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a golang web mvc framework, like mvc

branch: master


goku is a Web Mvc Framework for golang, mostly like ASP.NET MVC.

doc & api


To install goku, simply run go get To use it in a program, use import ""

To run example "todo" app, just:

$ cd $GOROOT/src/pkg/
$ go run app.go

maybe you need run todo.sql first.


    package main

    import (

    // routes
    var routes []*goku.Route = []*goku.Route{
        // static file route
            Name:     "static",
            IsStatic: true,
            Pattern:  "/static/(.*)",
        // default controller and action route
            Name:       "default",
            Pattern:    "/{controller}/{action}/{id}",
            Default:    map[string]string{"controller": "home", "action": "index", "id": "0"},
            Constraint: map[string]string{"id": "\\d+"},

    // server config
    var config *goku.ServerConfig = &goku.ServerConfig{
        Addr:           ":8888",
        ReadTimeout:    10 * time.Second,
        WriteTimeout:   10 * time.Second,
        MaxHeaderBytes: 1 << 20,
        //RootDir:        os.Getwd(),
        StaticPath: "static",
        ViewPath:   "views",
        Debug:      true,

    func init() {
         * project root dir
        _, filename, _, _ := runtime.Caller(1)
        config.RootDir = path.Dir(filename)

         * Controller & Action
            Get("index", func(ctx *goku.HttpContext) goku.ActionResulter {
            return ctx.Html("Hello World")


    func main() {
        rt := &goku.RouteTable{Routes: routes}
        s := goku.CreateServer(rt, nil, config)
        goku.Logger().Logln("Server start on", s.Addr)


    var Routes []*goku.Route = []*goku.Route{
            Name:     "static",
            IsStatic: true,
            Pattern:  "/public/(.*)",
            Name:       "edit",
            Pattern:    "/{controller}/{id}/{action}",
            Default:    map[string]string{"action": "edit"},
            Constraint: map[string]string{"id": "\\d+"},
            Name:    "default",
            Pattern: "/{controller}/{action}",
            Default: map[string]string{"controller": "todo", "action": "index"},
    // create server with the rules
    rt := &goku.RouteTable{Routes: todo.Routes}
    s := goku.CreateServer(rt, nil, nil)


    rt := new(goku.RouteTable)
    rt.Static("staticFile", "/static/(.*)")
        "blog-page", // route name
        "/blog/p/{page}", // pattern
        map[string]string{"controller": "blog", "action": "page", "page": "0"}, // default
        map[string]string{"page": "\\d+"} // constraint
        "default", // route name
        "/{controller}/{action}", // pattern
        map[string]string{"controller": "home", "action": "index"}, // default

Controller And Action

    // add a controller named "home"
        Filters(new(TestControllerFilter)). // this filter is fot controller(all the actions)
        // home controller's index action
        // for http GET
        Get("index", func(ctx *goku.HttpContext) goku.ActionResulter {
        return ctx.Html("Hello World")
    }).Filters(new(TestActionFilter)). // this filter is for home.index action
        // home controller's about action
        // for http POST
        Post("about", func(ctx *goku.HttpContext) goku.ActionResulter {
        return ctx.Raw("About")
  • get /home/index will return Hello World
  • post /home/index will return 404
  • post /home/about will return About


ActionResulter is type interface. all the action must return ActionResulter. you can return an ActionResulter in the action like this:

    // ctx is *goku.HttpContext
    ctx.NotFound("oh no! ):")
    // or you can return a view that
    // will render a template
    ctx.Render("viewName", viewModel)

or you can return a ActionResulter by this

    return &ActionResult{
        StatusCode: http.StatusNotFound,
        Headers:    map[string]string{"Content-Type": "text/html"},
        Body:       "Page Not Found",

for more info, check the code.

