
Returns a match score between *variant1* and *variant2*.
An exact match returns 0.0, otherwise 1.0.
"""
if variant1 == variant2:
return 0.0
else:
return 1.0
def score_stretch(self, stretch1, stretch2):
"""
Returns a match score between *stretch1* and *stretch2*.
The result is the absolute value of the difference between the
CSS numeric values of *stretch1* and *stretch2*, normalized
between 0.0 and 1.0.
"""
try:
stretchval1 = int(stretch1)
except ValueError:
stretchval1 = stretch_dict.get(stretch1, 500)
try:
stretchval2 = int(stretch2)
except ValueError:
stretchval2 = stretch_dict.get(stretch2, 500)
return abs(stretchval1 - stretchval2) / 1000.0
def score_weight(self, weight1, weight2):
"""
Returns a match score between *weight1* and *weight2*.
The result is the absolute value of the difference between the
CSS numeric values of *weight1* and *weight2*, normalized
between 0.0 and 1.0.
"""
try:
weightval1 = int(weight1)
except ValueError:
weightval1 = weight_dict.get(weight1, 500)
try:
weightval2 = int(weight2)
except ValueError:
weightval2 = weight_dict.get(weight2, 500)
return abs(weightval1 - weightval2) / 1000.0
def score_size(self, size1, size2):
"""
Returns a match score between *size1* and *size2*.
If *size2* (the size specified in the font file) is 'scalable', this
function always returns 0.0, since any font size can be generated.
Otherwise, the result is the absolute distance between *size1* and
*size2*, normalized so that the usual range of font sizes (6pt -
72pt) will lie between 0.0 and 1.0.
"""
if size2 == 'scalable':
return 0.0
# Size value should have already been
try:
sizeval1 = float(size1)
except ValueError:
sizeval1 = self.default_size * font_scalings(size1)
try:
sizeval2 = float(size2)
except ValueError:
return 1.0
return abs(sizeval1 - sizeval2) / 72.0
def findfont(self, prop, fontext='ttf', directory=None,
fallback_to_default=True, rebuild_if_missing=True):
"""
Search the font list for the font that most closely matches
the :class:`FontProperties` *prop*.
:meth:`findfont` performs a nearest neighbor search. Each
font is given a similarity score to the target font
properties. The first font with the highest score is
returned. If no matches below a certain threshold are found,
the default font (usually Vera Sans) is returned.
`directory`, is specified, will only return fonts from the
given directory (or subdirectory of that directory).
The result is cached, so subsequent lookups don't have to
perform the O(n) nearest neighbor search.
If `fallback_to_default` is True, will fallback to the default
font family (usually "Bitstream Vera Sans" or "Helvetica") if
the first lookup hard-fails.
See the `W3C Cascading Style Sheet, Level 1
<http://www.w3.org/TR/1998/REC-CSS2-19980512/>`_ documentation
for a description of the font finding algorithm.
"""
if not isinstance(prop, FontProperties):
prop = FontProperties(prop)
fname = prop.get_file()
if fname is not None:
verbose.report('findfont returning %s'%fname, 'debug')
return fname
if fontext == 'afm':
font_cache = self.afm_lookup_cache
fontlist = self.afmlist
else:
font_cache = self.ttf_lookup_cache
fontlist = self.ttflist
if directory is None:
cached = font_cache.get(hash(prop))
if cached:
return cached
best_score = 1e64
best_font = None
for font in fontlist:
if (directory is not None and
os.path.commonprefix([font.fname, directory]) != directory):
continue
# Matching family should have highest priority, so it is multiplied
# by 10.0
score = \
self.score_family(prop.get_family(), font.name) * 10.0 + \
self.score_style(prop.get_style(), font.style) + \
self.score_variant(prop.get_variant(), font.variant) + \
self.score_weight(prop.get_weight(), font.weight) + \
self.score_stretch(prop.get_stretch(), font.stretch) + \
self.score_size(prop.get_size(), font.size)
if score < best_score:
best_score = score
best_font = font
if score == 0:
break
if best_font is None or best_score >= 10.0:
if fallback_to_default:
warnings.warn(
'findfont: Font family %s not found. Falling back to %s' %
(prop.get_family(), self.defaultFamily[fontext]))
default_prop = prop.copy()
default_prop.set_family(self.defaultFamily[fontext])
return self.findfont(default_prop, fontext, directory, False)
else:
# This is a hard fail -- we can't find anything reasonable,
# so just return the vera.ttf
warnings.warn(
'findfont: Could not match %s. Returning %s' %
(prop, self.defaultFont[fontext]),
UserWarning)
result = self.defaultFont[fontext]
else:
verbose.report(
'findfont: Matching %s to %s (%s) with score of %f' %
(prop, best_font.name, best_font.fname, best_score))
result = best_font.fname
if not os.path.isfile(result):
if rebuild_if_missing:
verbose.report(
'findfont: Found a missing font file. Rebuilding cache.')
