Skip to content
This repository has been archived by the owner. It is now read-only.


Switch branches/tags

Latest commit


Git stats


Failed to load latest commit information.
Latest commit message
Commit time

Measurement Kit

(deprecated) Network measurement engine

As of 2020-03-15, Measurement Kit is deprecated. This date has been chosen arbitrarily such that we could write:

Friends, OONItarians, developers, lend me your ears;
I come to bury Measurement Kit, not to praise it.
The bugs that software have live after them;
The good is oft interred with their remote branches;

And, of course, some good, old piece of art is also in order:


The rewrite of Measurement Kit in Go has been going on for quite some time now as ooni/probe-engine. As part of this rewrite, we considered all the use cases addressed by Measurement Kit, as documented by issue #1913.

We will most likely never release v0.11.0 of Measurement Kit. We will keep maintaining the 0.10.x version until 2021-03-14 (which is another interesting date). In the following, we'll discuss what options you have for replacing Measurement Kit in your use case. The current README reflects the situation "here and now". We are still working to provide a smooth upgrade path. Please, let us know if the upgrade path we have designed is troubling you by voting/contributing to the issues indicated below.

(The content of the old is still available as

Changes in the settings JSON

The ooni/probe-engine implementation exposes similar APIs to Measurement Kit and specifically honours the data format of Measurement Kit v0.10.11. There should be no differences in the emitted events. There are however some differences in the settings as discussed below.

You should now add the following three keys to the settings JSON:

  "assets_dir": "",
  "state_dir": "",
  "temp_dir": ""

where assets_dir is the directory where to store assets, e.g. GeoIP databases; state_dir is the directory where to store the authentication information used with OONI orchestra; temp_dir is the directory where to store temporary files. If these three keys are not present, the test will fail during the startup phase (i.e. it will run for a very short time and you will see a bunch of failure.startup events emitted).

Also, the Go code does recognize all the settings recognized by Measurement Kit, but we have only implemented the settings required by OONI. All the other settings, when used, cause a failure during the experiment startup phase. If a not implemented setting is causing you issues, let us know by voting in the corresponding bug tracking issue.


In your app/build.gradle file, replace

  implementation "org.openobservatory.measurement_kit:android-libs:$version"


  implementation "org.ooni:oonimkall:$version"

(The new package is called oonimkall because it's a OONI probe-engine based implementation of the mkall API for iOS. In turn, mkall means that we are bundling together all the MK APIs (i.e. the API for running experiments and all the ancillary APIs). For historical reasons android-libs was named before we defined the concept of mkall and was never renamed.)

The following differences apply between android-libs and oonimkall:

  1. the import path is oonimkall and you can use it directly as a scope for the classes, rather than doing import oonimkall.Foo;

  2. the MKAsyncTask class is replaced by oonimkall.Task and the MKAsyncTask.start factory is replaced by oonimkall.Oonimkall.startTask;

  3. the MKGeoIPLookupResults and MKGeoIPLookupTask classes are replaced by oonimkall.GeoLookupResults and oonimkall.GeoLookupTask;

  4. the MKOrchestraResults and MKOrchestraTask classes cannot be replaced, because it seems we are moving away from the orchestra model and, in going forward, we will only use orchestra internally inside of probe-engine to authenticate probes when they fetch input;

  5. the MKReporterResults and MKReporterTask classes are replaced by oonimkall.CollectorResults and oonimkall.CollectorTask;

  6. the MKResourcesManager class cannot be replaced, because the new code manages resources differently, by downloading them when needed into the assets_dir directory mentioned above;

  7. the MKVersion class cannot be replaced because version pinning in Go makes it much simpler to know which version of what software we compile;

  8. oonimkall throws Exception in much more cases than the code in android-libs that instead was using RuntimeException (using the latter was actually an anti-pattern and we are fixing it with the new code).

The following diff shows how to update code that runs an experiment, which is probably the most common use case of android-libs:

---	2020-04-10 11:54:53.973521643 +0200
+++	2020-04-10 11:55:50.915205613 +0200
@@ -1,10 +1,8 @@
 package com.example.something;
 public class Example {
-    public static void run(settings String) {
-        MKAsyncTask task = MKAsyncTask.start(settings);
+    public static void run(settings String) throws Exception {
+        oonimkall.Task task = oonimkall.Oonimkall.startTask(settings);
         for (!task.isDone()) {
             String event = task.waitForNextEvent();

The most striking difference is that the function to start a task will explicitly throw Exception on failure. The old code would instead throw RuntimeException, as mentioned above. The required settings have slightly changed, as discussed above.


