timezoneJS.Date object gives you full-blown timezone support, independent from the timezone set on the end-user's machine running the browser. It uses the Olson zoneinfo files for its timezone data.
timezoneJS.Date also has named properties that store the values of year, month, date, etc., so it can be directly serialized to JSON and used for data transfer.
First you'll need to include the code on your page. Both
timezoneJS.Date, and the supporting code it needs in
timezoneJS.timezone are bundled in the
date.js file in
Next you'll need the Olson time zone files --
timezoneJS.Date uses the raw Olson data to calculate timezone offsets. The Olson region files are simple, structured text data, which download quickly and parse easily. (They also compress to a very small size.)
Here is an example of how to get the Olson time zone files:
##!/bin/bash # NOTE: Run from your webroot # Create the /tz directory mkdir tz # Download the latest Olson files curl ftp://ftp.iana.org/tz/tzdata-latest.tar.gz -o tz/tzdata-latest.tar.gz # Expand the files tar -xvzf tz/tzdata-latest.tar.gz -C tz # Optionally, you can remove the downloaded archives. rm tz/tzdata-latest.tar.gz
Then you'll need to make the files available to the
timezoneJS.timezone code, and initialize the code to parse your default region. (This will be North America if you don't change it). No sense in downloading and parsing timezone data for the entire world if you're not going to be using it.
Put your directory of Olson files somewhere under your Web server root, and point
timezoneJS.timezone.zoneFileBasePath to it. Then call the init function. Your code will look something like this:
timezoneJS.timezone.zoneFileBasePath = '/tz'; timezoneJS.timezone.init();
If you use
timezoneJS.timezone.transport = someFunction method. Take a look at
spec for an example.
var dt = new timezoneJS.Date('10/31/2008', 'America/New_York'); var dt = new timezoneJS.Date(2008, 9, 31, 11, 45, 'America/Los_Angeles');
Naturally enough, the
getTimezoneOffset method returns the timezone offset in minutes based on the timezone you set for the date.
// Pre-DST-leap var dt = new timezoneJS.Date(2006, 9, 29, 1, 59, 'America/Los_Angeles'); dt.getTimezoneOffset(); => 420 // Post-DST-leap var dt = new timezoneJS.Date(2006, 9, 29, 2, 0, 'America/Los_Angeles'); dt.getTimezoneOffset(); => 480
Just as you'd expect, the getTime method gives you the UTC timestamp for the given date:
var dtA = new timezoneJS.Date(2007, 9, 31, 10, 30, 'America/Los_Angeles'); var dtB = new timezoneJS.Date(2007, 9, 31, 12, 30, 'America/Chicago'); // Same timestamp dtA.getTime(); => 1193855400000 dtB.getTime(); => 1193855400000
You can set (or reset) the timezone using the
var dt = new timezoneJS.Date('10/31/2006', 'America/Juneau'); dt.getTimezoneOffset(); => 540 dt.setTimezone('America/Chicago'); dt.getTimezoneOffset(); => 300 dt.setTimezone('Pacific/Honolulu'); dt.getTimezoneOffset(); => 600
The getTimezone method tells you what timezone a
timezoneJS.Date is set to.
var dt = new timezoneJS.Date('12/27/2010', 'Asia/Tokyo'); dt.getTimezone(); => 'Asia/Tokyo'
If you don't change it, the timezone region that loads on
initialization is North America (the Olson 'northamerica' file). To change that to another reqion, set
timezoneJS.timezone.defaultZoneFile to your desired region, like so:
timezoneJS.timezone.zoneFileBasePath = '/tz'; timezoneJS.timezone.defaultZoneFile = 'asia'; timezoneJS.timezone.init();
If you want to preload multiple regions, set it to an array, like this:
timezoneJS.timezone.zoneFileBasePath = '/tz'; timezoneJS.timezone.defaultZoneFile = ['asia', 'backward', 'northamerica', 'southamerica']; timezoneJS.timezone.init();
By default the
timezoneJS.Date timezone code lazy-loads the timezone data files, pulling them down and parsing them only as needed.
