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GiantDB

CI Test Coverage Maintainability

GiantDB is a large object store, written entirely in TypeScript. It provides managed data storage with a minimal, yet powerful programming interface. Promises and streams are used for making this efficient.

Encryption is realized as a middleware module, giantdb-crypto. For usage instructions please read giantdb-crypto's documentation.

Install

npm i giantdb

Setup

import { GiantDB } from 'giantdb'

const db = new GiantDB(/* source */)

The source argument is optional. If it is not provided, GiantDB will use an in-memory file store. If it is a string that denotes a directory on the file system, that directory will be used for file storage.

Usage

Class: DB

Method: db.create()

This prepares a new item for storage. It returns a Promise that resolves to a special writable stream to which you can write data. Once done, you call .commit() to finalize the item and obtain an Item instance.

Example:

db.create().then((change) => {
  change.write('hello world', 'utf8')
  // you can also .pipe(change), for example

  return change.commit()
}).then((item) => {
  // the item is now stored
  console.log(item.id)
})

Method: db.get(id)

This obtains the item with the given id. It returns a Promise that resolves to the Item instance.

Example:

db.get('d54232abbf9e9dc4e6a8fd72a6e25585').then((item) => {
  console.log(item.id) // 'd54232abbf9e9dc4e6a8fd72a6e25585'
})

Method: db.remove(id)

This removes the item with the given id. It returns a Promise that resolves when done. Any data associated with the item will be gone.

Example:

db.remove('d54232abbf9e9dc4e6a8fd72a6e25585').then(() => {
  console.log('done')
})

Method: db.each(callback)

This method iterates over all items. Iteration happens one after the other. If the callback returns a Promise, it is awaited before continuing with the next item.

Example:

db.each((item) => console.log(item.id))

Class: Item

Properties

  • item.id: The item's id string.
  • item.metadata: The item's metadata.

Item metadata can be used by middleware, but is also available for other purposes. Call item.saveMetadata() to preserve changes.

Method: item.getReadable()

This obtains a read stream for reading the item's data. It returns a Promise.

Example:

db.get('d54232abbf9e9dc4e6a8fd72a6e25585').then((item) => {
  return item.getReadable().then((readable) => {
    // read data from the stream
  })
})

Method: item.getWritable()

This obtains a write stream for writing data to the item, replacing any previous contents. It returns a Promise.

Example:

db.get('d54232abbf9e9dc4e6a8fd72a6e25585').then((item) => {
  return item.getWritable().then((writable) => {
    // write data to the stream
  })
})

Method: item.saveMetadata()

This saves the item's metadata in its current state. It must be called for the metadata to persist after modifications have been made.

Note that the metadata may also be saved on other occurrences (e.g. when modified by middleware), but that is not guaranteed.

Example:

db.get('d54232abbf9e9dc4e6a8fd72a6e25585').then((item) => {
  item.metadata.lastRead = Date.now()
  return item.saveMetadata().then(() => {
    console.log('saved')
  })
})

Writing Middleware

Basics

Every middleware is simply an object. At different stages, GiantDB will call specific functions on that object, given that they are available. The functions can operate on their inputs and provide some or no output.

Through this mechanic, it is possible to extend GiantDB with custom functionality. The encryption middleware is the best example for this.

Middleware Functions

transformReadable

function transformReadable (stream, metadata, options, next)

This function is called every time a readable stream to one of the items is constructed. It enables the middleware to tap into the read stream or modify it. An example for this would be piping the input through a decryption stream.

  • stream: stream.Readable: The input read stream.
  • metadata: object: The item's current metadata.
  • options?: object: An object provided by the user.
  • next: (error?: Error, result?: object) => void): A callback.

Calling next() is mandatory, otherwise middleware processing cannot continue. If you need to, pass an error as the first argument to the callback.

When either stream or metadata changed as part of your middleware function, you must pass a result object containing the changed properties to the callback, like this:

next(null, {
  stream: myNewReadStream, // if stream changed
  metadata: myNewMetadata // if metadata changed
})

transformWritable

function transformWritable (stream, metadata, options, next)

This function is called every time a writable stream to one of the items is constructed. It enables the middleware to modify the stream. An example for this would be adding an encryption layer.

  • stream: stream.Writable: The input write stream.
  • metadata: object: The item's current metadata.
  • options?: object: An object provided by the user.
  • next: (error?: Error, result?: object) => void): A callback.

Calling next() is mandatory, otherwise middleware processing cannot continue. If you need to, pass an Error as the first argument to the callback.

When either stream or metadata changed as part of your middleware function, you must pass a result object containing the changed properties to the callback, like this:

next(null, {
  stream: myNewWriteStream, // if stream changed
  metadata: myNewMetadata // if metadata changed
})