View and ViewData

Views are the components that display the application's user interface (UI)

To render a view, you can just return a ViewResut which implement the ActionResulter interface. just like this:

        Get("page", func(ctx *goku.HttpContext) goku.ActionResulter {
        blog := GetBlogByid(10)

        // you can add any val to ViewData
        // then you can use it in template
        // like this: {{ .Data.SiteName }}
        ctx.ViewData["SiteName"] = "My Blog"

        // or you can pass a struct to ViewModel
        // then you can use it in template
        // like this: {{ .Model.Title }}
        // that same as blog.Title
        return ctx.View(blog)

ctx.View() will find the view in these rules:

  1. /{ViewPath}/{Controller}/{action}
  2. /{ViewPath}/shared/{action}

for example, ServerConfig.ViewPath is set to "views", and return ctx.View() in home controller's about action, it will find the view file in this rule:

  1. {ProjectDir}/views/home/about.html
  2. {ProjectDir}/views/shared/about.html

if you want to return a view that specified view name, you can use ctx.Render:

    // it will find the view in these rules:
    //      1. /{ViewPath}/{Controller}/{viewName}
    //      2. /{ViewPath}/shared/{viewName}
    ctx.Render("viewName", ViewModel)

ViewEngine & Template

    // you can add any val to ViewData
    // then you can use it in template
    // like this: {{ .Data.SiteName }}
    ctx.ViewData["SiteName"] = "My Blog"

    blogs := GetBlogs()
    // or you can pass a struct to ViewModel
    // then you can use it in template
    // like this: {{range .Model}} {{ .Title }} {{end}}
    return ctx.View(blogs)

default template engine is golang's template.

    <div class="box todos">
        <h2 class="box">{{ .Data.SiteName }}</h2>
          {{range .Model}}
            <li id="blog-{{.Id}}">



    <!DOCTYPE html>
        {{template "head"}}
      {{template "body" .}}


    {{define "head"}}
        <!-- add css or js here -->

    {{define "body"}}
        I'm main content.

note the dot in {{template "body" .}} , it will pass the ViewData to the sub template.


More Template Engine Support

if you want to use mustache template, check mustache.goku


    type HttpContext struct {
        Request        *http.Request       // http request
        responseWriter http.ResponseWriter // http response
        Method         string              // http method

        //self fields
        RouteData *RouteData             // route data
        ViewData  map[string]interface{} // view data for template
        Data      map[string]interface{} // data for httpcontex
        Result    ActionResulter         // action result
        Err       error                  // process error
        User      string                 // user name
        Canceled  bool                   // cancel continue process the request and return

Form Validation

you can create a form, to valid the user's input, and get the clean value.

    import ""

    func CreateCommentForm() *goku.Form {
        name := NewCharField("name", "Name", true).Range(3, 10).Field()
        nickName := NewCharField("nick_name", "Nick Name", false).Min(3).Max(20).Field()
        age := NewIntegerField("age", "Age", true).Range(18, 50).Field()
        content := NewTextField("content", "Content", true).Min(10).Field()

        form := NewForm(name, nickName, age, content)
        return form

and then you can use this form like this:

    f := CreateCommentForm()

    if f.Valid() {
        // after valid, we can get the clean values
        m := f.CleanValues()
        // and now you can save m to database
    } else {
        // if not valid
        // we can get the valid errors
        errs := f.Errors()

checkout form_test.go


simple database api.

    db, err := OpenMysql("mymysql", "tcp:localhost:3306*test_db/lulu/123456")

    // you can use all the api in golang's database/sql
    _, err = db.Query("select 1")

    // or you can use some simple api provide by goku
    r, err := db.Select("test_blog", SqlQueryInfo{
        Fields: "id, title, content",
        Where:  "id>?",
        Params: []interface{}{0},
        Limit:  10,
        Offset: 0,
        Group:  "",
        Order:  "id desc",

    // insert map
    vals := map[string]interface{}{
        "title": "golang",
        "content": "Go is an open source programming environment that " +
            "makes it easy to build simple, reliable, and efficient software.",
        "create_at": time.Now(),
    r, err := db.Insert("test_blog", vals)

