This project is a cpan/stackoverflow site for Rails gems and plugins.
Ruby JavaScript
Switch branches/tags
Nothing to show
Fetching latest commit…
Cannot retrieve the latest commit at this time.
Permalink
Failed to load latest commit information.
app
config
db
doc
public
script
test
vendor/plugins
.gitignore
LICENSE.txt
README.rdoc
Rakefile

README.rdoc

Rails Overflow

Description

This repository contains the Rails and SproutCore code for MemBrain's “Rails Overflow” application. The application is intended to provide an interface that will allow the Rails community to designate the best gems and plugins for common project scenarios.

A Quick Note

If you are a MemBrain member and wish to contribute to the project, please establish a github account and send your handle to jdugan@coroutine.com to be added as a collaborator. All non-MemBrain contributors will need to fork the project.

In either case, if you don't know git, don't want to, and never intend to contribute to the project, just use the public clone url to make a copy for yourself (see Cloning Instructions and Getting Set Up for more details).

Cloning Instructions

If you are a MemBrain collaborator, clone the project with the private url:

prompt$ cd /path/to/your/parent-dir prompt$ git clone git@github.com:membrain/T002_rails-overflow.git prompt$ cd T002_rails-overflow prompt$ rake gems:install prompt$ rake db:migrate Otherwise, delete any current instance of the project and clone a new copy with the public url:

prompt$ cd /path/to/your/parent-dir prompt$ git clone git://github.com/membrain/T002_rails-overflow.git prompt$ cd T002_rails-overflow prompt$ rake gems:install prompt$ rake db:migrate

Getting Set Up

To start the web server included with Ruby on Rails, open a terminal and enter the following commands:

prompt$ cd /path/to/your/parent-dir/T002_rails-overflow prompt$ ruby script/server

Open a web browser and go to localhost:3000.

Pulling & Pushing New Changes With Git

First, as a rule you should not work in your local master branch. When you work on a feature, create a new local branch and do your work there. By doing so, you preserve a clean master branch, which makes integrations with the remote project a snap. Said differently, the local master branch is your copy of the remote project. Just as you wouldn't work directly on the remote code base, you shouldn't work on your local copy of it.

Use “git help” for more information on the branch and checkout commands.

Two shell scripts are included in the {RAILS-ROOT}/script/git folder of the project. They are named hack and ship. They automate the git commands needed to pull in changes from the remote master and push changes to the remote master, respectively. You'll want to copy these scripts to a directory in your PATH so they can be invoked from anywhere at the terminal. You may also wish to make an alias that runs hack, then rake (which runs all rails tests defined to the project), then ship:

prompt$ alias hrs=“hack && rake && ship” For more information on this workflow, please see this fine blog post:

reinh.com/blog/2008/08/27/hack-and-and-ship.html New git users are encouraged to learn more about the rebase, merge, pull, and push commands to understand why this workflow makes sense.

Note: The original versions of hack and ship I received were corrupted by the internets. I had to retype the contents into clean files to get them to work on my mac. The files in {RAILS_ROOT}/script/git are the new, clean copies from my mac. They should work for you, but if you get weird errors running them, try creating the scripts manually.

Rails Documentation

== Welcome to Rails

Rails is a web-application framework that includes everything needed to create database-backed web applications according to the Model-View-Control pattern.

This pattern splits the view (also called the presentation) into “dumb” templates that are primarily responsible for inserting pre-built data in between HTML tags. The model contains the “smart” domain objects (such as Account, Product, Person, Post) that holds all the business logic and knows how to persist themselves to a database. The controller handles the incoming requests (such as Save New Account, Update Product, Show Post) by manipulating the model and directing data to the view.

In Rails, the model is handled by what's called an object-relational mapping layer entitled Active Record. This layer allows you to present the data from database rows as objects and embellish these data objects with business logic methods. You can read more about Active Record in files/vendor/rails/activerecord/README.html.

The controller and view are handled by the Action Pack, which handles both layers by its two parts: Action View and Action Controller. These two layers are bundled in a single package due to their heavy interdependence. This is unlike the relationship between the Active Record and Action Pack that is much more separate. Each of these packages can be used independently outside of Rails. You can read more about Action Pack in files/vendor/rails/actionpack/README.html.

== Getting Started

1. At the command prompt, start a new Rails application using the rails command and your application name. Ex: rails myapp 2. Change directory into myapp and start the web server: script/server (run with –help for options) 3. Go to localhost:3000/ and get “Welcome aboard: You're riding the Rails!” 4. Follow the guidelines to start developing your application

== Web Servers

By default, Rails will try to use Mongrel if it's are installed when started with script/server, otherwise Rails will use WEBrick, the webserver that ships with Ruby. But you can also use Rails with a variety of other web servers.

Mongrel is a Ruby-based webserver with a C component (which requires compilation) that is suitable for development and deployment of Rails applications. If you have Ruby Gems installed, getting up and running with mongrel is as easy as: gem install mongrel. More info at: mongrel.rubyforge.org

Say other Ruby web servers like Thin and Ebb or regular web servers like Apache or LiteSpeed or Lighttpd or IIS. The Ruby web servers are run through Rack and the latter can either be setup to use FCGI or proxy to a pack of Mongrels/Thin/Ebb servers.

