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/*
* Copyright (c) 2009-2011, Salvatore Sanfilippo <antirez at gmail dot com>
* Copyright (c) 2010-2011, Pieter Noordhuis <pcnoordhuis at gmail dot com>
*
* All rights reserved.
*
* Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
* modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions are met:
*
* * Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright notice,
* this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
* * Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
* notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the
* documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution.
* * Neither the name of Redis nor the names of its contributors may be used
* to endorse or promote products derived from this software without
* specific prior written permission.
*
* THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND CONTRIBUTORS "AS IS"
* AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE
* IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE
* ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE COPYRIGHT OWNER OR CONTRIBUTORS BE
* LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR
* CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF
* SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS
* INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN
* CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE)
* ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE
* POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.
*/

#ifndef __HIREDIS_H
#define __HIREDIS_H
#include <stdio.h> /* for size_t */
#include <stdarg.h> /* for va_list */
#include <sys/time.h> /* for struct timeval */

#define HIREDIS_MAJOR 0
#define HIREDIS_MINOR 10
#define HIREDIS_PATCH 1

#define REDIS_ERR -1
#define REDIS_OK 0

/* When an error occurs, the err flag in a context is set to hold the type of
* error that occured. REDIS_ERR_IO means there was an I/O error and you
* should use the "errno" variable to find out what is wrong.
* For other values, the "errstr" field will hold a description. */
#define REDIS_ERR_IO 1 /* Error in read or write */
#define REDIS_ERR_EOF 3 /* End of file */
#define REDIS_ERR_PROTOCOL 4 /* Protocol error */
#define REDIS_ERR_OOM 5 /* Out of memory */
#define REDIS_ERR_OTHER 2 /* Everything else... */

/* Connection type can be blocking or non-blocking and is set in the
* least significant bit of the flags field in redisContext. */
#define REDIS_BLOCK 0x1

/* Connection may be disconnected before being free'd. The second bit
* in the flags field is set when the context is connected. */
#define REDIS_CONNECTED 0x2

/* The async API might try to disconnect cleanly and flush the output
* buffer and read all subsequent replies before disconnecting.
* This flag means no new commands can come in and the connection
* should be terminated once all replies have been read. */
#define REDIS_DISCONNECTING 0x4

/* Flag specific to the async API which means that the context should be clean
* up as soon as possible. */
#define REDIS_FREEING 0x8

/* Flag that is set when an async callback is executed. */
#define REDIS_IN_CALLBACK 0x10

/* Flag that is set when the async context has one or more subscriptions. */
#define REDIS_SUBSCRIBED 0x20

#define REDIS_REPLY_STRING 1
#define REDIS_REPLY_ARRAY 2
#define REDIS_REPLY_INTEGER 3
#define REDIS_REPLY_NIL 4
#define REDIS_REPLY_STATUS 5
#define REDIS_REPLY_ERROR 6

#ifdef __cplusplus
extern "C" {
#endif

/* This is the reply object returned by redisCommand() */
typedef struct redisReply {
    int type; /* REDIS_REPLY_* */
    long long integer; /* The integer when type is REDIS_REPLY_INTEGER */
    int len; /* Length of string */
    char *str; /* Used for both REDIS_REPLY_ERROR and REDIS_REPLY_STRING */
    size_t elements; /* number of elements, for REDIS_REPLY_ARRAY */
    struct redisReply **element; /* elements vector for REDIS_REPLY_ARRAY */
} redisReply;

typedef struct redisReadTask {
    int type;
    int elements; /* number of elements in multibulk container */
    int idx; /* index in parent (array) object */
    void *obj; /* holds user-generated value for a read task */
    struct redisReadTask *parent; /* parent task */
    void *privdata; /* user-settable arbitrary field */
} redisReadTask;

typedef struct redisReplyObjectFunctions {
    void *(*createString)(const redisReadTask*, char*, size_t);
    void *(*createArray)(const redisReadTask*, int);
    void *(*createInteger)(const redisReadTask*, long long);
    void *(*createNil)(const redisReadTask*);
    void (*freeObject)(void*);
} redisReplyObjectFunctions;

