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#-*- coding:utf-8 -*-
import sys, os, time, atexit
from signal import SIGTERM
# 1.第一次fork将会创建父-子进程,同时使得父进程退出保证守护进程能够运行在后台。
# 2.通过setsid步骤使得进程与控制终端、登录会话以及进程组脱离。
# 3.第二次fork将确保进程重新打开控制终端,并且产生子-孙进程,而子进程退出后孙进程将成为真正的守护进程。
# 4.其他还有一些诸如工作目录设置、关闭文件描述符、设置文件创建掩码之类的操作。
class Daemon(object):
"""
A generic daemon class.
Usage: subclass the Daemon class and override the run() method
"""
def __init__(self, pidfile='/tmp/test.pid', stdin='/dev/null', stdout='nbMon.log', stderr='nbMon.log'):
self.stdin = stdin
self.stdout = stdout
self.stderr = stderr
self.pidfile = pidfile
def daemonize(self):
"""
do the UNIX double-fork magic, see Stevens' "Advanced
Programming in the UNIX Environment" for details (ISBN 0201563177)
http://www.erlenstar.demon.co.uk/unix/faq_2.html#SEC16
"""
try:
pid = os.fork()
if pid > 0:
# exit first parent
sys.exit(0)
except OSError, e:
sys.stderr.write("fork #1 failed: %d (%s)\n" % (e.errno, e.strerror))
sys.exit(1)
# decouple from parent environment
os.chdir("/")
os.setsid()
os.umask(0)
# do second fork
try:
pid = os.fork()
if pid > 0:
# exit from second parent
sys.exit(0)
except OSError, e:
sys.stderr.write("fork #2 failed: %d (%s)\n" % (e.errno, e.strerror))
sys.exit(1)
# redirect standard file descriptors
sys.stdout.flush()
sys.stderr.flush()
si = file(self.stdin, 'r')
so = file(self.stdout, 'a+')
se = file(self.stderr, 'a+', 0)
os.dup2(si.fileno(), sys.stdin.fileno())
os.dup2(so.fileno(), sys.stdout.fileno())
os.dup2(se.fileno(), sys.stderr.fileno())
# write pidfile
atexit.register(self.delpid)
pid = str(os.getpid())
file(self.pidfile,'w+').write("%s\n" % pid)
def delpid(self):
os.remove(self.pidfile)
def start(self):
"""
Start the daemon
"""
# Check for a pidfile to see if the daemon already runs
try:
pf = file(self.pidfile,'r')
pid = int(pf.read().strip())
pf.close()
except IOError:
pid = None
if pid:
message = "pidfile %s already exist. Daemon already running?\n"
sys.stderr.write(message % self.pidfile)
sys.exit(1)
# Start the daemon
self.daemonize()
self.run()
def stop(self):
"""
Stop the daemon
"""
# Get the pid from the pidfile
try:
pf = file(self.pidfile,'r')
pid = int(pf.read().strip())
pf.close()
except IOError:
pid = None
if not pid:
message = "pidfile %s does not exist. Daemon not running?\n"
sys.stderr.write(message % self.pidfile)
return # not an error in a restart
# Try killing the daemon process
try:
while 1:
os.kill(pid, SIGTERM)
time.sleep(0.1)
except OSError, err:
err = str(err)
if err.find("No such process") > 0:
if os.path.exists(self.pidfile):
os.remove(self.pidfile)
else:
print str(err)
sys.exit(1)
def restart(self):
"""
Restart the daemon
"""
self.stop()
self.start()
def run(self):
"""
You should override this method when you subclass Daemon. It will be called after the process has been
daemonized by start() or restart().
"""
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