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CI Maintainability Test Coverage

This is a vector graphics library for PHP, which surely is a broad specification. That is due to the fact that the goal of this project is to offer features in three different, big areas:

  • Generating SVG images from PHP code and outputting them, either into XML strings or into files.
  • Loading and parsing XML strings into document trees that can be easily modified and then also turned back into strings.
  • Transforming parsed or generated document trees into raster graphics, like PNG.


These tasks will take a lot of time and effort, so you are welcome to contribute if this is a project you are interested in.
In case you decide to contribute, please honor these things:

  1. External libraries shall not be used.
  2. Please set your editor to use 4 spaces for indentation. In general, it would be good to follow the existing code style for consistency.
  3. Source files must end with a newline character.
  4. By contributing code, you agree to license that code under the MIT license to this project.


Composer (recommended)

This package is available through Composer/Packagist:

$ composer require meyfa/php-svg


Download this repo, or the latest release, and put it somewhere in your project. Then do:

require_once __DIR__.'/<path_where_you_put_it>/autoloader.php';

The rest works exactly the same as with Composer, just without things like nice version management.

Getting Started

Creating an image

The following code generates an SVG with a blue square, sets the Content-Type header and echoes it:


use SVG\SVG;
use SVG\Nodes\Shapes\SVGRect;

// image with 100x100 viewport
$image = new SVG(100, 100);
$doc = $image->getDocument();

// blue 40x40 square at (0, 0)
$square = new SVGRect(0, 0, 40, 40);
$square->setStyle('fill', '#0000FF');

header('Content-Type: image/svg+xml');
echo $image;


To convert an instance of SVG to a PHP/GD image resource, or in other words convert it to a raster image, you simply call toRasterImage($width, $height [, $background]) on it. Example:


use SVG\SVG;
use SVG\Nodes\Shapes\SVGCircle;

$image = new SVG(100, 100);
$doc = $image->getDocument();

// circle with radius 20 and green border, center at (50, 50)
    (new SVGCircle(50, 50, 20))
        ->setStyle('fill', 'none')
        ->setStyle('stroke', '#0F0')
        ->setStyle('stroke-width', '2px')

// rasterize to a 200x200 image, i.e. the original SVG size scaled by 2.
// the background will be transparent by default.
$rasterImage = $image->toRasterImage(200, 200);

header('Content-Type: image/png');

If you require a specific background color, e.g. white, use the 3rd parameter. It supports all CSS colors (including named colors, hexadecimal, rgba, etc.):

$rasterImage = $image->toRasterImage(200, 200, '#FFFFFF');

Specifying a background color is mandatory for JPEG output, as JPEG does not support transparency.

Loading an SVG

You can load SVG images both from strings and from files. This example loads one from a string, moves the contained rectangle and echoes the new SVG:


use SVG\SVG;

$svg  = '<svg width="100" height="100">';
$svg .= '<rect width="50" height="50" fill="#00F" />';
$svg .= '</svg>';

$image = SVG::fromString($svg);
$doc = $image->getDocument();

$rect = $doc->getChild(0);

header('Content-Type: image/svg+xml');
echo $image;

For loading from a file instead, you would call SVG::fromFile($file). That function supports local file paths as well as URLs.

For additional documentation, see the wiki.