/* State for the protocol parser */
typedef struct redisReader {
    int err; /* Error flags, 0 when there is no error */
    char errstr[128]; /* String representation of error when applicable */

    char *buf; /* Read buffer */
    size_t pos; /* Buffer cursor */
    size_t len; /* Buffer length */

    redisReadTask rstack[3];
    int ridx; /* Index of current read task */
    void *reply; /* Temporary reply pointer */

    redisReplyObjectFunctions *fn;
    void *privdata;
} redisReader;

/* Public API for the protocol parser. */
redisReader *redisReaderCreate(void);
void redisReaderFree(redisReader *r);
int redisReaderFeed(redisReader *r, const char *buf, size_t len);
int redisReaderGetReply(redisReader *r, void **reply);

/* Backwards compatibility, can be removed on big version bump. */
#define redisReplyReaderCreate redisReaderCreate
#define redisReplyReaderFree redisReaderFree
#define redisReplyReaderFeed redisReaderFeed
#define redisReplyReaderGetReply redisReaderGetReply
#define redisReplyReaderSetPrivdata(_r, _p) (int)(((redisReader*)(_r))->privdata = (_p))
#define redisReplyReaderGetObject(_r) (((redisReader*)(_r))->reply)
#define redisReplyReaderGetError(_r) (((redisReader*)(_r))->errstr)

/* Function to free the reply objects hiredis returns by default. */
void freeReplyObject(void *reply);

/* Functions to format a command according to the protocol. */
int redisvFormatCommand(char **target, const char *format, va_list ap);
int redisFormatCommand(char **target, const char *format, ...);
int redisFormatCommandArgv(char **target, int argc, const char **argv, const size_t *argvlen);

/* Context for a connection to Redis */
typedef struct redisContext {
    int err; /* Error flags, 0 when there is no error */
    char errstr[128]; /* String representation of error when applicable */
    int fd;
    int flags;
    char *obuf; /* Write buffer */
    redisReader *reader; /* Protocol reader */
} redisContext;

redisContext *redisConnect(const char *ip, int port);
redisContext *redisConnectWithTimeout(const char *ip, int port, struct timeval tv);
redisContext *redisConnectNonBlock(const char *ip, int port);
redisContext *redisConnectUnix(const char *path);
redisContext *redisConnectUnixWithTimeout(const char *path, struct timeval tv);
redisContext *redisConnectUnixNonBlock(const char *path);
int redisSetTimeout(redisContext *c, struct timeval tv);
void redisFree(redisContext *c);
int redisBufferRead(redisContext *c);
int redisBufferWrite(redisContext *c, int *done);

/* In a blocking context, this function first checks if there are unconsumed
* replies to return and returns one if so. Otherwise, it flushes the output
* buffer to the socket and reads until it has a reply. In a non-blocking
* context, it will return unconsumed replies until there are no more. */
int redisGetReply(redisContext *c, void **reply);
int redisGetReplyFromReader(redisContext *c, void **reply);

/* Write a command to the output buffer. Use these functions in blocking mode
* to get a pipeline of commands. */
int redisvAppendCommand(redisContext *c, const char *format, va_list ap);
int redisAppendCommand(redisContext *c, const char *format, ...);
int redisAppendCommandArgv(redisContext *c, int argc, const char **argv, const size_t *argvlen);

/* Issue a command to Redis. In a blocking context, it is identical to calling
* redisAppendCommand, followed by redisGetReply. The function will return
* NULL if there was an error in performing the request, otherwise it will
* return the reply. In a non-blocking context, it is identical to calling
* only redisAppendCommand and will always return NULL. */
void *redisvCommand(redisContext *c, const char *format, va_list ap);
void *redisCommand(redisContext *c, const char *format, ...);
void *redisCommandArgv(redisContext *c, int argc, const char **argv, const size_t *argvlen);

#ifdef __cplusplus
}
#endif

#endif
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