== Apache .htaccess example for FCGI/CGI

# General Apache options AddHandler fastcgi-script .fcgi AddHandler cgi-script .cgi Options +FollowSymLinks +ExecCGI

# If you don't want Rails to look in certain directories, # use the following rewrite rules so that Apache won't rewrite certain requests # # Example: # RewriteCond %{REQUEST_URI} ^/notrails.* # RewriteRule .* - [L]

# Redirect all requests not available on the filesystem to Rails # By default the cgi dispatcher is used which is very slow # # For better performance replace the dispatcher with the fastcgi one # # Example: # RewriteRule ^(.*)$ dispatch.fcgi [QSA,L] RewriteEngine On

# If your Rails application is accessed via an Alias directive, # then you MUST also set the RewriteBase in this htaccess file. # # Example: # Alias /myrailsapp /path/to/myrailsapp/public # RewriteBase /myrailsapp

RewriteRule ^$ index.html [QSA] RewriteRule ^([^.]+)$ $1.html [QSA] RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-f RewriteRule ^(.*)$ dispatch.cgi [QSA,L]

# In case Rails experiences terminal errors # Instead of displaying this message you can supply a file here which will be rendered instead # # Example: # ErrorDocument 500 /500.html

ErrorDocument 500 “<h2>Application error</h2>Rails application failed to start properly”

== Debugging Rails

Sometimes your application goes wrong. Fortunately there are a lot of tools that will help you debug it and get it back on the rails.

First area to check is the application log files. Have “tail -f” commands running on the server.log and development.log. Rails will automatically display debugging and runtime information to these files. Debugging info will also be shown in the browser on requests from 127.0.0.1.

You can also log your own messages directly into the log file from your code using the Ruby logger class from inside your controllers. Example:

class WeblogController < ActionController::Base def destroy @weblog = Weblog.find(params) @weblog.destroy logger.info(“#{Time.now} Destroyed Weblog ID ##{@weblog.id}!”) end end

The result will be a message in your log file along the lines of:

Mon Oct 08 14:22:29 +1000 2007 Destroyed Weblog ID #1

More information on how to use the logger is at www.ruby-doc.org/core/

Also, Ruby documentation can be found at www.ruby-lang.org/ including:

* The Learning Ruby (Pickaxe) Book: www.ruby-doc.org/docs/ProgrammingRuby/ * Learn to Program: pine.fm/LearnToProgram/ (a beginners guide)

These two online (and free) books will bring you up to speed on the Ruby language and also on programming in general.

== Debugger

Debugger support is available through the debugger command when you start your Mongrel or Webrick server with –debugger. This means that you can break out of execution at any point in the code, investigate and change the model, AND then resume execution! You need to install ruby-debug to run the server in debugging mode. With gems, use 'gem install ruby-debug' Example:

class WeblogController < ActionController::Base def index @posts = Post.find(:all) debugger end end

So the controller will accept the action, run the first line, then present you with a IRB prompt in the server window. Here you can do things like:

>> @posts.inspect => “[#<Post:0x14a6be8 @attributes={"title"=>nil, "body"=>nil, "id"=>"1"}>, #<Post:0x14a6620 @attributes={"title"=>"Rails you know!", "body"=>"Only ten..", "id"=>"2"}>]” >> @posts.first.title = “hello from a debugger” => “hello from a debugger”

…and even better is that you can examine how your runtime objects actually work:

>> f = @posts.first => #<Post:0x13630c4 @attributes={“title”=>nil, “body”=>nil, “id”=>“1”}> >> f. Display all 152 possibilities? (y or n)

Finally, when you're ready to resume execution, you enter “cont”

== Console

You can interact with the domain model by starting the console through script/console. Here you'll have all parts of the application configured, just like it is when the application is running. You can inspect domain models, change values, and save to the database. Starting the script without arguments will launch it in the development environment. Passing an argument will specify a different environment, like script/console production.

To reload your controllers and models after launching the console run reload!

== dbconsole

You can go to the command line of your database directly through script/dbconsole. You would be connected to the database with the credentials defined in database.yml. Starting the script without arguments will connect you to the development database. Passing an argument will connect you to a different database, like script/dbconsole production. Currently works for mysql, postgresql and sqlite.

== Description of Contents

app Holds all the code that's specific to this particular application.

app/controllers Holds controllers that should be named like weblogs_controller.rb for automated URL mapping. All controllers should descend from ApplicationController which itself descends from ActionController::Base.

app/models Holds models that should be named like post.rb. Most models will descend from ActiveRecord::Base.

app/views Holds the template files for the view that should be named like weblogs/index.html.erb for the WeblogsController#index action. All views use eRuby syntax.

app/views/layouts Holds the template files for layouts to be used with views. This models the common header/footer method of wrapping views. In your views, define a layout using the layout :default and create a file named default.html.erb. Inside default.html.erb, call <% yield %> to render the view using this layout.

app/helpers Holds view helpers that should be named like weblogs_helper.rb. These are generated for you automatically when using script/generate for controllers. Helpers can be used to wrap functionality for your views into methods.

config Configuration files for the Rails environment, the routing map, the database, and other dependencies.

db Contains the database schema in schema.rb. db/migrate contains all the sequence of Migrations for your schema.

doc This directory is where your application documentation will be stored when generated using rake doc:app

lib Application specific libraries. Basically, any kind of custom code that doesn't belong under controllers, models, or helpers. This directory is in the load path.

public The directory available for the web server. Contains subdirectories for images, stylesheets, and javascripts. Also contains the dispatchers and the default HTML files. This should be set as the DOCUMENT_ROOT of your web server.

script Helper scripts for automation and generation.

test Unit and functional tests along with fixtures. When using the script/generate scripts, template test files will be generated for you and placed in this directory.

vendor External libraries that the application depends on. Also includes the plugins subdirectory. If the app has frozen rails, those gems also go here, under vendor/rails/. This directory is in the load path.