In your Podfile replace

    pod 'mkall', :git => '',
                 :tag => '$version'


    pod 'oonimkall', :podspec => '$version.podspec'

The changes are similar to the ones described above for Android except that the oonimkall. prefix is Oonimkall for iOS. The following diff shows how you should be upgrading your MKAsyncTask code:

--- MK.m	2020-04-10 12:06:14.252573662 +0200
+++ PE.m	2020-04-10 12:08:18.520924676 +0200
@@ -1,11 +1,15 @@
 #import <Foundation/Foundation.h>
-#import <mkall/MKAsyncTask.h>
+#import <oonimkall/Oonimkall.h>
-void run(NSDictionary *settings) {
-    MKAsyncTask *task = [MKAsyncTask start:settings];
-    while (![task done]) {
-        NSDictionary *ev = [task waitForNextEvent];
+NSError *run(NSString *settings) {
+    NSError *error = nil;
+    OonimkallTask *task = OonimkallStartTask(settings, &error);
+    if (error != nil) {
+        return error;
+    }
+    while (![task isDone]) {
+        NSString *ev = [task waitForNextEvent];
         if (ev == nil) {

The most striking differences are the following. First, the function that starts a task now fails explicitly (e.g., if the settings are not valid JSON). Second, the new code takes in input and emits in output serialized JSONs rather than NSDictionary *. You are welcome to adapt code from MKAsyncTask to reimplement the previous behaviour. Also, remember that some extra mandatory settings are required, as described above.

Command Line

The miniooni binary mostly has the same CLI of the measurement_kit binary you could build from this repository. The following list describes the main differences between the two command line interfaces:

  • miniooni by default appends measurements to report.jsonl while measurement_kit uses a file name including the experiment name and the datetime when the experiment was started;

  • miniooni uses the -i, --input <input> flag to uniformly provide input for every experiment, while in measurement_kit different experiments use different command line flags after the experiment name (e.g., the -u <URL> flag is used by MK's Web Connectivity);

  • miniooni allows you to specify a proxy (e.g. Tor, Psiphon) with -P, --proxy <URL> that will be used for interacting with OONI services, but no such option exists in measurement_kit;

  • miniooni does not yet implement -s, --list that lists all the available experiments;

  • miniooni does not implement -l, --logfile <path> but you can use output redirection and tee to save logs anyway;

  • miniooni does not implement --ca-bundle-path <path>, --version, --geoip-country-path <path>, --geoip-asn-path <path>, because these resources are now downloaded and managed automatically;

  • miniooni does not implement --no-resolver-lookup;

  • miniooni writes state at $HOME/.miniooni.

We automatically build miniooni for windows/amd64, linux/amd64, and darwin/amd64 at every commit. The Linux build is static and does not depend on any external shared library. You can find the builds by looking into the GitHub actions of probe-engine and selecting for cli-windows, cli-linux, or cli-darwin. If you want us to attach such binaries to every release, please upvote the related issue.

Shared Library

The libooniffi package of ooni/probe-engine is a drop-in replacement for the Measurement Kit FFI API. The new API is defined by the ooniffi.h header. It is ABI compatible with MK's API. The only required change is to replace the mk_ prefix with ooniffi_. This diff shows the changes you typically need:

--- MK.c	2020-04-10 12:32:13.582783743 +0200
+++ PE.c	2020-04-10 12:32:36.633038633 +0200
@@ -1,19 +1,19 @@
 #include <stdio.h>
-#include <measurement_kit/ffi.h>
+#include <ooniffi.h>
 void run(const char *settings) {
-    mk_task_t *task = mk_task_start(settings);
+    ooniffi_task_t *task = ooniffi_task_start(settings);
     if (task == NULL) {
-    while (!mk_task_is_done(task)) {
-        mk_event_t *event = mk_task_wait_for_next_event(task);
+    while (!ooniffi_task_is_done(task)) {
+        ooniffi_event_t *event = ooniffi_task_wait_for_next_event(task);
         if (event == NULL) {
-        printf("%s\n", mk_event_serialization(event));
-        mk_event_destroy(event);
+        printf("%s\n", ooniffi_event_serialization(event));
+        ooniffi_event_destroy(event);
-    mk_task_destroy(task);
+    ooniffi_task_destroy(task);

Of course, you also need to take into account the changes to the settings documented above.

You can generate your own builds with:

# macOS from macOS or Linux from Linux
go build -v -tags nomk -ldflags='-s -w' -buildmode c-shared -o ./libooniffi
rm libooniffi.h  # not needed
cp libooniffi/ooniffi.h .  # use this header

# Windows from Linux or macOS with mingw-w64 installed
export CGO_ENABLED=1 GOOS=windows GOARCH=amd64 CC=x86_64-w64-mingw32-gcc
go build -v -tags nomk -ldflags='-s -w' -buildmode c-shared -o libooniffi.dll ./libooniffi
rm libooniffi.h  # not needed
cp libooniffi/ooniffi.h .  # use this header

Let us know if you want us to automatically publish libooniffi dynamic libraries by upvoting the related issue.