For example, if you go with the out-of-the-box setup, you'll have all the North American timezones pre-loaded -- but if you were to add a date with a timezone of 'Asia/Seoul,' it would grab the 'asia' Olson file and parse it before calculating the timezone offset for that date.
You can change this behavior by changing the value of
timezoneJS.timezone.loadingScheme. The three possible values are:
timezoneJS.timezone.loadingSchemes.PRELOAD_ALL-- this will preload all the timezone data files for all reqions up front. This setting would only make sense if you know your users will be using timezones from all around the world, and you prefer taking the up-front load time to the small on-the-fly lag from lazy loading.
timezoneJS.timezone.loadingSchemes.LAZY_LOAD-- the default. Loads some amount of data up front, then lazy-loads any other needed timezone data as needed.
timezoneJS.timezone.loadingSchemes.MANUAL_LOAD-- Preloads no data, and does no lazy loading. Use this setting if you're loading pre-parsed JSON timezone data.
If you know beforehand what specific cities your users are going to be using, you can reduce load times specifically by creating a pre-parsed JSON data file containing only the timezone info for those specific cities.
node-preparse.js: Uses Node to preparse and populate data.
Use the script like this:
rhino preparse.js zoneFileDirectory [exemplarCities] > outputfile.json
node node-preparse.js zoneFileDirectory [exemplarCities] > outputfile.json
The first parameter is the directory where the script can find the Olson zoneinfo files. The second (optional) param should be a comma-delimited list of timzeone cities to create the JSON data for. If that parameter isn't passed, the script will generate the JSON data for all the files.
rhino preparse.js olson_files \ "Asia/Tokyo, America/New_York, Europe/London" \ > major_cities.json rhino preparse.js olson_files > all_cities.json
node node-preparse.js olson_files \ "Asia/Tokyo, America/New_York, Europe/London" \ > major_cities.json node node-preparse.js olson_files > all_cities.json
Once you have your file of JSON data, set your loading scheme to
timezoneJS.timezone.loadingSchemes.MANUAL_LOAD, and load the JSON data with
loadZoneJSONData, like this:
var _tz = timezoneJS.timezone; _tz.loadingScheme = _tz.loadingSchemes.MANUAL_LOAD; _tz.loadZoneJSONData('/major_cities.json', true);
Since the limited set of data will be much smaller than any of the zoneinfo files, and the JSON data is deserialized with
JSON.parse, this method is significantly faster than the default setup. However, it only works if you know beforehand exactly what timezones you want to use.
The Olson timezone data files are simple, space- and linefeed-delimited data. The abundance of whitespace means they compress very, very well.
If you plan to use
timezoneJS.Date in a production Web app, it's highly recommended that you first strip the copious comments found in every Olson file, and serve compressed versions of the files to all browsers that can handle it. (Note that IE6 reports itself as able to work with gzipped data, but has numerous problems with it.)
Just to give you an idea of the difference -- merely stripping out the comments from the 'northamerica' file reduces its size by two-thirds -- from 103K to 32K. Gzipping the stripped file reduces it down to 6.5K -- probably smaller than most of the graphics in your app.
src directory has a sample Ruby script that you can use to strip comments from Olson data files.
This project use Jake to build. In order to see available tasks, do
jake -T. The build sequence is:
jake test:init: Download and extract tz files to
jake test: Run
Feel free to fork and modify at your own will.
The source code is annotated and doc can be generated with
Copyright 2010 Matthew Eernisse (email@example.com) and Open Source Applications Foundation.
Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance with the License. You may obtain a copy of the License at http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS, WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied. See the License for the specific language governing permissions and limitations under the License.
Credits: Ideas included from incomplete JS implementation of Olson parser, "XMLDAte" by Philippe Goetz (firstname.lastname@example.org)