    // insert struct
    blog := TestBlog{
        Title:    "goku",
        Content:  "a mvc framework",
        CreateAt: time.Now(),
    r, err = db.InsertStruct(&blog)

    // get struct
    blog := &TestBlog{}
    err = db.GetStruct(blog, "id=?", 3)

    // get struct list
    qi := SqlQueryInfo{}
    var blogs []Blog
    err := db.GetStructs(&blogs, qi)

    // update by map
    vals := map[string]interface{}{
        "title": "js",
    r, err2 := db.Update("test_blog", vals, "id=?", blog.Id)

    // delete
    r, err := db.Delete("test_blog", "id=?", 8)

checkout db_test.go

DataBase SQL Debug

if you want to debug what the sql query is, set db.Debug to true

    db, err := OpenMysql("mymysql", "tcp:localhost:3306*test_db/username/pwd")
    db.Debug = true

after you set db.Debug to true, while you run a db command, it will print the sql query to the log, juse like this:

2012/07/30 20:58:03 SQL: UPDATE `user` SET friends=friends+? WHERE id=?;
                    PARAMS: [[1 2]]

Action Filter

    type TestActionFilter struct {

    func (tf *TestActionFilter) OnActionExecuting(ctx *goku.HttpContext) (ar goku.ActionResulter, err error) {
        ctx.WriteString("OnActionExecuting - TestActionFilter \n")
    func (tf *TestActionFilter) OnActionExecuted(ctx *goku.HttpContext) (ar goku.ActionResulter, err error) {
        ctx.WriteString("OnActionExecuted - TestActionFilter \n")

    func (tf *TestActionFilter) OnResultExecuting(ctx *goku.HttpContext) (ar goku.ActionResulter, err error) {
        ctx.WriteString("    OnResultExecuting - TestActionFilter \n")

    func (tf *TestActionFilter) OnResultExecuted(ctx *goku.HttpContext) (ar goku.ActionResulter, err error) {
        ctx.WriteString("    OnResultExecuted - TestActionFilter \n")

Order of the filters execution is:

  1. OnActionExecuting
  2. -> Execute Action -> return ActionResulter
  3. OnActionExecuted
  4. OnResultExecuting
  5. -> ActionResulter.ExecuteResult
  6. OnResultExecuted


    type TestMiddleware struct {

    func (tmd *TestMiddleware) OnBeginRequest(ctx *goku.HttpContext) (goku.ActionResulter, error) {
        ctx.WriteString("OnBeginRequest - TestMiddleware \n")
        return nil, nil

    func (tmd *TestMiddleware) OnBeginMvcHandle(ctx *goku.HttpContext) (goku.ActionResulter, error) {
        ctx.WriteString("  OnBeginMvcHandle - TestMiddleware \n")
        return nil, nil
    func (tmd *TestMiddleware) OnEndMvcHandle(ctx *goku.HttpContext) (goku.ActionResulter, error) {
        ctx.WriteString("  OnEndMvcHandle - TestMiddleware \n")
        return nil, nil

    func (tmd *TestMiddleware) OnEndRequest(ctx *goku.HttpContext) (goku.ActionResulter, error) {
        ctx.WriteString("OnEndRequest - TestMiddleware \n")
        return nil, nil

Order of the middleware event execution is:

  1. OnBeginRequest
  2. OnBeginMvcHandle(if not the static file request)
  3. => run controller action (if not the static file request)
  4. OnEndMvcHandle(if not the static file request)
  5. OnEndRequest


To use logger in goku, just:

goku.Logger().Logln("i", "am", "log")
goku.Logger().Errorln("oh", "no!", "Server Down!")

this will log like this:

2012/07/14 20:07:46 i am log
2012/07/14 20:07:46 [ERROR] oh no! Server Down!



View the LICENSE file.

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