_rebuild()
return fontManager.findfont(
prop, fontext, directory, True, False)
else:
raise ValueError("No valid font could be found")
if directory is None:
font_cache[hash(prop)] = result
return result
_is_opentype_cff_font_cache = {}
def is_opentype_cff_font(filename):
"""
Returns True if the given font is a Postscript Compact Font Format
Font embedded in an OpenType wrapper. Used by the PostScript and
PDF backends that can not subset these fonts.
"""
if os.path.splitext(filename)[1].lower() == '.otf':
result = _is_opentype_cff_font_cache.get(filename)
if result is None:
with open(filename, 'rb') as fd:
tag = fd.read(4)
result = (tag == 'OTTO')
_is_opentype_cff_font_cache[filename] = result
return result
return False
fontManager = None
# The experimental fontconfig-based backend.
if USE_FONTCONFIG and sys.platform != 'win32':
import re
def fc_match(pattern, fontext):
fontexts = get_fontext_synonyms(fontext)
ext = "." + fontext
try:
pipe = subprocess.Popen(['fc-match', '-sv', pattern], stdout=subprocess.PIPE)
output = pipe.communicate()[0]
except OSError:
return None
if pipe.returncode == 0:
for match in _fc_match_regex.finditer(output):
file = match.group(1)
file = file.decode(sys.getfilesystemencoding())
if os.path.splitext(file)[1][1:] in fontexts:
return file
return None
_fc_match_regex = re.compile(br'\sfile:\s+"([^"]*)"')
_fc_match_cache = {}
def findfont(prop, fontext='ttf'):
if not is_string_like(prop):
prop = prop.get_fontconfig_pattern()
cached = _fc_match_cache.get(prop)
if cached is not None:
return cached
result = fc_match(prop, fontext)
if result is None:
result = fc_match(':', fontext)
_fc_match_cache[prop] = result
return result
else:
configdir = get_configdir()
if configdir is not None:
if sys.version_info[0] >= 3:
_fmcache = os.path.join(configdir, 'fontList.py3k.cache')
else:
_fmcache = os.path.join(configdir, 'fontList.cache')
else:
# Should only happen in a restricted environment (such as Google App
# Engine). Deal with this gracefully by not caching fonts.
_fmcache = None
fontManager = None
def _rebuild():
global fontManager
fontManager = FontManager()
if _fmcache:
pickle_dump(fontManager, _fmcache)
verbose.report("generated new fontManager")
if _fmcache:
try:
fontManager = pickle_load(_fmcache)
if (not hasattr(fontManager, '_version') or
fontManager._version != FontManager.__version__):
_rebuild()
else:
fontManager.default_size = None
verbose.report("Using fontManager instance from %s" % _fmcache)
except:
_rebuild()
else:
_rebuild()
def findfont(prop, **kw):
global fontManager
font = fontManager.findfont(prop, **kw)
return font
Jump to Line
Something went wrong with that request. Please try again.